Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 23, 2011
CAS REGISTRYSM keeps pace with rapid growth of chemical research, registers 60 millionth substance
Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), the world's leader in chemical information and a division of the American Chemical Society, announced today that a patent application claiming compounds with potential therapeutic activity, submitted to the State Intellectual Property Office of the People's Republic of China, included the 60 millionth substance recorded in the CAS REGISTRY.

Heart scientists discover protein that may be 1 cause of heart failure
Researchers at the Peter Munk Cardiac Centre discovered a protein switch which can trigger a cascade of events leading to heart failure, pointing to a new direction for drug development.

Certain medications associated with increased risk of urinary retention in men with COPD
Men with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are treated with inhaled anticholinergic drugs appear to have an increased risk of developing urinary retention (inability to urinate), according to a report in the May 23 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Eggs, butter, milk -- memory is not just a shopping list
Often, the goal of science is to show that things are not what they seem to be.

Mechanism behind compound's effects on skin inflammation and cancer progression
Charles J. Dimitroff, M.S., Ph.D. and colleagues in the Dimitroff Lab at Brigham and Women's Hospital, have developed a fluorinated analog of glucosamine, which, in a recent study, has been shown to block the synthesis of key carbohydrate structures linked to skin inflammation and cancer progression.

UofL researchers replicate human kidney gene changes in mouse model
University of Louisville researchers have replicated the inflammatory gene changes of a human kidney as it progresses from mild to severe diabetic nephropathy, using a mouse model developed by a UofL researcher, according to an article published today in the journal Experimental Nephrology.

Study finds much different work histories for disability rejects, beneficiaries
Male disability applicants rejected for federal benefits tend to have lower earnings and labor force participation rates over the decade prior to applying for federal disability benefits.

New Stanford device could reduce surgical scarring
Researchers at Stanford University have developed a special wound dressing that they report was able to significantly reduced scar tissue caused by incisions.

Stevens biomedical engineering students fight hypothermia on the battlefield
Team Heat Wave is developing a new device to combat hypothermia among wounded soldiers.

Hubble views the star that changed the universe
Though the universe is filled with billions upon billions of stars, the discovery of a single variable star in 1923 altered the course of modern astronomy.

Study links acetaminophen to lower prostate cancer risk
A new study from American Cancer Society researchers finds use of 30 tablets a month or more of acetaminophen for five or more years was associated with an estimated 38 percent lower risk of prostate cancer.

Information overload in drug side effect labeling
Lists of potential side effects that accompany prescription drugs have ballooned in size, averaging 70 reactions per drug.

Technological advances lead to organizational change
Changes due to new technologies take time and are difficult to overview.

Fungi reduce need for fertilizer in agriculture
The next agricultural revolution may be sparked by fungi, helping to greatly increase food-production for the growing needs of the planet without the need for massive amounts of fertilizers according to research presented today at the 111th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology in New Orleans.

UTMB researcher receives $3 million NIH grant to study aging in Mexico
Rebeca Wong, one of the nation's foremost experts on aging, has been awarded $3.03 million by the National Institute on Aging of the National Institutes of Health to continue a groundbreaking study in Mexico.

What doesn't kill the brain makes it stronger
Johns Hopkins scientists say that a newly discovered

Once thought a rival phase, antiferromagnetism coexists with superconductivity
Using neutron scattering and scanning tunneling microscopy, an international team of researchers found that antiantiferromagnetism co-exists -- rather than exclusively competing -- with superconductivity, according to a report in the latest edition of Nature Physics.

Particle trap paves way for personalized medicine
A team led by Yale University researchers has trapped individual charged particles in an aqueous solution using a method called

Surge in parents taking kids with common medical problems to emergency care
The number of children taken to emergency care departments with common medical problems has risen sharply over the past decade, reveals a study published online in Emergency Medicine Journal.

Love matters: Internet hookups for men don't always mean unsafe sex
If a gay or bisexual man seeks sex or dating online, the type of partner or relationship he wants is a good indicator of whether he'll engage in safe sex, a new study suggests.

Common test could help predict early death in diabetes, study shows
New findings out of Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center reveal that a common test may be useful in predicting early death in individuals with diabetes.

To bluff, or not to bluff? That is the question
Economist Christopher Cotton from the University of Miami, uses game theory to explore two of the most famous military bluffs in history.

