Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 08, 2011
MARC Travel Awards announced for the ASBMR 2011 Annual meeting
FASEB MARC (Minority Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for The American Society for Bone & Mineral Research (ASBMR) 2011 Annual Meeting in San Diego, Calif., from September 16-20, 2011.

Rising barriers to primary care send many Americans to the emergency department
A shortage in the number and availability of primary care physicians may continue to mean rising numbers of emergency department visits, despite the expanded health insurance coverage required by the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.

'Paranoia' about rivals alters insect mating behavior
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that male fruit flies experience a type of

Men have overly optimistic expectations about recovery from prostate cancer surgery, U-M study finds
Nearly half of men undergoing surgery for prostate cancer expect better recovery from the side effects of the surgery than they actually attain one year after the operation, a University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center study finds.

When a man's partner is too close to his friends, his sex life may suffer
Researchers have found a potential new source for sexual problems among middle-aged and older men: the relationships between their female partners and the men's closest friends.

Tohoku tsunami created icebergs in Antarctica
A NASA scientist and her colleagues were able to observe for the first time the power of an earthquake and tsunami to break off large icebergs a hemisphere away.

USC scientist develops virus that targets HIV
In what represents an important step toward curing HIV, a USC scientist has created a virus that hunts down HIV-infected cells.

European subsidy for RainGain: A better picture of local precipitation
TU Delft is to participate in the RainGain project, which was recently awarded a European subsidy.

Like superman's X-Ray vision, new microscope reveals nanoscale details
Physicists at UC San Diego have developed a new kind of X-ray microscope that can penetrate deep within materials like Superman's fabled X-ray vision and see minute details at the scale of a single nanometer, or one billionth of a meter.

JCI online early table of contents: August 8, 2011
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, August 8, 2011, in the JCI: Drug development in the blink of an eye; New insight into how lithium benefits patients with bipolar disorder; Reducing stress in the eye of benefit in glaucoma model; Breath easier with the protein apelin; Take a TIM(id) approach to immune system modulation; and others.

Trauma drama: K-State professor researches drama queen of immune system
Sherry Fleming, a Kansas State University associate professor in the Division of Biology, is using a $140,000 grant from the American Heart Association to identify the molecule responsible for the overreaction that can cause cell death in the intestines after trauma.

Live from the scene: Biochemistry in action
Researchers can now watch molecules move in living cells, literally millisecond by millisecond, thanks to a new microscope developed by scientists at EMBL Heidelberg.

Protein unmasks pathogenic fungi to activate immune response
Whitehead Institute researchers have uncovered a novel association between two fungal recognition receptors on the surface of certain immune cells, called macrophages.

Study: Severe low temperatures devastate coral reefs in Florida Keys
Increased seawater temperatures are known to be a leading cause of the decline of coral reefs all over the world.

Double-agent chemotherapy gives survival benefit to patients over 70 with lung cancer, thus current monotherapy-only strategy should be revised
An article published online first by the Lancet concludes that, despite increased toxic effects, platinum-based doublet chemotherapy is associated with survival benefits compared with monotherapy in elderly patients with non-small-cell lung cancer, and thus the current treatment strategy for these patients (monotherapy only) should be reconsidered.

Carpal tunnel syndrome patients prefer to share decision-making with their physicians
In this study, 78 patients who underwent carpal tunnel release for CTS were requested to indicate their preferred level of involvement preoperatively and to assess their actual levels of involvement postoperatively, using a scale containing five levels ranging from fully active to fully passive.

Connecting the dots: Pitt School of Dental Medicine team describes how enamel forms
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine are piecing together the process of tooth enamel biomineralization, which could lead to novel nanoscale approaches to developing biomaterials.

2 Georgia Tech faculty named Fellows by the American Chemical Society
The American Chemical Society has named two Georgia Tech professors as fellows for 2011: Paul Houston, dean of the College of Sciences and professor in the School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and C.

Women more likely to recruit other women for political office
The gender composition of those responsible for candidate recruitment plays a crucial role in either encouraging or discouraging women candidates to run for office, according to a recent study in Political Research Quarterly (PRQ) published by SAGE on behalf of the Western Political Science Association.

