Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 12, 2011
Allowing part-time surgeons may help address workforce shortage
More part-time employment for surgeons, particularly retiring older male or young female surgeons taking time off for their families, may considerably reduce the surgeon shortage in the United States by 2030, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

Mayo Clinic creates healthy aging and independent living lab
The Mayo Clinic Center for Innovation announced today that Best Buy is the founding consortium member of a new

Countdown begins for launch of Navy communications satellite
The Navy began counting down the final days to a Sept.

First proof in patients of an improved 'magic bullet' for cancer detection and radio-therapy
Oncologists have long sought a powerful

Women who inherit BRCA gene mutations develop cancer earlier than their ancestors
A new analysis has found that women who develop certain hereditary cancers develop them at earlier ages than women in the previous generation.

Cardiovascular implantable electronic device-related infections linked with increased risk of death
An association has been found between infection associated with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) and increases in mortality and hospital care costs, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

New method could help prevent osteoarthritis
A new method is set to help doctors diagnose osteoarthritis at such an early stage that it will be possible to delay the progression of the disease by many years, or maybe even stop it entirely.

Cardiovascular drug may offer new treatment for some difficult types of leukemia
A drug now prescribed for cardiovascular problems could become a new tool in physicians' arsenals to attack certain types of leukemia that so far have evaded effective treatments, researchers say.

Key signal that prompts production of insulin-producing beta cells points way toward diabetes cure
Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have identified the key signal that prompts production of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas -- a breakthrough discovery that may ultimately help researchers find ways to restore or increase beta cell function in people with type 1 diabetes.

Primary component in turmeric kicks off cancer-killing mechanisms in human saliva
Curcumin, the main component in the spice turmeric, suppresses a cell signaling pathway that drives the growth of head and neck cancer, according to a pilot study using human saliva by researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Pressure for positive results puts science under threat, study shows
Scientific research may be in decline across the globe because of growing pressures to report only positive results, new analysis suggests.

The risk of suffering from insomnia is 67 percent higher if a family member is insomniac
A study presented today by Université Laval researchers at the 4th World Congress on Sleep Medicine currently underway in Quebec City revealed that the risk of insomnia is 67 percent higher in people from families in which at least one member is an insomniac.

University of Houston to test local buses for fuel efficiency
The University of Houston's Texas Diesel Testing & Research Center will test a number of diesel-electric hybrid buses for fuel efficiency.

New species of ancient predatory fish discovered
The Academy of Natural Sciences today announced the discovery of a new species of large predatory fish that prowled ancient North American waterways during the Devonian Period, before backboned animals existed on land.

Researchers discover blood proteins associated with early development of lung cancer
A research team led by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has discovered proteins in the blood that are associated with early lung cancer development in mice and humans.

Evolution keeps sex determination flexible
There are many old wives' tales about what determines a baby's sex, yet it is the tight controls at the gene level that determine an organism's sex in most species.

Astronomers find extreme weather on an alien world
A University of Toronto-led team of astronomers has observed extreme brightness changes on a nearby brown dwarf that may indicate a storm grander than any seen yet on a planet.

Innovating to improve women and children's health
For less than $100, poor, pregnant women in India can now give birth in a private hospital focusing on low-income families, with comparable quality to expensive, private ones.

Flu vaccines for nursing home workers effective in reducing outbreaks: study
Higher flu vaccination rates for health care personnel can dramatically reduce the threat of flu outbreak among nursing home residents, according to a study published in the October issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.

Manipulative mothers subdue show-off sons
The gaudy plumage and acrobatic displays of birds of paradise are a striking example of sexual selection, Charles Darwin's second great theory of evolution.

AACR to host second Frontiers in Basic Cancer Research Conference
The American Association for Cancer Research will host its Second AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Basic Cancer Research at the InterContinental San Francisco Hotel from Sept.

Blacks develop high blood pressure one year faster than whites
Blacks at risk of having high blood pressure develop the condition one year before whites and have a 35 percent greater chance of progressing from pre-hypertension to high blood pressure.

Stimulation of female genital regions produces strong activation of various brain sites
A new study published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine reveals that for the first time, stimulation of the vagina, cervix or clitoris was shown to activate three separate and distinct sites in the sensory cortex.

