Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 07, 2011
Scientists offer way to address 'age-old' questions
Scientists have devised a method to measure the impact of age on the growth rates of cellular populations, a development that offers new ways to understand and model the growth of bacteria, and could provide new insights into how genetic factors affect their life cycle.

Delaying retirement age -- least prejudicial solution
The welfare of pensioners will be negatively affected as a result of the reforms that the government of Spain have just implemented in order to balance their budget.

Accessible and affordable care at heart of health-care technology grants
Five teams of scientists from multiple campuses of the University of California and a Southern California hospital have been awarded up to $100,000 each to commercialize their ideas for new, lower cost health care technologies that will address a long-standing need for more affordable and efficient chronic disease management and preventive health care, particularly in underserved communities.

Promising target in treating and preventing the progression of heart failure identified
Researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine have identified a new drug target that may treat and/or prevent heart failure.

Website provides comprehensive look at the impact of Sept. 11 on American security
The Chicago Project on Security and Terrorism at the University of Chicago has launched a website devoted to reflections and strategies from policymakers and academics on the 10th anniversary of Sept.

University of Tennessee chosen to join national network to study climate change
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, in partnership with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) will play a key role in finding solutions to what the National Science Foundation (NSF) has deemed the

Something new on the sun: SDO spots a late phase in solar flares
Analysis of 191 solar flares since May 2010 by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) has recently shown a new piece in the pattern: some 15 percent of the flares have a distinct

New type of solar cell retains high efficiency for long periods
Scientists from the University of Picardie Jules Verne and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology are reporting development of a new genre of an electrolyte system for solar cells that breaks the double-digit barrier in the efficiency with which the devices convert sunlight into electricity.

Sorting out major brain stent study: Cedars-sinai experts say procedure effective for some patients
An article appearing in the Sept. 7 New England Journal of Medicine, reporting on NIH research on brain stents, says aggressive medical treatment without stenting is better for high-risk stroke patients.

Death tolls spur pro-war stance, study finds
Mounting casualities in America's nearly 10-year-old wars in Iraq and Afghanistan might seem to serve as a catalyst for people to denounce the war and demand a way out.

Morgan car lovers 1st to benefit from High Dynamic Range TV's arrival on domestic TV
HDR video captures a wider range of light intensity levels found in real scenes ranging from direct sunlight to lowlight images and thanks to a partnership between Researchers at WMG, University of Warwick, goHDR Ltd. and Altera® Toronto Technology Center the technology has now been developed to create an embedded system that can be connected to existing domestic televisions, allowing them to display High Dynamic Range (HDR) content.

Branding like Beckham
Creating a family brand as successful as David and Victoria Beckham's is a matter of adhering to practices that promote a family's distinctiveness and visibility, according to a study recently published in Family Business Review, a SAGE journal.

Medical management alone may be best treatment course for stroke prevention
Patients with narrowed arteries in the brain who received intensive medical treatment had fewer strokes and deaths than patients who received a brain stent in addition to medical treatment, according to the initial results from the first, nationwide stroke prevention trial to compare the two treatment options.

White favoritism by Major League home plate umps lowers minority pitcher performance, pay
Racial/ethnic bias by home plate umpires lowers the performance of Major League's minority pitchers, diminishing their pay compared to white pitchers, a new study finds.

Parents who lose child during first year of life at significantly increased risk of early death
Parents who lose their child during the first 12 months of life are at significantly increased risk of an early death, finds research published online in one of BMJ Group's newest additions to its stable, BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care.

Simulation proven to enhance training of health professionals
An analysis by the University of British Columbia and the Mayo Clinic found that simulation-based training, such as virtual reality computers, mannequins and training models, is an effective way to teach physicians, nurses, dentists, emergency medical technicians and other health professionals.

Endangered horse has ancient origins and high genetic diversity, new study finds
An endangered species, Przewalski's horse, is much more distantly related to the domestic horse and has a much more diverse gene pool than researchers previously had hypothesized, researchers report.