Schoolchildren can also learn complex subject matters on their own
Self-directed learning has long been heralded as the key to successful education.

When a man's female partner becomes too buddy-buddy with his pals, his sex life may suffer
Researchers have found a potential new source for sexual problems among middle-aged and older men: the relationships between their female partners and the men's closest friends.

Number of laparoscopic bariatric procedures continued to rise between 2003-2008
According to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons, there was an increase in the number of laparoscopic bariatric procedures, an increase in the number of bariatric surgeons and a decrease of inhospital mortality rates between 2003 and 2008.

Body-mounted cameras turn motion capture inside out
Traditional motion capture techniques use cameras to meticulously record the movements of actors inside studios, enabling those movements to be translated into digital models.

Study: Graphic warning labels reduce demand for cigarettes
Will graphic cigarette package warning labels significantly reduce demand? A new study suggests it will.

Pitt team finds molecular pathway that leads to inflammation in asthma
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have identified a molecular pathway that helps explain how an enzyme elevated in asthma patients can lead to increased mucus production and inflammation that is characteristic of the lung condition.

UCLA stem cell scientists uncover for the first time why the human heart can't regenerate itself
Stem cell researchers at UCLA have uncovered for the first time why adult human cardiac myocytes have lost their ability to proliferate, perhaps explaining why the human heart has little regenerative capacity.

Handbook of Molecular Microbial Ecology: Exploring the World of the Microbes
In a new two volume set, the

Technique to stimulate heart cells may lead to light-controlled pacemakers
Researchers used light to control the electrical activity of heart muscle cells.

The social network of infertility: Study examines couples' privacy preferences
Couples who are having trouble getting pregnant adjust how much information they share with friends and family, depending on whether it's the husband or the wife who feels stigmatized about their reproductive difficulties, a new study shows.

Many top US scientists wish they had more children
Nearly half of all women scientists and one-quarter of male scientists at the nation's top research universities said their career has kept them from having as many children as they had wanted, according to a new study by Rice University and Southern Methodist University.

UCSD Health Sciences partners with Pfizer to speed drug delivery
In an innovative collaboration designed to speed the process of drug discovery, Pfizer, Inc. and the University of California, San Diego Health Sciences announced today that UC San Diego has joined the ranks of other top-tier life science research institutions across the country as part of Pfizer's Centers for Therapeutic Innovation.

John House, MD, ear, nose, and throat specialist, receives award from National Medical Society
John House, MD, of Los Angeles, CA, will receive the American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Distinguished Service Award at the opening ceremony of the 2011 AAO-HNSF Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO, in San Francisco, CA, Sept.

NASA's NPP satellite completes comprehensive testing
The NASA National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Preparatory Project has successfully completed its most comprehensive end-to-end compatibility test of the actual satellite and all five scientific instruments at Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp's production and test facility in Boulder, Colo.

Herbal remedies escape EU law
Many herbal remedies available over-the-counter in pharmacies and health food shops are still lacking important information needed for safe use, according to University of Leeds researchers.

World survey links religion and happiness -- for some
There may be a few atheists in foxholes, but a new study suggests that in societies under stress, those who are religious outnumber -- and are happier than -- their nonreligious counterparts.

Technology reveals citrus greening-infected trees
US Department of Agriculture scientists are using a technology known as

Cancer biomarker -- detectable by blood test -- could improve prostate cancer detection
A new study supports the use of a DNA-based

Clinic demonstrates improved quality of care resulting in cost savings for Medicare
CMS, part of the US Department of Health and Human Services, announced today that, in the fifth performance year of the five-year Medicare demonstration project, Marshfield Clinic has once again improved the quality of health care it delivers to patients while decreasing health care costs.

Chimpanzees are spontaneously generous after all
Researchers have shown chimpanzees have a significant bias for prosocial behavior.

Improved radical surgery techniques provide positive outcomes for bladder cancer patients
Bladder cancer patients who have radical surgery at university hospitals can benefit from excellent local control of the disease, acceptable clinical outcomes and low death rates.

