Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 17, 2011
Father's Day, Mother's Day -- how about Co-Parents Day?
Fathers stumbling through child-rearing are a familiar sitcom theme. But a growing body of research at the University of California, Berkeley, is challenging the perception that dads are goofy, uncaring or incompetent caregivers.

Look before you leap: Teens still learning to plan ahead
Researchers studied strategic planning and problem solving among 890 10-30 year-olds using a computerized test called the Tower of London.

The way you relate to your partner can affect your long-term mental and physical health, study shows
The potentially lasting implications of day-to-day couple conflict on physical and mental well-being are revealed in a study published today in the journal Personal Relationships.

Low fertility in Europe -- is there still reason to worry?
The post-war trend of falling birth rates has been reversed across Europe, according to a new study.

No healing in a vacuum
Negative-pressure wound therapy probably does not promote healing. This is the conclusion of Frank Peinemann and Stefan Sauerland's meta-analysis in the current edition of Deutsches Aerzteblatt International.

Restoring memory, repairing damaged brains
Scientists have developed a way to turn memories on and off -- literally with the flip of a switch.

Etanercept shows promise for treating dermatomyositis
A multicenter pilot study of etanercept for treatment of dermatomyositis found no major safety concerns and many patients treated with the drug were successfully weaned from steroid therapy.

Imaging cereals for increased crop yields
University of Adelaide computer scientists are developing image-based technology which promises a major boost to the breeding of improved cereal varieties for the harsher environmental conditions expected under climate change.

A better way to remember
Scientists and educators alike have long known that cramming is not an effective way to remember things.

Women & Infants named Center of Excellence for Reproductive Resource Services
Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island has been named a Center of Excellence for Reproductive Resource Services by OptumHealth, an independent audit company.

Research forging pathways between South Africa, China and the UK
For the first time researchers from South Africa and China will be working together on a joint data project with UK social scientists.

NASA satellite sees Tropical Depression 06W near the Philippines
The sixth western Pacific tropical cyclone (06W) of 2011 has developed near the Philippines and the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite saw some heavy rainfall in the storm.

Home learning experiences boost low-income kids' school readiness
A new study looks at more than 1,850 children and their mothers from predominantly low-income households, that is, households at or below the federal poverty line and finds that differences in the children's learning environments over time predicted their school readiness skills.

US Medicaid drug lists cost more, deliver less
The US Medicaid program is likely paying far more than necessary for medications and not offering patients the most effective ones available, by ignoring international evidence-based lists of safe and effective medications, according to a new study by researchers at University of California, San Francisco.

System 92E looking more like a developing east Pacific tropical storm
A low pressure area in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, located off the western coast of Mexico, is still getting organized, and System 92E and the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite spotted heavy rain and strong thunderstorms within.

'Lost' bats found breeding on Scilly
A University of Exeter biologist has discovered a

Phobos slips past Jupiter
Earlier this month, ESA's Mars Express performed a special maneuver to observe an unusual alignment of Jupiter and the martian moon Phobos.

Shock and recall: Negative emotion may enhance memory, study finds
Picture a menacing drill sergeant, a gory slaughterhouse, a devastating scene of a natural disaster.

International team works out secrets of one of world's most successful patient safety programs
A team of social scientists and medical and nursing researchers in the United States and the United Kingdom has pinpointed how a program, which ran in more than 100 hospital intensive care units in Michigan, dramatically reduced the rates of potentially deadly central line bloodstream infections to become one of the world's most successful patient safety programs.

ONR announces technology investments
As part of its focus on promoting student interest in the sciences, the Office of Naval Research highlighted nine educational partnerships at the Naval Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Forum being held June 15-16 in Alexandria, Va.

Graphene may gain an 'on-off switch,' adding semiconductor to long list of material's achievements
A team of researchers has proposed a way to turn the material graphene into a semiconductor, enabling it to control the flow of electrons with a laser

IOF calls for improved strategies to close the treatment gap and reduce future burden of fractures
New report reviewing data from 6 major European countries finds large gap between the number of people that are treated for osteoporosis compared to the number that are eligible for treatment based on fracture risk.

Not just another brick in the (plant cell) wall
In a new study revealing key steps for controlling plant growth, Australian researchers have shown how the assembly of components of the plant cell wall regulates growth of root hairs.

Madagascar marine resources plundered by international seafood markets
Fish catches in Madagascar over the last half-century are double the official reports, and much of that fish is being caught by unregulated traditional fishers or accessed cheaply by foreign fishing vessels.

Hospitalizing children with normal CT scans after blunt head trauma is not necessary
A large, national multicenter study of thousands of children taken to emergency departments with minor blunt head trauma has found that most of those with normal computed tomography scans do not require hospitalization for further observation.

Contrast changes trick your brain
Gestalt psychology contends that the human brain organizes what the eyes see based on traits such as similarity, common background, and proximity.

University of Louisville surgeons perform first prosthetic bypass graft with patient's stem cells at point-of-care
The first three patients to undergo an investigational surgical procedure for peripheral vascular disease that involves the patient's own stem cells continue to do well, reports the University of Louisville surgeon who is the principal investigator.

Scientist analyzes the nucleus of comet Hartley 2
Nearly one year ago, a repurposed NASA spacecraft flew by the comet Hartley 2.

Tapeworm drug inhibits colon cancer metastasis
A compound that for about 60 years has been used as a drug against tapeworm infection is also apparently effective against colon cancer metastasis, as studies using mice have shown.

TU Delft simulation models offer clarity with regard to energy transition decisions
To eliminate energy-guzzling incandescent light bulbs from supermarket shelves, a tax would be just as effective as an outright ban.

World Health Organization releases latest Dengue Bulletin
Dengue, the mosquito-transmitted illness, affects all economic groups -- not only in South East Asia, but in the Americas and Africa.

American Cancer Society report finds continued progress in reducing cancer mortality
A steady reduction in overall cancer death rates translates to the avoidance of about 898,000 deaths from cancer between 1990 and 2007, according to the latest statistics from the American Cancer Society.

Boston University School of Medicine professor honored by the Endocrine Society
Michael F. Holick, Ph.D., M.D., director of the General Clinical Research Center and professor of medicine, physiology and biophysics at Boston University School of Medicine, is this year's recipient of the Delbert A.

Join Webcast about electronic waste management in North America
June 21 public forum and webcast will discuss e-waste and examine how the three North American countries can foster better management through product design and recycling, and cooperate on law enforcement to stop the illegal trade in used equipment and waste.

Discovery of a new mechanism of gene control that is associated with cancer
Scientists at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York and at IRB Barcelona reveal the mechanism of action of a protein that is essential for life and is associated with disease.

Early experience found critical for language development
Researchers studying more than 100 children who were part of the Bucharest Early Intervention Project, a longitudinal study of institutional and foster care in Romania, have found that children who were placed in foster care before they turned 2 had substantially greater language skills at age 3-1/2 than children who stayed in institutional care, with those placed by 15 months showing language skills similar to the comparison group.

Privacy is dead! Long live privacy
Index on Censorship are holding a public debate to celebrate the launch of the new issue of Index on Censorship magazine,

Poor 'gut sense' of numbers contributes to persistent math difficulties
A new study published today in the journal Child Development (e-publication ahead of print) finds that having a poor

First X-ray lasing of SACLA
RIKEN and the Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute have successfully produced a first beam of X-ray laser light with a wavelength of 1.2 Angstroms.

NASA's James Webb Space Telescope completes first round of cryogenic mirror test
The first six of 18 segments that will form NASA's James Webb Space Telescope's primary mirror for space observations completed final cryogenic testing this week.
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