Couples who receive government assistance report less marital satisfaction, commitment, study finds
According to a new study from the University of Missouri, low-income couples who receive government assistance, such as Medicaid or Food Stamps, are significantly less satisfied and committed in their marriages.

Spring flings may explain teen pregnancies peak
Researchers have found that the relative likelihood of conceiving in the month of March is higher if you're a school-aged adolescent than if you're an adult.

Medical Student Training in Aging Research (MSTAR) program
The Medical Student Training in Aging Research (MSTAR) Program fosters an interest in geriatric medicine in the early stages of a physician's education.

Tree rings reveal forest fires from hundreds of years ago, says Texas A&M researcher
Like clues from an Agatha Christie mystery novel, trees can provide secrets about past events, and their rings are especially good at providing information about fires, some of which happened hundreds of years ago, according to studies from a Texas A&M University researcher.

Time to reboot thinking on trans fats -- natural trans fats from dairy and beef are good
Not all trans fats are created equal and it's time for a change in nutrition labels in North America to reflect this, particularly when it comes to dairy and beef products.

INRS professor Federico Rosei awarded Rutherford Memorial Medal for Chemistry
Federico Rosei, professor and director of the INRS's Energy, Materials, and Telecommunications Centre, has just received yet another major honour--the 2011 Rutherford Memorial Medal in Chemistry.

TGen receives $50,000 to find genetic origins of rare breast cancer
The Inflammatory Breast Cancer Research Foundation (IBCRF) has awarded $50,000 to the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) to discover the genetic origins of this rare and most deadly form of breast cancer.

South-East universities turn their knowledge into wealth
In these tough economic times, universities are under pressure to use their knowledge and discoveries to drive economic growth, but an Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) study reveals that not all universities are equal.

Obesity and large waist size linked to higher risk of death in African-American women
The risk of death increases with higher levels of overweight and obesity among African American women, according to a new study led by researchers from the Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University.

ARGOS proceedings examine global health policy challenges, socioeconomic impact of eHealth
The ARGOS project has released a volume of proceedings,

Legislation creates conflict on the Horn of Africa
Drought and hunger are not the only things raging on the Horn of Africa.

'Reboot' for healthier results
As lifestyles get busier and waistlines get bigger; many people are turning to online nutrition programs.

Children's Hospital Boston is 'tackling concussions head on'
A live one-hour interactive webcast about concussions featuring a panel of pediatric experts.

NASA panorama sees Tropical Storm Maria join Hurricane Katia
Newborn Tropical Storm Maria joined Hurricane Katia in the Atlantic Ocean today.

Young stars take a turn in the spotlight
ESO's New Technology Telescope (NTT) has captured a striking image of the open cluster NGC 2100.

Nanosensors made from DNA may light path to new cancer tests and drugs
Sensors made from custom DNA molecules could be used to personalize cancer treatments and monitor the quality of stem cells, according to an international team of researchers led by scientists at UC Santa Barbara and the University of Rome Tor Vergata.

Aggressive medical therapy could help prevent stroke
In a clinical study, the short-term risk of stroke and related death was twice as high in some cases for patients whose diseased arteries were widened via balloon angioplasty and stent insertion, compared with patients who received medical therapy alone.

When that shoulder aches too much to move
Adhesive capsulitis, sometimes described as

Cellular metabolism self-adapts to protect against free radicals
Feedback mechanism coordinates cellular respiration and the degradation of free oxygen radicals.

Biological agents for rheumatoid arthritis associated with increased skin cancer risk
Biological agents used to treat rheumatoid arthritis seem to be associated with an increased risk of skin cancer, indicates a systematic review of published research in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

Intoxication important in determining when some men commit sexual aggression
A new review article published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Review assesses the extent to which alcohol plays a causal role in sexual assault perpetration.

Expert calls for change in trans fat labelling
Not all trans fats are created equal and it's time for nutritional labels to reflect that reality, says a University of Alberta nutrition expert.

Evolution's past is modern human's present
That seems to be the takeaway from new research that concludes

Scientists create mammalian cells with single chromosome set
Researchers have created mammalian cells containing a single set of chromosomes for the first time in research funded by the Wellcome Trust and EMBO.

