Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 19, 2011
High-calorie food 'looks' different to obese individuals
The number of individuals who are obese and suffer with its associated health problems has reached epidemic levels.

UBC journalism project documents global pain crisis
In advance of a United Nations conference today on the global challenges of treating cancer and other diseases, the UBC Graduate School of Journalism has launched an ambitious multimedia site, the Pain Project, which documents one of the greatest challenges to treating chronic illnesses: severely constrained access to morphine.

Parents' anxiety about newborn screening results does not lead to increased health care use
There has been longstanding concern among physicians and policymakers that false-positive results may cause parents to believe that their children are vulnerable to illness, leading them to overuse health care services as their children grow older.

Mammography use up for US immigrants
While mammography rates have improved among foreign-born women residing in the United States, these women are still less likely to have undergone breast cancer screening than native-born U.S. women.

Negative emotions influence brain activity during anticipation and experience of pain
Neuroticism -- the tendency to experience negative emotions -- significantly affects brain processing during pain, as well as during the anticipation of pain.

Tests under way on the sunshield for NASA's Webb telescope
NASA is testing an element of the sunshield that will protect the James Webb Space Telescope's mirrors and instruments during its mission to observe the most distant objects in the universe.

The cellular intricacies of cystic fibrosis
When researchers discovered the primary genetic defect that causes cystic fibrosis (CF) back in 1989, they opened up a new realm of research into treatment and a cure for the disease.

Biodiversity helps dilute infectious disease, reduce its severity
Researchers at Oregon State University have shown for the first time that loss of biodiversity may be contributing to a fungal infection that is killing amphibians around the world, and provides more evidence for why biodiversity is important to many ecosystems.

Collectible toys could lure children to healthy food choices
The thought of toys being given out as part of children's meal deals might be easier to swallow, and better for you, if the toys are part of a collectible set and tied to healthy, nutrition-rich food choices.

Global science community to gather in Rome
Representatives of the world's scientific community will meet in Rome, Italy, on Sept.

Lasers light the path to neuron regeneration
Lasers have been used to fabricate tiny scaffolds to be used as delivery vehicles to drop cells off at damaged locations and help treat diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's.

UCSB develops breakthrough technology in identification of prostate cancer cells
A team of researchers at UC Santa Barbara has developed a breakthrough technology that can be used to discriminate cancerous prostate cells in bodily fluids from those that are healthy.

Diabetes may significantly increase your risk of dementia
People with diabetes appear to be at a significantly increased risk of developing dementia, according to a study published in the Sept.

Scientists solve long-standing plant biochemistry mystery
Scientists have discovered how an enzyme

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology
The following articles appear in the September 2011 journals of the American Society for Microbiology:

Emergency treatment for heart attack improving but delays still occur
Despite improvements in treating heart attack patients needing emergency artery-opening procedures, delays still occur, particularly in transferring patients to hospitals that can perform the procedure, according to a study in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Researchers identify components that keep immune system in check
UNC researchers have revealed the genetic underpinnings of cells -- called Foxp3-expressing regulatory T cells or Tregs -- that can prevent the immune response from turning cannibalistic.

Routine screening for depression not recommended
Routine screening for depression in primary care patients has not been shown to be beneficial or an effective use of scarce health care resources, which would be better focused on providing more consistent treatment of people with depression, concludes an analysis in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Rise of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea needs urgent action
Gonorrhea is evolving into a scourge resistant to most antibiotics, and urgent action is needed to combat this public health threat, states an editorial in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Could engineered fatty particles help prevent AIDS?
HIV vaccines are in their infancy, and effective microbicides to prevent sexual transmission of HIV still don't exist.

Technology funding makes climate protection cheaper
Economizing on targeted funding, for example for renewable energies, makes climate protection more expensive -- as scientists of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research now calculated for the first time, using a complex computer simulation that spans the entire 21st century.

Study: Overweight older women have less leg strength, power
A new study from the University of New Hampshire finds that the leg strength and power of overweight older women is significantly less than that of normal-weight older women, increasing their risk for disability and loss of independence.

LA BioMed investigator, Dr. Christina Wang, spearheads study on potential new male contraceptive
Christina Wang, M.D., lead investigator at Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute -- one of the leading biomedical research institutes in the country -- is currently working on a Phase I single dose and multiple dose study that tests the safety and tolerability of a new androgen dimethandrolone undecanoate that is being developed as a potential male contraceptive agent.