Sporadic mutations may be responsible for half of schizophrenia cases
Although it affects less than 1 percent of the global population, schizophrenia exacts a large toll in terms of expense and human suffering.

Jefferson receives $4.8 million NIH grant to study new rabies vaccine that clears virus from brain
Thomas Jefferson University received a National Institutes of Health $4.8 million grant to test a new rabies vaccine with the potential to cure the virus infection, even after it has made its way into a person's central nervous system.

Community ecology: It's not who you are, but what you do
When you're a tiny creature in a vast ocean it pays to hang out with the right crowd, regardless of whether they are related to you or not, a new study into the amazingly diverse world of marine microbes has found.

UofL bioinformatics faculty is a Fulbright Scholar
Learning more about how to save researchers money through decision analysis is an important area of study for Steven McCabe, M.D., assistant professor, University of Louisville School of Public Health and Information Sciences.

Massachusetts health-care reform associated with increased demand for medical safety-net facilities
Patient demand for care from safety-net providers (such as community health centers and public hospitals) in Massachusetts has increased, even though the number of patients with health insurance also increased following the state's passage of health care reform, according to a report in the Aug.

Education affects Americans' religiosity -- but not how you might think
A new study finds that education has a positive effect on Americans' churchgoing habits, devotional practices, emphasis on religion in daily life and support for religious leaders to weigh in on the issues of the day.

Meteorites: Tool kits for creating life on Earth
Meteorites hold a record of the chemicals that existed in the early Solar System and that may have been a crucial source of the organic compounds that gave rise to life on Earth.

Fine-tuning the flu vaccine for broader protection
An antibody that mimics features of the influenza virus's entry point into human cells could help researchers understand how to fine-tune the flu vaccine to protect against a broad range of virus strains.

Newly discovered antibody recognizes many strains of flu virus
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) scientists have now discovered a human antibody that recognizes many different flu strains.

'Good' prion-like proteins boost immune response, UT Southwestern scientists report
A person's ability to battle viruses at the cellular level remarkably resembles the way deadly infectious agents called prions misfold and cluster native proteins to cause disease, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers report.

Siblings of those with blood clots in leg have higher risk of same disorder
People with multiple siblings who had potentially life-threatening leg blood clots are 50 times more likely to get the same condition compared to people with healthy siblings.

Penn researchers describe key molecule that keeps immune cell development on track
In the latest issue of Nature, researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania clarify the role of two proteins key to T-cell development.

New study helps clarify symptoms and characteristics of acid reflux in neonates
Modifying stomach acid levels may not be enough to treat symptoms in neonates suspected of having gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Heavy metal -- in and around the lakes
Heavy metal pollution of lakes has a seriously detrimental impact on people and ecosystems that rely on such bodies of water.

Some hospitals better than others in selecting patients to undergo cardiac catheterization
Hospitals vary markedly when it comes to the rate at which diagnostic coronary angiography or catheterization -- an invasive procedure that allows doctors to see the vessels and arteries leading to the heart -- actually finds obstructive coronary artery disease in people without known heart disease.

Distance caregivers for advanced cancer patients have special needs, CWRU study finds
Distance presents a challenge as family members work to gain information about their loved ones and participate in their cancer care.

Soy tablets not associated with reduction in bone loss or menopausal symptoms in women
Soy isoflavone tablets do not appear to be associated with a reduction in bone loss or menopausal symptoms in women within the first five years of menopause, according to a report in the Aug.

A billion-year-old piece of North America traced back to Antarctica
An international team of researchers has found the strongest evidence yet that parts of North America and Antarctica were connected 1.1 billion years ago, long before the supercontinent Pangaea formed.

Age and severity of heart failure associated with impairment in verbal memory
Older patients with lower rates of left ventricular ejection fraction (a measure of how well the left ventricle of the heart pumps with each contraction) appear more likely than younger patients to have significantly reduced verbal memory function, according to a report in the August issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

More frequent visual field testing may lead to earlier detection of glaucoma progression
In patients with glaucoma, frequent visual field testing may be associated with earlier detection of the condition's progression, according to a report published online first by Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Genetic analysis of amniotic fluid shows promise for monitoring fetal development
Researchers have demonstrated the feasibility of focused fetal gene expression analysis of target genes found in amniotic fluid using Standardized NanoArray PCR (SNAP) technology.

