Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 16, 2011
US and European informatics leaders advance transatlantic cooperation on health IT policy
The final meeting in a series held by the ARGOS eHealth Consortium, a project funded by the European Commission to develop and promote common methods for responding to global eHealth challenges, recently concluded in Budapest amidst greater mutual understanding and stronger agreement among a broad set of leaders in Europe and the US, all of whom are responsible for expanding the use of health information technology.

Major European project taking steps to protect pollinators
The value of pollination services in Europe is worth about €22 ($31) billion each year and Europe's pollinators are in serious decline.

Propranolol associated with improvement in size and color of head and neck hemangiomas in children
The beta-blocker propranolol appears to be associated with reducing the size and color of hemangiomas of the head and neck in a pediatric population, according to a report in the May issue of Archives of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Surgical procedure appears to enhance smiles in children with facial paralysis
Transferring a segment of muscle from the thigh appears to help restore the ability to smile in children with facial paralysis just as it does in adults, according to a report in the May issue of Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Research aircraft Polar 5 returned from spring measurements in the high Arctic
The research aircraft Polar 5 of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research in the Helmholtz Association returned to Bremerhaven from a six-week expedition in the high Arctic on May 6.

Women & Infants receives support from CVS Caremark Charitable Trust
Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island recently received a $25,000 grant from the CVS Caremark Charitable Trust, the private foundation created by CVS Caremark Corporation, whose mission is to provide funding for health care, education and community involvement initiatives in CVS Caremark communities.

Reminding surgical staff of phlebotomy costs appears to affect utilization
Surgical house staff and attending physicians who are reminded about the charges for ordering daily blood drawing for routine blood work appear to reduce the amount of routine blood tests ordered and the charges for these laboratory tests, according to a report in the May issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

People with raised fecal blood test below the current test cutoff at first screen might still be at increased future risk of developing colorectal cancer
Individuals with a negative fecal test result at first screen (blood concentrations of less than 100 ng per mL) might be at increased risk of developing colorectal cancer in line with increasing fecal hemoglobin concentration.

An APT(amer) approach to preventing HIV transmission
Efforts to develop a vaccine that protects against infection with HIV are still showing limited promise.

Inability to combat oxidative stress may trigger development of asthma
An impaired ability to handle oxidative stress that arises from exposure to secondhand smoke and other environmental triggers may contribute to the development of asthma, according to results obtained from the Shanghai Women's Health Asthma and Allergy Study.

NPL helps Senceive to offer improved monitoring of structural assets across the UK
The National Physical Laboratory has worked with wireless sensor network developers Senceive to help them deliver improved monitoring of degradation across critical structures in the UK that will save costs and improve safety levels.

Aggressive male mating behavior can endanger species
Aggressive male mating behavior might well be a successful reproductive strategy for the individual but it can drive the species to extinction, an international research team headed by evolutionary biologist Daniel Rankin from the University of Zurich has demonstrated in a mathematical model.

Driving errors increase with age among older drivers
Even healthy adults with a safe driving record tend to make more driving errors as they age, including potentially dangerous mistakes, such as failing to check blind spots, according to a study published by the American Psychological Association.

Gene variation linked to infertility in women, study finds
A variation in a gene involved in regulating cholesterol in the bloodstream also appears to affect progesterone production in women, making it a likely culprit in a substantial number of cases of their infertility, a new study from Johns Hopkins researchers suggests.

U of T researchers find link between childhood physical abuse, chronic fatigue syndrome
Childhood physical abuse is associated with significantly elevated rates of functional somatic syndromes such as chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia and multiple chemical sensitivities among women, according to new findings by University of Toronto researchers.

Study links obesity to increased risk of developing postoperative infection following colon surgery
Obese patients appear to have a significantly increased risk of developing a surgical site infection after colectomy (procedure involving either partial or full removal of the colon), and the presence of infection increases the cost associated with the procedure, according to a report published online today that will appear in the September issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Follow-up rehabilitation boosts survival odds for angioplasty patients
Programs offering medical and lifestyle interventions can improve survival by nearly 50 percent after angioplasty.