New imaging technique visualizes cancer during surgery
Scientists from Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen and University of Groningen have now deployed a new imaging technology using laser light to detect cancer based on molecular signatures, leading to the localization of even small cancer cell nests that surgeons might otherwise overlook during surgery.

Exercise can produce healthy chatter between bone, fat and pancreatic cells
Cells in bone, fat and the pancreas appear to be talking to each other and one thing they likely are saying is,

Evaluation of pediatric psoriasis outpatient health care delivery finds some treatment variability
Most outpatient visits for pediatric psoriasis in the United States are made by white children ages 8 years and older and are made to dermatologists and pediatricians, but the treatment approach may differ by physician specialty and patient age, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Back pain? Move, don't rest!
Move if you have back pain, this is the advice of a researcher at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.

Policies that promote healthy eating could cut heart disease deaths by half
Research by the University of Liverpool has found that intervention policies that promote healthy eating could cut the death rate for cardiovascular disease by up to 50 percent.

Fukushima: Reflections 6 months on
When the Tohoku earthquake and subsequent tsunami hit the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station on March 11, 2011, the world witnessed the largest nuclear incident since the 1986 Chernobyl disaster.

Engineers use short ultrasound pulses to reach neurons through blood-brain barrier
Columbia Engineering researchers have developed a new technique to reach neurons through the blood-brain barrier and deliver drugs safely and noninvasively.

Deep oceans may mask global warming for years at a time
Earth's deep oceans may absorb enough heat at times to flatten the rate of global warming for periods of as long as a decade -- even in the midst of longer-term warming.

Oncologists recognized by ESMO for outstanding contributions to cancer research and treatment
The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) has honored three of Europe's leading medical oncologists with prestigious awards recognizing their achievements in clinical care and research: Johann de Bono, UK, Rafael Rosell, Spain, Hans-Jorg Senn, Switzerland

Post-silicon computing
The University of Pittsburgh is the lead institution on a $1.8 million grant from the National Science Foundation and the Nanoelectronics Research Initiative of the Semiconductor Research Corporation to bring a new kind of computer out of the lab and into the real world.

Key regulatory genes often amplified in aggressive childhood tumor of the brainstem
The largest study ever of a rare childhood brain tumor found more than half the tumors carried extra copies of specific genes linked to cancer growth, according to research led by St.

Common genetic variants associated with development of high-risk neuroblastoma
Patients with a high degree of African ancestry had a greater incidence of high-risk neuroblastoma and poorer outcomes, according to preliminary results presented here at the Fourth AACR Conference on The Science of Cancer Health Disparities, held here Sept.

50-million-year-old clam shells provide indications of future of El Nino phenomenon
Earth warming will presumably not lead to a permanent El Nino state in the South Pacific Ocean.

Mayo Clinic enters collaboration that takes aim at Lou Gehrig's disease
Mayo Clinic's campus in Florida has entered into a collaborative and sponsored research agreement with SK Biopharmaceuticals of Seoul, South Korea, with the goal of developing new treatments for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig's disease.

Study finds that ultrasonic instrument may be helpful for rhinoplasty
The ultrasonic bone aspirator, which uses sound waves to remove bone without damage to surrounding soft tissue or mucous membranes, may be a useful tool for surgeons performing cosmetic rhinoplasty (cosmetic surgery of the nose), according to a report in the September issue of Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

We are not only eating 'materials', we are also eating 'information'
In a new study, Chen-Yu Zhang's group at Nanjing university present a rather striking finding that plant miRNAs could make into the host blood and tissues via the route of food-intake.

Expanding flu vaccinations to older children reduces emergency visits for flu-like illnesses by 34 percent
Vaccinating children aged two to four years against seasonal influenza resulted in a 34 percent decline in flu-like illnesses, found a study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Association found between stress and breast cancer aggressiveness
Psychosocial stress could play a role in the etiology of breast cancer aggressiveness, particularly among minority populations, according to study results presented at the Fourth AACR Conference on The Science of Cancer Health Disparities, held here from Sept.

Study finds bidirectional relationship between schizophrenia and epilepsy
Researchers from Taiwan have confirmed a bidirectional relation between schizophrenia and epilepsy.

Researchers find early savings accounts help low-income kids reach college
A team of researchers from the University of Kansas and colleagues have shown that when savings accounts are started for children of low-income families and financial education is included, not only are the families more likely to save, but students can be more likely to attend college and graduate.

