Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 31, 2011
Psychological traumas experienced over lifetime linked to adult irritable bowel syndrome
The psychological and emotional traumas experienced over a lifetime -- such as the death of a loved one, divorce, natural disaster, house fire or car accident, physical or mental abuse -- may contribute to adult irritable bowel syndrome, according to the results of a study unveiled today.

Fighting breast cancer early, one cell at a time
Researchers at Tufts University will develop ultra-sensitive techniques at the single-molecule and single-cell levels designed to detect breast cancer earlier, and treat it with greater precision, through a $6.6 million Innovator Award from the Department of Defense Breast Cancer Research Program.

Research highlights training to improve colorectal cancer detection
The first study to assess improvements in detection of pre-cancerous growths in the colon through intensive physician training was presented today at ACG 2011, where CRC detection was an important focus of the scientific presentations.

UM College of Engineering receives $1 million grant from the Department of Energy
The United States Department of Energy has awarded the University of Miami Industrial Assessment Center a $1 million grant to be distributed over five years.

Presenting research findings to global audiences
Ensuring free and easy access to scientific knowledge and research data is the goal of open-access publishing.

Attend the premier bone meeting in Europe
The International Osteoporosis Foundation and the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis have worked in partnership to develop a unique springtime meeting program for health-care professionals, researchers and young scientists.

Forests not keeping pace with climate change
More than half of eastern US tree species examined in a massive new Duke University-led study aren't adapting to climate change as quickly or consistently as predicted.

Chinese, US women chemists gather to talk science
Women chemists from the United States and China have concluded a historic three-day workshop in Beijing -- a session believed to be the first in China to bring just women together from the two countries to share and discuss their research.

New research on improved treatment options and screening strategies for Hepatitis C
Studies reporting on the effectiveness of new therapies for chronic Hepatitis C virus are among the clinical science presented today at ACG 2011, where investigators also presented findings from an age-based risk assessment and screening intervention for Hepatitis C among Baby Boomers, patients aged 50-65, who saw a gastroenterologist for routine colon cancer screening.

Celiac patients face potential hazard as information on cosmetic ingredients difficult to find
The lack of readily available information about cosmetic ingredients may cause patients with celiac disease who use lip, facial or body products to unknowingly expose themselves to gluten -- an ingredient they need to avoid, according to the results of a new study unveiled today.

Before the G20 summit in Cannes: IZA researchers propose concept for a global debt brake
A few days before the G20 summit in Cannes, economists from the Institute for the Study of Labor, an international think tank based in Bonn, Germany, have proposed a global consolidation strategy of public finances.

Do deficits in brain cannabinoids contribute to eating disorders?
A new report in Biological Psychiatry suggests that deficits in endocannabinoid function may contribute to anorexia nervosa and bulimia.

Savannas, forests in a battle of the biomes, Princeton researchers find
Climate change, land use and other human-driven factors could pit savannas and forests against each other by altering the elements found by Princeton University researchers to stabilize the two.

$50,000 prize, focus on future of medicine are highlights of annual ethics conference
The 23rd annual MacLean Fellows Conference on medical ethics will tackle the role of professionalism in improving patient care and strengthening the alliance between medicine and society and award the first MacLean Center Prize in Clinical Ethics and Health Outcomes to to John Wennberg, of the Dartmouth Atlas.

Mathematically detecting bubbles before they burst
A mathematical model has been proposed for the detection of financial bubbles in order to prevent their collapse.

Mayo Clinic develops new way to rate severity of colitis, a common cause of diarrhea
Mayo Clinic researchers have developed a new way to assess a common cause of chronic diarrhea, microscopic colitis, using the Microscopic Colitis Disease Activity Index.

Study shows no increased risk of breast cancer for non-carriers in families with BRCA gene mutation
Summary of a study being published online Oct. 31, 2011, in the Journal of Clinical Oncology finding that close relatives of women who carry mutations in a BRCA gene - but who themselves do not have such genetic mutations - do not have an increased risk of developing breast cancer compared to relatives of women with breast cancer who do not have such mutations.

Underage drinking among close friends high indicator of future alcohol use by black teens
Research led by University of Southern California professor Mary Ann Pentz, Ph.D., shows that black middle school students whose close friends drink alcohol are more likely to drink alcohol in high school than their white classmates.

