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Science News | Science Current Events | Brightsurf | July 01, 2011


Virtual Institute investigates virus infections
Understanding the tricks and survival strategies of viruses to effectively combat them: that is the goal of the virtual institute VISTRIE that received its funding commitment today.
Allina receives NIH grant to study real world usage of integrative therapies
The National Institutes of Health has awarded $2.4 million to Allina Hospitals & Clinics to study the impact of integrative and mind/body therapies on pain management for patients at Abbott Northwestern Hospital.
Targeting the Ewing sarcoma family of tumors
The Max Cure Foundation and the Samuel Waxman Cancer Research Foundation award $100,000 to Erwin G.
A microbiological 'template' for mitigating methane emissions
In 2009, the US EPA calculated that 20 percent of the nation's human-related methane emissions were attributable to livestock digestive processes.
Russian scientists celebrated at anniversary reception
The outstanding contribution of Russian researchers to the worldwide scientific community was celebrated last night at a reception to mark the 10th anniversary of IOP Publishing's editorial office in the P.N.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution study sheds light on tunicate evolution
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution researchers have filled an important gap in the study of tunicate evolution by genetically sequencing 40 new specimens of thaliaceans, gelatinous, free-swimming types of tunicates.
Self-referral: A significant factor in imaging growth
A recent study in the Journal of the American College of Radiology suggests that self-referral in medical imaging may be a significant contributing factor in diagnostic imaging growth.
Citywide study shows racial disparities in emergency stroke treatment
This stroke research seeks to understand racial disparities in stroke treatment in seven acute care hospitals in the District of Columbia.
Snooze you win? It's true for achieving hoop dreams, says Stanford study
Young basketball players spend hours dribbling up and down the court aspiring to NBA stardom.
New spinout will develop next generation of semiconductors
A new company set up to revolutionize semiconductors is being launched today, July 1, 2011, at the University of Warwick.
Flapping micro air vehicles inspired by swifts
A new design of micro air vehicle (MAV) will be able to flap, glide and hover.
Health providers should emphasize breast cancer screening, Wayne State University research finds
Wayne State University researchers believe medical practitioners can help reduce the number of breast cancer deaths among low-income African-American women by more effectively educating their patients about the importance of mammography screening.
Earlier exit from hospital after hip operation
Discharged from the hospital within two days of a total hip replacement operation?
Foods with baked milk may help build tolerance in children with dairy allergies
Introducing increasing amounts of foods that contain baked milk into the diets of children who have milk allergies helped a majority of them outgrow their allergies, according to a study conducted at Mount Sinai School of Medicine's Jaffe Food Allergy Institute.
Climate change could turn oxygen-free seas from blessing to curse for zooplankton
Zooplankton can use specialized adaptations that allow them to hide from predators in areas of the ocean where oxygen levels are so low that almost nothing can survive, but they may run into trouble as these areas expand due to climate change.
Research examines dentists' role in painkiller abuse
In the cover article of this month's Journal of the American Dental Association, a group of nine dentists, pharmacists and addiction experts provides new research and recommendations to help dentists combat, rather than contribute to, abuse of addictive painkillers.
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology: Nature uses screws and nuts
A musculoskeletal system so far unknown in the animal world was recently discovered in weevils.
Editor-in-chief of leading robotics journal responds to Obama's robotics initiative
The Editor in Chief of the No. 1 ranked journal in robotics, International Journal of Robotics Research, has welcomed the announcement made by President Obama to spend $70 million on a new robotics initiative.
The Samuel Waxman Cancer Research Foundation awards more than $3.1 million in grants
The Samuel Waxman Cancer Research Foundation awarded individual and collaborative grants totaling more than $3.1 million as part of its scientific grants program.
JCI online early table of contents: July 1, 2011
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, July 1, 2011, in the JCI:
Scripps awarded $7.9 million NIH grant for research to find root cause of heart attack
Researchers investigating a root cause for heart attacks and coronary artery disease will soon begin a novel investigative approach bordering on science fiction in pursuit of the holy grail of American medicine: preventing the nation's No.
