Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 14, 2011
SUNY receives $4.3 million for research in neuroscience, pediatric pharmacology and vision
The State University of New York has received two grants totaling more than $4.3 million from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to support neuroscience and pediatric pharmacology and vision research as part of SUNY REACH, a collaborative research network of SUNY's four academic health centers and the College of Optometry.

Better ways to predict kidney disease risk for African Americans
Highlights: African Americans with certain gene variants develop non-diabetic kidney disease more often than expected.

Watching electrons in molecules
A research group led by ETH Zurich has now, for the first time, visualized the motion of electrons during a chemical reaction.

National science standards to the rescue
WUSTL geophysicist Michael Wysession is leading a team of scholars who are helping the nation's top science agencies develop national standards for K-12 science education.

FAPESP Week symposium discusses scientific cooperation between Brazil and the US
FAPESP Week is sponsored and coordinated by the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP), the National Science Foundation, Ohio State University and the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

MRIs could become powerful tools for monitoring cholesteral therapy
MRI scanning could become a powerful new tool for assessing how well cholesterol drugs are working, according to a Loyola University Health System cardiologist who co-authored an MRI study of patients taking cholesterol medications.

Psychopathic killers: Computerized text analysis uncovers the word patterns of a predator
As words can be the soul's window, scientists are learning to peer through it: Computerized text analysis shows that psychopathic killers make identifiable word choices -- beyond conscious control -- when talking about their crimes.

Heavy drinking undergraduates who are impulsive, aggressive may be at high risk for alcohol problems
Researchers used an anonymous online survey to examine drinking patterns and personality traits.

Gender differences in blood pressure appears as early as adolescence
Study of teens in rural California suggests that obesity has greater impact on girls.

A hidden order unraveled
Fluctuations are fundamental to many physical phenomena in our everyday life.

Three for the price of one - mobile electrons multiplied in quantum dot films
Researchers of the Opto-electronic Materials section of Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands and Toyota Europe have demonstrated that several mobile electrons can be produced by the absorption of a single light particle in films of coupled quantum dots.

Lund researchers assist reforms in Vietnam
The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency is investing in a new type of aid in cooperation with Vietnam.

New study finds 400,000 farmers in southern Africa using 'fertilizer trees' to improve food security
On a continent battered by weather extremes, famine and record food prices, new research released today from the World Agroforestry Center documents an exciting new trend in which hundreds of thousands of poor farmers in Southern Africa are now significantly boosting yields and incomes simply by using fast growing trees and shrubs to naturally fertilize their fields.

Contamination of UK mobile phones and hands revealed
One in six mobile phones in Britain is contaminated with faecal matter, according to new research released ahead of Global Handwashing Day.

Pulse oximetry: A viable screening tool for infants with suspected congenital heart disease
Pulse oximetry, a non-invasive procedure that measures the amount of oxygen in the bloodstream, can be used as a screening tool to detect critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in infants, and is more readily available than echocardiography, the current gold standard for CCHD diagnosis, according to a new research abstract presented Friday, Oct.

Intruder detected: Raise the alarm!
Scientists at EMBL Grenoble have discovered how a protein sounds the alarm when it detects viruses invading a cell.

Link between alcohol and harm is stronger in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Sweden than in Italy
A new study examines the impact that the cultural context of drinking may have on the relationship between drinking and harm in several European countries.

Aerospace engineer honored by NASA receives NJIT alum honor
Alumnus Stanley Barauskas recently received one of six NJIT Alumni Awards.

Polycystic ovary syndrome and cardiovascular disease
Presentation by leading expert in reproductive endocrinology among highlights at meeting sponsored by the American Physiological Society

Parents who go online for pediatric health information are open to doctors' website recommendations
In the research abstract,

Genetically influenced responses to alcohol affect brain activation both with and without alcohol
A low level of response (LR) to alcohol reflects at least in part a low brain response to alcohol and carries significant risk for the later development of alcoholism.

New book explores the making of a humanitarian leader
Frank LaFasto, Ph.D., and Carl Larson, Ph.D., studied 31 humanitarian leaders from a range of nations, cultures, and generations and discovered that they followed a very similar path.

An effective treatment for anal incontinence
Combination therapy for fecal incontinence is more effective than the current standard treatment.

Pediatricians aim to end childhood obesity within a generation
Childhood obesity has reached epidemic levels, and pediatricians are on the front lines.

