Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 02, 2011
Fulmer wins GSA's 2011 Doris Schwartz Gerontological Nursing Research Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Terry Fulmer, Ph.D., RN, FAAN, of New York University (NYU) as the 2011 recipient of the Doris Schwartz Gerontological Nursing Research Award.

Ferrucci to receive GSA's 2011 Joseph T. Freeman Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Luigi Ferrucci, M.D., Ph.D., of the National Institute on Aging at the National Institutes of Health as the 2011 recipient of the Joseph T.

Noninvasive fecal occult blood test effective screen for lower GI tract lesions
The immunochemical fecal occult blood test is effective for predicting lesions in the lower intestine but not in the upper gastrointestinal tract, confirms a study in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

IT solution to improve hospital workflow and schedules
A new customized IT business management system developed by Queensland University of Technology researchers and capable of improving the scheduling of resources and workflow in surgical theaters has been successfully demonstrated in a German hospital.

BGU researchers develop webcam tool to improve office worker posture
A multidisciplinary team at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev has developed a new training method using a desktop webcam to improve ergonomic posture and reduce the risk of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) among office workers using computers.The results showed that both training methods provided effective short-term posture improvement; however, sustained improvement was only attained with the photo-training method.

For even the most successful blacks and Hispanics, 'separate' means 'unequal'
A new research brief from the US2010 Project shows that the average black or Hispanic household earning over $75,000 lives in a poorer neighborhood than the average white resident earning under $40,000.

African rodent uses 'poison arrow' toxin to deter predators
Woe to the clueless predator trying to make a meal of the African crested rat, a rodent that applies poisonous plant toxin to sponge-like hairs on its flanks, a discovery recently made by Jonathan Kingdon and colleagues from the National Museums of Kenya, the Wildlife Conservation Society, and University of Oxford.

Gerstorf wins GSA's 2011 Baltes Foundation Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Denis Gerstorf, Ph.D., of Penn State University as the 2011 recipient of the Margret M. and Paul B.

UT professor's pathogen research inspires robotics design for medicine and military
University of Tennessee professor Mingjun Zhang and his team have made significant findings about the swimming and attachment of the microorganism Giardia.

Texas Hurricane Center presents conference at UH Aug. 5
A conference at the University of Houston Aug. 5 will address Gulf Coast preparation plans for the 2011 hurricane season.

Academics 'guest authoring' ghostwritten medical journal articles should be charged with fraud
Two University of Toronto Faculty of Law professors argue that academics who

Reclamation to host training on concrete construction methods and repair techniques
The Bureau of Reclamation's Technical Service Center will hold its Concrete and Concrete Repair School on Nov.

Chinese-English bilinguals are 'automatic' translators
New research into how the bilingual brain processes two very different languages has revealed that bilinguals' native language directly influences their comprehension of their second language.

Dong wins GSA's 2011 Maxwell A. Pollack Award for Productive Aging
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen XinQi Dong, MD, MPH, of Rush University as the 2011 recipient of the Maxwell A.

Scientists invent heat-regulating building material
A new material that can retain and release heat according to specific temperature requirements could make a significant difference to the cost of heating and cooling buildings, scientists say.

First large study to find HIV epidemic among gays in the Middle East
HIV epidemics are emerging in several countries in the Middle East and North Africa among men who have sex with men, a term that encompasses gay, non-gay identified homosexual men, and transgendered and bisexual men.

Students seeking solutions to Alzheimer's, diabetes and other maladies
Students from a variety of majors are devoting their summers to serious research at the University of Houston, seeking eventual solutions to many serious maladies that include Alzheimer's, high blood pressure and cholesterol, diabetes, alcoholism and anxiety.

TV time: Why children watch multi-screens
New research published in BioMed Central's open access journal, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, examines the relationship children have with electronic viewing devices and their habits of interacting with more than one at a time.

Abnormal liver tests associated with increased death rates in people over 75
One in six people over 75 are likely to have at least one abnormal liver test and those that have two or more are twice as likely to die from cancer and 17 times more likely to die from liver disease.

Long periods of estrogen deprivation jeopardizes brain receptors, stroke protection
Prolonged estrogen deprivation in aging rats dramatically reduces the number of brain receptors for the hormone as well as its ability to prevent strokes, researchers report.

