Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 24, 2011
Rotavirus vaccine greatly reduced gastroenteritis hospitalizations in children
Vaccination against rotavirus, a major cause of severe acute gastroenteritis in children, dramatically decreased hospitalization rates for the infection among infants in three US counties, according to a new study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and now available online.

ALICE's brilliance to spark breakthrough in cell biology and cancer research at Daresbury
Unique research carried out at the Science and Technology Facilities Council's Daresbury Laboratory in Cheshire is set to trigger a new era in research into cancer diagnosis and our understanding of how living things function.

Optical circuit enables new approach to quantum technologies
An international research group led by scientists from the University of Bristol, UK, and the Universities of Osaka and Hokkaido, Japan, has demonstrated a fundamental building block for quantum computing that could soon be employed in a range of quantum technologies.

Brookhaven Lab's Joanna Fowler receives Distinguished Women in Chemistry Award
Joanna Fowler, a senior chemist and director of radiotracer chemistry, instrumentation, and biological imaging at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, is one of 23 women from around the world who has been chosen to receive a Distinguished Women in Chemistry/Chemical Engineering Award, sponsored by the American Chemical Society.

Adolescents' dieting and disordered eating behaviors continue into young adulthood
Adolescents who diet and develop disordered eating behaviors (unhealthy and extreme weight control behaviors and binge eating) carry these unhealthy practices into young adulthood and beyond, according to a study conducted by University of Minnesota researchers and published in the July 2011 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Fermilab experiment weighs in on neutrino mystery
Scientists of the MINOS experiment at the Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced June 24 the results from a search for a rare phenomenon, the transformation of muon neutrinos into electron neutrinos.

Mayo Clinic developing artificial pancreas to ease diabetes burden
The 25.8 million Americans who have diabetes may soon be free of finger pricks and daily insulin dosing.

Syracuse University biologist discovers key regulators for biofilm development
A recent study led by a Syracuse University biologist discovered that a complex cascade of enhancer binding proteins is responsible for turning on genes that initiate the formation of a biofilm in bacteria.

Heart valve replacement without opening the chest gives new option for non-operable patients
An innovative approach for implanting a new aortic heart valve without open-heart surgery is being offered at Rush University Medical Center to patients with severe aortic stenosis who are at high-risk or not suitable candidates for open heart valve replacement surgery.

ARD Mediathek enhanced with new search functions
This May new and improved search capabilities were introduced on the ARD Mediathek portal.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Haima poised for Vietnam landfall
NASA satellite imagery revealed that Haima has regained minimal tropical storm status with some powerful thunderstorms south of its center.

Drug shows improved kidney function for type 2 diabetics, UT Southwestern researchers report
A new anti-inflammatory drug used by patients with type 2 diabetes improved their kidney function during a year-long study involving researchers from UT Southwestern Medical Center.

Pollinators make critical contribution to healthy diets
Fruits and vegetables that provide the highest levels of vitamins and minerals to the human diet globally depend heavily on bees and other pollinating animals, according to a new study published in the international online journal PLoS ONE.

Safer and more effective diabetes control with basal insulin analogs
Basal insulin analogs have revolutionized diabetes care, and especially the treatment of Type 2 diabetes, enabling patients to achieve better control of blood glucose levels while reducing hypoglycemic episodes.

Singapore scientists discover how to control fate of stem cells
Scientists from the Genome Institute of Singapore, an institute of the Agency for Science, Technology and Research, in collaboration with the Cancer Science Institute of Singapore, have discovered how the body uses a single communication system to decide the fate of stem cells.

National Geographic honors 4 at inaugural 'Evening of Exploration' celebration
Three exceptional individuals and a corporation were honored by the National Geographic Society at its first ever

Precise assembly of engines
In the automotive industry, combustion engines are still assembled mostly manually.

UOG scientist wins USDA competitive funding
Western Pacific Tropical Research Center scientist Dr. Gadi V.P. Reddy is concerned about the effect of toxic agricultural chemicals on the health of island residents and ecosystems.

Office of Naval Research Global connecting with international naval community at MAST Europe 2011
The Office of Naval Research Global is reaching out to global maritime security and defense community members at MAST Europe 2011, June 27-29, in Marseille, France, assessing the world's best science and technology inventions and showcasing the organization's efforts.

200,000 patients treated for cardiac arrest annually in US hospitals, Penn study shows
More than 200,000 people are treated for cardiac arrest in United States hospitals each year, a rate that may be on the rise.

Exposure to parental stress increases pollution-related lung damage in children
Psychosocial stress appears to enhance the lung-damaging effects of traffic-related pollution in children, according to new research from the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California in Los Angeles.

Astronomers reach for the stars to discover new cancer therapy
Astronomers' research on celestial bodies may have an impact on the human body.

Brain rhythm associated with learning also linked to running speed, UCLA study shows
UCLA neurophysicists report that brain rhythms associated with learning become stronger as we move faster.

Newspaper archives help to understand coastal flooding along the South of England
A unique study using over 70 years of information from local newspapers has helped to examine the incidence and location of coastal floods in the Solent region of southern England.

Deep history of coconuts decoded
DNA analysis of more than 1,300 coconuts from around the world reveals that the coconut was brought under cultivation in two separate locations, one in the Pacific basin and the other in the Indian Ocean basin.

Tiny worms head into the breach as team searches for Parkinson's treatment
McMaster researchers from three disciplines are deploying thousands of tiny worms and a homegrown invention to test drugs in a collaborative bid to defeat Parkinson's Disease.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Meari headed for North Korea landfall
There are going to be two landfalling tropical cyclones in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean basin this weekend, Haima in Vietnam and Tropical Storm Meari in North Korea.