Public lecture to explore intersection of economics, human behavior, and brain science
Explore how human behavior, and its biological bases, drives the economy at Neuroscience 2011, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience.

Doctors can learn empathy through a computer-based tutorial
Cancer doctors want to offer a sympathetic ear, but sometimes miss the cues from patients.

New rice varieties offer benefits to growers
New rice varieties that offer new options for US growers and expanded market opportunities for the US rice industry have been developed by US Department of Agriculture scientists and cooperators.

Experts challenge government on special needs reforms
Academics and campaigners are calling on the government to reconsider its proposed changes in providing support for children with special needs.

Deep words, shallow words: An initial analysis of water discourse in 40 years of UN declarations
UN University's Canadian-based Institute for Water, Environment and Health today published a study of the changing language related to water used in high-level declarations from relevant UN conferences over the past 40 years.

Physicians who play Mozart while performing colonoscopy may improve adenoma detection rate
Physicians who listen to Mozart while performing colonoscopy may increase their detection rates of precancerous polyps, according to the results of a new study unveiled today.

People with dementia less likely to return home after stroke
New research shows people with dementia who have a stroke are more likely to become disabled and not return home compared to people who didn't have dementia at the time they had a stroke.

Mayo Clinic esophageal cancer patients support each other through Facebook group
In 2008, physicians at Mayo Clinic Florida led by Herbert Wolfsen, M.D., were looking for new ways to keep in touch with the large group of esophageal cancer patients cared for by him and other gastroenterologists and surgeons.

$7.2 million project will address a national shortage of health-care workers in Liberia
Indiana University today (Oct. 31) announced that it is partnering with the University of Liberia and the University of Massachusetts Medical School to administer a transformative $7.2 million project that will address a national shortage of health-care workers in Liberia, an African nation with which IU has had long-standing ties.

High levels of master heat shock protein linked to poor prognosis in breast cancer patients
Whitehead Institute scientists report that patients whose estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancers have high levels of an ancient cellular survival factor experience poor outcomes -- including increased mortality.

Shared genes with Neanderthal relatives not unusual
During human evolution our ancestors mated with Neanderthals, but also with other related hominids.

Virginia Commonwealth University findings may help explain high blood pressure in pregnancy
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine researchers have discovered that the infiltration of white blood cells into an expectant mother's blood vessels may explain high blood pressure in pregnancy.

ACP recommends new approach to prevent venous thromboembolism in hospitalized patients
In a new clinical practice guideline, the American College of Physicians recommends that doctors assess the risk of thromboembolism and bleeding in patients hospitalized for medical illnesses, including stroke, before initiating therapy to prevent venous thromboembolism.

Key driver of metastasis identified
Protein S100A10 is essential for metastatic growth. Macrophages rely upon S100A10 to power movement of tumor cells to new sites.

Novel magnetic-resonance technology gives more accurate insights into the structure of matter
With support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft three German universities are to obtain innovative DNP-NMR equipment for use in the life sciences and materials sciences.

Cold chemistry
Icy dust specks could provide an interstellar staging ground for chemical reactions that form complex organic molecules.

Mayo Clinic: Short training course significantly improves detection of precancerous polyps
Just two extra hours of focused training significantly increased the ability of physicians to find potentially precancerous polyps, known as adenomas, in the colon, according to researchers at Mayo Clinic in Florida.

The Michael J. Fox Foundation awards nearly $200,000 to develop novel drugs for Parkinson's disease
The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research has awarded a grant to Academy professor Mart Saarma, Ph.D., and his team at the Institute of Biotechnology of the University of Helsinki.

Some answers about orthotics
University of Calgary kinesiologists used a new method of examining the effectiveness of shoe inserts.

Antibody library project could unlock mysteries of human gene function
A National Institutes of Health grant to Los Alamos National Laboratory could help unravel secrets of how human genes function.

IADR/AADR publish study on obesity link to periodontitis
In a study titled

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers find regulatory T-cell clue to help prevent GVHD
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a serious risk in many kinds of cell transplants, including for stem cell transplants carried out when stem cells are partially depleted of conventional T cells, which play an important role in the immune system.

