Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 08, 2011
Institute of Physics announces appointment of 6 new Honorary Fellows
Nobel Prize winning physicists, a former research council chief executive, a pioneer in stellar physics, a physics education innovator, and the man who ushered thousands of UK physics undergraduates into the Institute of Physics have all been made Honorary Fellows.

Why patients with epidermolysis bullosa suffer extreme pain
For patients suffering from epidermolysis bullosa (EB), a hereditary skin disease, even a gentle touch is extremely painful.

Determining pollution level of a medium without wasting tools, time or solvents possible
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are organic compounds that can be highly contaminant.

Study demonstrates how memory can be preserved -- and forgetting prevented
A new study by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center suggests that specific brain areas actively orchestrate competition between memories, and that by disrupting targeted brain areas through transcranial magnetic stimulation, you can preserve memory -- and prevent forgetting.

'Research Explorer' and 'Higher Education Compass' -- comprehensive online information
The HRK, DAAD and the DFG have linked up to offer new search options for studying and researching in Germany.

A change of heart: Penn researchers reprogram brain cells to become heart cells
Researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania are the first to demonstrate the direct conversion of a non-heart cell type into a heart cell by RNA transfer.

Drug designer
Protease inhibitor drugs are one of the major weapons in the fight against HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, but their effectiveness is limited as the virus mutates and develops resistance to the drugs over time.

Indoor air pollution linked to cardiovascular risk
An estimated two billion people in the developing world heat and cook with a biomass fuel such as wood, but the practice exposes people -- especially women -- to large doses of small-particle air pollution, which can cause premature death and lung disease.

Study offers new clues about hereditary spastic paraplegia
New research from Rice University and Italy's Eugenio Medea Scientific Institute is yielding clues about hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), a group of inherited neurological disorders that affect about 20,000 people in the United States.

A mobile guide for buses and trains
If people had access to a fully-fledged system to help them navigate public transport, it could persuade many drivers to switch to their local trains, buses and trams.

Nanocrystal transformers
Using the TEAM 0.5 microscope, Berkeley Lab researchers have recorded the first direct observation of structural transformations within a single nanocrystal of copper sulfide.

Through Research.gov, Institutions Gain Streamlined Access to Federal Research Systems
National Science Foundation (NSF) grantee institutions that are participants of InCommon can now provide their faculty and staff with the ability to log into Research.gov using their university-issued user ID and password.

How memory is read out in the fly brain
What happens if you cannot recall your memory correctly? You are able to associate and store the name and face of a person, yet you might be unable to remember them when you meet that person.

Advances in research into Alzheimer's disease
Advancing age is a major risk factor for Alzheimer's disease and is associated with build- up of the peptide amyloid beta in the brain.

Study shows lace-up ankle braces keep athletes on the court
Lace-up ankle braces can reduce the occurrence of acute ankle injuries in male and female high school basketball players, according to research presented at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting in San Diego.

Researchers closing in on safe treatment for parasitic diseases
With the help of another $2 million in funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, researchers are moving closer to setting up human clinical trials for a reformulated drug that could be the linchpin of treatment efforts against two debilitating tropical diseases.

Geothermal industry to get boost from University of Nevada, Reno research
An ambitious University of Nevada, Reno project to understand and characterize geothermal potential at nearly 500 sites throughout the Great Basin is yielding a bounty of information for the geothermal industry to use in developing resources in Nevada, according to a report to the US Department of Energy.

Robotics: Safety without protective barriers
The modern working world is no longer conceivable without robots.

Climate change may alter conditions for growth of oak trees in Euskadi
Neiker-Tecnalia has carried out a study on trends in the future distribution of habitats of Basque woodlands, pointing out that climate change may alter the conditions necessary for the growth of a tree as representative of the Basque lands as the oak.

Driver behavior study is focus of July 14-15 symposium
The Transportation Research Board will host a symposium next week to discuss its Naturalistic Driving Study -- the world's largest field study of driving behavior in which monitoring equipment will observe how drivers interact with traffic conditions and roadway design.