Where does all the gold come from?
Ultra high precision analyses of some of the oldest rock samples on Earth by researchers at the University of Bristol provides clear evidence that the planet's accessible reserves of precious metals are the result of a bombardment of meteorites more than 200 million years after the Earth was formed.

Minority ethnic patients not satisfied with NHS primary care
Minority ethnic patients are not satisfied with NHS primary care services, despite the fact that they are using a national healthcare system that is supposed to be providing universal coverage, reveals research published online in BMJ Quality & Safety.

Study points to strategy for overcoming resistance to targeted cancer drug
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute researchers have discovered a pair of backup circuits in cancer cells that enable the cells to dodge the effect of cetuximab.

First global portrait of greenhouse gases emerges from pole-to-pole flights
A three-year series of research flights from the Arctic to the Antarctic has produced an unprecedented portrait of greenhouse gases.

$100,000 gift will enhance undergraduate education at the University of Missouri
The University of Missouri has received a $100,000 grant from the Monsanto Company to support student research in the plant sciences.

First US patient receives specially processed donor lungs at the University of Maryland
Surgeons at the University of Maryland Medical Center have transplanted the first lungs treated in the United States with an experimental repair process before transplantation, to evaluate the efficacy of repairing lungs that might otherwise have been passed over as unsuitable for organ donation.

Parents' behavior linked to kids' videogame playing
Children who think their parents are poor monitors or nag a lot tend to play video games more than other kids, according to a study by Michigan State University researchers.

Study links drinking pattern to alcohol's effect on heart health
New research shows that patterns of alcohol consumption - a drink or two every night, or several cocktails on Friday and Saturday nights only - may be more important in determining alcohol's influence on heart health than the total amount consumed.

Flaxseed no help for hot flashes during breast cancer or menopause, study finds
A study by Mayo Clinic physician and North Central Cancer Treatment Group (NCCTG) researcher Sandhya Pruthi, M.D., and colleagues found that flaxseed provided no benefit in easing hot flashes among breast cancer patients and postmenopausal women.

UM Gonzalez-Guarda wins grant from Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda, Ph.D., R.N., an assistant professor at the University of Miami, School of Nursing & Health Studies, has won a competitive grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) to develop, manualize, and test an intervention for preventing teen dating violence among Hispanics.

China's plant resources need additional protections
China's protected areas are poorly sited and fail to adequately conserve the country's vast wealth of plant species, many of them endemic, according to an article in BioScience.

'TF beacons' may light path to new cancer tests and drugs
Scientists are reporting development of a long-sought new way to detect the activity of proteins that bind to the DNA in genes, often controlling the activity of genes in ways that make cells do everything from growing normally to becoming cancerous.

Innovative superconductor fibers carry 40 times more electricity
Dr. Boaz Almog and Mishael Azoulay of Tel Aviv University have developed superconducting wires made of single sapphire crystals that can be used in high-powered cables.

World's largest fusion experiment back in operation
After an 18-month shutdown to upgrade the machine and four months of commissioning, the Joint European Torus (JET), the world's largest magnetic fusion device, is ready to start new experiments.

Stroke prevention trial finds intensive medical treatment has better results than brain stenting
Patients at a high risk for a second stroke who received intensive medical treatment had fewer strokes and deaths than patients who received a brain stent in addition to the medical treatment, a large nationwide clinical trial has shown.

UC San Diego invention saving consumers trillions of watt hours and millions of dollars
A University of California, San Diego, technology that significantly reduces the amount of energy wasted by chips in computers, mobile phones and other electronic devices has recently passed the trillion watt-hour milestone in energy savings, according to the technology's current licensee, Tela Innovations.

Running backs take hardest hits to the head, linemen take the most
Researchers gathered data on the frequency, direction, and magnitude of head impacts from players who wore sensor-equipped helmets during three football seasons at Brown University, Dartmouth College, and Virginia Tech.