Replacing the blue bloods
The Food and Drug Administration requires every drug they certify to be tested for certain poisons that damage patient health.

Innate immune system proteins attack bacteria by triggering bacterial suicide mechanisms
A group of proteins that act as the body's built-in line of defense against invading bacteria use a molecular trick to induce bacteria to destroy themselves, researchers at the Indiana University School of Medicine have determined.

Patient navigators appear to improve colorectal cancer screening rate in ethnically diverse patients
Among low-income patients who are black or whose primary language is not English, patient navigators may help improve colorectal cancer screening rates, according to a report in the May 23 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

JCI table of contents: May 23, 2011
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for papers to be published May 23, 2011, in the JCI:

Discovery of canine hepatitis C virus opens up new doors for research on deadly human pathogen
In a study to be published online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers report the discovery of a novel hepatitis C-like virus in dogs.

Discovery opens the door to electricity from microbes
Using bacteria to generate energy is a significant step closer following a breakthrough discovery by scientists at the University of East Anglia.

CT angiography for low-risk heart patients leads to more drugs and tests without benefit
In the first large study to assess the impact of screening CT angiography on heart patients without chest pain, Johns Hopkins cardiologists found that the test led to more medications, tests and procedures.

Researchers discover link between obesity gene and breast cancer
New research aimed to better identify the genetic factors that lead to breast cancer has uncovered a link between the obesity gene and a higher incidence of breast cancer.

Scientists list top 10 new species
The International Institute for Species Exploration at Arizona State University and a committee of taxonomists from around the world -- scientists responsible for species exploration and classification -- announced their picks for the top 10 new species described in 2010.

Dr. Knut Stamnes at Stevens receives NASA grant for environmental monitoring
Stevens Institute of Technology physics professor Dr. Knut Stamnes has been awarded a NASA grant for work on mathematical tools to monitor oceanic ecosystems via satellite.

Just 4 percent of galaxies have neighbors like the Milky Way
To find out, a group of researchers led by Stanford University astrophysicist Risa Wechsler compared the Milky Way to similar galaxies and found that just four percent are like the galaxy Earth calls home.

Cover crop seeder pulls triple duty for small farms
Farmers using a cover crop seeder developed by Penn State agricultural scientists may eventually need only a single trip across the field to accomplish what takes most farmers three passes and several pieces of equipment to do.

'Top 5' list helps primary care doctors make wiser clinical decisions
A physician panel in the primary care specialty of internal medicine has identified common clinical activities where changes in practice could lead to higher quality care and better use of finite clinical resources.

Poorer reading skills following changed computer habits of children
Sweden and the US are two countries in which increased leisure use of computers by children leads to poorer reading ability.

Scientist recognized for contributions to the sustainability of the Adirondacks
The Wildlife Conservation Society announced that WCS Ecologist Jerry Jenkins has received the Adirondack Achievement Award -- given to those demonstrating leadership in making significant contributions to the long-term sustainability of the Adirondack Park.

New genetic testing technology for IVF embryos
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have devised a new technique, which helps couples that are affected by or are carriers of genetic diseases have in vitro fertilized babies free of both the disease in question and other chromosomal abnormalities.

UTHealth researchers find diabetics at higher risk of tuberculosis infection
People with diabetes have a three to five times higher risk of contracting tuberculosis than non-diabetics, according to researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.

Study finds patient navigation increases colorectal cancer screening in ethnically diverse patients
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine, Cambridge Health Alliance and Harvard Medical School have found targeting patient navigation to black and non-English speaking patients may be one approach to reducing disparities in colorectal cancer screenings.

Chemical engineers at Stevens invent portable hydrogen reactor for fuel cells
Chemical engineering students at Stevens Institute of Technology have developed a portable microreactor that converts liquid fuels into hydrogen for fuel cell batteries.

Quicker detection and treatment of severe sepsis
Sepsis is the name of an infection that causes a series of reactions in the body, which in the worst case can prove fatal.

Improving health assessments with a single cell
There's a wealth of health information hiding in the human immune system.

Common Jupiters?
Freelance writer Robert Brault offers a metaphor for the night sky,

New nanoscale imaging may lead to new treatments for multiple sclerosis
Laboratory studies by chemical engineers at UC Santa Barbara may lead to new experimental methods for early detection and diagnosis -- and to possible treatments -- for pathological tissues that are precursors to multiple sclerosis and similar diseases.