DFG projects at the click of the mouse: Newly designed GEPRIS offers expanded information
What scientific projects has the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) funded in Madagascar since 1999?

Scientists discover how best to excite brain cells
Oh, the challenges of being a neuron, responsible for essential things like muscle contraction, gland secretion and sensitivity to touch, sound and light, yet constantly bombarded with signals from here, there and everywhere.

Brain tumor discovery could lead to new treatment
Cleveland Clinic researchers have identified a cellular pathway that cancer stem cells use to promote tumor growth in malignant glioma, an aggressive brain tumor.

Gene study offers clues on memory puzzle
Scientists have shed light on why it is easier to learn about things related to what we already know than it is to learn about unfamiliar things, according to a new study.

Covidien supports NOSCAR US multicenter human trial
The Natural Orifice Surgery Consortium for Assessment and Research (NOSCAR), a joint effort of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) and the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES), is pleased to announce a grant from Covidien to support the US multicenter human trial on transoral and transvaginal cholecystectomies (gallbladder removal) using Natural Orifice Translumenal Endoscopic Surgery® (NOTES).

Florida State to take part in $10 million project to digitize nation's biological collections
The National Science Foundation has awarded a five-year, $10 million grant to Florida State University and the University of Florida to coordinate 92 institutions in 45 states working to digitize the nation's biological collections.

Arthroscopy and open surgery are equally efficacious in treating common hip problem in most patients
Researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery have found that in comparison to open surgery, arthroscopic treatment of a common hip problem that leads to arthritis produces similar outcomes in terms of repairing structural problems in most patients.

Clyde fish stock at 80-year high -- but most are too small to be landed
Stocks of seabed-living fish in the Firth of Clyde have reached their highest level since 1927 -- according to research by academics at the University of Strathclyde.

Children's personalities linked to their chemical response to stress
Is your kid a

Shuttle Atlantis to launch with yeast
When NASA's final space shuttle mission launches today it will carry four astronauts and some unusual passengers -- yeast cell growth experiments developed by Canadian researchers at the University of Toronto's Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research.

NICHD renews maternal-fetal medicine, neonatal ties with Women & Infants
The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development recently announced it would renew the membership of Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode in its Maternal Fetal Medicine Units Network and Neonatal Research Network.

University of Houston researcher an author of multi-institutional genetic study of ovarian cancer
A University of Houston researcher is an author on a new study that provides the first comprehensive genetic overview of ovarian cancer.

Male smokers less likely to need joint replacement surgery of hip or knee
Surprising results from a new study revealed that men who smoke had less risk of undergoing total joint replacement surgery than those who never smoked.

Holes in fossil bones reveal dinosaur activity
New research from the University of Adelaide has added to the debate about whether dinosaurs were cold-blooded and sluggish or warm-blooded and active.

DNDi expands activities to neglected patient needs in the field of helminth infections
Today at the ISID-NTD meeting in Boston, the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi) announced the first research and development project in its new helminth infection drug portfolio to address unmet needs of patients in Africa and Asia.

UCSF team describes genetic basis of rare human diseases
Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco and in Michigan, North Carolina and Spain have discovered how genetic mutations cause a number of rare human diseases, which include Meckel syndrome, Joubert syndrome and several other disorders.

Targeted agent addition to herceptin has positive effect on metastatic HER-2 breast cancer
Adding Afinitor® to Herceptin®, the main treatment for HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer, helps some women with disease that has been resistant to previous Herceptin-based therapies, according to a study led by researchers at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Study reveals how decision-makers complicate choice
A study by Columbia Business School's marketing professors Ran Kivetz, Philip H.

FASEB welcomes The Histochemical Society as its newest member
At its Board of Directors meeting on June 6, The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) voted to accept the membership application of The Histochemical Society (HCS) as the 24th member of the Federation effective July 1.
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