Carnegie Mellon report finds Internet privacy tools are confusing, ineffective for most people
Internet users who want to protect their privacy by stopping advertisers and other companies from tracking their online behavior will have great difficulty doing so with commonly available

NBA players not immune to serious illness from norovirus
A new study describes a 2010 outbreak involving several NBA teams, the first known report of a norovirus outbreak in a professional sports association.

Probiotics effective in combating antibiotic-associated diarrhea
In four different studies presented at the American College of Gastroenterology's 76th Annual Scientific meeting, researchers explored the effectiveness of probiotics for antibiotic-associated diarrhea; as an anti-inflammatory agent for patients with ulcerative colitis, psoriasis and chronic fatigue syndrome; and for people with abdominal discomfort and bloating who have not been diagnosed with a functional bowel disorder, such as irritable bowel syndrome.

Yoga aids chronic back pain sufferers
Yoga can provide more effective treatment for chronic lower back pain than more conventional methods, according to the UK's largest ever study into the benefits of yoga.

Hepatitis transmission risk needs to be studied in nail salons, barbershops
The risk of hepatitis transmission through non-single use instruments -- such as nail files, nail brushes, finger bowls, foot basins, buffers, razors, clippers, and scissors -- during nail salon and barbershop visits cannot be excluded, according to the results of a new report unveiled today.

Navy researchers fire 1,000th shot on laboratory electromagnetic railgun
Scientists at the Naval Research Laboratory hit a materials research milestone in the Office of Naval Research's Electromagnetic Railgun program when they fired a laboratory-scale system for the 1,000th time Oct.

New research on GI health unveiled at American College of Gastroenterology's 2011 Meeting
Many of the world's preeminent gastroenterologists have convened this week for the American College of Gastroenterology's 76th Annual Scientific Meeting at the Gaylord National Hotel and Conference Center at the National Harbor to review the latest scientific advances in gastrointestinal research, treatment of digestive diseases and clinical practice management.

Rotman professor receives grant from Sloan Foundation
A professor at the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management has received a $976,000 grant from the Alfred P.

Antibiotics may not be only cause of community-acquired clostridium difficile infection
Antibiotics may not be the only risk factor associated with community-acquired Clostridium difficile infection, indicating that other undefined causes of the potentially life-threatening infection may exist and could also predict whether or not a patient will require hospitalization, according to the results of the study,

US research confirms latitude variation in incidence of chronic digestive diseases
New research points to a potential role for UV light exposure and vitamin D levels in chronic digestive conditions; Crohn's disease, a serious inflammatory condition in the small intestine; and ulcerative colitis, which similarly affects the colon.

NASA studying ways to make 'tractor beams' a reality
Tractor beams -- the ability to trap and move objects using laser light -- are the stuff of science fiction, but a team of NASA scientists has won funding to study the concept for remotely capturing planetary or atmospheric particles and delivering them to a robotic rover or orbiting spacecraft for analysis.

March of Dimes honors researcher who linked maternal obesity to a baby's long-term health
Patrick M. Catalano, M.D., FACOG, a highly renowned obstetrician, professor and researcher who showed that babies born to obese and diabetic women have a higher risk of becoming overweight and developing diabetes or other metabolic health problems later in life, received the March of Dimes 2011 Agnes Higgins award for outstanding achievement in the field of maternal-fetal nutrition.

UT scientist helps confirm link between fungus and bat epidemic
Bats in North America are under attack. Since 2006, more than a million have been killed.

Drugs used to tackle hospital-acquired infections can increase post-op complications
The introduction of new antibiotic regimes to tackle hospital-acquired infections, such as C. difficile, must take into account the possibility of increased infections following specific surgical procedures.

Hey, bacteria, get off of my boat!
Opportunistic seaweed, barnacles, and bacterial films can quickly befoul almost any underwater surface, but researchers are now using advances in nanotechnology and materials science to design environmentally friendly underwater coatings that repel these biological stowaways.

Bigger birds in central California, courtesy of global climate change
Birds are getting bigger in central California, and that was a big surprise for Rae Goodman and her colleagues.