Striking ecological impact on Canada's Arctic coastline linked to global climate change
Scientists from Queen's and Carleton universities head a national multidisciplinary research team that has uncovered startling new evidence of the destructive impact of global climate change on North America's largest Arctic delta.

Nasal steroid spray may not help resolve dysfunction of the ear's eustachian tubes
For patients with eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD), steroids administered by a nasal spray may be ineffective, according to a report in the May issue of Archives of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Targeted regeneration could be key to boosting coalfield communities
Decades after the pit closures, coalfield communities still face significant health problems and economic difficulties, according to new research.

Low-dose sorafenib may improve therapy for head and neck cancer
Adding low doses of the targeted agent sorafenib to the chemotherapy and radiation now often used to treat head and neck cancer might significantly improve patient care and quality of life, according to a new study.

Digital imaging software to create a 'Google Earth' view of the bladder
A more automated approach to bladder exams could be cheaper, more comfortable and more convenient.

Novel therapy improves cardiovascular health in central sleep apnea patients
Researchers have demonstrated the effectiveness of a novel treatment that stimulates the nerve that controls the diaphragm to normalize the breathing of patients who suffer from both heart failure and central sleep apnea.

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology
The following are Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology.

Obese patients at much greater risk for costly surgical-site infections
Obese patients undergoing colon surgery are 60 percent more likely to develop dangerous and costly surgical-site infections than their normal-weight counterparts, new Johns Hopkins research suggests.

Common anti-inflammatory coaxes liver cancer cells to commit suicide
The anti-inflammatory drug celecoxib, known by the brand name Celebrex, triggers liver cancer cell death by reacting with a protein in a way that makes those cells commit suicide, according to a new study.

Inhaling hydrogen may help reduce lung damage in critically ill patients
Inhaling small amounts of hydrogen in addition to concentrated oxygen may help stem the damage to lung tissue that can occur when critically ill patients are given oxygen for long periods of time, according to a rat model study conducted by researchers in Pittsburgh.

Miniature ventilator may help COPD patients improve mobility
A miniature, easy-to-carry ventilation system with a simple nasal mask may help patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) become more active, according to research conducted at medical centers in California and Utah.

UF researchers link oceanic land crab extinction to colonization of Hawaii
University of Florida researchers have described a new species of land crab that documents the first crab extinction during the human era.

Sleep problems more prevalent than expected in urban minority children
Sleep problems among urban minority children, including resistance to going to bed, shortened sleep duration, and daytime sleepiness are much more common than previously thought, according to a study conducted by researchers in New York.

MIT News: When is it worth remanufacturing?
MIT study shows sometimes it saves energy, sometimes it doesn't -- and sometimes it makes things worse.

Freedom in the swamp: Unearthing the secret history of the Great Dismal Swamp
Since 2001, Dan Sayers, assistant professor of anthropology at American University, has been researching the presence of maroons (African-Americans who permanently escaped enslavement) and other communities in the Great Dismal Swamp's approximately 200 square miles of densely wooded wetlands in southeast Virginia and northeast North Carolina.

Medical schools failing to teach the necessary legal skills to practice medicine
Most medical students feel they lack the skills and legal knowledge required to challenge poor clinical practice and promote better patient care, reveals research published ahead of print in the Journal of Medical Ethics.

Species are to ecosystems as cells are to the human body, according to a mathematical model
An ecosystem is like a great organism in that the species in it behave in a manner similar to the manner in which cells behave within the human body: the group forms a permanent entity, although the entities that form it are constantly being substituted.

Poisonous tears
Snakes inject venom into their victims bodies using hollow poison fangs -- or so most people believe.

NYU researchers outline method for DNA computation in new book
Researchers at NYU's Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences have outlined a method for storing programs inside DNA that simplifies nanocomputing -- computation at the molecular level.

Comparison of genomes of plant parasites provides solid clues for response
Based on his own research and the published findings of other scientists, John McDowell observes shared traits that different microbes have evolved to survive as absolutely dependent on their hostile hosts -- and that can be targeted to turn on crop plant's resistance.

Sensitivity to alcohol can lead to greater consumption and risk for alcoholism
Children with a family history of alcoholism (FHP) have a higher risk for becoming alcoholic themselves.