Cosmic Heritage - Evolution from the Big Bang to Conscious Life
While many books focus on a narrow window of evolution science,

Gene linked with death after coronary bypass surgery
Duke University Medical Center researchers have found a genetic variant that seems to be associated with lower five-year survival after a coronary artery bypass.

Lung cancer signatures in blood samples may aid in early detection
Now, a new study published by Cell Press in the Sept.

Reduce health care spending in socially and fiscally responsible manner, ACP to Congress
Recommendations to reduce federal health care spending in a socially and fiscally responsible manner today were made in a letter to the Congressional Joint Committee on Deficit Reduction from the American College of Physicians.

Leopoldina Symposium focuses on human rights violations in sciences and humanities
The second Human Rights and Science symposium of the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina was held in Strasbourg.

Physicist detects movement of macromolecules engineered into our food
Toxin proteins are genetically engineered into our food because they kill insects by perforating body cell walls, and Professor Rikard Blunck of the University of Montreal's Group for the study of membrane proteins (GÉPROM) has detected the molecular mechanism involved.

X-ray protein probe leads to potential anticancer tactic
Researchers at Emory University School of Medicine have identified a new type of potential anticancer drug.

Sugar-free polyol gum, lozenges, hard candy; Nonfluoride varnishes help prevent cavities
A multi-disciplinary expert panel, convened by the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs, issued a report this month containing clinical recommendations that sugar-free chewing gum, lozenges and hard candy including xylitol or polyol combinations, and a prescription varnish with chlorhexidine and thymol could be beneficial in preventing cavities when used as adjuncts to a comprehensive cavity prevention program which includes the use of fluoride-containing products.

The Finnish Meteorological Institute studies air quality in Santiago de Chile
Through a project launched in August, the Finnish Meteorological Institute is participating in the work of two new measurement stations for air quality established in Santiago de Chile.

U.S. public may not be aware of important uncertainties about drug benefits and harms
Many U.S. adults believe that only extremely effective drugs without serious adverse effects are approved, but providing explanations to patients highlighting uncertainties about drug benefits may affect their choices, according to a report in the Sept. issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Making 1 into 2 -- first German genome comprehensively resolved at its molecular level
Max Planck researchers analyze the two chromosome sets in the human genome separately for the first time.

Bursting neurons follow the same beat, sometimes
Researchers have created a mathematical model that captures the intermittent nature of synchronization in neural networks, lending insight into the mechanisms behind diseases such as Parkinson's.

Treatment of CV risk factors appears to improve sexual function in men with erectile dysfunction
Lifestyle modifications and pharmaceutical treatment of risk factors for cardiovascular disease are associated with improvement in sexual function among men with erectile dysfunction (ED), according to a meta-analysis posted online first today in Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Producer responsibility solution to electronic waste in developing countries
How can legislation be used to avoid hazardous waste being dumped where it could poison people and the environment in developing countries?

Ferroelectrics could pave way for ultra-low power computing
UC Berkeley engineers have shown that it is possible to reduce the minimum voltage necessary to store charge in a capacitor, an achievement that could reduce the power draw and heat generation of today's electronics.

Major grant from the National Science Foundation will sustain UCSB materials research through 2017
The Materials Research Laboratory at UC Santa Barbara: an NSF MRSEC has received nearly $20 million in renewed support from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to carry out distinctive research and education programs over the next six years.

Research offers means to detoxify mycotoxin-contaminated grain intended for ethanol, animal feed
Using barley as the raw material for ethanol production results in an additional product -- dried grains for animal feed.

Is smartphone technology the future of US elections?
With more and more Americans upgrading to smartphones, and as smartphone capabilities continue to improve, even the US government is considering innovative ways to harness this advancing technology.

Association found between long-term use of nonaspirin anti-inflammatory drugs and renal cell cancer
Long-term use of nonaspirin anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is associated with an increased risk of renal cell cancer (RCC), according to a report in the Sept. issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Oil and gas operations in the Gulf of Mexico claim 139 lives in helicopter crashes
A new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy finds that helicopters that service the drilling platforms and vessels in the Gulf of Mexico crash on average more than six times per year resulting in an average of five deaths per year.

