Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 22, 2011
Battle won against Asian tiger mosquito
The combination of three complementary measures to eradicate tiger mosquitoes -- avoid having stagnant water, using insecticides to eliminate larvae and adults, and removing rubbish -- reduces more than half the number of tiger mosquitoes, according to research coordinated by researchers at UAB.

ONR technology to aid in war on drugs
A multi-agency task force charged with eliminating illegal drug trafficking is installing a new software technology developed by the Office of Naval Research (ONR), the command announced July 21.

Penn: Nanoplasmonic 'whispering gallery' breaks emission time record in semiconductors
Renaissance architects demonstrated their understanding of geometry and physics when they built whispering galleries into their cathedrals.

Fool's gold gives scientists priceless insight into Earth's evolution
Fool's gold is providing scientists with valuable insights into a turning point in the Earth's evolution, which took place billions of years ago.

NSF awards $3 million to triangle scientists to improve federal data
A team of statisticians, economists and political scientists from Duke University and the National Institute of Statistical Sciences has received a $3 million grant from the National Science Foundation and the US Census Bureau to improve how federal statistical agencies share government data with the public.

Endangered river turtle's genes reveal ancient influence of Maya Indians
A genetic study focusing on the Central American river turtle recently turned up surprising results for a team of Smithsonian scientists involved in the conservation of this critically endangered species.

Farthest, largest water mass in universe discovered
An international team of astronomers led by the California Institute of Technology and involving the University of Colorado Boulder has discovered the largest and farthest reservoir of water ever detected in the universe.

World's largest sheep an international traveler
A genetic study of the world's largest sheep species has revealed that the big-horned animals travel extensively across the moutainous borders of Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and China according to Wildlife Conservation Society researchers with the support of the US Agency for International Development.

Sanitation pioneer praised by African governments for life-saving work over 3 decades
Professor Sandy Cairncross has received a unique honor from the governments of Africa in recognition of his major contribution to improving the health and well-being of Africans through his three decades of work to improve sanitation and hygiene across the continent.

Caltech-led astronomers discover the largest and most distant reservoir of water yet
Two teams of astronomers, each led by scientists at the Caltech, have discovered the largest and farthest reservoir of water ever detected in the universe.

Signaling molecule identified as essential for maintaining a balanced immune response
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators have identified a signaling molecule that functions like a factory supervisor to ensure that the right mix of specialized T cells is available to fight infections and guard against autoimmune disease.

Cellular stress can induce yeast to promote prion formation
Biochemists have identified a yeast protein called Lsb2 that can promote spontaneous prion formation.

Southern Queen -- the untold story of New Orleans in the 19th century
A new book to be published next month reveals the untold story of New Orleans in the 19th century.

Harvard bioengineers identify the cellular mechanisms of traumatic brain injury
Bioengineers at Harvard have identified, for the very first time, the mechanism for diffuse axonal injury and explained why cerebral vasospasm is more common in blast-induced brain injuries than in brain injuries typically suffered by civilians.

NASA catches 3 tropical cyclones at 1 time
It's not often that a satellite can capture an image of more than one tropical cyclone, but the GOES-13 satellite managed to get 3 tropical cyclones in two ocean basins in one image today.

Drexel study: Misuse of pain medication is pathway to high-risk behaviors
A new study by researchers at Drexel University's School of Public Health suggests that abuse of prescription painkillers may be an important gateway to the use of injected drugs such as heroin, among people with a history of using both types of drugs.

A*Star scientists discover how to combat hospital-acquired infections and life-threatening toxins
A team of scientists from A*STAR's Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology has discovered the secret recipe for 'antidotes' that could neutralize the deadly plant toxin Ricin, widely feared for its bioterrorism potential, as well as the Pseudomonas exotoxin responsible for the tens of thousands of hospital-acquired infections in immune-compromised patients all over the world.

New target found for nitric oxide's attack on salmonella bacteria
A new target for nitric oxide has been revealed in studies of how it inhibits the growth of Salmonella, a bacteria that is a common cause of food poisoning.

PGA invests in minority golf opportunities
Golf's storied history in the US has long been criticized for its lack of diversity, but the PGA has taken steps to improve minority participation and exposure to the game.

Earliest watery black hole discovered
A team of astronomers have found the largest and farthest reservoir of water ever detected in the universe -- discovered in the central regions of a distant quasar.

Northwest Forest Plan has unintended benefit - carbon sequestration
The Northwest Forest Plan enacted in 1993 was designed to conserve old-growth forests and protect species such as the northern spotted owl, but researchers conclude in a new study that it had another powerful and unintended consequence -- increased carbon sequestration on public lands.

Office of Naval Research's TechSolutions program lightens burden for Navy's EOD team
Designed to cut the 50 pounds of battery devices hauled by the Navy's explosive ordnance disposal teams, the Office of Naval Research's TechSolutions Program has developed a lightweight power system, which was delivered July.

Shining a light on the elusive 'blackbody' of energy research
A designer metamaterial can engineer emitted

Deepwater Horizon crude less toxic to bird eggs after weathering at sea
After collecting weathered crude oil from the Gulf of Mexico following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, researchers at The Institute of Environmental and Human Health at Texas Tech University have reported that only 8 to 9 percent coverage on the shells of fertilized mallard duck eggs resulted in a 50 percent mortality rate.

Life scientists use novel technique to produce genetic map for African Americans
UCLA scientists and colleagues have produced one of the first high-resolution genetic maps for African-American populations.

Can feeling too good be bad? Positive emotion in bipolar disorder
Positive emotions like joy and compassion are good for your mental and physical health, and help foster creativity and friendship.

IV fluids may reduce severity of kidney failure in kids with E. coli infection
Infection with E. coli bacteria can wreak havoc in children, leading to bloody diarrhea, fever and kidney failure.
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