Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 24, 2011
Perinatal antidepressant stunts brain development in rats
Rats exposed to an antidepressant just before and after birth showed substantial brain abnormalities and behaviors, in a study funded by the National Institutes of Health.

Analgesics use associated with increased risk for renal cell carcinoma
Use of acetaminophen and nonaspirin nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs was associated with a significantly increased risk for developing renal cell carcinoma, according to data presented at the 10th AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research, held Oct.

The 2012 Olympic surveillance legacy
The Olympic and Paralympic Games are one of the most prestigious events in the world and in 2012 all eyes will be on London.

BU presents approach to access biorelevant structures by 'remodeling' natural products
BU researchers present a new approach to accessing biorelevant structures by

Consumers don't pay as much attention to nutrition fact labels as they think
Are Nutrition Facts labels read in detail by consumers when making purchases?

UC San Diego biologists unravel how plants synthesize their growth hormone
Biologists at the University of California, San Diego, have succeeded in unraveling, for the first time, the complete chain of biochemical reactions that controls the synthesis of auxin, the hormone that regulates nearly all aspects of plant growth and development.

Monell Center receives $2 million core grant from NIH
The Monell Center has been awarded a $2 million Core grant from NIH's National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders.

British study may improve glaucoma assessment and treatment
Results from a recent scientific study in the UK may change the way that healthcare professionals measure eye pressure and allow them to assess the risk of glaucoma with greater accuracy.

Heavy alcohol consumption linked to lung cancer
Heavy alcohol consumption may be linked to a greater risk of developing lung cancer, while higher BMI and increased consumption of black tea and fruit are associated with lower risk of the deadly disease.

Foley catheter as successful as widely used hormone-like gel for inducing labor but with fewer side effects
One of the oldest mechanical methods of artificially starting labor in overdue pregnancies, the Foley catheter, is as successful as the current treatment of choice in the UK and USA, a hormone-like gel containing prostaglandin E2, but with fewer side effects.

Sildenafil may benefit children with PAH
Sildenafil is currently approved for adult pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH); however, new research presented at CHEST 2011, the 77th annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians, shows the drug may also provide significant benefits for children with PAH, helping to improve both oxygen delivery and exercise capacity.

More time outdoors may reduce kids' risk for nearsightedness
A new analysis of recent eye health studies shows that more time spent outdoors is related to reduced rates of nearsightedness, also known as myopia, in children and adolescents.

Clues revealed to cause of deadly kidney disease in newborns
One out of 20,000 newborns has autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease, and 30 percent die shortly after birth.

Heart transplant surgery safe and effective: A Canadian retrospective spanning 3 decades
Researchers at the University of Ottawa Heart Institute heart transplant program revealed results from 25 years of follow-up on a total of 461 transplant patients.

Informatics professionals meet in DC at AMIA's 35th Annual Symposium
The 35th Annual Symposium on Biomedical and Health Informatics opened this week with keynote speaker Dr.

A novel oral treatment for leishmaniasis has potential to save thousands of lives
A tropically stable liquid therapy for leishmaniasis, a disease known as the Baghdad boil, shows a significant decrease in infection after less than a week of treatment.

Study shows Alzheimer's disease-related peptides form toxic calcium channels in the plasma membrane
The neurodegeneration associated with Alzheimer's disease was long thought to be caused by the buildup of A-beta in insoluble, fibrous plaques.

Yoga eases back pain in largest US yoga study to date
Yoga classes were linked to better back-related function and diminished symptoms from chronic low back pain in the largest U.S. randomized controlled trial of yoga to date, published by the Archives of Internal Medicine as an

Harsh discipline fosters dishonesty in young children
Young children exposed to a harshly punitive school environment are more inclined to lie to conceal their misbehavior than are children from non-punitive schools, a study of three- and four-year-old West African children suggests.

JCI online early table of contents: Oct. 24, 2011
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for papers to be published Oct.

Bath salts emerging as new recreational drugs
The use of bath salts as recreational drugs has greatly escalated in recent years.