Food and drugs: Administer together
A regulatory bias against taking oral anti-cancer medications with food places patients at risk for an overdose and forces them to flush away costly medicines, argues an authority on cancer-drug dosing.

Observed 'live': Water is an active team player for enzymes
In biologically active enzyme substrate compounds, as can be found in medicines, water plays a more decisive role than has been imagined up to now.

Rutgers, UCLA awarded $2 million to develop technology that reduces traffic congestion, pollution
The National Science Foundation has awarded nearly $2 million to Rutgers and UCLA to develop intelligent metropolitan traffic management technology that reduces urban traffic congestion and air pollution.

More than a sign of sleepiness, yawning may cool the brain
A Princeton-led study is the first involving humans to show that yawning frequency varies with the season, a disparity indicating that yawning could serve as a method for regulating brain temperature.

Think locally when treating individually
By taking local biosurveillance data into account when assessing patients for communicable diseases, doctors may be able to make better diagnostic decisions, according to researchers at Children's Hospital Boston.

SURA to honor former NSF director, White House science advisor
The Southeastern Universities Research Association today announced that Neal F.

Uncertain climate models impair long-term climate strategies
A new paper published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, explains weaknesses in our understanding of climate change and how we can fix them.

To ditch dessert, feed the brain
Brain imaging scans show that when glucose levels drop, an area of the brain known to regulate emotions and impulses loses the ability to dampen desire for high-calorie food.

The benefits of biotech
The biotech industry boosted farming across the globe to the tune of almost $65 billion during the period 1996 to 2009, according to the latest analysis published in the International Journal of Biotechnology.

Continents influenced human migration, spread of technology
Researchers at Brown University and Stanford University have pieced together ancient human migration in North and South America.

Causes of Gulf War Illness are complex and vary by deployment area -- Baylor University study
Gulf War Illness -- the chronic health condition that affects about one in four military veterans of the 1991 Gulf War -- appears to be the result of several factors, which differed in importance depending upon the locations where veterans served during the war, according to a Baylor University study.

Thomas Jefferson University Hospital adopts new automated laboratory
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital (TJUH) is advancing its laboratory testing services with new state-of-the-art equipment from Roche Diagnostics designed to help labs increase their testing capacity and deliver reliable results with greater efficiency.

CWRU research examines over-the-counter drug's effect on chemo's side effects
Beth Faiman M.S.N., C.N.P., a doctoral candidate at the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing at Case Western Reserve University, is studying whether an over-the-counter medication could ease chemotherapy side effects for people with blood and bone marrow cancers.

Political preferences play different role in dating, mating
Online daters are reluctant to use partisan politics to attract a potential mate, according to new research co-authored by Brown political scientist Rose McDermott.

Unraveling a new regulator of cystic fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis is caused by a genetic defect in a chloride channel called cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductase regulator.

Online gamers succeed where scientists fail, opening door to new AIDS drug design
Online gamers have solved the structure of a retrovirus enzyme whose configuration had stymied scientists.

Abnormal activation of a protein may explain deadly link between high salt intake and obesity
Research suggests that high dietary salt intake and obesity work together to trigger an abnormal activation of a cellular protein called Rac1.

Blocking inflammation could lead to tailored medical treatments
By using a mouse model of inflammation researchers at the University of Calgary have discovered a new class of molecules that can inhibit the recruitment of some white blood cells to sites of inflammation in the body.

Hope for powerful new C diff. treatment
MGB Biopharma, a biopharmaceutical company which has licensed technology from the University of Strathclyde, is developing a powerful new antibiotic treatment for resistant infections including the deadly MRSA and Clostridium difficile (C diff.) bugs.

Size matters: Length of songbirds' playlists linked to brain region proportions
Call a bird 'birdbrained' and they may call 'fowl.' Cornell University researchers have proven that the capacity for learning in birds is not linked to overall brain size, but to the relative size and proportion of their specific brain regions.

Fast-evolving genes control developmental differences in social insects
A new study found that genes involved in creating different sexes, life stages and castes of fire ants and honeybees evolved more rapidly than genes not involved in these processes.

100 prioritized social insect genomes onboard
An online database of the genomes of social insects has been published by the Beijing Genomics Institute.

