Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 13, 2011
Scott & White Healthcare receives $3.5 million grant for cancer treatment and research
Scott & White Healthcare in Temple, Texas, has received an anonymous gift of $3.5 million.

UC Riverside licenses leading South African company to market 'GEM' avocados
The University of California, Riverside has signed an exclusive license agreement with Westfalia Fruit Estates, a South African company, to market 'GEM,' an avocado variety developed by university researchers.

New SETI survey focuses on Kepler's top Earth-like planets
UC Berkeley is searching for evidence of intelligent life on planets identified by the Kepler space telescope team as having Earth-like environments.

Artificial grammar learning reveals inborn language sense, JHU study shows
How human children acquire language remains largely a mystery. A groundbreaking study by cognitive scientists at the Johns Hopkins University confirms that human beings are born with knowledge of certain syntactical rules that make learning human languages easier.

Hosagunda, India joins the international Sacred Seeds project
International partnerships help decline the loss of biodiversity and health practices that depend on biodiversity.

Study finds therapies using induced pluripotent stem cells could encounter immune rejection problems
Biologists at UC San Diego have discovered that an important class of stem cells known as

Drugs from the sea: New discoveries in marine biomedicine
To raise awareness about the vast potential of marine- and natural product-based biotechnology in the discovery and development of new drugs, the New York Academy of Sciences and the marine-based drug development company Zeltia S.A. are hosting a symposium,

Driving changes in automotive safety
An innovative approach ensuring the durability and reliability of electronic systems in cars is set to make a significant contribution to improve road safety, with the help of EUREKA's nanotech Cluster MEDEA+.

Altruistic decision making focus of NIDA's Addiction Science Award
A study of what influences decision making on issues whose consequences will only be felt by future generations won first prize in the annual Addiction Science Awards at this year's Intel International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF) -- the world's largest science competition for high school students.

Study finds therapies using induced pluripotent stem cells could encounter immune rejection problems
Biologists at UC San Diego have discovered that an important class of stem cells known as

Controlling robotic arms is child's play
Move your arm and the robot imitates your movement. This type of intuitive handling is now possible thanks to a new input device that will simplify the control of industrial robots in the future.

Moon's rough 'wrinkles' reveal clues to its past
Meg Rosenburg and her colleagues at the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. put together the first comprehensive set of maps revealing the slopes and roughness of the moon's surface.

Syngene chooses Reaxys to enhance productivity and competitiveness
Elsevier, the world's leading publisher of scientific content and online solutions announced today that Syngene, India's first contract research organization, has signed a multi-year contract that will provide unlimited access to Reaxys for all Syngene researchers.

Crowdsourcing science: Researcher uses Facebook to identify thousands of fish
During a survey on Guyana's Cuyuni River, UTSC researcher Devin Bloom utilized Facebook to help identify thousands of fish specimens in less than 24 hours.

Scientists design new anti-flu virus proteins using computational methods
Scientists have demonstrated the use of computational methods to design new antiviral proteins not found in nature, but capable of targeting specific surfaces of flu virus molecules.

Doctors' decisions on initial hospital admissions may affect readmission rates
Higher hospitalization rates for discretionary conditions may lead to higher readmission rates, a new study found.

Certain bacteria render mosquitoes resistant to deadly malaria parasite
Scientists have identified a class of naturally occurring bacteria that can strongly inhibit malaria-causing parasites in Anopheles mosquitoes, a finding that could have implications for efforts to control malaria.

2 defective proteins conspire to impair the nerve cell's 'powerhouse' in Alzheimer's disease
Two proteins that are abnormally modified in the brains of patients with Alzheimer disease collude, resulting in ill effects on the crucial energy centers of brain cells, according to new findings published online in Neurobiology of Aging.

NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell research presented at American Urological Association Meeting
Among those presenting at this year's American Urological Association meeting are physician-scientists from NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center.

