Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 29, 2011
'Wonder material' graphene tapped for electronic memory devices
Hailed as the new

Tropical Storm Muifa appears huge on NASA infrared imagery
The width of an image from the AIRS instrument that flies on NASA's Aqua satellite is about 1700 km (1056 miles), and the clouds and thunderstorms associate with Tropical Storm Muifa take up that entire distance on today's imagery.

Tropical Storm Don analyzed in 3 NASA satellite images
NASA is analyzing Tropical Storm Don from all angles, inside and out, using three different satellites.

Soybean genetic treasure trove found in Swedish village
The first screening by US Department of Agriculture scientists of the American ancestors of soybeans for tolerance to ozone and other stresses had an eye-opening result: The world superstars of stress resistance hailed from a little village in far northern Sweden, called Fiskeby.

Warmed-up organic memory transistor has larger memory capacity
Scientists show that non-volatile memory made from a sandwich of silver nanoparticle-laced plastic retains its on/off state over a wider voltage range when operating at toasty temperatures.

Acclaimed chemistry professor wins 2 major awards
One of Florida State University's most influential researchers, whose pioneering work in chemical analysis places him in an elite group of the world's top chemists, is set to receive two major, highly competitive chemistry awards.

Social media expert to receive international marketing award
Donna Hoffman, a professor of marketing, will be recognized for her work focused on social media, online consumer behavior and digital marketing trends.

Mattress Firm committed to pancreatic cancer research
Mattress Firm, a leading specialty mattress retailer with more than 720 stores nationwide, is committed to supporting the fight against pancreatic cancer by raising funds for clinical trials through the Translational Genomics Research Institute globalCure initiative.

Grapes protect against ultraviolet radiation
Some compounds found in grapes help to protect skin cells from the sun's ultraviolet radiation, according to a study by researchers from the University of Barcelona and the CSIC.

FDA should invest in developing a new regulatory framework to replace flawed 510(k) medical device clearance process
The US Food and Drug Administration should gather the information needed to develop a new regulatory framework to replace the 35-year-old 510(k) clearance process for medical devices, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine.

Averting bridge disasters: New technology could save hundreds of lives
Millions of US drivers cross faulty or obsolete bridges every day, highway statistics show, but it's too costly to fix these spans or adequately monitor their safety, says a University of Maryland researcher who's developed a new, affordable early warning system.

'Only the Wing' recounts epic quest to stabilize and control all-wing aircraft
In the late 1920s, Reimar Horten, a young German airplane enthusiast, started experimenting with flying models equipped with fuselages, stabilizers, rudders and elevators, but his life's work involved systematically removing these components from the models to try and achieve flight with only the wing.

Best post-transplant drug regimen identified for patients with new kidneys
Patients treated with tacrolimus (TAC) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) had lower rejection rates and better kidney function.

Penn chemists make first molecular binding measurement of radon
Even in trace quantities, the radioactive gas radon is very dangerous; it is second only to cigarette smoking as a cause of lung cancer deaths in the United States.

REM sleep behavior disorder is a risk factor for Parkinson's disease
Scientists from the Sleep Disorders Multidisciplinary Unit at IDIBAPS -- Hospital Clínic of Barcelona published that up to 45 percent of patients suffering REM sleep behavior disorders develop Parkinson's disease.

Study shows missed opportunities for HIV diagnosis in emergency departments
New University of Cincinnati research on HIV testing at emergency departments shows that hospitals miss opportunities to diagnose patients who do not know they are infected with HIV, even when a regular testing program is in place.

Hospice improves care for dementia patients and their families
Bereaved family members of nursing home patients who died of dementia were more likely to feel that they had adequate care and support if their loved one received hospice services, providing evidence that hospice provides a meaningful benefit according to a newly published study.

I-Corps: To strengthen the impact of scientific discoveries
Today, the National Science Foundation announced a new effort to help develop scientific and engineering discoveries into useful technologies, products and processes.

Study of golf swings pinpoints biomechanical differences between pros and amateurs
When it comes to hitting a golf ball hard, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have identified several biomechanical factors that appear to separate the duffers from the pros.

Ancient tides quite different from today -- some dramatically higher
The ebb and flow of the ocean tides, generally thought to be one of the most predictable forces on Earth, are actually quite variable over long time periods, in ways that have not been adequately accounted for in most evaluations of prehistoric sea level changes.

