Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 04, 2011
ECNP: The most promising data from research across disorders of the brain
On 3-7 September 2011, leading experts and up to 7,000 participants meet in Paris, France, to present, discuss and evaluate the latest achievements and future perspectives in the field of neuropsychopharmacology, including bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, drugs and addiction, and Alzheimer┬┤s disease, as well as basic neuroscience and psychopharmacology.

Scripps Research scientists establish new class of anti-diabetic compound
In a joint study, scientists from The Scripps Research Institute and Harvard University's Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have established a new class of anti-diabetic compound that targets a unique molecular switch.

Antibody depletion can treat E. coli-related neurological complications
Flushing out the body's IgG antibodies in people with neurological complications after Escherichia coli infection can significantly improve symptoms, according to an article published by the Lancet.

Yale researchers solve mystery of disappearing bird digit
Yale researchers solve evolutionary mystery of origin of bird digits.

New tactic for controlling blood sugar in diabetes contradicts current view of the disease
Increased low-grade inflammation in the body resulting from obesity is widely viewed as contributing to type 2 diabetes.

TB vaccine candidate shows early promise
Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University report in the September 4 online edition of Nature Medicine that they have developed a tuberculosis (TB) vaccine candidate that proved both potent and safe in animal studies.

Harmless soil-dwelling bacteria successfully kill cancer
A bacterial strain that specifically targets tumours could soon be used as a vehicle to deliver drugs in frontline cancer therapy.

Fast, cheap, and accurate: Detecting CO2 with a fluorescent twist
Detecting specific gases in the air is possible using a number of different existing technologies, but typically all of these suffer from one or more drawbacks including high energy cost, large size, slow detection speed, and sensitivity to humidity.

Pharmacists need to provide better information to teenagers on risks and benefits of medicines
A large proportion of teenagers regularly and frequently take some form of medication without receiving targeted information about the risks and benefits, according to a review of current research, to be presented at the annual congress of the International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) on Sept.

The emotional brain in youth
In recent years, a considerable increase in the number of children and adolescents evaluated, diagnosed and treated for bipolar disorder has been noted.

Scripps Research scientists produce first stem cells from endangered species
Starting with normal skin cells, scientists from The Scripps Research Institute have produced the first stem cells from endangered species.

A whole new light on graphene metamaterials
Invisible terahertz light can detect explosives, image drug structures, and pinpoint skin cancer, but practical tools for using it are scarce.

World's smallest electric motor made from a single molecule
Chemists at Tufts University's School of Arts and Sciences have developed the world's first single molecule electric motor, a development that may potentially create a new class of devices that could be used in applications ranging from medicine to engineering.

Crowd-sourcing the E. coli O104:H4 outbreak
Ten variants of the deadly Escherichia coli strain that hit Germany in May 2011 have been sequenced across the world.

Gene defect that predisposes people to leukemia discovered
Mutations on a gene that regulates the transition of primitive blood-forming cells to white blood cells have been implicated in acute myeloid leukemia and in myelodysplasia, a difficulty in producing white blood cells.

Scientists announce human intestinal stem cell 'breakthrough' for regenerative medicine
Human colon stem cells have been identified and grown in a lab-plate for the first time.

Novel magnetic, superconducting material opens new possibilities in electronics
Researchers at the Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Science (SIMES), a joint institute of the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University, have reached a crucial milestone that could lead to a new class of materials with useful electronic properties.

Potential vaccine readies immune system to kill tuberculosis in mice
HHMI researchers have developed a potential vaccine against tuberculosis that completely eliminates tuberculosis bacteria from infected tissues in some mice.

New mutations in leukemia: Researchers found mechanism that can help design future therapies
An international team of researchers has found a group of mutations involved in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), and showed that certain drugs, already in clinical use to treat other diseases, can eliminate the cells carrying these mutations.
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