Redox Flow Batteries, a promising technology for renewable energies integration
Nowadays there is a wide variety of energy storage technologies at very different stages of development.

Drug safety, efficacy, and potential new cancer biomarker predicted by NextBio
NextBio can help researchers investigate publicly available genomic data to assess mechanisms underlying drug toxicity or discover prospective cancer biomarkers.

Women's heart disease tied to small blood vessels
After a heart attack, women's hearts are more likely to maintain their systolic function -- their ability to contract and pump blood from the chambers into the arteries.

Minority children less likely to receive CT scans following head trauma
African-American and Hispanic children are less likely to receive a cranial computed tomography scan in an emergency department following minor head trauma than white children, according to an abstract presented Friday, Oct.

Pediatric emergency department visits for psychiatric care on the rise
Pediatric patients, primarily those who are underinsured (either without insurance or receiving Medicaid), are increasingly receiving psychiatric care in hospital emergency departments, according to an abstract presented Friday, Oct.

Researchers discover material with graphene-like properties
After the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to two scientists in 2010 who had studied the material graphene, this substance has received a lot of attention.

Frustration inspires new form of graphene
Researchers at Northwestern University have now developed a new form of graphene that does not stack.

Bad eggs and oil slicks
If courts were able to award appropriate punitive damages that punish wrongdoers at a level tied to a company's financial worth, then businesses big and small would be at risk of being put out of business by punitive damages unconscionable offenses and would be deterred from bad behavior in the first place, according to Judy Feuer Zimet of the Phoenix School of Law in Phoenix, Arizona.

Exercise before and during early pregnancy increases two beneficial proteins for mothers-to-be
Study suggests that exercise before conception and in the early stages of pregnancy may protect a mother-to-be by stimulating the expression of two proteins thought to play a role in blood vessel health.

MARC Travel awards announced for the ABRCMS meeting
The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) Minority Access to Research Careers (MARC) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the 2011 Annual Biomedical Research Conference for Minority Students (ABRCMS) Meeting in St.

UCSB Nobel Laureate honored as centenary Solvay Chair
On the 100th anniversary of the first Solvay Conference on Physics, the International Solvay Institutes have created a special

Imaging technology might help doctors determine best treatment for Crohn's disease patients
According to new research from the University of Michigan Health System, ultrasound elasticity imaging, or UEI, could allow doctors to non-invasively make the distinction between intestinal inflammation and fibrosis in Crohn's disease patients, allowing patients to receive more appropriate and timely care.

Super-sized muscle made twin-horned dinosaur a speedster
A meat-eating dinosaur that terrorized its plant-eating neighbors in South America was a lot deadlier than first thought, a University of Alberta researcher has found.

Vast hidden network regulates gene expression in cancer
Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) and two other institutions have uncovered a vast new gene regulatory network in mammalian cells that could explain genetic variability in cancer and other diseases.

University of Oklahoma team awarded $10.7 million contract to develop educational video game for training intelligence analysts
A University of Oklahoma team has been awarded a $10.7 million multi-year contract from the Air Force Research Laboratory in support of the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity to develop an educational video game or

How and why did 2011 Nobel winner Dan Shechtman persist despite rejection?
What motivates those few scientists who rise above their peers to achieve breakthrough discoveries?

Turning slash piles into soil benefit
A student start-up wins

Another clue to how obesity works
The effects of obesity - both on our bodies and on the health budget - are well known, and now, scientists are getting closer to understanding how the disease progresses, providing clues for future treatments.

Alcohol consumption greatly increases serious injury risk for heavy and moderate drinkers
A new study has investigated the linkages between alcohol consumption and hospitalized injury.

Heart health impacts wellbeing of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
A new study has found that processes that control heart rate play an important role in the quality of life experienced by patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

The future of airport passport control
Digital security specialists, major European electronics makers, and experts in biometrics worked together to make passport control at airports faster.

New NOAA-funded research to illuminate connections between reefs in the Gulf of Mexico
The NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science's Center for Sponsored Coastal Ocean Research is initiating a five-year $5 million project focused on the role that the reefs of Pulley Ridge and the northern Gulf of Mexico may play in replenishment of key fish and other organisms in the downstream reefs which are important to the coastal economy.

NJIT alum, power expert, advisor during Exxon/Valdez clean-up, gets award
Robert Sommerlad has thought a lot about the challenges of power generation since he completed his bachelor's in mechanical engineering at Newark College of Engineering in 1960. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to