Under 16s make up less than 1 percent of NHS patient surveys
Children under 16 make up less than 1 percent of participants in national NHS patient surveys, finds research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

NIH scientists find earliest known evidence of 1918 influenza pandemic
Examination of lung tissue and other autopsy material from 68 American soldiers who died of respiratory infections in 1918 has revealed that the influenza virus that eventually killed 50 million people worldwide was circulating in the United States at least four months before the 1918 influenza reached pandemic levels that fall.

Geophysicists to develop computer simulations of earthquake fault systems
Geophysicists at the University of California, Riverside, have received a $4.6 million grant from the National Science Foundation to study the dynamics of earthquake fault systems.

Tumor environment keeps tumor-fighting T cells away
Tumors have an arsenal of tricks to help them sidestep the immune system.

Saltwater boosts microbial electrolysis cells to cleanly produce hydrogen
A grain of salt or two may be all that microbial electrolysis cells need to produce hydrogen from wastewater or organic byproducts, without adding carbon dioxide to the atmosphere or using grid electricity, according to Penn State engineers.

Improving cancer communication to patients
Oncologists and their patients are increasingly challenged with making difficult decisions about screening, prevention and treatment.

Reclassify films depicting smoking, 'incompetent regulators' and 'insouciant politicians' urged
Smoking in films remains a

The body rids itself of damage when it really matters
Although the body is constantly replacing cells and cell constituents, damage and imperfections accumulate over time.

New thinking on regulation of sex chromosomes in fruit flies
Biologists at the University of Rochester discover that dosage compensation does not occur in the reproductive cells of male fruit flies.

Patient complaints allege doctors fail to disclose risks
In more than 70 percent of legal disputes over informed consent, patients allege the doctor failed to properly explain the risks of complications, a University of Melbourne study published in the latest Medical Journal of Australia has found.

How our liver kills 'killer cells'
Our livers can fight back against the immune system -- reducing organ rejection but also making us more susceptible to liver disease.

Once again, Kepler is reshaping our understanding of planets
Three prominent researchers discuss how recent findings from the Kepler mission are deepening our knowledge of planets beyond our solar system, as well as redefining the boundaries where life could exist.

MRI technique appears feasible to help identify involvement of jawbone by oral cancer
A preliminary study suggests that a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique called SWIFT (sweep imaging with Fourier transform) appears feasible to help provide a three-dimensional assessment that may aid in detecting involvement of the jawbone by oral cancer, according to a report in the September issue of Archives of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Scientists develop new potato lines to wage war on wireworms
When wireworms feast on potatoes, the results aren't pretty: The spuds' surfaces are left punctured, pitted and unappealing.

Shark compound proves potential as drug to treat human viruses, says GUMC researcher
A compound initially isolated from sharks shows potential as a unique broad-spectrum human antiviral agent.

High income mobility in Sweden already before the welfare state
Early on, Sweden was a country where poor children had a good chance of ending up financially stronger than their parents.

Watch livestreamed discussion of engineering and science policy
Washington University in St. Louis will hold a symposium

New data from studies bolsters case for using aldosterone antagonists in heart failure
Expert Bertram Pitt will review the data from three prominent studies during a presentation on aldosterone antagonists in the treatment of heart failure.

Cancer detection from an implantable, flexible LED
The team of professor Keon Jae Lee (Department of Materials Science and Engineering, KAIST) has developed a new concept: a biocompatible, flexible gallium nitride (GaN) LED that can detect prostate cancer.

Uninsured patients in Mass. still mainly the working poor, despite state's health reform
Despite implementation of the Massachusetts health care reform designed to bolster employer-based insurance and to provide no-cost or low-cost insurance to those unable to afford it, the uninsured in Massachusetts remain predominantly the working poor, according to researchers at Harvard Medical School in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

'Natural experiment' documents the population benefit of vaccinating preschoolers against the flu
Recent policies calling for vaccinating preschool-aged children against the flu led to a 34 percent decline in influenza cases in this age group, according to researchers at Children's Hospital Boston and McGill University.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about articles being published in the Sept.

Queen's pioneers prostate cancer breakthrough
Scientists at Queen's University have pioneered a new combination treatment for prostate cancer.

Anti-reflux surgery helps airway function both before and after lung transplant
Surgery to correct gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, can preserve lung function in patients with end-stage pulmonary disease both before and after transplantation, according to a new study from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Stress drives alcoholics' children to drink
If either of your parents has a drinking problem, there is a greater risk that you will consume more alcohol after stressful situations, reveals current research from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Kansas researchers find enriched infant formulas benefit brain and heart
University of Kansas scientists have found new evidence that infant formulas fortified with long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) are good for developing brains and hearts.

