Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 16, 2011
The serious shortfall of mental health workers at all levels
Human resources for mental health are inadequate in most countries of low and middle income, and are likely to worsen unless substantial investments are made and effective strategies are implemented.

Musical aptitude relates to reading ability
Auditory working memory and attention, for example the ability to hear and then remember instructions while completing a task, are a necessary part of musical ability.

Making sure the right mental health interventions are provided in humanitarian settings
The third paper in the Lancet Series on Global Mental Health examines mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) in humanitarian settings, and points out that most research and evidence is focused on interventions that are infrequently applied, while the most commonly used interventions have had little rigorous scrutiny

Preventing the inexcusable human rights violations of people with mental and psychosocial disabilities: an unresolved global crisis
Stigma and discrimination lead to pervasive human rights violations against people with mental and psychosocial disabilities in low-income and middle-income countries.

Google Earth typhoid maps reveal secrets of disease outbreaks
In the mid-nineteenth century, John Snow mapped cases of cholera in Soho, London, and traced the source of the outbreak to a contaminated water pump.

Researchers do precise gene therapy without a needle
For the first time, researchers have found a way to inject a precise dose of a gene therapy agent directly into a single living cell without a needle.

Children dependent on life support vulnerable to loss of electrical power
Children dependent on electrically powered medical devices for life support and maintenance are vulnerable to an unexpected loss of power - and their parents are ill-prepared to deal with it, according to an abstract presented Sunday, Oct.

Scientists to solve the 'mystery' of Antarctic mass loss
An international team of experts are leading an investigation which could finally give a definitive answer about the impact Antarctica is having on sea level change globally.

Study reveals new role for RNA interference during chromosomal replication
In a new study that appears online in Nature on Oct.

First genome-wide association study for dengue identifies candidate susceptibility genes
Researchers in South East Asia have identified two genetic variants associated with increased susceptibility to severe dengue.

Up to 1 in 5 children in developing countries has a mental health problem, yet treatment is woefully inadequate
Mental health problems affect 10-20% of children and adolescents worldwide.

Plastic fantastic - the future of biodegradables
Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) is a thermoplastic polyester which occurs naturally in bacteria as Ralstonia eutropha and Bacillus megaterium.

Deep-reef coral hates the light, prefers the shade
Bird's nest coral is common throughout the Indo-Pacific and is able to live across a range of depths.

Breaking the cycle: studies show that improving mental health status helps improve financial status in low-income and middle-income countries
The first paper in the Lancet series on Global Mental Health reviews the negative cycle of interaction between mental ill health and poverty in low-income and middle-income countries (LMIC).

White children far more likely to receive CT scans than Hispanic, African-American children
White children are far more likely to receive cranial computed tomography scans in an emergency department following minor head trauma than are African-American or Hispanic children, a study by researchers at UC Davis has found.

Could a computer one day rewire itself?
Scientists at Northwestern University have developed a new nanomaterial that can

Promising new approach to treating debilitating nervous system disease
A groundbreaking study in the journal Nature Medicine suggests what could become the first effective treatment for a debilitating and fatal disease of the central nervous system called SCA1.

Knee injuries on the rise in child and adolescent athletes
Sports-related knee injuries in children and adolescents seem to be increasing at an alarming rate.

Sports-related knee injuries in children have increased dramatically over the past decade
Knee injuries in children with tears of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and meniscus have increased dramatically over the past 12 years, say orthopaedic surgeons from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia who presented their findings today at the American Academy of Pediatrics annual meeting in Boston.

How to scale up mental health care: As few as 1 in 50 people with mental health problems have access to treatment in developing countries, compared with 1 in 3 in wealthy nations
Scaling up mental health services in developing countries is an essential part of any plan to improve mental health worldwide.

AAP expands ages for diagnosis and treatment of ADHD in children
Updated guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics offer new information on diagnosing and treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in younger children and in adolescents.

Faulty molecular switch can cause infertility or miscarriage
Scientists have discovered an enzyme that acts as a 'fertility switch', in a study published in Nature Medicine today.

Largest ever genetic study of liver function could point the way to new treatments
Researchers have identified a large number of areas in the human genetic code that are involved in regulating the way in which the liver functions, in a new study of over 61,000 people, published today in the journal Nature Genetics.
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