Costs, mortality skyrocket following infection in cardiac device recipients
A new study of more than 200,000 Medicare beneficiaries receiving pacemaker and defibrillator implantations finds that infections following cardiac device implantations or replacement result in extremely high costs, both financially and in terms of patient mortality, even months after affected patients return home.

MSU sustainability scientists suggest how countries can cooperate on climate
In a commentary in the early edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Thomas Dietz and Jinhua Zhao suggest using game theory and a scalable method of rewards and punishments (called linear compensation) to help develop strategies that encourage all nations to participation fully in greenhouse gas mitigation programs.

'Oscar Madison' approach to solar cells may outshine 'Felix Unger' design
Sometimes neatness may not be necessary. Researchers have demonstrated that a tangled coating of randomly positioned nanowires can increase solar cell efficiency by absorbing more light.

Parabolic mirrors concentrate sunlight to power lasers
Borrowing from modern telescope design, researchers have proposed a way to concentrate sunlight to ramp up laser efficiency.

NYU, U. of Arizona to study causes behind suicide risk for LGBT youth
Researchers at New York University and the University of Arizona will study the causes behind suicide risk for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth over a three-year period.

'Clumps' of opportunities for cutting edge science
Univ. of Miami has installed a Stable Isotope Mass Spectrometer that allows scientists to

Novel drug combination offers therapeutic promise for hard-to-treat cancers
Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital have identified a new combination of targeted therapies that, together, may treat two aggressive tumor types that until now have not had effective treatments.

Study evaluates intranasal insulin therapy for adults with mild cognitive impairment or Alzheimer's
Intranasal insulin therapy appears to provide some benefit for cognitive function in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer disease, according to a report published Online First today by Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Predicting women's long-term health based on pregnancy outcomes
George R. Saade, M.D., president of the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine and professor of obstetrics and gynecology at The University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, Texas, gave a compelling presentation to SMFM members on the links between pregnancy outcomes and women's long-term health.

Brain cell transplants win Fernström Prize
This year's Fernström Foundation Nordic Prize, with prize money of SEK 1 million, goes to Professor Anders Björklund from Lund University, Sweden.

Day/night cycle even more important to life than previously suspected
Rhythmic gene expression in intertidal mussels turns out to be driven more by the circadian cycle than the tidal cycle.

Raising a child doesn't take a village, U-M research shows
It doesn't take a village to raise a child after all, according to University of Michigan research.

Proteins could help women avoid thyroid surgery
Dr. Paul Weinberger at Georgia Health Sciences University is looking for blood-based biomarkers that will make thyroid cancer diagnosis as simple and accurate as checking for high cholesterol.

Psoriasis patients face higher than average death risk after a heart attack
Heart attack patients with psoriasis are 26 percent more likely to die from cardiovascular disease, or suffer from recurrent heart attacks or strokes, and are 18 percent more likely to die from all causes than those without the inflammatory skin disease.

New world record for Danish nano researchers
Researchers at the Nano-Science Center at the University of Copenhagen have recently moved a big step closer to understanding chemical processes.

Confronting meaninglessness
You've just finished an amazing dinner at your favorite restaurant and you are ready to put on your comfy pajamas and slip into sweet slumber.

Fast-paced, fantastical television shows may compromise learning, behavior of young children
Young children who watch fast-paced, fantastical television shows may become handicapped in their readiness for learning, according to a new University of Virginia study published in the October issue of the journal Pediatrics.

1 in 5 Canadians has metabolic syndrome
Approximately one in five Canadians has metabolic syndrome -- a combination of risk factors for diabetes and heart disease -- according to a study in CMAJ.

Spin pumping effect proven for the first time
Bochum's physicists have demonstrated the spin pumping effect in magnetic layers for the first time experimentally.

Honduran earthquake of 2009 destroyed half of coral reefs of Belizean Barrier Reef lagoon
Earth's coral reefs have not been faring well in recent decades, facing multiple threats from pollution, disease, elevated water temperatures, and overfishing.

Breast cancer patients with BRCA gene diagnosed almost 8 years earlier than generation before
Women with a deleterious gene mutation are diagnosed with breast cancer almost eight years earlier than relatives of the previous generation who also had the disease and/or ovarian cancer, according to new research from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

BVES butts heads with colorectal cancer
Once a cancer gains the ability to invade local tissues and spread to a distant site it becomes much harder to treat.

von Kaven Award 2011 for Christian Sevenheck
DFG honors mathematician from Mannheim for research on complex algebraic geometry and singularity theory.