Nuclear waste requires cradle-to-grave strategy
After Fukushima, it is now imperative to redefine what makes a successful nuclear power program -- from cradle to grave.
New technique advances bioprinting of cells
By extending his pioneering acoustical work that applied sound waves to generate droplets from fluids, Dr.
Mutations can spur dangerous identity crisis in cells
A new U-M study bring us one step closer to developing treatments for issues associated with aging or chronic diseases in which cells lose their ability to maintain a stable pattern of gene expression.
Magnetic memory and logic could achieve ultimate energy efficiency
Information theory and the second law of thermodynamics dictate that a logical operation in a computer must consume a minimum amount of energy.
Big hole filled in cloud research
Under certain conditions, private and commercial propeller planes and jet aircraft may induce odd-shaped holes or canals into clouds as they fly through them.
Auto-pilots need a birds-eye view
New research on how birds can fly so quickly and accurately through dense forests may lead to new developments in robotics and auto-pilots.
Gastric bacterium Helicobacter pylori protects against asthma
Infection with the gastric bacterium Helicobacter pylori provides reliable protection against allergy-induced asthma, immunologists from the University of Zurich have demonstrated in an animal model together with allergy specialists from the University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz.
Copper reduces infection risk by more than 40 percent
Professor Bill Keevil, Head of the Microbiology Group and Director of the Environmental Healthcare Unit at the University of Southampton, has presented research into the mechanism by which copper exerts its antimicrobial effect on antibiotic-resistant organisms at the World Health Organization's first International Conference on Prevention and Infection Control.
E. coli can survive in streambed sediments for months
Studies by US Department of Agriculture scientists have confirmed that the presence of Escherichia coli pathogens in surface waters could result from the pathogen's ability to survive for months in underwater sediments.
Environs prompt advantageous gene mutations as plants grow; changes passed to progeny
A Case Western Reserve University researcher has found that the environment not only weeds out harmful and useless genetic mutations in plants through natural selection, but actually influences helpful mutations, and that these beneficial changes are passed on to the next generation.
Extending the vase life of cut flowers: Pre-treatments and preservatives studied
A multiyear study identified patterns of postharvest responses to commercial hydrator and holding floral preservatives among 121 cultivars of specialty cut flowers.
Time to make more out of waste
Dumping all our household waste on landfill is bad for the environment.
Key immune substance linked to asthma, Stanford study finds
Stanford University School of Medicine investigators have linked a master molecule of the immune system, gamma-interferon, to the pathology of asthma, in a study of mice.
Extended sleep improves the athletic performance of collegiate basketball players
A study in the July 1 issue of the journal Sleep shows that sleep extension is beneficial to athletic performance, reaction time, vigor, fatigue and mood in collegiate basketball players.
Conference examines the influence of the King James Bible
The University of York's Centre for Renaissance and Early Modern Studies is hosting a major international conference to mark the 400th Anniversary of the 1611 King James Bible.
Solving the puzzle of cognitive problems caused by HIV infection
A longstanding medical mystery -- why so many people with HIV experience memory loss and other cognitive problems despite potent antiretroviral therapy -- may have been solved by researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University.
Breaking Kasha's rule
Berkeley Lab researchers created tetrapod molecules of semiconductor nanocrystals and watched them break a fundamental principle of photoluminescence known as
Innovative vaccines with nanotechnology
HCVAX is a European joint project that reaches out to develop a vaccine against hepatitis C based on nanotechnology.
Scientists discover that Hawai'i is not an evolutionary dead end for marine life
Researchers at the Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology (HIMB), an organized research unit in the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa's School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology have demonstrated that Hawaii is not an evolutionary dead end for marine species.