Atlas of astronomical discoveries
Four hundred years ago in Middelburg, the Netherlands, the telescope was invented and unleashed a revolution of universe exploration and discoveries.

Experts explore digital technologies' potential to improve health care
A series of workshops held by the Institute of Medicine explored what is necessary to enable health professionals and organizations to harness the full potential of new digital technologies such as tablets and electronic health records to increase efficiency and apply knowledge to real-time care decisions.

Vaccine protects from deadly Hendra virus
Scientists have shown that a new experimental vaccine helps to protect horses against the deadly Hendra virus.

Clues to calming a cytokine storm
By analyzing complex interactions of the immune system in an animal study, pediatric researchers have found potential tools for controlling a life-threatening condition called a cytokine storm that may strike children who have juvenile arthritis and other autoimmune diseases.

What does aging mean for individuals, families and societies?
In the context of a rapidly aging population, the recently published

Cell rigidity linked to activity in proteins associated with cancer
In a paper published online yesterday in the journal Nature Cell Biology, a team led by Keith Burridge, Ph.D., Kenan distinguished professor of cell and developmental biology and a member of UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, and Richard Superfine, Ph.D., Taylor-Williams distinguished professor of physics and astronomy, demonstrates that exerting mechanical force on cells activates Rho GEF proteins through distinct signaling pathways.

California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation study yields quality measurements
New studies released in the April issue of the Journal of Correctional Health Care are helping the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation to establish a set of prison health care quality measurements.

Study reveals need for personalized approach in treatment of AML
A new discovery in mice by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center may one day allow doctors to spare some patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) from toxic treatments, while also opening the door for new therapeutic research.

There's no magic number for saving endangered species
A new study offers hope for species such as the Siberian tiger that might be considered

Clinicians' attention lacking in discussions of end-of-life care
Clinicians consistently fall short in discussing end-of-life care with patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), according to a study completed by researchers in Washington.

Heads or tails?
Northwestern University and MIT scientists have discovered that an ancient and seldom-studied gene is critical for regeneration in the planarian flatworm, which has the amazing ability to regenerate its entire body from a small wedge of tissue.

Ohio residents: Medical and health research important to state's economy, jobs and incomes
Ohioans broadly support a strong commitment to medical and health research and recognize its direct link to job creation and the state's and the nation's economy, according to a new statewide poll conducted by IBOPE Zogby for Research!America and Northeast Ohio Medical University (NEOMED).

Decision aid helps families, clinicians communicate about care decisions
Surrogate decision-makers faced with the difficult task of overseeing loved ones' medical care may find help thanks to a new decision aid aimed at patients with prolonged mechanical ventilation.

Sleepiness in children linked to obesity, asthma
Obese, asthmatic, anxious or depressed children are more likely to experience excessive daytime sleepiness, or EDS, according to Penn State College of Medicine sleep researchers.

Anthropologist discovers new fossil primate species in West Texas
Physical anthropologist Chris Kirk has announced the discovery of a previously unknown species of fossil primate, Mescalerolemur horneri, in the Devil's Graveyard badlands of West Texas.

How can a colorblind animal change its colors to blend into the background?
Despite being colorblind, the cuttlefish can change its skin color to blend into the background with great skill.

'The True Shrikes (Laniidae) of the World' by E.N. Panov
This book is the first monograph in English on the 34 shrike species distributed across Africa, Eurasia and North America by E.N.

Telemonitoring may not offer improved outcomes for critically ill patients
Telemonitoring may offer promise for patients in remote locations without access to specially trained intensive care physicians.

New mouse model may lead to new therapies for degenerative diseases
A research team led by Albert Edge, Ph.D., principal investigator at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary's Eaton-Peabody Laboratory and associate professor at Harvard Medical School, have engineered a new mouse that that can be used for research on degenerative disease.

What's in a simple line drawing? Quite a lot, our brains say
A new study using sophisticated brain scans shows how simple line drawings can capture the essence of a beach or a mountain for viewers just as well as a photograph would.

Reductions in the brain's deep gray matter volumes help explain fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders have numerous motor, behavioral, and cognitive difficulties.