September/October 2011 Annals of Family Medicine Tip Sheet
This tip sheet offers synopses of original research and opinion pieces published in the September/October 2011 Annals of Family Medicine REsearch Journal.

Graphene may open the gate to future terahertz technologies
Nestled between radio waves and infrared light is the terahertz (THz) portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.

High medical costs decrease 28 percent after 5 years of Transcendental Meditation practice
According to a study published this week in the September/October 2011 issue of the American Journal of Health Promotion (Vol.

Nuclear detector
Northwestern University scientists have developed new materials that can detect hard radiation, a very difficult thing to do.

Social contacts, self-confidence crucial to successful recovery through Alcoholics Anonymous
Among the many ways that participation in Alcoholics Anonymous helps its members stay sober, two appear to be most important -- spending more time with individuals who support efforts towards sobriety and increased confidence in the ability to maintain abstinence in social situations.

Bigger is better in pension funds, Rotman researchers find
The health of the pension system is front page news in countries around the world with an ongoing debate on required contribution rates or minimum retirement ages.

Health fears over CO2 storage are unfounded, study shows
Capturing CO2 from power stations and storing it deep underground carries no significant threat to human health, despite recently voiced fears that it might, a study has shown.

University of Texas professor wins first IEEE Computer Society B. Ramakrishna Rau Award
Yale N. Patt, an electrical and computer engineering professor at the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin, has been selected as the recipient of the inaugural IEEE Computer Society B.

Rice, UW win $2 million grant for synthetic biology research
Sometimes it's good to start with a clean slate. That's the idea behind a new $2 million research program funded by the National Science Foundation that aims to push the boundaries of synthetic biology by modifying run-of-the-mill bacteria with sophisticated genetic circuits.

'Trojan Horse' particle sneaks chemotherapy in to kill ovarian cancer cells
A common chemotherapy drug has been successfully delivered to cancer cells inside tiny microparticles using a method inspired by our knowledge of how the human immune system works.

SDSC, SDSU receive NSF grant to expand computer science curriculum
The San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) and San Diego State University (SDSU), have received National Science Foundation (NSF) grants to jointly expand the computer sciences curriculum among San Diego's high schools, community colleges, and universities.

MIT: In plane view
A team led by MIT's John Hansman has created a new tool that analyzes black-box data for flight anomalies.

Researchers focus on secondary stroke prevention after study reveals room for improvement
A year after hospital discharge, the majority of stroke patients are listening to doctor's orders when it comes to taking their prescribed secondary stroke prevention medications, new data out of Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center shows.

Team finds stable RNA nano-scaffold within virus core
With the discovery of a RNA nano-scaffold that remains unusually stable in the body, researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) have overcome another barrier to the development of therapeutic RNA nanotechnology.

Exercise endeavor in outer space: Kansas State University research leads to new discoveries for NASA
Using an obstacle course of lunar tasks, a Kansas State University research team is trying to develop a way to measure astronauts' physical capacities and keep them safe in space.

Center for Sustainable Materials Chemistry gets Phase 2 NSF grant
A collaborative Oregon State University-University of Oregon Center for Sustainable Materials Chemistry, born under a National Science Foundation grant in 2008, is moving into a second phase under a new five-year, $20 million grant.

New supercomputer to boost Rensselaer leadership in high-performance computing
A new system to be installed at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute supercomputing center will enable exciting new research possibilities across the nation and boost the university's international leadership in computational modeling and simulation, data science, high-performance computing, and web science.

Brookhaven Lab and Meadowbrook Partners Inc. become a mentor-protege team
Brookhaven Science Associates, the company that manages Brookhaven National Laboratory for the US Department of Energy, has signed a four-year mentor-protégé agreement with Meadowbrook Partners, Inc. to develop business opportunities for a tracer technology that measures air quality and flow.

Gene therapy kills breast cancer stem cells, boosts chemotherapy
Selectively expressing a cell-killing gene in tumors controls breast cancer stem cells, researchers at MD Anderson report in Cancer Cell.