Social class as culture
Social class is more than just how much money you have.

Prenatal pet exposure, delivery mode, race are key factors in early allergy risk
Prenatal pet exposure, a mother's delivery mode and race are influential factors in a child's risk of developing allergies by age 2, according to a Henry Ford Hospital study.

Walking around is the simplest way to shorten hospital stay
Walking around the ward during hospitalization reduces the length of geriatric patients' stay in internal wards.

Early morning smokers have increased risk of lung and head and neck cancers
Two new studies have found that smokers who tend to take their first cigarette soon after they wake up in the morning may have a higher risk of developing lung and head and neck cancers than smokers who refrain from lighting up right away.

Blood loss from lab testing associated with hospital-acquired anemia for patients with heart attacks
In patients with acute myocardial infarction (heart attack), blood loss from greater use of phlebotomy (blood drawn for diagnostic testing) appears to be independently associated with the development of hospital-acquired anemia (HAA), according to a report published Online First by Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Increase in tornado, hurricane damage brings call for more stringent building standards
Researchers from a team funded by the National Science Foundation have examined some of last spring's massive tornado damage and conclude in a new report that more intensive engineering design and more rigorous, localized construction and inspection standards are needed to reduce property damage and loss of life.

Researchers use neutrons to spy on the elusive hydronium ion
A Los Alamos National Laboratory research team has harnessed neutrons to view for the first time the critical role that an elusive molecule plays in certain biological reactions.

UGA researchers study threats to white sturgeon
University of Georgia researchers are working to understand why the nation's largest freshwater fish, the white sturgeon, is struggling in northern California's Sacramento-San Joaquin Bay Delta, an environmentally endangered area suffering from declining fish populations and pollution.

Gladstone scientist discovers genetic factor implicated in heartbeat defect
A scientist at the Gladstone Institutes has discovered how gene regulation can make hearts beat out of sync, offering new hope for the millions who suffer from a potentially fatal heart condition.

Most Canadians can be uniquely identified from their date of birth and postal code
There are few studies on the risk of re-identification of Canadians from their basic demographics, and no studies on their risk from their longitudinal data.

Biology, materials science get a boost from robust imaging tool
Shape and alignment are everything. How nanometer-sized pieces fit together into a whole structure determines how well a living cell or an artificially fabricated device performs.

Flowing structures in soft crystals
A liquid does not have to be a disordered bunch of particles: researchers of the Vienna University of Technology and the University of Vienna have discovered intriguing structures formed by tiny particles floating in liquids.

Peak oil and public health: Political common ground?
American University professor Matthew Nisbet demonstrates that the impact of peak petroleum on public health may be a way to unite conservatives and liberals in an effort to move away from fossil fuels and towards alternative forms of energy.

Rats control appetite for poison
Life is tough for woodrats in deserts of the US Southwest.

Buyer beware -- herbal products missing key safety information
Many people use herbal medicines believing them to be safe simply because they are 'natural'.

Tracking crime in real time
Professor Irad Ben-Gal of Tel Aviv University and his colleagues have developed a high-powered context-based search algorithm to analyze digital data on-the-fly to support ongoing criminal investigations.

Guam researcher studies Mount Pinatubo ecosystem recovery
University of Guam ecologist Thomas Marler recently mobilized efforts to characterize the vegetation that has recovered following the eruption of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines.

You can count on this: Math ability is inborn
We accept that some people are born with a talent for music or art or athletics.

Dale Browne, M.D., ear, nose, and throat specialist, receives award from National Medical Society
Dale Browne, M.D., of Winston Salem, NC will receive the American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Distinguished Service Award at the opening ceremony of the 2011 AAO-HNSF Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO, in San Francisco, Calif., September 11-14, 2011.

