Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 30, 2011
High-performance simulation, neutrons uncover 3 classes of protein motion
Molecular motion in proteins comes in three distinct classes, according to a collaboration by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee, in research reported in Physical Review Letters.

New software tools for railway signaling and energy distribution
New tools to improve the design of embedded software systems in automated railway signaling and smart energy distribution are being developed as part of a multi-million Euro project lead by researchers at the University of Southampton.

New guideline outlines recommendations to reduce blood clots after hip and knee replacement
An updated clinical practice guideline released last week by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Board of Directors recommends how to reduce the likelihood of blood clots after hip or knee replacement surgery, procedures that more than 800,000 Americans undergo each year.

NIH hosts Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine Symposium Oct. 4-5
Advances in tissue engineering and stem cell therapies will be among the research topics discussed during the National Institutes of Health's fourth Symposium on Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine, which will be held Oct.

Protein scientist receives National Institutes of Health Early Investigator Award
James Fraser, Ph.D, a protein researcher who studies structural biology at the California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences (QB3) at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), is one of 10 recipients of a prestigious award for young scientists given for the first time by the National Institutes of Health.

Lifespan researcher wins Ig Nobel Prize
Peter J. Snyder, Ph.D., vice president of research for Lifespan, received one of 10 Ig Nobel Prize awards during the annual ceremony last night at Harvard University.

Toxic red tides: USC scientist tracks neurotoxin-producing algae
With toxic algal blooms -- which can increase the amount of harmful toxins in the shellfish that California residents consume -- ramping up in frequency and severity locally, scientists at USC have developed a new algae monitoring method in hopes of one day being able to predict when and where toxic

Columbia to award 2011 Horwitz Prize to Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash, and Michael Young
Columbia University will award the 2011 Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize to Jeffrey C.

Glucosamine-like supplement suppresses multiple sclerosis attacks
A glucosamine-like dietary supplement suppresses the damaging autoimmune response seen in multiple sclerosis, according to a UC Irvine study.

$5.9 million grant to University of California San Diego for paradigm-shifting diabetes research
Kumar Sharma, M.D., FAHA, professor of medicine at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and director of the Center for Renal Translational Medicine, has received a $5.9 million grant from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, to study kidney complications related to type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Responsibilities of scientists underlined by scientific community
The General Assembly of the International Council for Science (ICSU) today reaffirmed the universal values that should guide the conduct of science.

Woman with a higher social standing and educational attainment breastfeed for longer
New research analyzes maternal breastfeeding in Spain throughout the second half of the twentieth century.

NSF provides UC $9.2 million boost for STEM education in region
UC has been awarded a $9.2 million National Science Foundation grant to develop and implement courses in partnership with local high schools to improve STEM education.

'Sexting' driven by peer pressure
Both young men and women experience peer pressure to share sexual images via the new phenomenon of

Antisocial personality traits predict utilitarian responses to moral dilemmas
A study conducted by Daniel Bartels, Columbia Business School, Marketing, and David Pizarro, Cornell University, Psychology found that people who endorse actions consistent with an ethic of utilitarianism -- the view that what is the morally right thing to do is whatever produces the best overall consequences--tend to possess psychopathic and Machiavellian personality traits.

Identification and management of breakthrough cancer pain remains a challenge
Today, the results from a European Survey of Oncology Nurse Breakthrough Cancer Pain Practices were presented for the first time at the European Multidisciplinary Cancer Congress in Stockholm.

Combating mood disorders
Many psychiatric conditions are caused by aberrant metabolism of the neurotransmitter serotonin.

New software brings science to life for young people
The use of new technology is helping students to become real

Expandable prosthesis resolves advanced aortic valve disease
Among individuals 65 years and older, as many as 30 percent have aortic valve sclerosis or stenosis and as a result of their deteriorating health, they cannot enjoy a normal lifestyle.

West Orange computer scientist receives teaching honor at New Jersey Institute of Technology Convocation
James Geller, a professor in the department of computer science in New Jersey Institute of Technology's College of Computing Sciences, recently received the Professional Development Award at New Jersey Institute of Technology's University Convocation.

Early to bed and early to rise -- study suggests it's keeping kids leaner
Researchers recording the bedtimes and wake times of 2,200 Australian youths found that the night owls were 1.5 times more likely to become obese than the early birds, twice as likely to be physically inactive and 2.9 times more likely to sit in front of the TV and computer or play video games for more hours than guidelines recommend.

Open Networking Summit set to explore software-defined networking
An industry gathering Oct. 17-19 at Stanford will focus on a new direction for the Internet called

'Micro'-chemo and cancer pill combo tested in liver cancer patients
A combination of an oral drug, called sorafenib, and a method for injecting microbeads of chemotherapy directly into tumors has been proven safe for liver cancer patients and may improve outcomes for those who have these fast-growing, deadly tumors whose numbers are on the rise in the US.

NIH program allows junior investigators to bypass traditional post-doc training
A program designed to accelerate the entry of outstanding junior investigators into independent researcher positions immediately following completion of their graduate research degree or clinical residency has announced its first recipients.