USDA scientists use commercial enzyme to improve grain ethanol production
A commercial enzyme could reduce overall costs linked with producing ethanol from grain, and also reduce associated emissions of greenhouse gases, according to a study by US Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists and colleagues.

Tinnitus discovery could lead to new ways to stop the ringing
People with tinnitus -- a constant ringing or buzzing in the ears -- can take heart from a new study by UC Berkeley neuroscientists that points to several new strategies for alleviating the problem.

50 new exoplanets discovered by HARPS
Astronomers using ESO's world-leading exoplanet hunter HARPS have today announced a rich haul of more than 50 new exoplanets, including 16 super-Earths, one of which orbits at the edge of the habitable zone of its star.

Freeze and desist: Disabling cardiac cells that can cause arrhythmia
Many patients are responding to a new, minimally invasive way of treating irregular heartbeats by freezing out the bad cells.

Fathers wired to provide offspring care
A new Northwestern University study provides compelling evidence that human males are biologically wired to care for their offspring, conclusively showing for the first time that fatherhood lowers a man's testosterone levels.

A tale of (more than) 2 butterflies
Flitting among the cool slopes of the Appalachian Mountains is a tiger swallowtail butterfly that evolved when two other species of swallowtails hybridized long ago.

EPA grants help Wayne State researchers stave off Great Lakes environmental invaders
Two US Environmental Protection Agency grants are helping a Wayne State University researcher keep new non-native invasive species out of the Great Lakes and minimize the impact of those that are already there.

Researcher launches teen contraceptive website
In an attempt to provide a reliable and trustworthy source for reproductive health information for teenagers, one physician-researcher at Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island has launched the website Ask A Doc RI.

New harmonized cardiovascular treatment guidelines make heart disease treatment easier
A new set of harmonized guidelines for the management of risk factors for cardiovascular disease will make it much easier for physicians to care for their patients, according to the authors of the C-CHANGE guidelines published in CMAJ.

A study analyzes how to improve the European patent
The European Union patent system is inefficient because it is more costly than other similar systems and it creates significant barriers to innovation diffusion within the continent.

Springer releases web tool for downloading MARC records and eBook title lists
In order to increase the quality of metadata, Springer has released a new web tool that allows catalogers and librarians to easily download tailor-made batches of MARC records (Machine-Readable-Cataloging) or eBook title lists.

3 in 1: team finds the gene responsible for three forms of childhood neurodegenerative diseases
A Montreal-led international team has identified the mutated gene responsible for three forms of leukodystrophies, a group of childhood-onset neurodegenerative disorders.

Ophthalmic antibiotics associated with antimicrobial resistance after intraocular injection therapy
Repeated exposure of the eye to ophthalmic antibiotics appears to be associated with the emergence of resistant strains of microbes among patients undergoing intraocular injection therapy for neovascular retinal disease, according to a report in the September issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

People in poorer neighborhoods have higher risk of sudden cardiac arrest
Sudden cardiac arrest was higher among people living in poorer neighborhoods in several US and Canadian cities, and the disparity was particularly evident among people under age 65, found a study in CMAJ.

MU study finds quitting smoking enhances personality change
University of Missouri researchers have found evidence that shows those who quit smoking show improvements in their overall personality.

Enzyme might be target for treating smoking, alcoholism at same time
An enzyme that appears to play a role in controlling the brain's response to nicotine and alcohol in mice might be a promising target for a drug that simultaneously would treat nicotine addiction and alcohol abuse in people, according to a study by researchers at the Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center, affiliated with the University of California, San Francisco.

Researchers find way to measure effect of Wi-Fi attacks
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a way to measure how badly a Wi-Fi network would be disrupted by different types of attacks -- a valuable tool for developing new security technologies.

Military medicine symposium to address care after traumatic brain injury
New Jersey Congressman and former Philadelphia Eagles offensive lineman Jon Runyan and Army Vice Chief of Staff General Peter Chiarelli will deliver keynote addresses at the fourth USU-HJF Military Medicine Symposium,

University of Houston receives grant to develop new oil dispersants
A University of Houston researcher has received a grant to develop safer, more efficient chemical dispersants that can be used on oil spills.