OU graduate student developing solutions for water problems in Ethiopia
A University of Oklahoma environmental science graduate student will travel to Ethiopia in June to test materials she has been investigating as possible solutions to fluorosis -- a widespread problem in the Rift Valley, where high levels of fluoride in the drinking water result in dental and skeletal disease.

New prostate cancer test more specific, sensitive than PSA test
A new test for prostate cancer that measures levels of prostate specific antigen (PSA) as well as six specific antibodies found in the blood of men with the disease was more sensitive and more specific than the conventional PSA test used today, according to a study by researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Hormone improves long-term recovery from stroke
Scientists at the Sahlgrenska Academy have discovered an explanation of how stroke patients can achieve better recovery.

New power elite emerged in medieval Iceland as the island became Norwegian
As Iceland became part of the Norwegian kingship 1262, a new power structure in the shape of an Icelandic aristocracy appointed by the king of Norway was established.

Seaports need a plan for weathering climate change, Stanford researchers say
A warming planet could mean a rising ocean and more storm activity, but seaports are not prepared for the expensive construction they will need to protect themselves, according a global survey of ports conducted by Stanford researchers.

Fiction dialogue differs from spoken conversation
Dialogue plays an important part in fiction -- it brings characters to life and advances the plot; the dialogue must seem real in order to be credible, although it may be adjusted to be reader-friendly.

NTU and German Aerospace Center to collaborate on aeronautical and space science technologies
Singapore's Nanyang Technological University and the German Aerospace Center will be collaborating on joint research in satellites and guided navigation, remote sensing and signal processing, and unmanned aerial vehicles.

Simple surgical procedure may help prevent heart damage in children
Removing enlarged tonsils and adenoids may help prevent high blood pressure and heart damage in children who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), according to a study conducted at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about articles being published in the May 17 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

Bacterial infection alone not an indicator of poor lung function in adolescents with CF
Children with cystic fibrosis (CF) who have poor lung function early in life are more likely also to have poor lung function in adolescence, regardless of whether they are exposed to a common infection caused by the bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa in early childhood.

Simple new bedside screening effectively identifies patients with acute aortic dissection
The most lethal and sudden heart event can be the toughest for doctors to diagnose.

AAPS announces 2011 NBC award winners
In the Opening Session of the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists' (AAPS) 2011 National Biotechnology Conference, AAPS President Philip R.

A good story can trump a bad credit score in peer-to-peer lending
These days a bad credit score will get you turned away by a bank, but if you tell a good story about that score, you can improve your chances of getting a microloan from a peer-to-peer lender, according to new research from Rice University and the University of Delaware.

Scientists identify livestock genes to unlock protection against one of Africa's oldest animal plagues
An international research team using a new combination of approaches has found two genes that may prove of vital importance to the lives and livelihoods of millions of farmers in a tsetse fly-plagued swathe of Africa the size of the United States.

Visits to asthma specialists delayed for African-American children
African-American children are more likely to report previous emergency room visits, hospitalizations and need for intensive care unit (ICU) management for asthma than Caucasian children on their first visit to an asthma specialist, according to a study conducted by researchers at Johns Hopkins University.

VCU Massey Cancer Center finds new biomarker that predicts breast cancer relapse
Researchers from Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center have discovered a new biomarker related to the body's immune system that can predict a breast cancer patients' risk of cancer recurrence.

T'ai chi helps prevent falls and improve mental health in the elderly
T'ai chi has particular health benefits for older people, including helping to prevent falls and improving mental wellbeing, reveals a review published ahead of print in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

The incomplete art of brand imagery
Stylized brand logos can influence consumer perceptions of a company's inventiveness and trustworthiness, according to surveys conducted by a Boston College researcher.

Sporadic mutations identified in children with autism spectrum disorders
Scientists have identified several newly occurring mutations in children with autism spectrum disorder by sequencing their and their parents' protein coding sections of the genome.

Chinese herbal paste may help prevent exacerbations of COPD
A traditional Chinese herbal paste known as Xiao Chuan, or XCP, may help reduce winter exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, according to a new study conducted by researchers in Beijing.