Use of antipsychotics for reducing military-related chronic PTSD symptoms does not appear effective
Patients with military-related, chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and symptoms that were not improved with use of an antidepressant medication did not experience a reduction in PTSD symptoms with use of the antipsychotic medication risperidone, according to a study in the August 3 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on violence and human rights.

Nottingham scientist wins major cancer research award
A University of Nottingham scientist who uses fruit flies to study the genetics of cancer has won a prestigious award from Cancer Research UK.

Persons displaced by war at increased risk of posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety
Residents of Sri Lanka who were internally displaced during the civil conflict that occurred in their country from 1983 to 2009 have a higher prevalence of war-related mental health conditions that include depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder, according to a study in the August 3 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on violence and human rights.

Study: Inexpensive method detects ALK rearrangement in lung cancer patients
A relatively simple and inexpensive method may be used to determine whether a lung cancer patient is a candidate for crizotinib therapy, according to research published in the August issue of the Journal of Thoracic Oncology, the official monthly journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer.

Scientists identify what makes us feel 'bad' when we're sick, how to treat it
A new class of drugs developed to treat sleep disorders can reverse the inactivity and exhaustion brought on by acute illness.

Charles to receive GSA's 2011 Richard Kalish Innovative Publication Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Susan Charles, Ph.D., of the University of California, Irvine, as the 2011 recipient of the Richard Kalish Innovative Publication Award.

Sea squirt pacemaker gives new insight into evolution of the human heart
An international team of molecular scientists have discovered that star ascidians, also known as sea squirts, have pacemaker cells similar to that of the human heart.

Binstock wins GSA's 2011 M. Powell Lawton Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Robert Binstock, Ph.D., of Case Western Reserve University as the 2011 recipient of the M.

Regrowing blood vessels with a potent molecule
University of Pittsburgh Professor Yadong Wang has developed a minimally invasive method of delivering growth factor to regrow blood vessels.

Bass wins GSA's 2011 Donald P. Kent Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Scott A.

RIBA-II, the next generation care-giving robot
A new robot using high-precision tactile sensors and flexible motor control technology has taken Japan one step closer to its goal of providing high-quality care for its growing elderly population.

How do you stop tasting?
New findings from the Monell Center may lend insight into why some people are especially sensitive to bitter tastes.

New study identifies emergence of multidrug-resistant strain of salmonella
A new study has identified the recent emergence of a multidrug-resistant strain of Salmonella that has a high level resistance to ciprofloxacin, a common treatment for severe Salmonella infections.

Mice point to a therapy for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
VIB researchers have developed a mouse model for Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) neuropathy, a hereditary disease of the peripheral nervous system.

Marlee Matlin, Academy Award winning actress to deliver lecture at AAO-HNSF Meeting
The 2011 Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO of the American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery Foundation (AAO-HNSF), the largest meeting of ear, nose, and throat doctors in the world, will convene Sept.

Dramatic simplification paves the way for building a quantum computer
An international research group led by scientists from the University of Bristol, UK, has demonstrated a new technique that dramatically simplifies quantum circuits, bringing quantum computers closer to reality.

Georgia Tech proposes Internet consumer nutrition label
When it comes to broadband speeds, US Internet service providers (ISPs) largely deliver on their promises, says a report issued today by the Federal Communications Commission, but

What's in a kids meal? Not happy news
High-calorie, high-sodium choices were on the menu when parents purchased lunch for their children at a San Diego fast-food restaurant.

Emerging HIV epidemics in men who have sex with men in the Middle East and North Africa
HIV epidemics are emerging among men who have sex with men (a term that encompasses gay, non-gay identified homosexual men, transgendered and bisexual men) in several countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

Weakness in aging tied to leaky muscles
There is a reason exercise becomes more difficult with age.

Kahana to receive GSA's 2011 Distinguished Career Contribution to Gerontology Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Eva Kahana, Ph.D., of Case Western Reserve University as the 2011 recipient of the Distinguished Career Contribution to Gerontology Award.

Gray's Anatomy for Students, world's bestselling anatomy textbooks, now available on iPad
Elsevier, the leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, announced today its new Gray's Anatomy for Students App, for iPad, is now available on the App Store.

