Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 04, 2011
Severity of facial wrinkles may predict bone density in early menopause
A news study finds that the worse a woman's skin wrinkles are during the first few years of menopause, the lower her bone density is.

Breast cancer surgery patients benefit from adding radiation therapy
Additional radiation treatment improves disease free survival lessening the chance of cancer recurring in women with early breast cancer who have had breast conserving surgery (lumpectomy), interim results of a new study found.

Childhood cancer survivors at increased risk of certain tumors in middle-age
In a study that included nearly 18,000 children who had cancer, with follow-up of about 25 years, the greatest excess risk associated with a subsequent primary neoplasm (a new tumor) at older than age 40 years was for digestive and genitourinary neoplasms (related to the genital or urinary tract organs), according to a study in the June 8 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on cancer.

Topiramate may have benefit as a weight-loss drug
The drug topiramate can help people lose weight as long as they can tolerate the side effects, according to authors of a new study that reviewed the medical literature.

Indiana U. study points to health disparities in physical fitness
An Indiana U. study found surprising differences in physical fitness levels between more affluent members of a medically affiliated fitness center and patients of a safety net community health center, which serves more vulnerable populations.

Fighting cancer with cancer: Mayo Clinic finds promising use for thyroid cancer gene
A mutant gene long thought to accelerate tumor growth in thyroid cancer patients actually inhibits the spread of malignant cells, showing promise for novel cancer therapies, a Mayo Clinic study has found.

Pioneering stem cell bandage receives approval for clinical trial
Millions of people with knee injuries could benefit from a new type of stem cell bandage treatment if clinical trials are successful.

Fat burning increases in men with oral form of bronchodilator drug, formoterol
Formoterol, a medication used to treat asthma and other lung diseases, improves fat burning and protein metabolism in men, a new study finds.

First Australian team wins beam time on world's most powerful X-ray laser
Australian researchers investigating the structure of membrane proteins for improving drug development are the first Australians to be awarded access to the world's most powerful X-ray laser.

Anorexic girls have increased bone density after physiological estrogen treatment
Estrogen therapy improves low bone density due to anorexia nervosa in teenage girls with the disease when given as a patch or as a low oral dose that is physiological (close to the form or amount of estrogen the body makes naturally).

Hormone deprivation therapy for prostate cancer may raise diabetes risk
Men with prostate cancer are at higher risk of developing diabetes or diabetes risk factors if they receive androgen deprivation therapy to block the production or action of male hormones that can fuel the growth of this cancer.

New glioblastoma cancer vaccine shows promise in phase 2 trial
The first results of a multicenter Phase 2 clinical trial on a new brain cancer vaccine tailored to a patient's own tumor will be announced on Monday at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) 2011 Annual Meeting in Chicago.

Could a birth control pill for men be on the horizon?
Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center are honing in on the development of what may be the first non-steroidal, oral contraceptive for men.

Survey: ED residents' attitudes favorable to pregnancy during residency
The demands of a medical residency can make balancing a career and family a challenge.

Ovarian cancer screening does not appear to reduce risk of ovarian cancer death
In a clinical trial that included nearly 80,000 women, those who received ovarian cancer screening did not have a reduced risk of death from ovarian cancer compared to women who received usual care, but did have an increase in invasive medical procedures and associated harms as a result of being screened, according to a study in the June 8 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on cancer.

Study identifies genetic mutations associated with cancer risk for hereditary cancer syndrome
Among various genetic mutations for individuals with Lynch syndrome, a hereditary cancer syndrome that carries a high risk of colon cancer and an above-normal risk of other cancers, researchers have identified mutations associated with a lower cancer risk and mutations associated with an increased risk for ovarian and endometrial cancer, according to a study in the June 8 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on cancer.

BPA lowers male fertility
Daily exposure to a chemical that is prevalent in the human environment, bisphenol A, causes lowered fertility in male mice, according to the results of a new study that will be presented Saturday at The Endocrine Society's 93rd Annual Meeting in Boston.

UB played major role in study on drug that reduces breast cancer in high-risk women
Today's major announcement at the American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting that the drug exemestane significantly reduces the risk of breast cancer in high-risk, postmenopausal women is the result of an international, randomized double-blind phase III clinical trial in which University at Buffalo researchers and hundreds of Western New York women played a critical role.

Surgery-related weight loss in men reverses testosterone deficiency
Low testosterone levels and symptoms of male sexual dysfunction due to obesity may be reversible with weight loss after bariatric surgery, a new study finds.

Following colorectal cancer surgery, longer delay before chemotherapy associated with worse survival
An analysis of data from previously published studies indicates that longer time to beginning adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery for colorectal cancer is associated with worse survival, according to a study in the June 8 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on cancer.

ACSM: Yoga helped older stroke victims improve balance, endurance
An Indiana University study that exposed older veterans with stroke to yoga produced

Fetal programming of disease risk to next generation depends on parental gender
Overexposure to stress hormones in the womb can program the potential for adverse health effects in those children and the next generation, but effects vary depending on whether the mother or father transmits them, a new animal study suggests.

Gene therapy reverses type 1 diabetes in mice
An experimental cure for type 1 diabetes has a nearly 80 percent success rate in curing diabetic mice.

Bariatric surgery linked to increased fracture risk
People who have had gastric bypass surgery or other bariatric weight-loss surgery have an even higher increased risk of breaking bones than previously found.

Obesity raises breast cancer survivors' risk of dying of the cancer
Women with a healthy body weight before and after diagnosis of breast cancer are more likely to survive the disease long term, a new study finds.

City of Hope researchers demonstrate anticancer effect of mushrooms
City of Hope researchers have investigated compounds in natural foods for their potential anticancer benefits, with a focus on food items that are easily found in grocery stores to ensure greater access and availability.
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