Globalization exposes food supply to unsanitary practices
As the United States continues to import increasingly more of its food from developing nations, we are putting ourselves at greater risk of foodborne disease as many of these countries do not have the same sanitary standards for production, especially in the case of seafood and fresh produce, say scientists today at the 111th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology in New Orleans.

Cheaper, greener, alternative energy storage at Stevens
Students at Stevens Institute of Technology are working on a supercapacitor that will allow us to harness more solar energy through biochar electrodes for supercapacitors, resulting in a cleaner, greener planet.

Transarterial embolization is a safe, nonoperative option for acute peptic ulcer bleeding
Researchers from China report that in patients with peptic ulcer bleeding in whom endoscopy failed to control the bleeding, transarterial embolization is a safe procedure which reduces the need for surgery without increasing overall mortality and is associated with few complications.

Dr. Chandramouli of Stevens invited to White House communications roundtable discussion
Dr. Rajarathnam Chandramouli has been invited to participate in a roundtable discussion to develop the strategy for implementing President Obama's National Wireless Initiative.

New resource developed to encourage undergraduate research experiences
College educators around the nation who are discovering the unique value of research experiences for undergraduate students now have a new tool available to them -- a

Shave biopsy is a safe and acceptable method for initial evaluation of melanoma
A shave biopsy is a reasonably safe and accurate method for the initial diagnosis of melanoma, according to a study published in the April issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

Ward to receive Kuiper Prize in planetary sciences
The AAS Division for Planetary Sciences has selected Dr. William R.

Penn research overturns theory on how children learn their first words
New research by a team of University of Pennsylvania psychologists is helping to overturn the dominant theory of how children learn their first words, suggesting that it occurs more in moments of insight than gradually through repeated exposure.

Weight gain between first and second pregnancies increases woman's gestational diabetes risk
Compared with women whose weight remained stable, body mass index gains between the first and second pregnancy were associated with an increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus in the second pregnancy.

Access to personal medical records increases satisfaction among new cancer patients
A new analysis has found that allowing full access to personal medical records increases satisfaction without increasing anxiety in newly diagnosed cancer patients.

Most children with head injuries are seen in hospitals not equipped to treat them
More than four-fifths of children who turn up at emergency departments with head injuries in the UK are seen in hospitals which would have to transfer them if the injury was serious, reveals a study published online in Emergency Medicine Journal.

Novel man-made material could facilitate wireless power
Electrical engineers at Duke University have determined that unique man-made materials should theoretically make it possible to improve the power transfer to small devices, such as laptops or cell phones, or ultimately to larger ones, such as cars or elevators, without wires.

Revealed the keys that give rise to hierarchism in society
In the words of sociologist Harkaitz Zubiri, it is currently accepted that social hierarchy is constructed of individual merits, but the reality is quite different.

Elsevier and METI collaborate to offer simulation technology for health science curriculums
Elsevier, the leading global publisher of scientific, technical, and medical information products and services, announced today a partnership agreement with Medical Education Technologies Inc.

USDA/AIA survey reports 2010/2011 winter honey bee losses
Total losses from managed honey bee colonies nationwide were 30 percent from all causes for the 2010/2011 winter, according to the annual survey conducted by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Apiary Inspectors of America (AIA).

Hospital ClĂ­nic heads the ALICE RAP project to redefine the concept of addiction in EU
ALICE RAP is a new dynamic trans-disciplinary EU project which aims is to help policy makers

What do policymakers know about the factors influencing people's well-being?
Most people would probably agree that quality of life means more than just material welfare, and it is becoming increasingly common for politicians to be interested in letting people's subjective well-being guide policy.

Used football faceshields are susceptible to breaking on impact
Game-worn football faceshields are more susceptible to breaking when subjected to high-velocity impact than are new faceshields, according to new research.

First Washington green chemistry conference aims to plan for toxics
A more holistic, less piecemeal roadmap for the use of chemicals in the state is the goal of research, industry and government leaders who will gather this week in Washington State's first green chemistry conference.

CDC assesses potential human exposure to prion diseases
Researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have examined the potential for human exposure to prion diseases, looking at hunting, venison consumption, and travel to areas in which prion diseases have been reported in animals.