Congress alert: EUROECHO and Other Imaging Modalities: New patient emphasis
This year's annual meeting of the European Association of Echocardiography, a registered branch of the European Society of Cardiology, is changing its name to EUROECHO & Other Imaging Modalities.

Lack of sleep may lead to weight gain in teens
Sleeping less than eight hours a night may be linked to weight gain in teens, shows a new study presented at CHEST 2011, the 77th annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians.

Poisonous oceans delayed animal evolution
Animals require oxygen, but oxygenated environments were rare on early Earth.

High fluid intake appears to reduce bladder cancer risk
Drinking plenty of fluids may provide men with some protection against bladder cancer, according to a study presented at the 10th AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research, held Oct.

Morning UV exposure may be less damaging to the skin
Research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill suggests that the timing of exposure to UV rays -- early in the morning or later in the afternoon -- can influence the onset of skin cancer.

Mentoring programs -- how effective are they?
Whether it's parents, teachers, coaches, or family friends, there's no question that adults serve as powerful role models for youth as they transition from childhood to adolescence to adulthood.

'Letting Go -- The Dilemmas at Life's End'
In a new book, LMU physician Ralf J. Jox discusses the painful decisions that must be faced as the lives of loved ones approach their end.

Spinal cord injuries associated with increased risk of heart disease
New research from the Heart and Stroke Foundation and the Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation may help explain why people with spinal cord injury (SCI) have a higher risk of developing heart disease.

HPV linked to cardiovascular disease in women
Women with cancer-causing strains of human papillomavirus may be at increased risk for cardiovascular disease and stroke even when no conventional risk factors for CVD are present.

Possible link between autism and airway abnormality
Autism and autistic spectrum disorders are currently diagnosed primarily through subjective observation of autistic behaviors.

CHEST 2011: Embargoed studies highlight new simulation education research
This release contains new simulation education research presented at CHEST 2011, the 77th annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP), in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rural women more likely to be diagnosed with most serious form of breast cancer
An MU researcher has found that rural women are more likely than women living in cities to be diagnosed with late-stage breast cancer, the most severe form of the disease.

CHEST 2011: Embargoed studies highlight new critical care research
This release contains new critical care research presented at CHEST 2011, the 77th annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP), in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Research links water disinfection byproducts to adverse health effects
University of Illinois scientists report the first identification of a cellular mechanism linked to the toxicity of a major class of drinking water disinfection byproducts.

Ancient cooking pots reveal gradual transition to agriculture
Humans may have undergone a gradual rather than an abrupt transition from fishing, hunting and gathering to farming, according to a new study of ancient pottery.

Leeds puts Britain on trial
The young people of Leeds will have a unique opportunity later this month to come together and discuss institutional racism and other social issues facing Britain today.

Harvard Medical School and EPFL launch program targeting neurological disabilities
Two of the world's leading universities are joining forces to combine neuroscience and engineering in order to alleviate human suffering caused by such neurological disabilities as paralysis and deafness.

Study confirms males and females have at least 1 thing in common: Upregulating X
In a study published today in the journal Nature Genetics, a group of scientists including UNC biologist Jason Lieb, Ph.D., present experiments supporting a longstanding hypothesis that explains how males can survive with only one copy of the X chromosome.

Impact of Canada's Common Drug Review on drug listing
The number of drugs covered by public drug plans decreased substantially after Canada's Common Drug Review was introduced in 2003, and new drugs were listed more quickly in several of the smaller provinces, found a study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

How does the initial free volume distribution affect shear band formation in metallic glass?
The lack of room-temperature plasticity of metallic glasses (MGs) severely restricts their structural applications; overcoming this is one of the hottest research topics in metallurgy.

Cloud computing: Gaps in the 'cloud'
Researchers from Ruhr-University Bochum have found a massive security gap at Amazon Cloud Services.

Dana-Farber, Brigham and Women's launch large-scale genomic database project
Dana-Farber and Brigham and Women's Hospital have launched Profile, one of the most comprehensive cancer research studies to help accelerate the development of personalized treatments for every person with cancer.

Advanced post-mastectomy breast reconstruction improves women's psychosocial and sexual well-being
After a mastectomy, women who undergo breast reconstruction with tissue from their own abdomen experience significant gains in psychological, social, and sexual well-being as soon as three weeks after surgery.

