Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 09, 2011
Diamondback moth host-parasite interaction unraveled
In a new article published in the open-access journal BMC Genomics, researchers from Australia have identified the genes expressed when the diamondback moth is attacked by a parasitic wasp, which could have significant implications for controlling this notorious pest.

Guidebook: 201 Careers in Nursing
If you want to travel the high seas, work as a crime scene investigator, hike through rugged and remote areas, or even serve as an expert witness, then a career in nursing may be for you, according to the Case Western Reserve University co-author of

Lithosphere highlights: New research posted Sept. 2
Highlights for Lithosphere articles published online Sept. 2, 2011, are provided below.

$13-million NSF center to explore new ways to manipulate light at the nanoscale
A new $13-million National Science Foundation center based at the University of Michigan will develop high-tech materials that manipulate light in new ways.

Media invited: AVS 58th International Symposium and Exhibition
Fading paintings; reversible adhesives; tenaciously clinging barnacles; and surfaces that rub but don't wear are just some of the intriguing topics that will be presented at the AVS 58th International Symposium & Exhibition, Oct.

Birth control pills affect memory, UCI researchers find
Women who use contraceptives like birth control pills experience memory changes, according to new UC Irvine research.

Study finds hospitals of last resort deliver lower quality of lung cancer care
A new study finds that patients treated in hospitals that care for a high percentage of uninsured and Medicaid-insured patients were significantly less likely to undergo surgery that was intended to cure the cancer.

Fewer than 3 doses of cervical cancer vaccine effective
Fewer than three doses of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine Cervarix may be just as effective as the standard three-dose regimen when it comes to preventive measures against cervical cancer, according to a new study published Sept.

Local government, homeowners paying price for non-native forest insects
Non-native, wood-boring insects such as the emerald ash borer and the Asian longhorned beetle are costing an estimated $1.7 billion in local government expenditures and approximately $830 million in lost residential property values every year, according to study by a research team that included scientists with the U.S.

NASA's Aqua satellite sees 3 in 1: Tropical storms Nate, Lee, fires
Tropical Storm Nate is perched to make landfall in Mexico this weekend, and warnings are in effect.

Tropical Storm Maria's 'West Side Story' to the Caribbean
Tropical Storm Maria is making her own

Wireless health start-up is first to 'graduate' from UCLA's on-campus technology incubator
MediSens Wireless, a startup company at the UCLA/CNSI Technology Incubator has received funding from a strategic investor in the greater Los Angeles area enabling the young company to set up its own base of operations in Northern California.

Using 61 years of tropical storm data, scientists uncover landfall threat probabilities
Scientists at the University of Miami have found an intriguing relationship between hurricane tracks and climate variability using data from the Atlantic gathered between 1950-2010, unlocking some noteworthy results.

Can scientists look at next year's climate?
Is it possible to make valid climate predictions that go beyond weeks, months, even a year?

NASA satellite rainmap shows extent of Tropical Storm Lee's heavy rainfall
NASA has a rain gauge flying in space called TRMM, and data from that satellite has been used to create a map of the massive rainfall generated by landfalling Tropical Storm Lee.

GSA Bulletin highlights: New research posted Sept. 2, 2011
Highlights for GSA Bulletin articles published online Sept. 2, 2011 include:

Changes to distribution of livers for transplant proposed
Transplantation specialists have proposed changes to the allocation and distribution of organs used for liver transplants.

Hormone predicts which kidney patients might die early
The blood levels of a particular hormone can help predict which kidney disease patients will develop heart problems, need dialysis, and die prematurely, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology.

IAA 2011: Reducing costs of electric vehicle batteries
Costs of manufacture of batteries and power trains of electric vehicles can be halved by 2018, if gaps in the innovation chain can be closed.

2 months of free access to the Cochrane Library for Taiwan
Taiwan residents will receive free access to the Cochrane Library in August and September 2011, in collaboration with the Taiwan Evidence Based Medicine Association at their Annual Conference in September, where Dr.

Rebalancing the nuclear debate through education
Better physics teaching with a particular emphasis on radioactivity and radiation science could improve public awareness through education of the environmental benefits and relative safety of nuclear power generation, according to leading Brazilian scientist Heldio Villar.

New twist in diabetes drugs could reduce life-threatening side effects
Researchers from Dana-Farber and the Scripps Research Institute in Jupiter, Fla., have created prototype drugs that have powerful anti-diabetic effects and are free of dangerous side effects plaguing some current diabetes medications.

Novel approach scores first success against elusive cancer gene
Dana-Farber researchers successfully disrupted the function of the gene MYC by tampering with the gene's

Recovering historical weather data
At the ACRE (Atmospheric Circulation Reconstruction over the Earth) annual workshop in the Netherlands, international climate scientists will present a series of talks about how historic weather data -- culled from 100-year-old ship logs and the notebooks of historic weather observers -- are critical for understanding Earth's future climate as well as its past.

Pew Health Group to testify on US drug safety
Pew Health Group's Allan Coukell testifying before Senate hearing about need for Congressional action to ensure the safety of the US drug supply.

Researchers predict extreme summertime temperatures to become a regular occurrence
In an article in the current issue of the journal Climate Change Letters, Boston University researchers have estimated the impact near-term increases in global-mean temperatures will have on summertime temperatures in the US and around the globe.

