Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 28, 2011
Never too old to donate a kidney?
Healthy individuals over 70 years old can safely donate a kidney.

Home of the free - land of the fat?
Richard McKenzie's

Smart city, smart village proposals progress as Malaysia's global advisory council meets
The integration of information and communications technologies in urban and rural energy management, health care and other areas will increase Malaysia's efficiency, advance its human capacity, and promotes entrepreneurship and innovation, according to national and international experts meeting in Kuala Lumpur this week.

How biological capsules respond under stress
Cosmetics and pharmaceutical drug delivery systems could be improved thanks to a new method developed to precisely measure the capability of capsule-like biological membranes to change shape under external stress.

NYUCN receives $2.8 million NIH/NIAID grant to study combination HIV prevention for Kenyan youth
New York University College of Nursing received a four-year, $ 2.8 million grant from the National Institute of Health's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases to study

1 in 6 people will have a stroke, but most strokes can be prevented
The theme of this year's World Stroke Day on Oct.

Shaping a new culture of research & innovation in Europe
GenSET publishes the results of public consultation on the Future of Gender & Innovation in Europe.

Lung regeneration closer to reality with new discovery by Weill Cornell Medical College researchers
Researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College say they have taken an important step forward in their quest to

Glasgow in the 'good old days'
With corned beef making a comeback, period dramas filling primetime TV and the styles of the 60s and 80s frequently gracing the fashion catwalks, nostalgia is playing an important role in everyday life.

Planets smashed into dust near supermassive black holes
University of Leicester scientist proposes theory for mysterious doughnut-shaped dust clouds.

Controlling gene expression to halt cancer growth
Olaf Wiest, professor of chemistry and biochemistry at the University of Notre Dame, is one of a group of collaborators studying the effects of a specific molecule on the trigger that controls the growth of the NUT midline carcinoma.

Mayo Clinic partners with advocacy organizations
Mayo Clinic researchers -- in partnership with numerous national mental health advocacy organizations -- are issuing new simple-to-understand tools to help identify youth who may have mental health disorders.

NYU College of Nursing Receives $1 million HRSA grant to enhance the doctor of nursing practice program
New York University College of Nursing received a three-year, $1,018,323.00 grant from the Human Resources & Services Administration to facilitate

Study finds no link between elderly patient activity and hospital falls
While it might seem obvious that elderly patients who move around more would be more likely to fall, a new study from University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston researchers suggests otherwise.

Fighting violent gang crime with math
UCLA mathematicians working with the Los Angeles Police Department to analyze crime patterns have designed a mathematical algorithm to identify street gangs involved in unsolved violent crimes -- the first scholarly study of gang violence of its kind.

Consortium gets $7.2 million contract renewal to promote phase II clinical trials
The National Cancer Institute recently awarded $7.2 million for the competitive renewal of the Southeast Phase two Consortium, led by Moffitt Cancer Center's Daniel Sullivan, M.D., executive vice president and associate center director for Clinical Investigations.

Obese people regain weight after dieting due to hormones
Obese people may regain weight after dieting due to hormonal changes, a University of Melbourne and Austin Health study has shown.

Fighting a smarter war against cancer
Ruesch Symposium 2011 will convene top thought leaders and health care practitioners from the US and around the world to discuss cancer care in relation to public policy, value and personalized medicine.

Chromosome chaos in serial killer
Scientists found a deadly parasite with some of its chromosomes in duplicate, others in triplicate, while still others are present four or even five times.

NYUCN receives $7.56 million NIH grant to research heterosexuals at high risk of HIV infection
New York University College of Nursing received a five-year, $7.56 million grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse at the National Institutes of Health to evaluate the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a peer-driven intervention to seek out heterosexuals at high risk for HIV in their communities, test them for HIV, and link them to care in a timely fashion if they are found to be HIV infected.

First native Houstonian astronaut to visit UH
Space City's first native Houstonian astronaut to launch into space is coming to the University of Houston Nov.

Human-caused climate change major factor in more frequent Mediterranean droughts
Wintertime droughts are increasingly common in the Mediterranean region, and human-caused climate change is partly responsible, according to a new analysis by NOAA scientists and colleagues at the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences.

Cancer survivorship research must look at quality of life
Assessing the quality of life experienced by cancer survivors is becoming increasingly important, say researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, Fla.

New hybrid technology could bring 'quantum information systems'
The merging of two technologies under development - plasmonics and nanophotonics - is promising the emergence of new

Mapping the formation of an underwater volcano
On Oct. 9 an underwater volcano started to emerge in waters off El Hierro Island in the Canaries, Spain.

New findings contradict dominant theory in Alzheimer's disease
For decades the amyloid hypothesis has dominated the research field in Alzheimer's disease.

NYUCN receives $1 million HRSA grant to incorporate primary care into nurse-midwives' education
New York University College of Nursing received a three-year, $1,002,318.00 grant from the Human Resources & Services Administration to research

Evidence for spinal membrane as a source of stem cells may advance spinal cord treatment
Italian and Spanish scientists studying the use of stem cells for treating spinal cord injuries have provided the first evidence to show that meninges, the membrane which envelops the central nervous system, is a potential source of self-renewing stem cells.

Novel strategy stymies SARS et al.
Broad-spectrum antiviral drugs are urgently needed but have so far eluded discovery.