Doctors happily cite alcohol as cause of death, but not smoking, for fear of stigmatization
UK doctors are willing to cite alcohol as a cause of death on death certificates, but not smoking, for fear of stigmatizing the deceased, shows research published online in the Journal of Clinical Pathology.

Gene mutations predict early, severe form of kidney disease
The most common kidney disease passed down through families, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) affects one in 400 to 1,000 individuals and is characterized by cysts on the kidneys.

WSU researchers demonstrate rare animal model for studying depression
Washington State University researchers have taken a promising step toward creating an animal model for decoding the specific brain circuits involved in depression.

Teen sleep deprivation related to weight gain
Sleeping less than eight hours a night may be linked to weight gain in teens, shows a new study presented at CHEST 2011.

Run-off, emissions deliver double whammy to coastal marine creatures, UGA study finds
Increasing acidification in coastal waters could compromise the ability of oysters and other marine creatures to form and keep their shells, according to a new study led by University of Georgia researchers.

CHEST 2011: Embargoed studies highlight new tobacco cessation research
This release contains new tobacco cessation research presented at CHEST 2011, the 77th annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians, in Honolulu, Hawaii.

CHEST 2011: Embargoed studies highlight new lung cancer and COPD research
This release contains new lung cancer and COPD research presented at CHEST 2011, the 77th annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP), in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Fewer marten detections in California forest linked to decline in habitat
The reclusive American marten is getting even harder to find in the Sierra Nevada, according to a study by a team of researchers from the US Forest Service and Oregon State University.

Optics Express Focus Issue: Collective phenomena in photonic, plasmonic and hybrid structures
The combination of optical, electronic and mechanical effects occurring in devices and materials that have structure on the nanometer scale are being investigated by researchers around the world.

Genetic difference in staph infects some heart devices, not others
Infectious films of Staph bacteria around an implanted cardiac device, such as a pacemaker, often force a second surgery to replace the device at a cost of up to $100,000.

Researchers ID genetic mutation associated with high risk of age-related macular degeneration
Researchers had previously identified several relatively common genetic variants which together predict a person's increased risk for AMD, but a significant number of persons without the disease also have these variants.

High-dose vitamin D may not be better than low-dose vitamin D in treating MS
Low vitamin D levels are associated with an increased risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS), but the first randomized, controlled trial using high-dose vitamin D in MS did not find any added benefit over and above ongoing low-dose vitamin D supplementation, according to a study published in the Oct.

21 Fellows inducted into American College of Medical Informatics
Twenty-one new Fellows were elected in the American College of Medical Informatics, an honorary college for those you have made significant and sustained contributions to a rapidly growing field, strategically tied to implementation of health information technology and EHRs.

Insomnia could moderately raise your heart attack risk
Insomnia was associated with a moderately higher chance of heart attack, according to a Norwegian study.

Mayo Clinic detective work shows possible side effect in macular degeneration drug
Two major drug trials conclude there was little risk from a drug aimed at age-related macular degeneration.

Biodesign researchers to develop new reagent pipeline for molecular medicine
Scientists John Chaput and Joshua LaBaer in the Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University will lead a new initiative to develop a state-of-the-art pipeline for generating synthetic affinity reagents called

The talking kitchen that teaches you French
An innovative kitchen that gives step-by-step cooking instructions in French could spark a revolution in language learning in the UK.

Left-handed people more likely to have sleep disorder
The presence of rhythmic limb movements when sleeping, which may vary in intensity, may be an indicator of periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD).

New device measures viscosity of ketchup and cosmetics
A device that can measure and predict how liquids flow under different conditions will ensure consumer products -- from makeup to ketchup -- are of the right consistency.

Dietary patterns may be linked to increased colorectal cancer risk in women
Researchers may have found a specific dietary pattern linked to levels of C-peptide concentrations that increase a woman's risk for colorectal cancer.

Discovery illuminates elusive proton channel gene in dinoflagellates
A 40-year search for a gene that causes some one-celled sea creatures to flash at night and is also found in others that produce deadly red tides, has been successfully culminated by a group of scientists led by Thomas E.