Limited guidance available on reporting survey research
In this week's PLoS Medicine, Carol Bennett of the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute in Ottawa, Canada and colleagues report that there is limited guidance and no consensus on the optimal reporting of survey research, and that many key criteria in survey studies are under-reported.

Superbug research earns UTHealth student prestigious UNCF/Merck fellowship
Charles Darkoh, a graduate student at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, has been awarded a fellowship from the United Negro College Fund and Merck for his research into a major health problem -- multidrug-resistant Clostridium difficile bacterial infection.

OUP launches new infectious diseases journal with the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Oxford University Press will partner with the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society to publish the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.

Researchers map minority microbes in the colon
They make up less than one-hundredth of 1 percent of the microbes that live in the colon, but the bacteria and archaea that sop up hydrogen in the gut are fundamental to colon health.

Heart attack survivors from poorer neighborhoods get less exercise
Engaging in physical activity after a heart attack is known to increase the odds of survival.

Stray-bullet shootings most often harm women and individuals at low-risk for violence
In the first nationwide study of stray-bullet shootings, Garen Wintemute, professor of emergency medicine and director of the Violence Prevention Research Program at UC Davis School of Medicine and Medical Center, quantifies mortality and injury among victims of these unexpected events.

Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology increases impact, offers new initiatives
The Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology's impact factor -- the measure of a journal's

Data are traveling by light
Regular LEDs can be turned into optical WLAN with only a few additional components thanks to visible light communication (in short, VLC).

Competition with humans responsible for decline of New Zealand's endangered sea lions, study shows
Marine researchers in New Zealand have identified the direct impact of fishing as the largest known human factor in the decline of the endangered native sea lion population.

Women who experience gender-based violence have higher incidence of anxiety, substance use disorders
Women who reported experiencing gender-based violence, such as rape, sexual assault, intimate partner violence and stalking, had an associated higher lifetime prevalence of mental health disorders, dysfunction and disability, according to a study in the August 3 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on violence and human rights.

Bridging the gap between glass and silicon
Scientists at the University of Southampton and two other universities are pioneering research that will develop the next generation of new electronic technologies to support the UK's communication and health care sectors.

Cape Cod Bay holds hidden risk for dining North Atlantic right whales
Tracking their dinner may be the best way to help North Atlantic right whales in Cape Cod Bay avoid being hit by recreational and commercial boats, according to a team of researchers who studied the whales for two years.

August 2011 GSA Today science: Understanding Earth's eroding surface with 10Be
In a groundbreaking compilation of 1528 calculations of surface erosion rates from 80 study areas from all over the world, authors provide a valuable look at how rates of erosion vary in differing climates and tectonic settings in the recent geological past.

Plant biologists dissect genetic mechanism enabling plants to overcome environmental challenge
Plant biologists at CSHL have discovered at the genetic level how a vitally important species of grass plant -- maize, or corn -- responds to the challenge to growth posed by shade.

A hot topic: Radioactive decay is key ingredient behind Earth's heat, research shows
Nearly half of the Earth's heat comes from the radioactive decay of materials inside, according to a large international research collaboration that includes a Kansas State University physicist.

Special software helps to save species
With the aim of better protecting endangered species, game wardens are studying the behavior of surviving great apes in the wild.

Can eggs be a healthy breakfast choice?
Dr. Niva Shapira of Tel Aviv University says that hens who were fed a diet high in anti-oxidants and low in omega-6 fatty acids laid eggs that produced healthy levels of LDL oxidation in human subjects.

New link found between obesity and insulin resistance
Scientists at Joslin Diabetes Center have uncovered a new way in which obesity wreaks its havoc, by altering the production of proteins that affect how other proteins are spliced together.

Jette to receive GSA's 2011 Excellence in Rehabilitation of Aging Persons Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Alan Jette, Ph.D., of Boston University as the 2011 recipient of the Excellence in Rehabilitation of Aging Persons Award.

Study explains why muscles weaken with age and points to possible therapy
Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center have discovered the biological mechanism behind age-related loss of muscle strength and identified a drug that may help reverse this process.

Licence to smoke: Taking vitamin pills may undermine motivation to reduce smoking
A new study has found that smokers who take multivitamins offset their healthy behavior by smoking more cigarettes.

Newer antidepressants not necessarily safest for older people
New generation antidepressants, known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are associated with an increased risk of several severe adverse outcomes in older people compared with older tricyclic antidepressants, finds a study published online today.