A picture is worth a thousand words
Advances in computer animation and simulation, high dynamic range 3-D displays and text-art design tools are being presented by UBC researchers at the world's largest computer graphics conference, being held in Vancouver this week.

Deep brain stimulation effects may last for 10 years in patients with Parkinson's disease
One decade after receiving implants that stimulate areas of their brains, patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) appear to sustain improvement in motor function, although part of the initial benefit wore off mainly because of progressive loss of benefit in other functions, according to a report published online first by Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

NASA satellites saw Tropical Depression Emily struggle over the weekend
Former Tropical Storm Emily made a brief comeback this weekend after degenerating over the mountains of Hispaniola late last week, and NASA's Aqua satellite captured an image of Emily just after her

September 2011 Geology highlights: New research posted Aug. 5
Highlights from the September issue of Geology, which is now online, include debris flow hazard assessment; dune migration in the

Penn study finds more effective approach against 'Achilles' heel' of ovarian cancer
In a recent issue of Cancer Research, Daniel J. Powell, Jr., Ph.D., a research assistant professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, showed for the first time that engineered human T cells can eradicate deadly human ovarian cancer in immune-deficient mice.

Urgent assessment in emergency departments can reduce surgical decision time and overcrowding
The use of acute care emergency surgical service (ACCESS) in emergency departments (EDs) can lead to significant reductions in key patient measures, such as length of stay, surgical decision-making time and

Researchers develop risk assessment model for advanced age-related macular degeneration
A new risk assessment model may help predict development of advanced age-related macular degeneration, according to a report published online first by Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

When and how to toilet train children
Parents often ask their doctors for advice on toilet training young children, and a new article in Canadian Medical Association Journal summarizes current approaches and evidence to help physicians respond to these queries.

Light unlocks fragrance in laboratory
At a recent Gordon Research Conference, Anna Gudmundsdottir of the University of Cincinnati described the work of her research team, including efforts to build organic magnets, and systems using light to release chemicals, including fragrances.

Tactile technology guaranteed to send shivers down your spine
A new tactile technology developed at Disney Research, Pittsburgh (DRP), called Surround Haptics, makes it possible for video game players and film viewers to feel a wide variety of sensations, from the smoothness of a finger being drawn against skin to the jolt of a collision.

Professor fights disease that destroys vision
A professor at the University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering has received a $100,000 grant to develop a new technique to fight a disease that gradually destroys vision.

Finding their way: Study shows connection between academic direction and student learning
Candice Shoemaker, Kansas State University professor of horticulture, is helping students improve their confidence and academic performance by creating a map of learning.

Researchers gain new insights into how tumor cells are fed
Researchers have gained a new understanding of the way in which growing tumors are fed and how this growth can be slowed via angiogenesis inhibitors that eliminate the blood supply to tumors.

Mosquitoes can't spot a spermless mate
A female mosquito cannot tell if the male that she has mated with is fertile or

SHSU studies GPS monitoring of Arizona sex offenders
The use of GPS technology to monitor sex offenders should be viewed as a tool rather than a control mechanism, a team of researchers at Sam Houston State University found in a recent study.

Adovasio continues underwater search for new frontier
Expectations are high for the third leg of a NOAA-funded expedition in the Gulf of Mexico, off the Florida coast, where Mercyhurst College scientists seek to uncover cultural evidence of the earliest Americans.

Study urges caution with lenalidomide dosage
An early phase myeloma trial has unexpectedly revealed that the drug lenalidomide interacts with another protein in cells that affect its dose level in the body.

NASA satellites see Tropical Storm Muifa taking up the Yellow Sea
Tropical Storm Muifa is filling up the Yellow Sea on NASA satellite imagery as it continues moving north today to a landfall in East China's Shandong province.

Light speed hurdle to invisibility cloak overcome by undergraduate
An undergraduate student has overcome a major hurdle in the development of invisibility cloaks by adding an optical device into their design that not only remains invisible itself, but also has the ability to slow down light.

Drug development in the blink of an eye
The development of drugs for brain-related conditions is not an efficient process. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to