Novel approach to treat proliferative vitreoretinopathy shows promise
Proliferative vitreoretinopathy, or the formation of scar tissue within the eye, is a serious, sight-threatening complication in patients recovering surgical repair of retinal detachment.

Obesity and depression independently increase health costs
Obesity and depression both dramatically increase health care costs, but they mainly act separately, according to a study published in the November 2011 Journal of General Internal Medicine by Group Health Research Institute scientists.

Scientists reach the heights with gecko-inspired tank robot
Researchers have developed a tank-like robot that has the ability to scale smooth walls, opening up a series of applications ranging from inspecting pipes, buildings, aircraft and nuclear power plants to deployment in search and rescue operations.

Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with small intestinal bacterial overgrowth
Just one drink per day for women -- two for men -- could lead to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and subsequently cause gastrointestinal symptoms like bloating, gas, abdominal pain, constipation and diarrhea, according to the results of a new study unveiled today.

Enzymes act like a switch, turning antibiotic resistance on and off in enterococci
Antibiotic-resistant enterococci are a serious problem for patients in the hospital, but little is known about how these bacteria are able to escape antibiotics.

NIH scientists discover link among spectrum of childhood diseases
An international collaboration of scientists, including researchers at the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, a part of the National Institutes of Health, has identified a genetic mutation that causes a rare childhood disease characterized predominantly by inflammation and fat loss.

Behind the executive door
The candidate is bright, personable, accomplished and yes, even charismatic.

Don't worry, be happy - understanding mindfulness meditation
In times of stress, we're often encouraged to pause for a moment and simply be in the 'now.' This kind of mindfulness, an essential part of Buddhist and Indian Yoga traditions, has entered the mainstream as people try to find ways to combat stress and improve their quality of life.

Using math and light to detect misshapen red blood cells
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have pioneered a technique that will allow doctors to ascertain the healthy shape of red blood cells in just a few seconds, by analyzing the light scattered off hundreds of cells at a time.

Rice study: Convenient Election Day voting centers can improve voter turnout
The convenience of Election Day voting centers can increase voter turnout, according to a new paper by political scientists Robert Stein of Rice University and Greg Vonnahme of the University of Alabama.

Michigan State University tackles health needs of an aging statewide population
An unprecedented decade of economic demise and a population older than 80 percent of all other US states is putting Michigan in a precarious spot: More aging residents needing health care with fewer resources to pay for it.

Swedish researcher wants to problematize US foreign policy
Frida Stranne, a researcher at Halmstad University, wants to broaden the debate about the role of the United States in world politics in her dissertation,

Computer-based tool to improve diagnosis and prognosis for cancer patients
A computer-based tool could help GPs to speed up the diagnosis and treatment of patients suffering from two of the most common forms of cancer, potentially saving thousands of lives every year.

Personal stem cell banks could be staple of future health care
Taking old stem cells, placing them in a young microenvironment, and increasing their numbers and capabilities raises an intriguing possibility -- that patients could one day be treated for age-related diseases using their own revitalized stem cells.

Fecal microbiota transplants effective treatment for C. difficile, Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Growing evidence for the effectiveness of fecal microbiota transplants as a treatment for patients with recurrent bouts of Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea is presented in three studies -- including a long-term follow-up of colonoscopic fecal microbiota transplant for recurrent C. difficile Infection that included 77 patients from five different states-- unveiled today.

The mysterious Iannis Xenakis assessed in new doctoral thesis
Ten years after his death, the composer Iannis Xenakis is still attracting attention around the world.

Black and white American voters live in 1 country, but 2 different worlds
The political outlook of blacks has undergone dramatic swings in the last ten years -- from the depths of powerlessness during the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, to the zenith with the election of the first black president, Barack Obama.

Neurologists identify potential biomarker of cognitive decline for earlier diagnosis of disease
Researchers from the Department of Neurology at NYU Langone Medical Center identified for the first time that changes in the tissue located at the junction between the outer and inner layers of the brain, called

UK HealthCare surgeons are first to perform novel procedures prior to transplant
Surgeons at UK HealthCare recently became the first ever to perform two specific procedures together as a bridge to lung transplantation.