Low-risk patients screened for heart disease tend to receive more preventive care and testing
Screening for coronary heart disease (CHD) among individuals at low risk of the condition is associated with increased use of medications (such as aspirin and statins) and increased additional testing, but no difference in cardiac events at 18 months, according to a report posted online today that will be published in the August 8 print issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

The Four Loko effect
The popular, formerly caffeinated, fruity alcoholic beverage, Four Loko, has been blamed for the spike in alcohol-related hospitalizations, especially throughout college campuses.

New research provides insight into how OCD develops
New scientific evidence challenges a popular conception that behaviors such as repetitive hand-washing, characteristic of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), are carried out in response to disturbing obsessive fears.

Comfort food: Probiotic-derived product protects in model of intestinal inflammation
There have been few, if any, good clinical studies evaluating the clinical efficacy of probiotics.

Consortium identifies genome regions that could influence severity of cystic fibrosis
A team of researchers, including a number from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, have pinpointed regions of the genome that contribute to the debilitating lung disease that is the hallmark of cystic fibrosis.

HIV-infected donors present novel source of organs for HIV-infected transplant candidates
A new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation reveals that HIV-infected deceased donors represent a potentially novel source of organs for HIV-infected transplant candidates that could decrease waitlist deaths and even shorten the national waitlist.

Heredity behind subjective effects of alcohol
Scientists have long known that people who have a close relative with alcohol problems themselves run an increased risk of starting to abuse alcohol.

After Japan nuclear power plant disaster: How much radioactivity in the oceans?
Among the casualties of the March 11, 2011, earthquake and resulting tsunami in Japan was the country's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.

Stevens thoracic catheter senior design team takes 1st place at regional ISPE competition
On April 21, Stevens students took first place at the regional International Society of Pharmaceutical Engineers Student Poster Competition for their novel thoracic catheter design.

Research teams at Hebrew University, University of Kentucky win Israel-US science award
Research teams at the University of Kentucky and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have won a prestigious $300,000 award from the US-Israel Binational Science Foundation for a new program devoted to transformative science.

Stevens Center for Science Writings gives Green Book Award to James Hansen
Climatologist James Hansen received the Green Book Award for his 2010 book,

States should be allowed to implement key health reform law provisions early, experts say
More than eight of 10 leaders in health and health care policy (82 percent) believe states should be allowed to implement key provisions of the Affordable Care Act early with full federal support, ahead of the timeline outlined in the law.

Led by advances in chemical synthesis, scientists find natural product shows pain-killing properties
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have for the first time accomplished a laboratory synthesis of a rare natural product isolated from the bark of a plant widely employed in traditional medicine.

More Americans praying about health, study says
News release concludes that praying about health issues increased among American adults over the past three decades.

Break up of New Orleans households after Katrina
How well a family recovers from a natural catastrophe may be tied to the household's pre-disaster make up and socio-economic status.

Substantial recovery rate with placebo effect in headache treatment
Ninety percent of all persons experience a headache at some time in their lives.

MARC travel award announced for GSA C. elegans meeting
The FASEB MARC (Minority Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipient for the 2011 Genetics Society of America C. elegans meeting in Los Angeles, Calif., from June 22-26, 2011.

Tel Aviv University confers its highest honor on 8 distinguished individuals
On May 14, Nobel Prize laureate Prof. Sir Harold Kroto of Florida State University and bioinformatics innovator Prof.

Protein from probiotic bacteria may alleviate inflammatory bowel disorders
A protein isolated from beneficial bacteria found in yogurt and dairy products could offer a new, oral therapeutic option for inflammatory bowel disorders, suggests a study led by Vanderbilt University Medical Center researcher Fang Yan, M.D., Ph.D.

The role of bacteria in asthma and the potential for antibiotic treatment
People with severe asthma are more likely to have antibodies against the disease-causing bacteria Chlamydia pneumoniae than the general population and in some cases antibiotic treatment can greatly improve symptoms according to research presented today at the 111th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology.

Physicians' group releases top 5 recommendations for improving primary care
Limiting antibiotic prescribing for certain respiratory infections, avoiding imaging for low back pain and osteoporosis screening for certain patients, and not ordering cardiac screening tests in low-risk patients are among the suggestions to make primary care more affordable and efficient, according to a report posted online today that will be published in the Aug.