First North American study to look at ED use by adults with intellectual disabilities
In the first North American study to examine population rates of emergency department (ED) use for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), researchers from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences and the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health found 55 per cent of adults with IDD and mental illness visited the ED at least once in a 2 year period and 15.6 per cent visited at least 5 times.

School intervention may improve kids' heart health long term
A program to educate students about heart-healthy lifestyles resulted in significant improvements in middle school students' cholesterol levels and resting heart rates, including four years of follow-up.

Same fungus, different strains
Aspergillus niger is an integral player in the carbon cycle, it possesses an arsenal of enzymes that can be deployed in breaking down plant cell walls to free up sugars that can then be fermented and distilled into biofuel, a process being optimized by US Department of Energy researchers.

Study finds pigs susceptible to virulent ebolavirus can transmit the virus to other animals
Canadian investigators have shown that a species of ebolavirus from Zaire that is highly virulent in humans can replicate in pigs, cause disease, and be transmitted to animals previously unexposed to the virus.

Be specific: Perceived media bias can lead to political action
Politicians should be careful when they rail against mainstream news media.

MIT research: Toward faster transistors
In this week's issue of the journal Science, MIT researchers and their colleagues at the University of Augsburg in Germany report the discovery of a new physical phenomenon that could yield transistors with greatly enhanced capacitance -- a measure of the voltage required to move a charge.

The ties that bind: Grandparents and their grandchildren
Close your eyes for a moment, open your treasure trove of memories and take a step back in time to your childhood.

Livestock also suffer traffic accidents during transport
A Spanish study has analyzed traffic accidents involving cattle being transported for human consumption in the country for the first time.

Study finds unhealthy substance use a risk factor for not receiving some preventive health services
Researchers from Boston Medical Center (BMC) and Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have identified unhealthy substance use as a risk factor for not receiving all appropriate preventive health services.

Lasers take the lead
Conserving energy is a top priority for auto manufacturers today.

Chiropractic manipulation results in little or no risk of chest injury
Dynamic chest compression occurs during spinal manipulation. While dynamic chest compression has been well studied in events such as motor vehicle collisions, chest compression forces have not been studied during chiropractic manipulation.

Pirfenidone reduces rate of lung decline in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, raising hope for many thousands of patents
The CAPACITY study, published online first and in an upcoming Lancet, shows that pirfenidone reduces the rate of decline of lung function in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis -- a condition of unknown cause affecting hundreds of thousands of patients worldwide.

Living the American dream: UH student earns prestigious fellowships
Yuribia Munoz says she is living the American dream. She graduated from UH in May 2011 but her journey that began as an immigrant from Mexico in search of a better education is far from over.

A giant interneuron for sparse coding
A single interneuron controls activity adaptively in 50,000 neurons, enabling consistently sparse codes for odors.

Rochester autism researchers present new findings at IMFAR
Much about autism is unknown, but researchers from the University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) are working to learn more about the neurodevelopmental disorder and its most effective treatments.

Elevated protein levels in cardiac muscles could predict mortality following angioplasty
New research shows that elevated levels of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) or I (cTnI) in patients who had angioplasty indicate a higher risk of all-cause mortality and long-term adverse events such as heart attack.

BU researchers identify extensive methane leaks under streets of Boston
Earlier this year, Boston University researchers and collaborators conducted a mobile greenhouse gas audit in Boston and found hundreds of natural gas leaks under the streets and sidewalks of Greater Boston.

Sound safety
Engineers investigating

I know you, bad guy!
Most people who have had the experience of having pet animals in their houses have the gut feeling that the animals can

As time goes by, it gets tougher to 'just remember this'
The older we get, the more difficulty we seem to have remembering things.

Satellite images display extreme Mississippi River flooding from space
Recent Landsat satellite data captured by the USGS and NASA on May 10 shows the major flooding of the Mississippi River around Memphis, Tenn. and along the state borders of Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri and Arkansas as seen from 438 miles above the Earth.

Sensors that can stretch
Is someone sitting in the passenger seat of the car?
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