Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 23, 2011
'What is life?' -- Leopoldina's Annual Assembly begins in Halle
The three-day Annual Assembly of the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina titled

Infusing chemotherapy into the liver gives extra months of disease-free life in melanoma patients
Final results from a Phase III trial of a new treatment called percutaneous hepatic perfusion in patients with melanoma of the eye (ocular or uveal melanoma) have demonstrated that it significantly extends the time patients can live without the disease progressing.

Tecnalia reduces costs of metal casting with plasma technology
Tecnalia Research & Innovation is undertaking the innovation of casting processes with its

Scientists lay out plans for efficient harvesting of solar energy
Solar power could be harvested more efficiently and transported over long distances using tiny molecular circuits, according to research inspired by new insights into natural photosynthesis.

Study finds congestion pricing works best when partnered with land-use planning
An examination of a congestion-pricing pilot program in Portland, Ore., finds that congestion pricing strategies benefit from land-use planning that provides households with alternative ways to travel.

UofL chosen to turn engineering innovations into medical solutions
University of Louisville bioengineering researchers will use a $3.33 million award from the Wallace H.

Non-communicable diseases at the center of UN discussions
The European Chronic Disease Alliance welcomes the UN High Level Meeting on Non-Communicable Diseases to address the world biggest killers.

SDSC, SDSU share in $4.6 million NSF grant to simulate earthquake faults
Researchers from the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California, San Diego, and San Diego State University (SDSU) will be assisting researchers from six other universities and the US Geological Survey (USGS) to develop detailed, large-scale computer simulations of earthquake faults under a new $4.6 million National Science Foundation (NSF) grant announced this week.

Researchers studying 10,000 Solutions participatory online platform
This is the first large-scale study of the online participatory platform's effectiveness that researchers are aware of.

Better lithium-ion batteries are on the way from Berkeley Lab
Lithium-ion batteries power everything from smart phones to electric cars, but especially when it comes to lowering the cost and extending the range of all-electric vehicles, they need to store a lot more energy.

Heart drug offers possible treatment for patients facing respiratory failure
Treatment with the calcium-sensitizing drug levosimendan may be effective in improving muscle function in patients with respiratory muscle weakness, which often accompanies chronic diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and congestive heart failure, according to researchers in the Netherlands, who studied the effects of the drug on healthy volunteers.

Protein 'switches' could turn cancer cells into tiny chemotherapy factories
Researchers have devised a protein

Reports of mental health disability increase in US
The prevalence of self-reported mental health disabilities increased in the US among non-elderly adults during the last decade, according to a study by Ramin Mojtabai, of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

What employers look for of those re-entering the workforce
Finding a job in today's economy is difficult in the best of circumstances, but many women are facing an even bigger challenge: returning to the workforce after a long absence.The top characteristic that resulted in job interviews for middle-aged women seeking an entry level job was vocational or computer training, according to the study in the Journal of Career Development (JCD), published by SAGE.

First Phase III trial of an alpha-pharmaceutical
The first Phase III study of an alpha-pharmaceutical (Radium-223 Chloride -- Alpharadin) in patients with bone metastases from advanced prostate cancer has shown that it can prolong survival significantly.

Living in damp river valleys leads to lung problems
A new study has shown that living in a river valley at low altitude can increase the risk of developing lung problems.

Hints of universal behavior seen in exotic 3-atom states
A novel type of inter-particle binding predicted in 1970 and observed for the first time in 2006, is forming the basis for an intriguing kind of ultracold quantum chemistry.

Saving the world one drop at a time
The WaTER (Water Technologies for Emerging Regions) Center at the University of Oklahoma is bringing together researchers and advocates from around the world to focus on the life-sustaining resource, clean water.

US Department of Defense awards University of South Florida $1.59 million for musculoskeletal research
The University of South Florida School of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Sciences has received a $1.59-million US Department of Defense award for leading-edge musculoskeletal research intended to benefit active duty soldiers and veterans and improve military preparedness.

Nature shows the way
Lianas whose stabilization rings of woody cells heal spontaneously after suffering damage serve as a natural example to bionic experts of self-repairing membranes.

Dust makes light work of vehicle emissions
Queensland University of Technology researchers have identified a silver lining in the cloud of red dust that enveloped much of eastern Australia two years ago.

Keeping pets sweet: Treating diabetes in dogs
Diabetes affects not only humans but also animals. As in humans treatment should be based on an understanding of natural fluctuations in blood glucose levels but these are hard to determine.

2 new cost-effective ways to predict prostate cancer
Two related studies reveal new risk indicators for prostate cancer.

New treatment for kala azar, the most deadly parasitic disease after malaria
East Africa is fighting the worst kala-azar outbreak in a decade.

Fraunhofer Project Centre for Composites Research at the University of Western Ontario
In July 2011, the Fraunhofer Institute for Chemical Technology ICT began a long-term collaboration with the University of Western Ontario in London, Ontario, Canada.

Wayne State University study aims to improve diabetes management in high-risk youth
A little motivation for parents could go a long way toward improving young diabetes patients' ability to manage their own care, a Wayne State University researcher believes.

Lessons to be learned from nature in photosynthesis
Lessons to be learned from nature could lead to the development of an artificial version of photosynthesis that would provide us with an absolutely clean and virtually inexhaustible energy source, says Berkeley Lab photosynthesis authority Graham Fleming and three international colleagues.

TGen graduate students receive $50,000 each from Salt River Project's support program
Two Arizona university graduate students working at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) have each received $50,000 grants from the Salt River Project (SRP).

Shape memory materials ready for mass production
Materials that can remember their shape and switch from one form to another may sound like science fiction, they are actually real and already in use all around us.

Edible carbon dioxide sponge
A year ago Northwestern University chemists published their recipe for a new class of nanostructures made of sugar, salt and alcohol.

Study 'changes our understanding' of youth voting behavior
Low-income youth are more apt to vote if they are engaged in political activism and influenced by friends and family, according to a study by Michigan State University education scholars that sheds new light on voting behavior.

TGen breast cancer research benefits from $3.5 million Komen award
The Translational Genomics Research Institute is part of a team of medical investigators receiving a $3.5 million grant from Susan G.

Nature offers key lessons on harvesting solar power, says U of T chemistry professor
Clean solutions to human energy demands are essential to our future.

A micro-RNA as a key regulator of learning and Alzheimer's disease
Scientists have identified an RNA molecule as a potential target for new Alzheimer's therapies.

GM food solutions at risk from lobbyists, research suggests
Powerful lobby groups opposed to genetically modified (GM) food are threatening public acceptance of the technology in Europe, research suggests.

Compression experiments lead to shocking results
Using acceleration one trillion times faster than a jet fighter in a maximum turn, researchers have gained new insight into dynamic compression of aluminum at ultra-high strain rates.

ONR goes back to school to open new pathways into science education
Intended to reinvigorate the flow of technical talent into the naval work force, ONR helps spark student interest in science and math.

University of Arizona to study human-fire-climate interactions
A University of Arizona-led research team will study the interplay among human activities at the wildland-urban interface, climate change and fire-adapted pine forests.

NYU biologists to study rice's responses to environmental change under $3.6 million NSF grant
NYU biologists will study the response of rice, a food staple for half the world's population, to environmental change under a four-year, $3.6 million grant from the National Science Foundation's Plant Genome Research Program.

Bimetallic nanoantenna separates colors of light
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have built a very simple nanoantenna that directs red and blue colors in opposite directions, even though the antenna is smaller than the wavelength of light.
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