Lee's remnants continue to drench the Eastern US
Remnants from Tropical Storm Lee's clouds remain painfully out of reach of Texas, that needs the rain to battle several wildfires.

October 2011 Geology highlights
Topics in the October GEOLOGY include the mineralogical findings that indicate the possibility of water on Mars as recently as 2-2.5 billion years ago, instead of 4 billion years ago as previously believed; study of the 1944 Tonankai (M8.2) earthquake area by Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Nankai Trough Seismogenic Zone Experiment (NanTroSEIZE) Expedition 316; and new EarthScope Project seismic observations in the US Basin and Range province.

Rice researchers power line-voltage light bulb with nanotube wire
Cables made of carbon nanotubes are inching toward electrical conductivities seen in metal wires, and that may light up interest among a range of industries, according to Rice University researchers.

Intensive medical therapy more effective than stenting for preventing a second stroke
Patients at a high risk for a second stroke who received intensive medical treatment had fewer strokes and deaths than patients who received a brain stent in addition to the medical treatment, a large nationwide clinical trial has shown.

Deep-sea fish in deep trouble
A team of leading marine scientists from around the world is recommending an end to most commercial fishing in the deep sea.

CU-Boulder space instrument observes new characteristics of solar flares
NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, which is carrying a suite of instruments including a $32 million University of Colorado Boulder package, has provided scientists with new information that energy from some solar flares is stronger and lasts longer than previously thought.

Games for Health Industry Insider: New, innovative newsletter delivers timely industry news for the burgeoning field of health games
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers announces the launch of Games for Health Industry Insider, a new bi-weekly electronic newsletter offering up-to-the-minute industry news on health games--an emerging and increasingly adopted resource for healthcare.

Seeing isn't believing
Pay attention! It's a universal warning, which implies that keeping close watch helps us perceive the world more accurately.

A scientific 'go' for commercial production of vitamin-D enhanced mushrooms
A new commercial processing technology is suitable for boosting the vitamin D content of mushrooms and has no adverse effects on other nutrients in those tasty delicacies, the first study on the topic has concluded.

USC scientists identify key protein linked to acute liver failure
Research shows that inhibition of Sab protein prevents liver damage associated with acetaminophen overdose Results suggest that inhibition of Sab protein can protect against various types of cellular death in any organ

Sensory experience and rest control survival of newborn neurons in adults
Now, new research published by Cell Press in the September 8 issue of the journal Neuron reveals that both olfactory experience during feeding and a subsequent period of rest contribute to both the likelihood that a new olfactory neuron will escape elimination and be incorporated into existing circuitry.

UA Space Systems engineer, Moon Express Eye $30 million Google Lunar X Prize
The research of University of Arizona space systems engineer Roberto Furfaro includes work with Moon Express, a privately funded lunar transportation company planning a pinpoint landing on the earth moon in 2014, giving it an excellent chance of winning the $30 million Google Lunar X Prize.

Researchers Discuss Challenges to Developing Broadly Protective HIV Vaccines
The human body can produce powerful antibodies that shield cells in the laboratory against infection by an array of HIV strains.

New record for measurement of atomic lifetime
Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute have measured the lifetime of an extremely stable energy level of magnesium atoms with great precision.

Researchers publish study on neuronal RNA targeting
SUNY Downstate scientist Ilham Muslimov, MD, PhD, along with senior author Henri Tiedge, PhD, professor of physiology and pharmacology and of neurology, published a study suggesting that cellular dysregulation associated with certain neurodegenerative disorders may result from molecular competition in neuronal RNA transport pathways.

Global fight against non-communicable diseases should take lessons from HIV-AIDS
Valuable lessons from the global commitment to fight HIV/AIDS over the past three decades should inspire a new worldwide effort to confront the epidemic of non-communicable diseases, say Emory public health leaders.

Equilibrium in the brain
Every second, the brain's nerve cells exchange many billions of synaptic impulses.

Boom in fracking for oil and gas recovery sparks new technology
With a technology called

Harvard School of Public Health awarded $12 million grant to improve global maternal health
A new three-year, $12 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation will support a Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) effort to significantly improve maternal health in developing countries.