Patients referred to dermatologists skin lesions evaluations also found to have other skin cancers
Among patients referred by non-dermatologists to dermatologists for evaluation of skin lesions suspected of being malignant, only apparently one-fifth were found to be cancerous, although dermatologists identified and biopsied other incidental lesions, approximately half of which were malignant, according to a report in the May issue of Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Stopping HIV transmission with a molecular barrier
Using a technique that silences genes promoting infection, researchers have developed a novel, topically-applied molecular microbicide capable of preventing HIV transmission.

Child-size mannequin: Hands-on training spares real patients
Rice University bioengineering students have modified a child-size training mannequin to give medical students hands-on pediatric experience so that real patients can be spared further stress and pain.

Study evaluates parents' reluctance to vaccinate asthmatic kids
Concern over vaccine safety is one of the primary factors preventing parents from having their asthmatic children vaccinated for influenza, or flu, according to Michigan researchers.

Sandia Labs unlocks secrets of plague with stunning new imaging techniques
Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories have developed a super-resolution microscopy technique that is answering long-held questions about exactly how and why a cell's defenses fail against some invaders, such as plague, while successfully fending off others like E.coli.

Surprising findings from studies of spontaneous brain activity
Ongoing, intrinsic brain activity that is not task-related accounts for the majority of energy used by the human brain.

Philanthropist connects strategic plan to research
When Phoenix entrepreneur Ray Thurston decided to make a $3-million gift to the new Barrow Brain Tumor Research Center at Barrow Neurological Institute, writing a check was only part of the equation.

Looking inside nanomaterials in 3 dimensions
On May 13 2011, the journal Science published a paper where scientists from Risoe DTU, in collaboration with scientists from China and the USA, report a new method for revealing a 3-D picture of the structure inside a material.

Two-dose vaccine coverage necessary to reduce mumps outbreaks
An analysis of a recent mumps outbreak in Ontario, Canada, indicates that two doses of mumps vaccine are more effective than one and further reveals the importance of ensuring people, especially older adolescents and young adults, are up to date on their mumps vaccinations.

Graduation contamination
Graduations are a celebration of achievement and growth, but could all the pomp and circumstance increase your risk of exposure to harmful bacteria?

AMP releases statement on diagnostics in drug labels
Today, at a meeting with the Food and Drug Administration, the Association for Molecular Pathology released its new position statement on reference to diagnostic tests in drug labels.

Tale of 2 mice pinpoints major factor for insulin resistance
Researchers at Joslin Diabetes Center have now identified an enzyme called PKC-delta as an important molecular modifier for development of insulin resistance, diabetes and fatty liver in mice.

Will global climate change enhance boreal forest growth?
With an increasingly warmer climate, there is a trend for springs to arrive earlier and summers to be hotter.

Antibiotic linezolid an effective option for treating patients with MRSA infection
The antibiotic linezolid may be more effective than vancomycin in treating ventilated patients who develop methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) pneumonia as a result of their ventilation, according to a study conducted globally by American and French researchers.

Can vital signs predict cardiac arrest on the wards? Yes, but...
Researchers at the University of Chicago Medical Center attempting to identify the vital signs that best predict those hospitalized patients at greatest risk for cardiac arrest found that a composite index used in some hospitals to activate a rapid response team and by emergency room physicians to assess the likelihood of a patient dying was a better predictor of cardiac arrest than any single vital sign.

Objective evidence of skin infestation lacking in patients with diagnosis of delusional infestation
Among patients with a diagnosis of delusional skin infestation, neither biopsies nor patient-provided specimens provided objective evidence of skin infestation, according to a report posted online today that will be published in the September issue of Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Study: Memory problems often not present in middle-aged people with Alzheimer's disease
A new study suggests more than half of people who develop Alzheimer's disease before the age of 60 are initially misdiagnosed as having other kinds of brain disease when they do not have memory problems.

Study finds many gastroenterologists unaware of appropriate immunizations for IBD patients
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine, along with clinicians from Boston Medical Center, have found gastroenterologist knowledge of the appropriate immunizations to recommend to the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patient is limited.

Duke-NUS researchers identify new cell that attacks dengue virus
Mast cells, which help the body respond to bacteria and pathogens, also apparently sound the alarm around viruses delivered by mosquitoes, according to researchers at Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School in Singapore.

