Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 01, 2011
Chemical in plastic linked to wheezing in childhood
If a pregnant woman is exposed to bisphenol A (BPA), especially during the first trimester, her child may be at higher risk of wheezing early in life.

Study is the first to link sleep duration to infant growth spurts
A study in the May 1 issue of the journal Sleep is the first to show that increased bursts of sleep among infants are significantly associated with growth spurts in body length.

Researchers find that aspirin reduces the risk of cancer recurrence in prostate cancer patients
Some studies have shown that blood-thinning medications, such as aspirin, can reduce biochemical failure the risk of metastasis and even death in localized prostate cancer.

US EPA joins alliance to curb global e-waste
The US EPA is stepping up international efforts to help curb rising pollution, the waste of natural resources, and health problems associated with trashed electronics, announcing today a new agreement with the United Nations University.

Low vitamin D in kids may play a role in anemia
Pediatricians from Johns Hopkins Children's Center and elsewhere have discovered a link between low levels of vitamin D and anemia in children.

Adverse changes in sleep duration are associated with lower cognitive scores in middle-aged adults
A study in the May 1 issue of the journal Sleep describes how changes in sleep that occur over a five-year period in late middle age affect cognitive function in later life.

Measuring the distant universe in 3-D
The biggest 3-D map of the distant universe ever made, using light from 14,000 quasars over 10 billion light years away to show the distribution of intergalactic clouds of gas, has been announced by the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) based at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, part of the third Sloan Digital Sky Survey.

Grandma was right: Infants do wake up taller
Science is finally confirming what grandma knew all along: infants wake up taller right after they sleep.

System in brain -- target of class of diabetes drugs -- linked to weight gain
University of Cincinnati researchers have determined why a certain class of diabetes drugs leads to weight gain and have found that the molecular system involved (PPAR-γ found in the brain) is also triggered by consumption of high-fat foods.

Screening very preterm infants for autism at 18 months often inaccurate
Extremely premature infants who screen positive for autism spectrum disorder at 18 months of age may not actually have autism.

Renal cancer drug temsirolimus shows promise against mesothelioma
A drug commonly used to treat kidney cancer may increase the effectiveness of chemotherapy for mesothelioma, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of Thoracic Oncology.

Jackson Laboratory team finds genetic clue to 'emergency' glaucoma
Jackson Laboratory researchers and their collaborators have reported their discovery of a gene implicated in an acute and severe form of glaucoma known as angle-closure glaucoma (ACG).

Smoke-exposed children with flu more likely to need ICU care
Children who are exposed to secondhand smoke are more likely to need intensive care and intubation when hospitalized with influenza, according to new research by the University of Rochester Medical Center presented today at the Pediatric Academic Society meeting in Denver.

Mayo Clinic finds new genetic cause of neurodegeneration
Mayo Clinic researchers have discovered two mutations responsible for a devastating neurological condition they first identified 15 years ago.

New material could improve safety for first responders to chemical hazards
Carbon nanofibers with the same chemical properties as the activated charcoal used in respirators have a similar ability to absorb chemical pollutants.

Little fingers, big trouble: Yale study sheds light on child self-unbuckling
It can be quite jarring for a parent or caregiver to look in the rearview mirror while driving and see their child roaming around the backseat free of their safety restraints.

Movement + academics = success
When schools cut physical education programs so students can spend more time in the classroom, they may be missing a golden opportunity to promote learning.

How to raise a child who doesn't bully
New research to be presented on Sunday, May 1, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in Denver shows that parents can play a key role in decreasing the chances that their son or daughter will harass or intimidate other children.

Dual medications for depression increases costs, side effects with no benefit to patients
Taking two medications for depression does not hasten recovery from the condition that affects 19 million Americans each year, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found in a national study.

Child malnutrition caused by more than lack of food
Giving poor families land on which to grow crops has been shown to improve child nutrition.

Solar-thermal flat-panels that generate electric power
By using a nanostructured material with improved thermoelectric properties inside a vacuum-sealed flat panel, researchers from Boston College and MIT report adding the capacity to generate electricity to solar-thermal energy technology.

Hard to arouse, hard to calm down
A scale used to assess the behavior of newborns exposed to methamphetamine before birth might be able to identify those children who will develop problems later on.

Obesity in pregnancy hinders women's ability to fight infection
Pregnant women who are obese are less able to fight infections than lean women, which could affect their baby's health after birth and later in life.

Children held captive in smoky vehicles
It is absolutely unacceptable to subject children to any tobacco smoke exposure in cars, according to the authors of an abstract to be presented Sunday, May 1, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in Denver.

Living with a smoker may raise blood pressure in boys
Exposure to secondhand smoke, even at extremely low levels, is associated with increased blood pressure in boys.

Several baffling puzzles in protein molecular structure solved with new method
A protein's molecular structure shapes its function. The structures of many protein molecules however, remain unsolved even after experts apply an extensive array of approaches.

Memphis pediatric specialist receives most prestigious pediatric award
Pediatric nephrologist Russell Chesney, M.D., is the recipient of the 2011 John Howland Medal, the highest honor of the American Pediatric Society.

Little fingers, big trouble
New research to be presented Sunday, May 1, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in Denver reveals another potential roadblock to child passenger safety: youngsters unbuckling themselves while the vehicle is moving.

Dirty mouths lead to broken hearts
Nurses who care for patients with dementia now have a tailored approach to dental hygiene for their charges, thanks to a pilot study by a team of nurses.

BPA exposure may be associated with wheezing in children
Exposure to the chemical bisphenol A during early pregnancy may be associated with wheezing in children, according to a Penn State College of Medicine researcher.
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