Soy peptide + chemo drug block colon cancer's spread to liver
A University of Illinois study reports a promising new weapon in treating metastatic colon cancer, particularly in patients who have developed resistance to chemotherapy.

Survey suggests that informed consent process important to surgery patients in teaching hospital
A survey of patients receiving treatment in a teaching facility found that patients prefer to be informed of trainee participation in their care, and consent rates appear to vary based on scenarios describing increased levels of resident participation, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

2009 H1N1 pandemic flu more damaging to lungs, opens opportunities for bacterial infection
Many of the people who died from the new strain of H1N1 influenza that broke out in 2009 were suffering from another infection as well: pneumonia.

Higher incidence of secondary breast cancer seen among black women regardless of age
The overall incidence of breast cancer is generally higher among white women than black women; however, the incidence of a second breast cancer in the opposite breast is higher among black women, according to a study presented at the Fourth AACR Conference on The Science of Cancer Health Disparities, held here Sept.

Black hole, star collisions may illuminate universe's dark side
Princeton and NYU researchers unveiled in the journal Physical Review Letters this month a ready-made method for detecting the collision of stars with an elusive type of black hole that is on the short list of objects believed to make up dark matter.

Primitive birds shared dinosaurs' fate
A new study puts an end to the longstanding debate about how archaic birds went extinct, suggesting they were virtually wiped out by the same meteorite impact that put an end to dinosaurs 65 million years ago.

New raptor dinosaur takes a licking keeps on ticking
Scientists discover rare theropod dinosaur wounded in action in southern Utah.

Monitoring patients using intelligent T-shirts
Scientists at la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid who participate in the LOBIN consortium have developed an

Time is of the essence when it comes to stroke treatment
Time is of the essence when it comes to stroke treatment.

How devoted moms buffer kids in poverty
Children raised in poverty often grow up to have poor health in adulthood, from frequent colds to heart disease.

Techniques to treat varicose veins appear comparable in effectiveness
Endovenous laser treatment (EVLT) and high ligation and stripping (HLS) are both associated with effectiveness and safety in treatment of insufficiency of the great saphenous vein (GSV), but EVLT is more frequently associated with recurrences, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Genetic factors behind high blood pressure
High blood pressure is a well-known risk factor for heart disease.

Penn researchers develop new technique for filling gaps in fossil record
University of Pennsylvania evolutionary biologists have resolved a long-standing paleontological problem by reconciling the fossil record of species diversity with modern DNA samples.

Scientists disarm HIV in step towards vaccine
Researchers have found a way to prevent HIV from damaging the immune system, in a new lab-based study published in the journal Blood.

Robots are coming to aircraft assembly
Up to now, aircraft have been put together in huge assembly cells, but to build the necessary facilities is expensive and time-consuming.

Health-based approach may help ID groups at risk of genocide
Researchers from North Carolina State University are proposing a health-based approach to identifying groups at high risk of genocide, in a first-of-its-kind attempt to target international efforts to stop these mass killings before they start.

University of Western Ontario researchers investigate stress and breast cancer
It's a common belief that there's a link between chronic stress and an increased risk of cancer.

SuviCa Inc. of Boulder to commercialize CU-Boulder cancer screening technology
SuviCa Inc. of Boulder and the University of Colorado recently completed an exclusive license agreement for a CU drug screening technology to identify novel therapies for cancer.

Shake hands with the invisible man
Adermatoglypia, which leaves some individuals without fingerprints, is an exceedingly rare condition.

JCI online early table of contents: Sept. 19, 2011
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Sept.

Pediatric brain tumors
LMU researchers have shown that the protein FoxM1 is essential for the growth of medulloblastomas, the most common type of malignant brain tumor in children.

Mast cells reduce toxicity of Gila monster and scorpion venom
Gila monsters are large venomous lizards. Although envenomation by the Gila monster is not often fatal to adult humans, it results in intense pain, swelling, weakness, and nausea.

UCSF study identifies weakness in heart attack therapy
A UCSF study holds clues to why an emerging clinical trials option for heart attack patients has not been as successful as anticipated.

Common genetic variations linked to both schizophrenia and bipolar risk
Common genetic variants contribute to the risk of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, an international research consortium has discovered.