IHME develops fast, affordable ways for countries to better identify causes of death in populations
New research by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington shows that innovative and improved methods for analyzing verbal autopsies - a method of determining individuals' causes of death in countries without a complete vital registration system - are fast, effective, and inexpensive, and could be invaluable for countries struggling to understand disease trends.

DNA origami
Researchers fabricate DNA strands on a reusable chip and fold them into novel nanostructures.

Study finds physicians show bias when diagnosing stomach problems
Patients who complain of upper gastrointestinal symptoms often face a diagnosis of either gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or functional dyspepsia.

Not all women in breast cancer families share high risk
Mothers, sisters and daughters from breast cancer families with known genetic mutations do not all share the same high risk of developing the disease, according to a new international study involving the University of Melbourne, Australia.

Social media has role in delivery of healthcare but patients should proceed with caution
Social networking sites like Facebook and YouTube can be powerful platforms to deliver and receive healthcare information, especially for patients and caregivers who are increasingly going online to connect and share experiences with others with similar medical issues or concerns.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about articles being published in the Nov.

Rethinking equilibrium: In nature, large energy fluctuations may rile even 'relaxed' systems
An international research team led by the University at Buffalo has shown that large energy fluctuations can rile even a

The 'freshman 15' is just a myth, nationwide study reveals
Contrary to popular belief, most college students don't gain anywhere near 15 pounds during their freshman year, according to a new nationwide study.

Nerve protein linked to learning and memory
University of Illinois at Chicago biology professors Janet Richmond and David Featherstone found the protein tomosyn plays an important role in regulating neurotransmitter between synapses, and consequently plays a role in longer-term memory and learning.

Lawson proves real people drive research
Lawson Health Research Institute is celebrating the launch of a new program driven by the community it serves.

No higher risk of breast cancer for women who don't have BRCA mutation but have relatives who do
In the largest study of its kind to date, Stanford University School of Medicine researchers have shown that women related to a patient with a breast cancer caused by a hereditary mutation -- but who don't have the mutation themselves -- have no higher risk of getting cancer than relatives of patients with other types of breast cancer.

Researchers find molecule that prevents Type 1 diabetes in mice
Researchers at the University of Colorado School of Medicine have found a molecule that prevents Type 1 diabetes in mice.

A SHARP new microscope for the next generation of biochips
Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Advanced Light Source and Center for X-Ray Optics are working with colleagues at leading semiconductor manufacturers to build SHARP, the world's most advanced extreme-ultraviolet microscope, to study and design the photolithography masks, materials, patterns, and architectures essential to the next generation of integrated circuits.

Live longer with fewer calories
By consuming fewer calories, aging can be slowed down and the development of age-related diseases such as cancer and type two diabetes can be delayed.

Most migrant sex workers are not forced to sell sex
Most migrants working in the London sex industry do not feel they are forced to sell sex.

The power of the Internet: It helps improve teens' acne
Tech-savvy teens with acne used their medicine more frequently when they also took part in a Web-based survey, a new study from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center finds.

Doctors' own alcohol consumption colors advice to patients
Doctors who drink more themselves are more liberal in their advice to patients on alcohol consumption.

Berkeley Lab scientists develop new tool for the study of spatial patterns in living cells
By embedding fixed arrays of gold nanoparticles into fluid lipid bilayers, Berkeley Lab scientists can study with unprecedented detail how the spatial patterns of chemical and physical properties on membranes can determine the fate of a cell -- whether it lives or dies, remains normal or turns cancerous.

Technical aptitude: Do women score lower because they just aren't interested?
Boys do better on tests of technical aptitude (for example, mechanical aptitude tests) than girls.

Research examines college students' knowledge about eating disorders
They could be the peer that a friend turns to for help.

UV light controls antibodies, improves biosensors
From detecting pathogens in blood samples to the study of protein synthesis, Quartz Crystal Microbalance sensors have many uses in modern biology.

Influencing craving for cigarettes by stimulating the brain
Targeted brain stimulation increases cigarette cravings, a new study in Biological Psychiatry has found, which may lead to new treatments.

Redefining 'clean'
Researchers reveal how low-temperature plasmas deactivate dangerous biomolecules and sterilize medical instruments.