SAFEPED helps cities fix dangerous intersections
Ph.D. student Gennady Waizman of Tel Aviv University has developed SAFEPED, a computer simulation that integrates robots and driver statistics to identify traffic

Even low-dose aspirin may increase risk of GI bleeding
The use of low-dose aspirin increases the risk for GI bleeding, with the risk being increased further with accompanying use of cardiovascular disease-preventing therapies, such as clopidogrel and anticoagulants.

NSF announces results of the Materials Research Centers and Teams Competition
The National Science Foundation (NSF) today announced awards for three Materials Interdisciplinary Research Teams (MIRT) and nine Centers of Excellence in Materials Research and Innovation, also known as Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (MRSEC).

Study finds no link between intracerebral hemorrhage and statin use among patients with prior stroke
Among patients who have had an ischemic stroke, use of cholesterol-lowering statin medications is not associated with subsequent intracerebral hemorrhage (bleeding in the brain), according to a report published online first by Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

ASGE recognizes 21 endoscopy units for quality and safety
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy has recognized 21 endoscopy units as part of its program specifically dedicated to promoting quality in endoscopy, in all settings where it is practiced in the United States.

UT researcher investigates Deepwater Horizon oil spill impact on coast
After pooling their resources to conduct research right after the Deepwater Horizon blast, University of Tennessee professor Annette Engel and her fellow researchers will be able to finish what they started with a three-year $12 million grant to study the effects of the spill on coastal ecosystems.

Clemson University peach specialist unveils CaroTiger, something to roar about
Celebrating the end to a successful peach season, Clemson University peach specialist Desmond Layne announced the naming of a new peach cultivar -- CaroTiger.

High-fat diet and lack of enzyme can lead to heart disease in mice
It's no secret that a high-fat diet isn't healthy. Now researchers have discovered a molecular clue as to precisely why that is.

Fish oil reduces effectiveness of chemotherapy
The body produces a substance that renders cancer cells insensitive to treatment with widely used chemotherapies.

Hyperventilation may trigger febrile seizures in children
New research shows that febrile seizures in children may be linked to respiratory alkalosis, indicated by elevated blood pH and low carbon dioxide levels caused by hyperventilation, and independent of the underlying infection severity.

Polonium poisoning case sheds light on infection control practices
A study published in the October issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, uses a famous case of international intrigue and murder to shed new light on the risks health care workers face while treating patients with radiation poisoning.

European and Brazilian cardiologists cooperate to reduce cardiovascular deaths
The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) is to deliver an educational programme at the 66th Annual Congress of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology.

A deep male voice helps women remember
Men take note: If you want women to remember, speak to them in a low pitch voice.

New clues to molecular understanding of autism
The first transgenic mouse model of a rare and severe type of autism called Timothy Syndrome is improving the scientific understanding of autism spectrum disorder in general and may help researchers design more targeted interventions and treatments.

Study reveals link between high cholesterol and Alzheimer's disease
People with high cholesterol may have a higher risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, according to a study published in the Sept.

LCC science projects receive $1.2 million through WaterSMART program
Bureau of Reclamation Commissioner Michael L. Connor announced $1.2 million in WaterSMART funding for nine applied science projects to assist management decisions for the Desert and Southern Rockies Landscape Conservation Cooperatives that encompass Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Utah and Wyoming, as well as a substantial portion of Northern Mexico.

Out of the darkness
The Journal of Emergency Medical Services (JEMS) today announces the publication of a special 150-page four-volume digital issue featuring first-person accounts of responders who were thrust into the world spotlight the morning of Sept.

MUTE -- Efficient city car, showcase for electromobility research
With MUTE, a purely electric, energy-efficient vehicle that meets all requirements of a full-fledged car, the Technische Universitaet Muenchen presents the first publicly visible result of its research program TUM.Energy.

Unique study shows efficacy of imaging technology in evaluating heart drug dalcetrapib
Researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine have for the first time used several imaging techniques to prove the efficacy of a promising new treatment for atherosclerosis -- the build-up of plaque in artery walls that can lead to a heart attack.

Cognition research aims to reduce medical errors
How doctors, nurses and other health care professionals can be better prepared to reduce medical mistakes and improve patient care is the focus of several studies published in a special issue of the American Psychological Association's Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied.

JCI online early table of contents: Sept. 12, 2011
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Sept. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to