Lithuanian scientists clean up at 2011 EUREKA Innovation Award
A Lithuanian-led EUREKA environmental technology project has scooped this year's EUREKA Innovation Award, announced in a ceremony in the Israeli capital this morning.

New genetic risk factors of lupus found in study of African-American women
Researchers from Boston University's Slone Epidemiology Center have found four new genetic variants in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) that confer a higher risk of systemic lupus erythemathosus (

Melbourne to hose earthquakes, tsunamis, floods
Earth on the Edge: Science for a Sustainable Planet is the theme of the 25th General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG), which will be held from June 28 to July 7.

'Quantum magic' without any 'spooky action at a distance'
The quantum mechanical entanglement is at the heart of the famous quantum teleportation experiment and was referred to by Albert Einstein as

New breast cancer risk model quantifies the impact of risk reduction
How much can a woman lower her risk of breast cancer by losing weight, drinking less, or exercising more?

Young people with type 1 diabetes at risk for heart disease
New research shows that adolescents and young adults with type 1 (juvenile) diabetes have thicker and stiffer carotid arteries, also known as atherosclerosis, a risk factor for heart attack and stroke in adults.

New geologic map details the heart of the Aegean
Syros Island, in the heart of the Cycladic archipelago, has been a key area for the study of high-pressure rocks throughout the past decades.

Unique lab seeks drought-tolerant traits in cotton, other plants
s billion-dollar agricultural losses continue to mount in the withering Texas heat, Texas AgriLife Research scientists in Corpus Christi are taking a closer look at why some cotton varieties do better than others in drought conditions.

Ancient species of mayfly had short, tragic life
A tiny mayfly that died 100 million years ago, but was preserved for perpetuity in amber, is helping to shed light on ancient ecosystems.

UTHealth's Ching-On Wong wins postdoc presentation contest
Ching-On Wong, Ph.D., a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Integrative Biology and Pharmacology at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, won the UTHealth Postdoctoral Presentation Competition.

Hidden lives of Baltimore's Irish immigrants unearthed for first time
Archaeologists from the University of Maryland are unearthing a unique picture of early Irish immigrants in the Baltimore area -- of city children taught at home to read and write before widespread public education or child labor laws, and insular rural communities defying assimilation.

Academic Press authors honored with awards
Elsevier's Academic Press congratulates its authors in the food sciences for their recent awards.

Lithium profoundly prevents brain damage associated with Parkinson's disease
Lithium profoundly prevents the aggregation of toxic proteins and cell loss associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) in a mouse model of the condition.

Common drugs linked to cognitive impairment and possibly to increased risk of death
A large, long-term study confirms that medications with anticholinergic activity, which include many drugs frequently taken by older adults, cause cognitive impairment.

Oil sands, health and energy highlighted at Canadian Light Source
Understanding the environmental impacts of the oil sands, advances in health research illuminated by synchrotron light, and the role that synchrotron techniques play in nuclear energy research are all topics for discussion by scientists from around the world during the Canadian Light Source's 14th Annual Users' Meeting June 24-25.

Life expectancy for those with Type 1 diabetes improving, Pitt study says
The life expectancy of people diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes between 1965 and 1980 dramatically increased, compared to people diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes between 1950 and 1964, according to a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health study being presented at the 71st Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association.

June 2011 Geosphere highlights
The June 2011 Geosphere announces a new themed issue: Tectonics, volcanism, and stratigraphy within the evolving transform margin north of San Francisco Bay, California.

Humpback whales catch prey with bubble-nets
Marine biologist David Wiley of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and others report in the latest issue of Behaviour (Volume 148, Nos.

Menthol cigarettes marketed in 'predatory' pattern, Stanford study shows
Tobacco companies increased the advertising and lowered the sale price of menthol cigarettes in stores near California high schools with larger populations of African-American students, according to a new study from the Stanford School of Medicine.

Botswana population survey shows surprising drop in species numbers
A recently completed aerial survey of northern Botswana by Elephants Without Borders, through the support of Botswana's Dept. of Wildlife & National Parks, indicates that wildebeest, giraffes, kudu, lechwe, ostriches, roan and tsessebe antelope and warthog species are significantly challenged.

The mechanics of speciation
Mate choice, competition, and the variety of resources available are the key factors influencing how a species evolves into separate species, according to a new mathematical model that integrates all three factors to reveal the dynamics at play in a process called sympatric speciation.

Invest in children's health, urges former US Surgeon General
David Satcher, M.D., Ph.D., former US Surgeon General, describes childhood obesity as

Northern Eurasian snowpack could be a predictor of winter weather in US, team from UGA reports
Every winter, weather forecasters talk about the snow cover in the northern US and into Canada as a factor in how deep the deep-freeze will be in the states.

Experts seek reforms to prevent errors from medical resident fatigue, lack of supervision
A group of 26 of the nation's leaders in medicine, health care, patient safety, and research today called for sweeping changes in the design, supervision and financing of US hospital residency care programs to protect patients from serious, preventable medical errors, and end dangerously long work hours for physicians in training.

More than 300 new species discovered in the Philippines by California Academy of Sciences
This spring, scientists from the California Academy of Sciences led the most comprehensive scientific survey effort ever conducted in the Philippines, documenting both terrestrial and marine life forms from the tops of the highest mountains to the depths of the sea.

Mantis shrimp eye could improve high-definition CDs, DVDs
The eye of the peacock mantis shrimp has led an international team of researchers to develop a two-part waveplate that could improve CD, DVD, blu-ray and holographic technology, creating even higher definition and larger storage density.
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