Increased tanning bed use increases risk for deadly skin cancers
Researchers confirmed an association between tanning bed use and an increased risk for three common skin cancers -- basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma, according to results presented at the 10th AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research, held Oct.

Study hints at possible therapeutic strategy to combat premature birth
Scientists who developed a novel mouse model mimicking human preterm labor have described a molecular signaling pathway underlying preterm birth and targeted it to stop the problem.

Take your blood pressure meds before bed
It's better to take blood pressure-lowering medications before bed rather than first thing in the morning, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology.

Magnetic nanoswitch for thermoelectric voltages
The heat which occurs in tiny computer processors might soon be no longer useless or even a problem.

Forest fires are becoming larger and more frequent
Research in which scientists from Universidad Carlos III de Madrid are participating analyzes the causes and characteristics of fires that have occurred in the Mediterranean basin in recent decades, and determines that rural exodus and changes in land use have increased the number and size of these fires.

Antidepressant linked to developmental brain abnormalities in rodents
A study by researchers at the University of Mississippi Medical Center and the University of California, San Francisco shows that rats given a popularly prescribed antidepressant during development exhibit brain abnormalities and behaviors characteristic of autism spectrum disorders.

Local TV news: Sharing agreements mean less original content and possible monopoly violations
A content analysis of local TV news finds agreements between stations mean less original content and possible monopoly violations.

Patients who don't follow treatments hurt dialysis clinics' pay
Dialysis clinics that provide care to kidney disease patients who cannot or will not follow their prescribed treatments will be penalized under a new Medicare payment system, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology.

Hebrew University researchers show how motherhood alters brain function
Instinctive mothering behavior towards care of newborns has long been recognized as a phenomenon in humans and animals, but now research at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem has shown that motherhood is associated with the acquisition of a host of new behaviors that are driven, at least in part, by alterations in brain function.

Waters recognizes the Dr. Ganesh Anand Laboratory at NUS as Center of Innovation
On Oct. 24, 2011, US-based Waters Corporation welcomed Dr. Ganesh Anand's laboratory at the National University of Singapore (NUS) into its Centers of Innovation Program, making it the first such Center in Asia.

For diabetics, spectroscopy may replace painful pinpricks
Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have taken a key step toward developing a portable device to test diabetics' blood glucose by shining a light through their skin.

Academy of Natural Sciences receives Green Power award
The Academy of Natural Sciences is the recipient of a Green Power award for leadership in supporting sustainable energy and for its renewable energy policy.

Research finds gallium nitride is non-toxic, biocompatible - holds promise for implants
Researchers from North Carolina State University and Purdue University have shown that the semiconductor material gallium nitride is non-toxic and is compatible with human cells - opening the door to the material's use in a variety of biomedical implant technologies.

Gail Besner, MD, receives RO1 grant to continue research on necrotizing enterocolitis
Gail Besner, MD, principal investigator in the Center for Perinatal Research in The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, has been awarded a four-year RO1 grant from the National Institutes of Health to continue her work on heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor and intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Exposure to chemical BPA before birth linked to behavioral, emotional difficulties in girls
Exposure in the womb to bisphenol A (BPA) -- a chemical used to make plastic containers and other consumer goods -- is associated with behavior and emotional problems in young girls, according to a study led by researchers at Harvard School of Public Health, Cincinnati Children's Hospital and Medical Center, and Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, British Columbia.

NASA caught Tropical Storm Rina forming, strengthening
NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite called TRMM and NASA's Aqua satellite captured radar and temperature data that showed Tropical Storm Rina forming in the western Caribbean Sea yesterday.

Blood vessel mapping reveals 4 new 'ZIP codes'
A research team led by scientists from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have discovered four new

The 18th Annual Institute on Teaching and Mentoring
FASEB MARC Program has announced the travel award recipients for the 18th Annual Institute on Teaching and Mentoring Program in Atlanta, Georgia from Oct.

