Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 30, 2011
Gladstone scientists identify protein form linked to Huntington's disease
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have discovered how a form of the protein linked to Huntington's disease influences the timing and severity of its symptoms, offering new avenues for treating not only this disease, but also a variety of similar conditions.

Patterns of new DNA letter in brain suggest distinct function
In 2009, the DNA alphabet expanded. Scientists discovered that an extra letter or

UC Berkeley findings offer new clues into the addicted brain
What drives addicts to repeatedly choose drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, overeating, gambling or kleptomania, despite the risks involved?

Linking Fragile X Syndrome proteins and RNA editing mistakes at nerve-muscle junction
The most common form of heritable cognitive impairment is Fragile X Syndrome, caused by mutation of the FMR1 gene.

Commuting - bad for your health?
From a commuter's point of view, the advantages of daily travel, such as a better paid job or better housing conditions, need to be weighed against adverse health effects.

DNA find sheds light on the human brain
Brain cells alter their genetic make-up during a person's lifetime, scientists have found in a discovery that could shed light on neurological diseases.

University of Toronto researchers create world's most efficient flexible OLED on plastic
University of Toronto Engineering researchers have developed the world's most efficient organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) on plastic.

Study finds community counseling reduced the prevalence of TB on a budget
The Zamstar TB study results are announced.

First-of-its-kind study creates new tool for targeted cancer drug development
In a technical tour de force, scientists at Fox Chase Cancer Center have cataloged and cross-indexed the actions of 178 candidate drugs capable of blocking the activity of one or more of 300 enzymes, including enzymes critical for cancer and other diseases.

High toxic levels found at school, market neighboring informal e-waste salvage site in Africa
A produce market, a church headquarters and a soccer field are likewise polluted to varying degrees, all neighbors of the Agbogbloshie scrap metal site, where electronic trash is scavenged for valuable metals - especially copper.

Fat cells in abdomen fuel spread of ovarian cancer
A large pad of abdominal fat cells provides nutrients that promote the spread and growth of ovarian cancer, the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths in women.

Research team clarifies mechanics of first new cell cycle to be described in more than 20 years
An international team of researchers led by investigators in the US and Germany has shed light on the inner workings of the endocycle, a common cell cycle that fuels growth in plants, animals and some human tissues and is responsible for generating up to half of the Earth's biomass.

An important aspect of structural design of super-tall buildings and structures
Across-wind loads and effects have become increasingly important factors in the structural design of super-tall buildings and structures with increasing height.

So many proteins, so much promise
A team led by a Northwestern University scientist has developed a new

Zinc oxide microwires improve the performance of light-emitting diodes
Researchers have used zinc oxide microwires to significantly improve the efficiency at which gallium nitride light-emitting diodes (LED) convert electricity to ultraviolet light.
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