Computer program aids patients in end-of-life planning
A new program developed by researchers at Pennsylvania State College of Medicine and Pennsylvania State University may make it easier for patients with moderate/severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to make critical decisions regarding their care as their disease worsens.

School bullying, violence against LGBT youth linked to risk of suicide, HIV infection
New research suggests LGBT youth who experience high levels of school victimization report impaired health and mental health in young adulthood, according to new study.

Environmental education has failed and must be revamped, new book argues
Schools must revamp how they teach about the environment to prevent ecological collapse, conservationist Charles Saylan and UCLA life scientist Daniel T.

Stem cells reverse disease in a model of Parkinson's disease
In a new study to be published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers compared the ability of cells derived from different types of human stem cell to reverse disease in a rat model of Parkinson disease and identified a stem cell population that they believe could be clinically relevant.

Foothill yellow-legged frog provides insight on river management
River flow fluctuations downstream of dams are often out of sync with natural flow patterns and can have significant negative effects on aquatic species, such as native frogs, according to a team of scientists from the USDA Forest Service's Pacific Southwest Research Station, the University of California, Davis and the University of California, Berkeley.

Tarantulas shoot silk from feet
Most spiders have no problem holding onto vertical surfaces, but not tarantulas; they are always on the verge of falling.

Ocean warming detrimental to inshore fish species
Australian scientists have reported the first known detrimental impact of southern hemisphere ocean warming on a fish species.

Christianne Corbett to speak at Entomology 2011
Christianne Corbett, a senior researcher at the American Association of University Women (AAUW), will be the keynote speaker at Entomology 2011, the 59th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America.

No increase in severe cardiovascular events for children, adolescents taking ADHD medications
Despite recent concerns that medications for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) could increase the risk of cardiovascular events in children and adolescents, an observational study conducted by researchers finds they are no more likely to die from a severe cardiovascular event than those who do not take the drugs.

A gene that fights cancer, but causes it too
An international team of researchers, led by scientists at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, and the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital in China, say a human gene implicated in the development of leukemia also acts to prevent cancer of the liver.

Postponing care can result in serious consequences for asthma patients
Waiting to seek emergency medical care for asthma exacerbations can result in worse outcomes, including hospitalization, according to a study conducted by researchers from New York.

Leucine deprivation proves deadly to malignant melanoma cells
Whitehead Institute researchers have found that depriving human melanoma cells of the amino acid leucine can be lethal to the cells, suggesting a possible strategy for therapeutic intervention.

Younger doctors prescribe more drugs to reduce heart risk but offer less lifestyle advice
Patients with heart disease risks are more likely to be prescribed cardiovascular (CV) drugs if they see a younger doctor and recommended to change their lifestyle if they see an older doctor.

Zebrafish regrow fins using multiple cell types, not identical stem cells
What does it take to regenerate a limb? Biologists have long thought that organ regeneration in animals like zebrafish and salamanders involved stem cells that can generate any tissue in the body.

University of Oklahoma student awarded $90,000 to study recent flash floods
A University of Oklahoma civil engineering and environmental science graduate student recently was awarded a 2011 National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program Fellowship to research flash flood prediction.

Molecular technique advances soybean rust resistance research
A new tool is available to select for soybean rust resistance in breeding populations, said Glen Hartman, University of Illinois professor of crop sciences and USDA-ARS scientist.

New solar product captures up to 95 percent of light energy
Patrick Pinhero, an associate professor in the MU Chemical Engineering Department, is developing a flexible solar sheet that captures more than 90 percent of available light.

Scientists at the Ecological Society of America's 2011 Annual Meeting to discuss global stewardship
Registration is now open to members of the media for the Ecological Society of America's 96th Annual Meeting on Aug.

Using war games to treat post-traumatic stress disorder
Soldiers may benefit from virtual reality applications for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Researchers explain how animals sense potentially harmful acids
All animals face the challenge of deciding which chemicals in the environment are useful and which are harmful.

Protein could offer target to reduce lung damage from smoking-caused emphysema
An international research team has identified a lung protein that appears to play a key role in smoking-related emphysema and have crafted an antibody to block its activity, Indiana University scientists reported.