Study evaluates industry payments to orthopedic surgeons
An analysis of financial payments made by orthopedic device manufacturers to orthopedic surgeons shows that the patterns of payments from 2007 to 2010 appear to be complex with a reduction in the total number of payments and the total amount of funds distributed after payment disclosure was required, as well as an increase in the proportion of consultants with academic affiliations, according to a report in the Oct.

Contemporary protests are embracing an 'open door' policy
Tel Aviv University researcher Dr. Tali Hatuka says that there has been a major shift in the way that citizens take to the streets -- one embracing competing ideas.

In developing rats, antidepressant exposure linked to brain, behavioral abnormalities
A study by researchers at the University of Mississippi Medical Center and the University of California, San Francisco shows that rats given a popularly prescribed antidepressant during development exhibit brain abnormalities and behaviors characteristic of autism spectrum disorders.

Life beyond cancer: Starting a family following treatment
Research at Northwestern has expanded the options for fertility preservation over the years, which now includes freezing ovarian tissue and sperm extraction in addition to embryo, egg and sperm banking.

Could additives in hot dogs affect incidence of colon cancer?
The addition of ascorbate (vitamin C) or its close relative, erythorbate, and the reduced amount of nitrite added in hot dogs, mandated in 1978, have been accompanied by a steep drop in the death rate from colon cancer, according to data presented at the 10th AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research, held Oct.

Smoking a single cigarette may have immediate effect on young adults
It is well known that smoking leads to a reduction in levels of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), which is a marker for airway inflammation.

Uncovering the genetic causes of bipolar disorder could lead to new treatments
Researchers at the University of Leeds investigating the genetic causes of bipolar disorder have identified two new drugs -- one of which has already been found safe in clinical trials -- that may be effective in treating the disorder.

Silicone injections may prove deadly according to several research studies
Reports of adverse events, including death, from silicone injections for cosmetic purposes have been increasing in both medical and consumer literature.

CHEST 2011: Embargoed studies highlight new asthma research
This release contains new asthma research presented at CHEST 2011, the 77th annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP), in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Taking the pulse of charge-separation processes
Organic solar cells have the potential to convert sunlight into electrical energy in an economical and environmentally friendly fashion.

Relaxation dynamics of 2D nanoparticle systems
The monolayer of nanoparticles at the air-water interface is a hot research topic in the field of soft condensed matter.

Stanford researchers build transparent, super-stretchy skin-like sensor
Using carbon nanotubes bent to act as springs, Stanford researchers have developed a stretchable, transparent skin-like sensor.

Study offers clues as to why some patients get infections from cardiac implants
New research suggests that some patients develop a potentially deadly blood infection from their implanted cardiac devices because bacterial cells in their bodies have gene mutations that allow them to stick to the devices.

Mechanical stress can help or hinder wound healing depending on time of application
A new study demonstrates that mechanical forces affect the growth and remodeling of blood vessels during tissue regeneration and wound healing.

Probability model estimates proportion of women who survive breast cancer detected through screening
A model used to estimate breast cancer survival rates found that the probability that a woman with screen-detected breast cancer will avoid a breast cancer death because of screening mammography may be lower than previously thought, according to a report published online first by Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Coffee consumption associated with decreased risk for basal cell carcinoma
Caffeine could be related to an inverse association between basal cell carcinoma risk and consumption of coffee, a study found.

There are still 453,000 deaths per year due to rotavirus-related diarrhea
New research published online first in the Lancet Infectious Diseases shows there are still 453,000 deaths due to rotavirus-related diarrhea, despite availability of a vaccine.

Thomas Jefferson is the first high school to subscribe to the Journal of Visualized Experiments
Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology is the first post-secondary school to subscribe to the Journal of Visualized Experiments.

Surprises of the measles virus structure
Professor Sarah Butcher's research group from Helsinki University's Institute of Biotechnology report in the Oct.

Gun traffickers exploit differences in state laws
A new study by Brown University economist Brian Knight explores the state-to-state flow of illegal firearms in America and examines the role of state gun regulations.

CHEST 2011: Embargoed studies highlight new lung health research
This release contains new lung health research presented at CHEST 2011, the 77th annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP), in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Potential new cause of miscarriage and habitual abortion
Fetal and neonatal immune thrombocytopenia (FNIT; aka FNAIT) is a potentially lethal condition that can cause bleeding within skull of a fetus/newborn, which can result in brain damage or even death.