An innovation star for Europe
The Eurostars ISTAR project may well be an R&D effort that changes the game for the pharmaceutical industry.

White House awards UC San Diego bioengineering professor Shu Chien National Medal of Science
President Barack Obama will soon honor University of California, San Diego, bioengineering professor Shu Chien in a White House ceremony for the seven eminent researchers to receive the National Medal of Science, the highest honor bestowed by the United States government on scientists and engineers.

Study: Impediment to some cancer immunotherapy involves the free radical peroxynitrite
Researchers at the Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, Fla., and colleagues have found that tumor cell resistance to a specific cancer immunotherapy designed to kill cancer cells can be blamed on a mechanism that involves the production of a free radical peroxynitrite that causes resistance to therapeutic cancer-killing cells.

American Geophysical Union journal highlights -- Sept. 30, 2011
Featured in this release are research papers on the following topics:

Mothers are the most responsible in transferring of sexist attitudes
A study at the University of the Basque Country reveals a link between the sexist attitudes of mothers and that of her sons and daughters.

ONR provides $1.1 million for AP math, science courses in select high schools
Participating in a White House initiative to offer Advanced Placement courses to military family communities, the Office of Naval Research is kicking off a $1.1 million investment Sept.

Cell-specific mechanism-based gene therapy approach to treat retinitis pigmentosa
In a paper published in the October 2011 issue of Experimental Biology and Medicine, a team of researchers at Columbia University Medical Center led by Stephen Tsang, M.D., Ph.D., have achieved temporary functional preservation of photoreceptors in a mouse model for retinitis pigmentosa using novel bipartite gene therapy.

Community storage of anthrax-preventing antibiotics should be determined by state
As part of preparations for a possible large-scale anthrax attack, public health officials on the state and local levels should determine where and how anthrax-preventing antibiotics should be stored in their communities.

Hart Center partners with CCL to bring leadership development to all SMU engineering students
The traditional avenue for collegiate leadership training is through electives.

UNC spin-off receives $3 million Small Business Innovation Research Grant
G-Zero Therapeutics, an RTP company started in 2008 based on technologies from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, has been awarded a $3 million Phase II Small Business Innovation Research Grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health.

Louisiana Tech University receives $1.1 million EDA grant to support 'green' innovations
Louisiana Tech University has been awarded a $1.1 million grant from the Economic Development Administration (EDA) for establishing the Louisiana Tech

Flight patterns reveal how mosquitoes find hosts to transmit deadly diseases
Experiments performed by entomologists at UC Riverside to study how female Aedes aegypti -- mosquitoes that transmit yellow fever and dengue -- respond to plumes of carbon dioxide and human odor demonstrate that the mosquitoes are first attracted to puffs of exhaled carbon dioxide, then to a broad skin odor plume before landing on a human host.

Reefs recovered faster after mass extinction than first thought
Metazoan-dominated reefs only took 1.5 million years to recover after the largest species extinction 252 million years ago, an international research team including paleontologists from the University of Zurich has established based on fossils from the southwestern USA.

Researchers realize high-power, narrowband terahertz source at room temperature
Researchers at Northwestern University have developed a simpler way to generate single-chip terahertz radiation, a discovery that could soon allow for more rapid security screening, border protection, high sensitivity biological/chemical analysis, agricultural inspection, and astronomical applications.



Researchers report new approach to keeping coronary arteries open after angioplasties
Loyola University Chicago researchers report a possible new approach to preventing coronary arteries from reclogging after balloon angioplasties.

University of Georgia study finds that less is more for common cancer drug
University of Georgia scientists have found that smaller, less toxic amounts of chemotherapy medicine given frequently to mice with human prostate cancer noticeably slowed tumor growth.

Johns Hopkins scientists discover 'fickle' DNA changes in brain
Johns Hopkins scientists investigating chemical modifications across the genomes of adult mice have discovered that DNA modifications in non-dividing brain cells, thought to be inherently stable, instead underwent large-scale dynamic changes as a result of stimulated brain activity.

Taking the heat: Asian elephants simply 'ride out' high daytime heat load
Scientists at the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna's Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology have discovered the mechanism by which Asian elephants are able to tolerate hot daytime temperatures.

New inherited neurometabolic disorder discovered
Researchers at the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet have discovered a new inherited disorder that causes severe mental retardation and liver dysfunction.

Russian and US veterinarians collaborate to solve mysterious wild tiger deaths
A team of Russian veterinary colleagues and health experts from the Wildlife Conservation Society's Bronx Zoo are collaborating to understand how distemper -- a virus afflicting domestic dogs and many wildlife species -- may be a growing threat to Siberian tigers.

Hutchinson Center scientist wins first NIH Director's Early Indpendence Award
Carissa Perez Olsen, Ph.D., a Weintraub Scholar in the Basic Sciences Division of Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, is the recipient of the National Institutes of Health Director's Early Independence Award, announced today.

Harrison H. Schmitt to receive 2011 Ian Campbell Medal
Harrison H. Schmitt has been named the 30th recipient of the Medal in honor of Ian Campbell for Superlative Service to the Geosciences.
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