Referral decisions differ between primary care physicians and specialists
How do physicians decide which colleague to refer their patient to?

Just 9 out of 137 developing countries on target to achieve the Millennium Development Goals on child and maternal mortality
Just nine out of 137 developing countries worldwide are set to achieve both Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5 to improve the health of women and children.

Welsh wound test could save NHS
Scientists in Cardiff are developing a simple but effective test to predict whether chronic wounds will respond to conventional treatment -- which could save the NHS tens of millions of pounds annually.

Link between aging and Huntington's disease provides candidate therapeutic target
Huntington's disease (HD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disease for which a major risk factor is ageing.

Nobelist Daniel Tsui to receive 2011 Prange Prize
Nobel laureate Daniel C. Tsui of Princeton University has been named the 2011 recipient of the Richard E.

IU announces world's largest student prize for software, technology business plan
A group of investors has created a $1.1 million fund to support $250,000 in annual prize money to Indiana University Bloomington students who submit the best business plans for a student-led company focused on Internet and software technology.

Death rate higher in minorities with acute leukemia
Blacks and Hispanics have fewer cases of acute leukemia compared to whites but they die at a substantially higher rate, according to study results presented at the Fourth AACR Conference on The Science of Cancer Health Disparities, held here Sept.

Link found between percentage of minority trauma patients in a hospital and increased odds of dying
The odds of dying appear to increase for patients treated at hospitals with higher proportions of minority trauma patients, although racial disparities may partly explain differences in outcomes between trauma hospitals, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Brightest gamma ray on Earth -- for a safer, healthier world
The brightest gamma ray beam ever created -- more than a thousand billion times more brilliant than the sun -- has been produced in research led at the University of Strathclyde -- and could open up new possibilities for medicine.

Depression affected preventive health screening among Latina breast cancer survivors
Depression, in addition to other barriers, may prevent Latina breast cancer survivors from undergoing preventive health screening for colorectal and ovarian cancer, according to data presented at the Fourth AACR Conference on The Science of Cancer Health Disparities, held here Sept.

Large international study discovers common genetic contributions to mental illness
This study of more than 50,000 adults ages 18 and older provides new molecular evidence that 11 DNA regions in the human genome have strong association with these diseases, including six regions not previously observed.

Understanding methane's seabed escape
A shipboard expedition off Norway to determine how methane escapes from beneath the Arctic seabed has discovered widespread pockets of the gas and numerous channels that allow it to reach the seafloor.

Not just skin deep -- CT study of early humans reveals evolutionary relationships
CT scans of fossil skull fragments may help researchers settle a long-standing debate about the evolution of Africa's Australopithecus, a key ancestor of modern humans that died out some 1.4 million years ago.

Despite proven benefits, few brain aneurysm patients receive specialized care
The Neurocritical Care Society is releasing a comprehensive set of guidelines this week to guide physicians and hospitals on how to optimally care for patient's ruptured brain aneurysms.

Fraunhofer opens Center for Systems Biotechnology in Chile
On Sept. 1, 2011 the Chilean Minister of the Economy, Pablo Longueira, and professor Bullinger officially opened Fraunhofer's first research center in South America.

DBS operation for Parkinson's disease performed inside iMRI
Henry Ford Hospital became the third hospital in the United States to perform a Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) procedure inside an intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging scanner, or iMRI.

Have brain fatigue? A bout of exercise may be the cure
In a new study in mice, researchers have discovered that regular exercise increases mitochondrial numbers in brain cells, a potential cause for exercise's beneficial mental effects.

Mammograms on the rise for foreign-born women living in the US
Fewer immigrant women receive mammograms than native-born American women, according to Penn State researchers, who note that more immigrant women are getting mammograms now than a decade ago.

Integrating medication regimens into daily routines can improve adherence
In a new article, University of Missouri researchers say medication non-adherence interventions should be based on a personal systems approach that focuses on integrating medication taking into daily routines and involving supportive people who encourage taking medications correctly.

Danforth Center scientist recruited to spearhead cassava green revolution for Nigeria
Fregene will serve as a special adviser to the Honorable Minister for Agriculture and Natural Resources and will be part of a world class team responsible for the design and implementation of Nigeria's agricultural transformation agenda.

New approach for university and community engagement
Current policy pressures on universities to focus on improving their research excellence and to widen participation make it hard for them to engage meaningfully with excluded communities, according to research funded by the Economic and Social Research Council.
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