Nanoparticles and their size may not be big issues
If you've ever eaten from silverware or worn copper jewelry, you've been around nanoparticles dropped into the environment, say University of Oregon scientists.

High fizzy soft drink consumption linked to violence among teens
Teens who drink more than five cans of non-diet, fizzy soft drinks every week are significantly more likely to behave aggressively, suggests research published online in Injury Prevention.

Experts recommend the inclusion of rainwater-collection systems in cities
Plain, sloping roofs can collect up to 50 percent more rainwater than flat roofs with gravel.

Non-targeted HIV testing in emergency departments identifies only few new cases, French study finds
Non-targeted HIV rapid test screening among emergency department patients in metropolitan Paris resulted in identifying only a few new HIV diagnoses, often at late stages and mostly among patients who are in a high-risk group, according to a study published online first by the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Louisiana Tech University recognizes innovators, inventors
Louisiana Tech University's Office of Intellectual Property and Commercialization and Research Foundation have honored a number of the institution's faculty and researchers for technologies they have patented, licensed, submitted applications for patents and first-time inventors.

Deliberate practice: Necessary but not sufficient
Psychological scientist Guillermo Campitelli is a good chess player, but not a great one.

Yoga and stretching exercises beneficial for chronic low back pain
Yoga classes were found to be more effective than a self-care book for patients with chronic low back pain at reducing symptoms and improving function, but they were not more effective than stretching classes, according to a study published online first by the Archives of Internal Medicine.

ConocoPhillips, Penn State award energy prize to airborne tethered wind turbines
Wind turbines that float hundreds of feet above the ground or sea and are deployable in 24 hours are the focus of the

Heart surgeons-in-training benefit from hands-on homework
Residents in cardiac surgery who receive extra training on a take-home simulator do a better job once they get into the operating room.

Inequality affects food production in Zimbabwe
A shortage of land in Zimbabwe leads to greater inequality between the sexes.

New anti-inflammatory drugs might help avoid side effects of steroids
A new class of anti-inflammatory drugs may one day serve as an alternative to steroid medications and possibly help avoid the serious side effects of steroids, based on research findings at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies.

Vitamin B-based treatment for corneal disease may offer some patients a permanent solution
Patients in the United States who have the cornea-damaging disease keratoconus may soon be able to benefit from a new treatment that is already proving effective in Europe and other regions.

Biosensing tool to detect salmonella holds promise for preventing common food poisoning
Food poisoning from salmonella bacteria is a worldwide public health hazard.

CHEST 2011: Embargoed studies highlight new sleep disorder research
This release contains new sleep disorder research presented at CHEST 2011, the 77th annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians, in Honolulu, Hawaii.

On the nanoscale, particles flow in unexpected ways
Whether it's water through the English Channel or a river channel, we assume fluids flow in predictable ways.

Gene variant increases risk of kidney disease in African-Americans
African-Americans with two copies of the APOL1 gene have about a four percent lifetime risk of developing a form of kidney disease, according to scientists at the National Institutes of Health.

Detroit holds record for highest lung cancer mortality rates
Compared with other cities, Detroit has one of the highest mortality rates in the United States for non-small cell lung cancer.

Daily smoking, low mastery associated with repeat episodes of depression
Previous depression, daily smoking and a lack of control over life circumstances -- or

Stem rust-resistant wheat landraces identified
US Department of Agriculture scientists have identified a number of stem rust-resistant wheat varieties and are retesting them to verify their resistance.

Residency program focuses on overlooked mental health needs
Despite the fact mental health problems are more common than high blood pressure and diabetes combined, about two-thirds of mental health patients are cared for entirely by primary care providers without proper training.

Patient advocacy groups turn to open-access publishing to advance research quest
Pat Furlong founded Parent Project Muscular Dystrophy in 1995 to link families, like hers, who had been affected by muscular dystrophy with both resources and hope.

Physical fitness could have a positive effect on eye health
Physical activity may be what the doctor orders to help patients reduce their risk of developing glaucoma.
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