Motives matter: Why we volunteer has an impact on our health
People who give, live longer, studies have shown. Now, a new study shows that why people volunteer -- not whether they volunteer -- is what really counts.

Children better witnesses than previously thought
Children are more reliable eyewitnesses than had previously been thought, according to witness psychologist Gunilla Fredin at Lund University in Sweden.

Researchers find hormone that predicts premature death in kidney patients
Researchers at the University of Colorado School of Medicine have discovered a hormone that can predict early death in kidney patients.

When race, religion and democracy collide
From the events of Sept. 11 nearly 10 years ago to the recent acts of terrorism in Norway, race, religion and democracy continue to collide in tragic ways.

Body clock found to regulate platelet function
Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital have demonstrated that the circadian system, the body's internal clock, regulates human platelet function and causes a peak in platelet activation corresponding to the known morning peak in adverse cardiovascular events.

Louisville researcher awarded $12.8 million NIH grant renewal for adult stem cell project
At the time when Dr. Roberto Bolli received word that he was awarded a $12.8 million grant renewal from the National Institutes of Health for one research project, five patients in another of his clinical trials have reached the successful endpoint of their participation.

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers use new tool to counter multiple myeloma drug resistance
Moffitt Cancer Center researchers, and colleagues, are pioneering promising research utilizing a monitoring technology that could provide a better understanding of acquired drug resistance and assist in clinical decision-making for developing individualized patient treatments for multiple myeloma.

$21.5 million for materials research at the University of Utah
The University of Utah is launching a six-year, $21.5 million effort to conduct basic research aimed at developing new materials for uses ranging from faster computers and communications devices to better microscopes and solar cells.

Fermi's latest gamma-ray census highlights cosmic mysteries
Earlier this year, the Fermi team released its second catalog of sources detected by the satellite's Large Area Telescope, producing an inventory of 1,873 objects shining with the highest-energy form of light.

Regional differences in the care of acute stroke patients
Considerable regional differences exist in the treatment of patients with acute cerebral infarction.

Groundbreaking DNA tests could trap deer poachers
Human DNA found on deer remains could help to track down poachers.

Wayne State University researcher to study spinal muscular atrophy
Graham Parker, Ph.D., assistant professor of research in the Department of Pediatrics at Wayne State University's School of Medicine, was awarded $418,000 from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke of the National Institutes of Health to study how a particular gene might be involved in the progression of spinal muscular atrophy -- the number one genetic killer of children younger than 2 years old.

Microbes travel through the air; it would be good to know how and where
Preliminary research on Fusarium, a group of fungi that includes devastating pathogens of plants and animals, shows how these microbes travel through the air.

Cotton's potential for padding nonwovens
US Department of Agriculture scientists have conducted studies to investigate the use of virgin cotton in nonwoven materials and products.

Biology, crop injury, and management of thrips in cotton seedlings
A new, open-access article in the Journal of Integrated Pest Management provides a brief summary of the various species of thrips present in US cotton, their plant host range and injury to cotton, a general description of thrips biology, and management practices currently available to growers.

Emotional impact of 9/11 attacks seen in brain's response to negative visual images
In the wake of the 10th anniversary of the Sept.

Whole-parasite malaria vaccine shows promise in University of Maryland School of Medicine clinical trial
For the first time, a malaria vaccine that uses the entire parasite has proven safe and shown promise to produce a strong immune response in a clinical trial, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.

Rhythm is it
Electrical signals regulate the rhythmic contractions of the heart muscle and thus control heartbeat.

Taming light
Physicists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics and LMU Munich have generated for the first time

Medical and patient communities call for urgent action to prevent stroke crisis in Latin America
Urgent coordinated action from national governments, medical societies and patient organizations is needed to avoid a public health crisis resulting from the tide of preventable strokes that leave many people with atrial fibrillation mentally and physically disabled or dead, every year.

Invasive forest insects cost homeowners, taxpayers billions
Homeowners and taxpayers are picking up most of the tab for damages caused by invasive tree-feeding insects that are inadvertently imported along with packing materials, live plants, and other goods.

Early motor experiences give infants a social jump start
In a new study published today in the journal Developmental Science (Epub ahead of print), researchers from the Kennedy Krieger Institute and Vanderbilt University found that early motor experiences can shape infants' preferences for objects and faces.

BMC awarded NIH grant to study brain abnormalities in former ELGANS patients
Researchers and clinicians from Boston Medical Center (BMC) have been awarded a four year, more than $13 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to study neurological and brain abnormalities in former extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANS).

Researchers find high levels of toxic PCBs in Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal
University of Iowa researchers have found high levels of toxic polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the deep sediments lining the Indiana Harbor and Ship Canal (IHSC) in East Chicago, Ind.

Homeowners, taxpayers pay billions to fight invasive pests
Homeowners and taxpayers are picking up most of the tab for damage caused by invasive tree-feeding insects that hide in packing materials, live plants and other goods imported from countries into the United States every year.

Research on US nuclear levels after Fukushima could aid in future nuclear detection
What do increased atmospheric radioactivity concentrations in Washington state tell us about what happened in the Fukushima nuclear disaster?
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