Study links anxiety and depression to risk-taking in young drivers
Young drivers who experience anxiety and depression are more likely to take risks on the road, according to a new study by Queensland University of Technology.

ORNL energy harvesters transform waste into electricity
Billions of dollars lost each year as waste heat from industrial processes can be converted into electricity with a technology being developed at the DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Happiness has a dark side
It seems like everyone wants to be happier and the pursuit of happiness is one of the foundations of American life.

Detecting lung cancer early
A person's blood reveals whether he or she has lung cancer: this has been demonstrated by researchers at the University of Bonn.

Young drivers who take risks on the road have a greater risk of mental health problems
Young adults who take risks when driving are more likely to experience psychological distress, including mental health problems such as anxiety and depression, reveals research published ahead of print in Injury Prevention.

Hypertension control in Canada has improved significantly
Treatment and awareness of hypertension in Canada have improved significantly in the last 25 years for community-dwelling adults, states an article in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Plastic products leach toxic substances
Many plastic products contain hazardous chemicals that can leach to the surroundings.

Sections of retinas regenerated and visual function increased with stem cells from skin
Scientists from Schepens Eye Research Institute are the first to regenerate large areas of damaged retinas and improve visual function using IPS cells derived from skin.

'Barcoding blitz' on Australian moths and butterflies
In just 10 weeks a team of Canadian researchers has succeeded in

Implementation of telemedicine intervention in ICUs associated with better outcomes for patients
Intensive care units (ICUs) that implemented a telemedicine intervention that included offsite electronic monitoring of processes and detection of nonadherence to best practices had lower hospital and ICU mortality, lower rates of preventable complications, and shorter hospital and ICU lengths of stay, according to a study that will appear in the June 1 issue of JAMA.

JCI online early table of contents: May 16, 2011
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, May 16, 2011, in the JCI:

AgriLife Research scientists work with RNA silencing and plant stem cells
Research on controlling the stem cells of plants could eventually lead to learning how to make them produce more fruit, seed and leaves, according to Dr.

Elsevier Health System Reform in Asia Conference
Elsevier and the journal Social Science and Medicine announce Health System Reform in Asia, a first of its kind, interdisciplinary conference which focuses on the health system reforms Asian countries have adopted, or are considering adopting during rapid economic, social, demographic and epidemiologic change in the region.

Employees don't always share well with others, says new paper exposing 'knowledge hiding'
Why isn't knowledge transfer happening more often in companies spending money on it?

Binge drinkers have a decreased ability to learn new verbal information
Binge drinking by young adults is prevalent in the United States and increasing in Europe.

Abcc10 may be effective in extending the effectiveness of anticancer drugs
New findings by Fox Chase Cancer Center researchers identify one protein, Abcc10 (also known as Mrp7), as being intimately involved in resistance to certain drugs used to treat breast, ovarian, lung, and other cancers.

'Clot-busters' no more effective than traditional therapy in treating lung blood clots
Although so-called clot-busting drugs are commonly used in the treatment of some patients with blood clots in the lungs, a new study conducted by researchers in Spain and the US indicates the agents do not appear to be any more effective than traditional blood thinners for the majority of these patients.

COPD patients may breathe easier, thanks to the Wii
According to a new study conducted by researchers in Connecticut, the Wii Fit offers patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease an effective workout -- and one that, because it is enjoyable, patients are more likely to use.

GSA conference stimulates earth science exchange in western US
More than 600 geoscientists will convene in Logan, Utah, May 18-20 to present their earth-science research at the 63rd/107th (respectively) joint annual meetings of the Rocky Mountain and Cordilleran Sections of the Geological Society of America.

Smoke-related chemical discovered in the atmosphere could have health implications
Cigarette smoking, forest fires and woodburning can release a chemical that may be at least partly responsible for human health problems related to smoke exposure, according to a new study by NOAA researchers and their colleagues.

Patterns of ancient croplands give insight into early Hawaiian society, research shows
A pattern of earthen berms, spread across a northern peninsula of the big island of Hawaii, is providing archeologists with clues to exactly how residents farmed in paradise long before Europeans arrived at the islands.
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