Virginia Tech leads study to improve food security in southern Appalachia
Researchers from three universities are collaborating to develop, implement, and evaluate a food security strategy to enhance the resiliency of the Southern Appalachian region, with a special focus on local food access and affordability for low-income populations.

Reclamation to provide training on protecting facilities from corrosion
The Bureau of Reclamation's Technical Service Center will be hosting the Corrosion and Protective Coatings Hands-on Training from Oct.

Brain chemical may explain why heavy smokers feel sad after quitting
Heavy smokers may experience sadness after quitting because early withdrawal leads to an increase in the mood-related brain protein monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A), a new study by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health has shown.

Gender-based violence associated with lifetime risk of mental illness and disability, research shows
Women who experience gender-based violence such as rape, sexual assault, intimate partner violence and stalking have a higher lifetime prevalence of mental health disorders, dysfunction and disability, new Australian research shows.

Bilingual school counselors help narrow achievement gap
The fastest growing group of students in America's K-12 schools are Latino.

Revolutionary biodegradable pellet targets glue ear infection
A revolutionary biodegradable pellet which slowly releases antibiotics into the middle ear could transform the lives of thousands of children who suffer from glue ear.

Versatile compound examined in crops
Detergent-like compounds called saponins are best known for their cleansing properties, but US Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists are studying these compounds' potential for helping protect plants from insect attack.

Parents' conflicts affect adopted infants' sleep
When parents fight, infants are likely to lose sleep, researchers report.

UNH researchers help find natural products potential of frankia
Soil-dwelling bacteria of the genus Frankia have the potential to produce a multitude of natural products, including antibiotics, herbicides, pigments, anticancer agents, and other useful products, according to an article in the June 2011 issue of the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

1 species of pathogen can produce 2 distinct biofilms
Many medical devices, ranging from artificial hip joints to dentures and catheters, can come with unwelcome guests -- complex communities of microbial pathogens called biofilms that are resistant to the human immune system and antibiotics, thus proving a serious threat to human health.

Treatment intervention for former child soldiers in Uganda associated with reducing symptoms of PTSD
Former child soldiers from Northern Uganda who received a short-term trauma-focused intervention had a greater reduction of symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder than soldiers who received other therapy, according to a study in the August 3 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on violence and human rights.

Clemson University researchers are making every bite count
Two Clemson University researchers seek to make diners mindful of mindless eating.

Leading animal scientist wins prestigious Marshall medal
A leading University of Nottingham animal scientist has been awarded one of the most prestigious medals in the field of animal reproductive biology.

COPD patients with sense of humor feel better, but laughter may be bad for lungs
Having a sense of humor is associated with improved emotional functioning and an enhanced quality of life among patients with a chronic lung illness, but the actual act of laughing out loud can reduce lung function, at least in the short term, research suggests.

Study assesses nations' vulnerabilities to reduced mollusk harvests from ocean acidification
Changes in ocean chemistry due to increased carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are expected to damage shellfish populations around the world, but some nations will feel the impacts much sooner and more intensely than others, according to a study by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

The Waxman Foundation announces $25,000 grant in B-cell lymphoma research
The Samuel Waxman Cancer Research Foundation supports a grant to examine epigenetic therapy in B-cell lymphoma.

Solar power does not have a long shelf life
Storing power is complicated and expensive, but very often, especially far away from the regular power grids, there is no way around large batteries for grid-independent electricity consumers.

Evolutionary computation offers flexibility, insight
A Franklin University professor recently developed an evolutionary computation approach that offers researchers the flexibility to search for models that can best explain experimental data derived from many types of applications, including economics.

Scientists show 'swamp gas' protects blood vessels from complications of diabetes
Hydrogen sulfide is a foul-smelling gas with an odor resembling that of rotten eggs.

£2.5m for dairy research at the University of Nottingham
Scientists at the University of Nottingham will lead a major new research program to help British dairy farms maintain a globally competitive position.

Cashless parking
Vacant parking spaces in town are thin on the ground.

Cooked green vegetables, dried fruit, legumes, and brown rice associated with fewer colon polyps
Eating legumes at least three times a week and brown rice at least once a week was linked to a reduced risk of colon polyps by 33 percent and 40 percent respectively, according to Loma Linda University research recently published in Nutrition and Cancer.