Tort reform reduces lawsuit risk; establishes framework for quality improvements
According to the authors of a study published in the April issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons, implementation of comprehensive tort reform has been associated with a nearly 80 percent decrease in the prevalence of surgical malpractice lawsuits at one academic medical center.

Whites believe they are victims of racism more often than blacks
Whites believe they are the primary victims of racial bias in America.

Risk of newborn death cut in half when pregancy lasts 39 weeks, new research finds
Although the overall risk of death is small, a new study found that it more than doubles for infants born at 37 weeks of pregnancy, when compared to babies born at 40 weeks.

Sulfates in extreme places, DNA tied in knots and magnetic cooling at crystallography meeting
The Annual Meeting of the American Crystallographic Association will be held May 28-June 2, 2011, in New Orleans, La.

More focus needed on mental health triage in disaster preparedness, Johns Hopkins bioethicists urge
Johns Hopkins University bioethicists say disaster-response planning has overlooked the needs of people who suffer from pre-existing, serious mental conditions.

Antibody-guided drug works against acute lymphoblastic leukemia
An antibody packaged with a potent chemotherapy drug to selectively destroy acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells eradicated or greatly reduced the disease for 61 percent of 46 patients in a phase II study.

Cultured men are happier and healthier
Men who visit art galleries, museums, and the theater regularly tend to enjoy better health and are more satisfied with life, reveals a study published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Pre-meal dietary supplement developed at Hebrew University can overcome fat and sugar problems
A little bitter with a little sweet, in the form of a nano-complex dietary supplement taken before meals, can result in a substantial reduction of fat and sugar absorption in the body, Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Harvard University researchers have found.

Mediterranean Sea invaded by alien species
More than 900 new alien species have been encountered in the coastal environments of the eastern Mediterranean Sea in recent decades, including the poisonous pufferfish.

An electric motorcycle is created at Carlos III University of Madrid
A group of engineers at Carlos III University of Madrid has developed a prototype of a high-performance electric motorcycle, which has recently participated in the first electric motorcycle world championship.

World record in ultra-rapid data transmission
Scientists of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology have succeeded in encoding data at a rate of 26 terabits per second on a single laser beam, transmitting them over a distance of 50 km, and decoding them successfully.

NIH scientists identify most proteins made by parasitic worm
A team led by Thomas B. Nutman, M.D., of NIAID, has completed a large-scale analysis of most of the proteins produced by Brugia malayi, one kind of parasitic worm that causes lymphatic filariasis, or elephantiasis.

Mummies tell history of a 'modern' plague
Mummies from along the Nile are revealing how age-old irrigation techniques may have boosted the plague of schistosomiasis, a water-borne parasitic disease that infects an estimated 200 million people today.

Universe's not-so-missing mass
A Monash student has made a breakthrough in the field of astrophysics, discovering what has until now been described as the Universe's

Vitamin D levels low in African-Americans with multiple sclerosis
African-Americans who have multiple sclerosis (MS) have lower vitamin D levels than African-Americans who don't have the disease, according to a study published in the May 24, 2011, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Realism, satire and myth in Michel Houellebecq
Michel Houellebecq is one of the most highly respected French authors of the 1990s and 2000s.

'Young, disadvantaged men'
With teen moms being debated heavily in popular culture today, it's easy to neglect the effects of fatherhood.

Job ads reflect society and working life
Able to cooperate, driven and independent. These have been the most sought after characteristics in the labor market since the 1950s, according to a doctoral thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, on the evolution of recruitment advertisements.

Researchers model genome copying-collating steps during cell division
Researchers from Virginia Tech and Oxford University have proposed a novel molecular mechanism for the living cell's remarkable ability to detect the alignment of replicated chromosomes on the mitotic spindle in the final phase of the cell division cycle.

Mount Sinai researchers discover possible new target for sarcoma treatment and prevention
Researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine have discovered a protein signaling pathway that becomes hyperactivated in human sarcoma cells, suggesting that medications to inhibit this pathway may be effective in the treatment of human sarcomas.

Invitation to GOPV conference in China
Everyone who works with organic solar cell technology is hereby formally invited to participate in the Conference: Global Organic PhotoVoltaic Conference (GOPV).
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