Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 12, 2011
Program helps high school students overcome depression and thoughts of suicide
A suicide prevention program developed at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center has significantly helped teens overcome depression and thoughts of suicide, according to a new study.

Positive impact of growing public awareness of obesity epidemic
Increasing public awareness of the childhood obesity epidemic may be contributing to evidence of overall reductions in body mass index, a measure of obesity in children, according to the results of a nationwide study presented in Childhood Obesity, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert Inc.

OU-led research team receives $1.28 million grant from DOE
Improving energy output from switchgrass plants during conversion to biofuels is the focus of a study being conducted by a University of Oklahoma researcher and funded by a $1.28 million grant from the US Department of Energy.

Scientists explore the intersection of health, society and microbial ecology
Public awareness about the role and interaction of microbes is essential for promoting human and environmental health, say scientists presenting research at the Ecological Society of America's 96th Annual Meeting from August 7-12, 2011.

Higher estrogen production in the breast could confer greater cancer risk than thought
Could some women who naturally produce excess aromatase in their breasts have an increased risk of developing breast cancer?

Poor growth, delayed puberty and heart problems plague kids with mild kidney disease
Heart disease causes 35 percent of deaths in young adults with chronic kidney disease.

WTC attacks increase subsequent firefighter retirements
A new study published in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine reveals that the WTC attacks affected the health of the New York City Fire Department resulting in more post-9/11 retirements than expected.

Subsistence Economies of Indigenous North American Societies: A Handbook
This book provides a comprehensive and in-depth documentation of how Native American societies met the challenges of adapting to the varied ecosystems of North America during the past 10,000 years.

Researchers create new experimental vaccine against chikungunya virus
Researchers have developed a new candidate vaccine to protect against chikungunya virus, a mosquito-borne pathogen that produces an intensely painful and often chronic arthritic disease that has stricken millions of people in India, Southeast Asia and Africa.

Warning signs predict kidney injury after surgery
Kidney injury is a frequent and serious complication of heart surgery.

Study sheds light on late phase of asthma attacks
New research led by scientists from Imperial College London explains why around half of people with asthma experience a

Withdrawal of CPAP therapy results in rapid recurrence of OSA
The benefits of continuous positive airway pressure machines for patients with obstructive sleep apnea are quickly reversed when the therapy is withdrawn, according to Swiss research.

BUSM professor awarded $13.3 million to study potential treatments to prevent STDs
Deborah Anderson, Ph.D., professor of obstetrics and gynecology and microbiology at Boston University School of Medicine is co-leading a new study funded by a five-year $13.3 million grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.

Social acceptance and rejection: The sweet and the bitter
For proof that rejection, exclusion, and acceptance are central to our lives, look no farther than the living room, says Nathan Dewall, a psychologist at the University of Kentucky.

Hidden Baja undersea park is the world's most robust marine reserve
A thriving undersea wildlife park tucked away near the southern tip of Mexico's Baja peninsula has proven to be the world's most robust marine reserve in the world, according to a new study led by researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego.

New treatment option for advanced prostate cancer
Prostate cancer that has become resistant to hormone treatment and that does not respond to radiation or chemotherapy requires new methods of treatment.

Tufts computer engineer wins national award for research
With the $443,000, five-year NSF grant, Guyer will explore a new approach to improving virtual machines -- complex pieces of software that manage computing resources such as memory.

How the visual system constructs moving objects: 1 by 1
Although our eyes record the word as millions of pixels,

TRMM satellite sees 4 possibilities for the next Atlantic tropical storm
On Friday, August 12, there were no named tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic Ocean.

Scientists identify mutation in SIGMAR1 gene linked to juvenile ALS
Researchers from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have identified a mutation on the SIGMAR1 gene associated with the development of juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

Better, faster, cheaper: Doing business with the sun
The change in energy policy has been decided; Germany needs more green energy.

Religious beliefs shape health care attitudes among US Muslims
The perceived role of God in illness and recovery is a primary influence upon the health care beliefs and behaviors of American Muslims, a first-of-its-kind study has discovered.

Scientists highlight link between stress and appetite
Researchers have uncovered a mechanism by which stress increases food drive in rats.

Caltech researchers find that disorder is key to nanotube mystery
Researchers have observed that water spontaneously flows into extremely small tubes of graphite or graphene, called carbon nanotubes.

New discovery positions Smithsonian to bolster genetic diversity among cheetahs
Researchers at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute have discovered why older females are rarely able to reproduce -- and hope to use this information to introduce vital new genes into the pool.

Scientists link shifting Atlantic mackerel distribution to environmental factors, changing climate
NOAA scientists have found that environmental factors have changed the distribution patterns of Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus), a marine species found in waters from Cape Hatteras to Newfoundland, shifting the stock northeastward and into shallower waters.

Goldie Hawn to give public lecture on 'The Brain and the Optimistic Classroom' at Aspen Brain Forum
Actress Goldie Hawn, founder of the Hawn Foundation, will present a lecture for the public at the 2nd Annual Aspen Brain Forum, a conference jointly sponsored by the New York Academy of Sciences and the Aspen Brain Forum Foundation.

Physicists explore the key energy transport process underlying solar energy harvesting
Two Lehigh physicists have developed an imaging technique that makes it possible to directly observe light-emitting excitons as they diffuse in rubrene, a new material being explored for its extraordinary electronic properties.
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