Research into eating disorders and fertility reveals mixed picture
Eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia are associated with fertility problems and negative attitudes to pregnancy, according to a UK study by scientists at King's College London and UCL.

Adverse childhood could raise adult heart disease risk
The risk of coronary heart disease in middle age is moderately higher for men and women who grew up in adverse family settings, according to a new analysis of medical records and surveys of more than 3,500 people.

The effects of smoking and alcohol use on risk of upper aero-digestive cancers
Upper aero-digestive tract cancers (UADT), especially those of the oral cavity, pharynx, and larynx, are often referred to as alcohol-related cancers as it has been shown repeatedly that heavy drinkers, in particular, are at increased risk.

New antidepressants increase risks for elderly
Older people taking new generation antidepressants are at more risk of dying or suffering from a range of serious health conditions including stroke, falls, fractures and epilepsy, a study involving researchers at the University of Nottingham has found.

Are pet owners healthier and happier? Maybe not...
For many people, Fido and Fluffy are more than just pets, they're true and equal members of the family.

Watching sport: What kind of fan are you?
Do you -- can you -- really love a sports team?

Report offers framework to guide EPA on incorporating sustainability in its decision making
A new report from the National Research Council presents a framework for incorporating sustainability into the US Environmental Protection Agency's principles and decision making.

Pilot study suggests new approach to treat preeclampsia
A novel therapy that reduces elevated blood levels of a potentially toxic protein in women with preeclampsia, a dangerous complication of pregnancy, may someday address the therapeutic dilemma posed by the condition -- balancing life-threatening risks to the mother with the dangers that early delivery poses to an immature fetus.

Dixit to receive GSA's 2011 Nathan Shock New Investigator Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Vishwa Deep Dixit, D.V.M., Ph.D., of the Pennington Biomedical Research Center as the 2011 recipient of the Nathan Shock New Investigator Award.

Study finds satisfaction in body function, body appearance differs in older men and women
When it comes to satisfaction with body function and body appearance, older men and women have different opinions, although physical activity does improve satisfaction in both sexes, according to new study by a Baylor University researcher.

Mehrotra to receive GSA's 2011 Minority Mentorship Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Chandra Mehrotra, of the College of St.

LSUHSC research with tropical frogs shedding light on human hearing and attention disorders
A study conducted by Hamilton Farris, Ph.D., research assistant professor of neuroscience and otorhinolaryngology at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans, reveals new information about the way tungara frogs in the tropical rain forest hear, sort, and process sounds which is very similar to the way humans do.

NIH fellow uses computation, experimentation to study diabetes, obesity
A Virginia Tech Ph.D. student has been awarded the prestigious Ruth L.

Major award for leading expert in regenerative medicine
The pioneering work of the University of Nottingham's Professor Kevin Shakesheff in the regeneration of human tissues is being recognized by the UK Society of Biomaterials.

New IOF-ISCD review clarifies the use of FRAX in clinical practice
In a newly published review paper, the International Osteoporosis Foundation =and the International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) detail the findings of a joint Task Force that met in November 2011 for the 'ISCD IOF FRAX Initiative' meeting.

Neighborhood status influences older women's cognitive function, study finds
Older women who live in a lower socioeconomic status neighborhood are more likely to exhibit lower cognitive functioning than women who live in more affluent neighborhoods, according to a new RAND Corporation study.

Atmospheric simulations will help NASA interpret data from the Juno Mission to Jupiter
In August of 2016, when NASA's Juno Mission begins sending back information about the atmosphere of the planet Jupiter, research done by Georgia Institute of Technology engineers using a 2,400-pound pressure vessel will help scientists understand what the data means.

Why diets don't work? Starved brain cells eat themselves
A report in the August issue of the Cell Press journal Cell Metabolism might help to explain why it's so frustratingly difficult to stick to a diet.

Scientists probe the energy transfer process in photosynthetic proteins
Researchers have developed a new method to probe the fundamental workings of photosynthesis.

A true challenge for any superhero: Can comic books combat childhood obesity?
University of Cincinnati research challenges kids to develop comic book characters who communicate healthy messages.

Jazwinski wins GSA's 2011 Robert W. Kleemeier Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen S. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to