NYUCN receives $4.2 million NIH/NIDA grant to study injecting drug users in Kenya
New York University College of Nursing received a five-year, $4,161,665.00 grant from the National Institute of Health's National Institute on Drug Abuse to research

UT study looks at manual wheelchair use, exercise and calorie burning
A person who uses a manual wheelchair can burn up to 120 calories in half an hour while wheeling at 2 mph on a flat surface, which is three times as much as someone doing the same action in a motorized wheelchair.

Cell cultures from a machine
Cell cultures form the basis of day-to-day research work in applications that range from the development of drugs and vaccines to the decoding of functions of individual genes.

More power to the cranberry: Study shows juice better than extracts at fighting infections
With scientific evidence now supporting the age-old wisdom that cranberries prevent urinary tract infections, people have wondered if proanthocyanidins or PACs, a group of flavonoids found in cranberries, if extracted and condensed, perhaps in pill form, would be as effective as drinking the juice or eating cranberry sauce.

Counter-Terrorism Symposium to be held Nov. 5, 2011 at NJIT
NJIT will co-host with the New Jersey United States Marine Corps Reserve Association a daylong cyber-terrorism symposium looking at proactive approaches to counter-terrorism.

How to unbalance nothingness
Scientists from the Universities Graz and Jena now succeeded calculating the time evolution of the vacuum decay in detail.

New therapy shows promise for treating cardiovascular disease
A new therapy being studied in non-human primates by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center and colleagues is demonstrating promise as a potential tool for combating cardiovascular disease by increasing good cholesterol and lowering triglycerides in the blood.

Building granular towers drop by drop and how to see out from under an invisibility cloak
Physicists may have solved one of the primary problems that most invisibility cloak designs present.

Folate receptors may serve as a front door to ovarian cancer treatment
A new strategy that takes advantage of ovarian cancer's reliance on folate appears to give relapse patients extra months of life with few side effects, researchers say.

New aircraft for research
Today the new polar research aircraft Polar 6 will be presented in Bremerhaven, at the beginning of next week the Basler BT-67 will take off to the Antarctic.

Scientists measure dream content for the first time
Dreams activate the brain in a similar way to real actions.

Zoning boundaries can make good neighbors in conservation
As the world's biodiversity hotspots are increasingly stressed by their human neighbors, zoning is becoming a common strategy to balance environmental protection and human needs.

International symposium explores genetic link to mesothelioma and other cancers
The University of Hawaii Cancer Center and The Queen's Medical Center will host an international symposium on Friday, Dec.

Medical school deans convene to discuss value and flaws of U.S. News rankings
A panel of prominent medical school deans from across the country convened yesterday in New York City to discuss the future of annual medical school rankings issued by US News & World Report, which are now celebrating their 20th anniversary.

BGI reports pig parasite's genomic sequence provides new clues for parasitic diseases research
Pig parasite's genomic sequence provides new clues for parasitic diseases research.

Measuring the distance of processes
A milestone in the description of complex processes - for example the ups and downs of share prices - has been reached by mathematicians at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum.

Scientists prove regular aspirin intake halves cancer risk
Scientists prove regular aspirin intake halves cancer risk.

An antibiotic effect minus resistance
Ching-Hong Yang, a microbiologist at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, has developed a compound that shuts off the

Trance stare led researchers to discover a genuine hypnotic state
An international team of researchers have found the existence of a genuine hypnotic state.

Stalemate over organic farming slows progress in effort to combat food insecurity in Central Africa
The polarized debate over the use of organic and inorganic practices to boost farm yields is slowing action and widespread farmer adoption of approaches that could radically transform Africa's food security situation, according to a group of leading international scientists meeting in Kigali this week.

The green look for EV charging stations
The network of electric-vehicle charging stations in Germany is still relatively sparse, but their number is growing rapidly.

Spin lasers in the fast lane
Electrical engineers in Bochum have succeeded in developing a new concept for ultrafast semiconductor lasers.

Sexism and gender inequality
Individual beliefs don't stay confined to the person who has them; they can affect how a society functions.

Texas Biomed develops new approach to study depression; finding may lead to new marker for risk
Scientists at the Texas Biomedical Research Institute in San Antonio and Yale University have identified a new target area in the human genome that appears to harbor genes with a major role in the onset of depression.

The Lutetia asteroid - a prehistoric relic
New information has been published about the Lutetia asteroid that was observed in 2010 and its properties.

Dopamine release in human brain tracked at microsecond timescale reveals decision-making
The first rapid measurements of dopamine release in a human brain have provided preliminary evidence that the neurotransmitter can be tracked in its movement between brain cells while a subject expresses decision-making behavior.

VTT identified specific bacteria which precede autoimmune diabetes
A study led by Matej Orešič from VTT Technical Research Center of Finland suggests that autoimmune diabetes is preceded by diminished gut microbial diversity of the Clostridium leptum subgroup, elevated plasma leptin and enhanced glucose-stimulated insulin secretion.

Prestigious Hartford grants bolster awardees' social work research
Twelve outstanding students have been chosen as the newest participants in the Hartford Doctoral Fellows Program in Geriatric Social Work.

Study finds specific gene linked to cold sore susceptibility
Investigators have identified a human chromosome containing a specific gene associated with susceptibility to herpes simplex labialis, the common cold sore. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to