Study reveals that nation's national forests can provide public health benefits
Each year, more than 170 million people visit national forests for recreation.

Aerobic exercise may reduce the risk of dementia, Mayo Clinic researchers say
Any exercise that gets the heart pumping may reduce the risk of dementia and slow the condition's progression once it starts, reported a Mayo Clinic study published this month in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

NJIT professor working with graphene, carbon nanotubes to receive honor
What do brilliantly colored glass, advanced batteries, and innovative technology for the regulation of brain functions have in common?

Helicopter parents can impede child's ability to play
Parental safety concerns may prevent children from getting good exercise, according to a new North Carolina State University study that examined how families use neighborhood parks.

Evidence for a persistently iron-rich ocean changes views on Earth's early history
University of California, Riverside researchers report that the ancient deep ocean was not only devoid of oxygen but also rich in iron, a key biological nutrient, for nearly a billion years longer than previously thought--right through a key evolutionary interval that culminated in the first rise of animals.

NIH stroke prevention trial has immediate implications for clinical practice
Patients at a high risk for a second stroke who received intensive medical treatment had fewer strokes and deaths than patients who received a brain stent in addition to the medical treatment, a large nationwide clinical trial has shown.

Liquor store density linked to youth homicides
Violent crime could be reduced significantly if policymakers at the local level limit the number of neighborhood liquor stores and ban the sale of single-serve containers of alcoholic beverages, according to separate studies led by University of California, Riverside researchers.

A chaperone for the 'guardian of the genome'
The protein p53 plays an essential role in the prevention of cancer by initiating the controlled death of a cell with damaged genes which is in danger to transform into a cancerous cell.

King crabs threaten seafloor life near Antarctica
King crabs and other crushing predators are thought to have been absent from cold Antarctic shelf waters for millions of years.

UMass Amherst entomologists begin to control winter moth infestation in eastern Massachusetts
A six-year campaign to control invasive winter moths with a natural parasite led by entomologist Joe Elkinton of the University of Massachusetts Amherst now has concrete evidence that a parasitic fly, Cyzenis albicans, has been established and is attacking the pest at four sites in Seekonk, Hingham, Falmouth and Wellesley.

Hasbro Children's Hospital now part of nation's first federally- funded pediatric research network
The emergency medicine department at Hasbro Children's Hospital has received a grant that will support its participation in the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN).

Computer-aided design used for breast tissue reconstruction
A technology usually reserved for designing buildings, bridges and aircraft has now been used to aid breast tissue reconstruction in cancer patients.

WPI to help lead a study tackling the lofty challenges of fighting fires in high-rises
A new study funded by the US Department of Homeland Security and the Federal Emergency Management Agency aims to answer questions stemming from Sept.

Commercial weight loss programme (Weight Watchers) shown to be effective
New research published Online First by The Lancet shows that adults referred to a commercial weight loss program (Weight Watchers) lose around twice as much weight as people receiving standard care over 12 months.

'Dirty' wild mice may be more relevant immunology model
Like humans, mice that live in their natural habitat encounter bacteria and other pathogens that exercise their immune system, yet lab mice typically used in immunology studies are raised in isolation from most diseases.

Inflammatory mediator enhances plaque formation in Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder that causes progressive cognitive impairment and memory loss.

UCSF, UC Merced to study effectiveness of anti-tobacco programs
Researchers with the University of California, San Francisco and the University of California, Merced will examine the effectiveness of state and local anti-smoking programs across the United States to ensure that health authorities are able to use their increasingly limited resources to support and defend the most effective approaches.

Scripps research scientists find clue to cause of childhood hydrocephalus
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have found what may be a major cause of congenital hydrocephalus, one of the most common neurological disorders of childhood that produces mental debilitation and sometimes death in premature and newborn children.

New 'bouncer' molecule halts rheumatoid arthritis
Northwestern researchers have discovered why immune cells of people with rheumatoid arthritis become hyperactive and attack the joints and bones.
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