AGU journal highlights -- July 29, 2011
Featured in this release are research papers on the following topics:

Survey: Ontarians expect better access to trauma centers for serious injuries
More than eight in 10 Ontarians say they would want to be taken directly to a trauma center if they were seriously injured, even if another hospital were closer, a new poll has found.

Dissecting dyslexia: Linking reading to voice recognition
When people recognize voices, part of what helps make voice recognition accurate is noticing how people pronounce words differently.

Physicists report progress in understanding high-temperature superconductors
Although high-temperature superconductors are widely used in technologies such as MRI machines, explaining the unusual properties of these materials remains an unsolved problem for theoretical physicists.

ACR and SBI issue statement on British Medical Journal article on effect of mammography on breast cancer death rates
A recent report in the British Medical Journal claims there is no evidence that mammography served a direct role in reducing breast cancer deaths in European countries where screening has been implemented.

Motorcycle helmets hard on hearing
Motorcycle helmets, while protecting bikers' brains, may also be contributing to hearing loss.

JRC develops new testing methods for contaminated sports drinks from Taiwan
The European Commission's Joint Research Centre has developed three new methods to detect an illegal clouding agent which can be found in sports drinks imported from Taiwan.

New findings on therapeutic hypothermia following cardiac arrest in children
Intravenous delivery of cold fluids to reduce body temperature quickly after a heart attack and improve neurologic outcomes may not be as effective in children as it is in adults, according to a study reported in Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert Inc.

$12 million NIH grant to study acute lung injury
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine have been awarded more than $11.7 million to study the pathology of severe lung injury.

Scientists receive funding boost to further research into disease mechanisms of Alzheimer's
Neuroscientists at the University of Bristol have received a major funding boost of £550,000 from the Medical Research Council to continue their research into the pathological processes underpinning Alzheimer's disease, the most common cause of dementia, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK.

UofL School of Nursing researcher plans to build on successful aging theory
People who feel a purpose in life and who can cope with change are poised to age successfully.

Low blood pressure during dialysis increases risk of clots, according to Stanford-led study
A study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine reports an increased risk of blood clotting at the point where the patient's blood vessels are connected to the dialysis machine known as the point of vascular access.

How McCartney and football helped Liverpool in China
The city of Liverpool made a bold move in investing in exhibiting at the 2010 World Expo in its twin city of Shanghai, China.

Neiker-Tecnalia to adapt software to undertake life-cycle analysis of wine and grape-growing
Researchers at the Basque Institute For Agricultural Research and Development (Neiker-Tecnalia) are to develop a computer tool -- already tried out in other sectors -- applied to the requisites of the wine and grape-growing industry (including legal and market conditions, ecolabeling and carbon footprint).

UH Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital opens asthma studies
Physicians at University Hospitals (UH) Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital are participating in two new clinical trials with the national research consortium AsthmaNet.

MSU investigates drug to halt Parkinson's progression
Researchers from Michigan State University's College of Human Medicine, Van Andel Research Institute and the Translational Genomics Research Institute are investigating a drug that has the potential to not only alleviate Parkinson's symptoms but also halt the disease's progression.

Fast ripples confirmed to be valuable biomarker of area responsible for seizure activity in children
New research focusing on high-frequency oscillations, termed ripples and fast ripples, recorded by intracranial electroencephalography, may provide an important marker for the localization of the brain region responsible for seizure activity.

Rice scientists build battery in a nanowire
The Rice lab of professor Pulickel Ajayan has packed an entire lithium ion energy storage device into a single nanowire, as reported this month in the American Chemical Society journal Nano Letters.

Solar cells get a boost from bouncing light
A new twist on an old solar cell design sends light ricocheting through layers of microscopic spheres, increasing its electricity-generating potential by 26 percent.

Divided appeals court rules on BRCA case
In a 2-1 decision, a federal appeals court today partially reversed a lower court's ruling in AMP's case that challenges patents on two human genes associated with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer.

University Hospitals Case Medical Center to begin clinical trial on experimental anti-TB drug
University Hospitals (UH) Case Medical Center will begin a Phase 1 study on a new experimental anti-tuberculosis drug called TMC207.
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