More rain, less snow leads to faster Arctic ice melt
Rising air temperatures in the Arctic region have led to an increase in rainfall and a decrease in snowfall, making the sea ice more susceptible to melting, a new Australian study has revealed.
UK expands scientific collaboration with China
Scientific and technical collaboration between the United Kingdom and China has expanded further with the signing of a new agreement covering sectors including energy, advanced engineering and life sciences.
Sweetpotato foundation seed tested in commercial operations
A survey was conducted to examine the performance and quality of a sweetpotato virus-tested foundation seed after it had been integrated into commercial operations in Louisiana.
Pre-pregnancy diet affects the health of future offspring
Poor maternal diet before conception can result in offspring with reduced birth weights and increased risk of developing type II diabetes and obesity.
Treatment approach to human Usher syndrome: Small molecules ignore stop signals
Researchers at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany have now developed a new Usher treatment approach.
A VIP for normal brain development
New research, to be published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, has identified a signaling pathway key for normal brain development in mice.
PACS improves radiologists' use of clinical decision support systems
Integration with a picture archiving and communication system (PACS) improves radiologists' use of clinical decision support tools, according to a study in the July issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology.
The loudest animal is recorded for the first time
The loudest animal on earth, relative to its body size, is a tiny water boatman, scientists have shown.
Research reveals new secret weapon for Le Tour
Winning margins in the Tour de France can be tight.
Is governmental investment in industrial R&D paying off?
The study examined and compared the financial results of companies which participated in cooperative projects through EUREKA, to similar companies which did not participate in the program, among a representative sample of 350 Israeli and European companies.
Nature Publishing Group supports ASCB Childcare Awards for scientist-parents at annual meeting
For many young scientists, particularly women, research careers hang precariously between scientific and family responsibilities.
Web weaving skills provide clues to aging
Young house spiders weave webs with perfect angles and regular patterns, but as they reach old age their webs deteriorate, showing gaping holes and erratic weaving.
Delayed access to tertiary care associated with higher death rate from type of pulmonary fibrosis
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis-- scarring and thickening of the lungs from unknown causes -- is the predominant condition leading to lung transplantation nationwide.
New strawberry a delight for gardeners
Roseberry, a new strawberry cultivar, offers home gardeners a continuous show of flowers throughout the summer and produces delicious, aromatic fruit.
Mass. General team identifies new class of antiangiogenesis drugs
Massachusetts General Hospital researchers have discovered the first of an entirely new class of anti-angiogenesis drugs -- agents that interfere with the development of blood vessels.
T-ing up a new target for Parkinson's disease treatment
Parkinson's disease (PD) affects 1-2 percent of the population over the age of 65 years.
New study suggests severe deficits in UK honeybee numbers
A study published by the University of Reading's Centre for Agri-Environmental Research suggests that honeybees may not be as important to pollination services in the UK than previously supposed.
Leeds researchers test benefit of fish oil in bowel cancer spread
Researchers from the University of Leeds will carry out a series of experiments to see whether fish oil can prevent or treat the spread of bowel cancer to the liver.
Evolution of sport performances follows a physiological law
Geoffroy Berthelot and Stephane Len, both researchers at the IRMES, have published their findings in Age, the official journal of the American Aging Association, describing the evolution of performances in elite athletes and chess grandmasters.
Study shows fast track total hip replacement surgery is effective and safe
Generally healthy patients who undergo total hip replacement can be fast tracked to be discharged in two days compared with the standard three to six days, according to a new study by researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City.
New study documents first cookiecutter shark attack on a live human
A new study co-authored by University of Florida researchers provides details on the first cookiecutter shark attack on a live human, a concern as warm summer waters attract more people to the ocean.
NASA's Aura Satellite measures pollution from New Mexico, Arizona fires
NASA's Aura Satellite has provided a view of nitrogen dioxide levels coming from the fires in New Mexico and Arizona.
Global plant database set to promote biodiversity research and Earth-system sciences
The world's largest database on plants' functional properties, or traits, has been published.

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