Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 06, 2011
From a bucket of seawater, new understanding of the ocean
From a bucket of seawater, scientists have unlocked information that may lead to deeper understanding of organisms as different as coral reefs and human disease.

Mars Express sees deep fractures on Mars
Newly released images from ESA's Mars Express show Nili Fossae, a system of deep fractures around the giant Isidis impact basin.

Rino Rappuoli honored for his work in vaccines and vaccinology
Dr. Rino Rappuoli has been chosen to receive the 2011 ESCMID Award for Excellence on Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases by the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID).

Insight into HIV immunity may lead to vaccine
The latest insights into immunity to HIV could help to develop a vaccine to build antibodies' defenses against the disease, a University of Melbourne, Australia, study has found.

JAMIA reports on people, their information needs and social networks
New research findings on informatics in biomedicine and health cover a variety of topics in health care: impact on small physician practices, quality and safety of online social networks, information needs of case managers caring for HIV patients, accuracy of clinical-decision support systems, biosurveillance.

Rice U. study: Daily deal promotions beneficial for certain kinds of startups
In the first-of-its-kind analysis of Groupon's impact on a startup company, a new Rice University study found that the daily deal promotion was beneficial even though it had no material impact on the company's profits when unredeemed Groupons were not accounted for.

2 students named Goldwater Scholars, 2 receive honorable mention
With sights set on advanced science degrees and careers in pioneering research, four University of Houston students now have the highest honor they can garner for undergraduate research in their academic repertoire.

IU-Regenstrief programs targeted to alleviate shortage of health IT workforce
Specialized Indiana University graduate certificate and master's programs designed to increase the number of health information technology specialists in Indiana and nationwide will expand enrollment by 50 percent, thanks in part to Recovery Act funding.

Computers sing to a better tune
Would you dance to a synthetic song? A new approach to making computer-generated vocals more

UCSF stem cell studies to focus on muscular dystrophy, heart disease, cancer
Three UCSF scientists have received grants from the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine to advance their investigations of treatment strategies for degenerative muscle diseases, such as muscular dystrophy, and heart disease, and to determine why human embryonic stem cells are susceptible to forming tumors.

New guidelines for cardiovascular genetic testing
An international panel of experts from the Heart Rhythm Society and the European Heart Rhythm Association issued new guideline recommendations for all health care professionals about cardiovascular genetic testing at the Heart Rhythm Society's 32nd Annual Scientific Sessions.

For UCLA expert on Chumash Indians, roughly hewn beads are child's play
In a new study, a UCLA archaeologist says that she's identified beads made from seashells by apprentices in the Chumash Indian bead trade before the arrival of Europeans.

Paper announces discovery of 1 of earliest minerals formed in solar system
In the May-June issue of the journal American Mineralogist, a team of scientists announced the discovery of the new mineral krotite, one of the earliest minerals formed in our solar system.

UCSF heart doctors uncover significant bias in TASER safety studies
The ongoing controversy surrounding the safety of using TASER electrical stun guns took a new turn today when a team of cardiologists at the University of California, San Francisco announced findings suggesting that much of the current TASER-related safety research may be biased due to ties to the devices' manufacturer, TASER International Inc.

Medusa-structure of gene regulatory network: Dominance of transcription factors in cancer subtypes
In the work published in the May 2011 issue of Experimental Biology and Medicine, Dr.

Chemistry curbs spreading of carbon dioxide
The presence of even a simple chemical reaction can delay or prevent the spreading of stored carbon dioxide in underground aquifers, new research from the University of Cambridge has revealed.

Link found between spending on libraries and student learning
It is an article of faith among critics of public schools that there is no correlation between spending and learning.

Tree rings tell a 1,100-year history of El Niño
Tree-ring records from North America give a continuous history of variations in El Niño intensity over the past 1,100 years and can be used to help climate models predict more reliably how El Niño will change in the face of global warming, according to the study published in the May 6th issue of Nature Climate Change by an international team of scientists led by Jinbao Li, International Pacific Research Center, University of Hawaii.

Leading experts call for urgent action to avoid stroke crisis across Asia-Pacific region
According to a new report,

Columbia researchers find green roof is a cost-effective way to keep water out of sewers
Green roofs like the one atop a Con Edison building in Long Island City, Queens can be a cost-effective way to keep water from running into sewer systems and causing overflows, Columbia University researchers have found.

Families are 'lovin' it'
Americans are spending about half their food budget in restaurants.

Pentagonal tiles pave the way towards organic electronics
New research paves way for the nanoscale self-assembly of organic building blocks, a promising new route towards the next generation of ultra-small electronic devices.

AGA presents cutting-edge research during DDW
Clinicians, researchers and scientists from around the world will gather for Digestive Disease Week 2011, the largest and most prestigious gastroenterology meeting, from May 7-10, 2011, at McCormick Place, Chicago, Ill.

Columbia engineers patch a heart
Researchers at Columbia Engineering have established a new method to patch a damaged heart using a tissue-engineering platform that enables heart tissue to repair itself.

USC research reveals surprising clues about communication in hair stem cell populations
In one of the first studies to look at the population behavior of a large pool of stem cells in thousands of hair follicles -- as opposed to the stem cell of a single hair follicle -- Keck School of Medicine of USC scientists deciphered how hair stem cells in mice and rabbits can communicate with each other and encourage mutually coordinated regeneration, according to an article published in the April 29 edition of the journal Science.

BC scientists link to European Consortium studying human genome
Vancouver scientists are now part of an International team compiling an enormous bank of resources for research into the functions of all known genes.

Keck Futures Initiative awards $1 million for 13 research projects
The National Academies Keck Futures Initiative announced today the recipients of its latest round of Futures grants, each awarded to support interdisciplinary research on imaging science.

A planet of viruses
Coinciding with the release of

European Commission's Joint Research Centre's annual report 2010
This report provides an overview of the activities, accomplishments and resources related to the JRC's work carried out during 2010 and includes figures on staff, budget and publications.

Life satisfaction, state intervention go hand in hand, Baylor researcher finds
People in countries with governments that have a greater number of social services are more satisfied with life, a Baylor University researcher finds.

'Science of the Olympic Winter Games' and 'Science of NFL Football' win Sports Emmy
Scientific principles explored last year in two online video series called

Scripps Research scientists show how shifts in temperature prime immune response
Researchers at the Scripps Research Institute have found a temperature-sensing protein within immune cells that, when tripped, allows calcium to pour in and activate an immune response.

Northwestern University chemist receives Dreyfus Prize in the Chemical Sciences
The Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation announced today that Tobin J.

Study finds livestock-related 'Staph' strain in child care worker
A new strain of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria associated with exposure to livestock was recently discovered in one Iowa child care worker who reported no contact with livestock, according to University of Iowa researchers

Study finds Filipino children in San Diego County at higher risk for Kawasaki disease
While children of all ethnicities can contract Kawasaki disease (KD), a study led by researchers at the Kawasaki Disease Research Center at the University of California, San Diego and Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego finds that Filipino children with KD are at a higher risk for inflammation of the blood vessels of the heart than those of other Asian and non-Asian backgrounds.

'Swiss cheese' design enables thin film silicon solar cells with potential for higher efficiencies
A bold new design for thin film solar cells that requires significantly less silicon -- and may boost their efficiency -- is the result of an industry/academia collaboration between Oerlikon Solar in Switzerland and the Institute of Physics' photovoltaic group at the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic.

Discovery demonstrates potential MS therapy could kill brain cells
Researchers with the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry at the University of Alberta have discovered that some
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