WA high-tech business helps astronomers discover the universe
A quest to study the earliest stars and galaxies in the universe is underway, with local industry building the first major pieces of a revolutionary new radio telescope in Western Australia, as part of the Murchison Wide-field Array.

Fighting fire with fire: 'Vampire' bacteria has potential as living antibiotic
A vampire-like bacteria that leeches onto specific other bacteria -- including certain human pathogens -- has the potential to serve as a living antibiotic for a range of infectious diseases, a new study indicates.

Cigarette smoking's impact lingers after quitting
Cigarette smoking appears to impair pancreatic duct cell function--even for those who quit--putting all smokers at risk of compromised digestive function regardless of age, gender and alcohol intake, according to the results of a study unveiled today.

Patient-centered care starts with education
The main challenge to providing patient-centered health care is education, as many patients do know how to access the health care system, states an editorial in CMAJ.

Putting the body back into the mind of schizophrenia
A new study of body ownership using the rubber hand illusion found that people with schizophrenia have a weakened sense of self awareness and produced one of the rare documented cases of a spontaneous out-of-body experience in the laboratory.

Fast new method for mapping blood vessels may aid cancer research
In a paper published in the October issue of the Optical Society's open-access journal Biomedical Optics Express, computational neuroscientists at Texas A&M University, along with collaborators at the University of Illinois and Kettering University, describe a new system, tested in mouse brain samples, that substantially reduces blood vessel mapping time.

Noninvasive current stimulation improves sight in patients with optic nerve damage
It has long been thought that blindness after brain lesions is irreversible and that damage to the optic nerves leads to permanent impairments in everyday activities such as reading, driving, and spatial orientation.

The new old age - today's pensioners are very different to yesterday's
Old people today have more sex, are more likely to be divorced, are cleverer and feel better, reveals a long-term research project comparing what it is like to be old today with 30 years ago.

Targeting leg fatigue in heart failure
Doctors should not only treat the heart muscle in chronic heart failure patients, but also their leg muscles through exercise, say researchers in a study published today in the Journal of Applied Physiology.

Modern genetics answers age-old question on Garrod's fourth inborn error of metabolism
Fifty years after participating in studies of pentosuria, an inherited disorder once mistaken for diabetes, 15 families again welcomed medical geneticists into their lives.

Immigrants -- Sweden's new poor pensioners
Unless action is taken, Sweden will soon have a large new group of poor pensioners -- immigrants with a weak attachment to the labour market.

It's a dog's life: $800,000 study launched into man's best friend
University of Manchester researchers have launched one of the largest studies into the relationship between man and his

A new method for the compression of complex signals is presented
Scientists from Universidad Carlos III de Madrid and the University of Southern California have developed a compression method that improves the compacting of video signals, and which could be used to study brain function by analyzing the electric signals the brain produces.

Not your mother's birth control, same troubles
Today's hormonal forms of contraception are vastly different than earlier forms, both with lower levels of hormones and with different means of delivery (not just a pill), but many of the same problems related to women's pleasure remain.

'Ay, there's the rub'
Researchers strive to identify the atomic origins of wear.

Hospital smoke-free policies should consider patient needs
While smoke-free policies on hospital grounds make sense for the objective of clean air, managing the tobacco withdrawal symptoms of hospitalized patients must also be addressed, states an article in CMAJ.

New findings could lower risk of suicide in men with prostate cancer
Men with prostate cancer are twice as likely to commit suicide, but a method where they put intrusive thoughts into words may reduce this risk, reveals research at the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Relief from 'parking wars'
Nadav Levy of Tel Aviv University has developed PARKAGENT, a traffic simulator that takes into account real parking policies, the habits of urban drivers, and the movements of traffic inspectors to identify strategies for improvement and test the impact of parking policy changes before they're implemented.

For land conservation, formal and informal relationships influence success
In a study published in late September in the journal Society and Natural Resources, Rissman and Nathan Sayre of the University of California compared two large easement projects dominated by grazing land: the Malpai Borderlands Group, straddling the Arizona-New Mexico border, and the Nature Conservancy's Lassen Foothills, in northern California.

Flexible covering to combat water damage wins 2011 Innovation Prize
In order to promote research, development and entrepreneurship in Skåne, Sweden, PwC and the Lund University Innovation System, in collaboration with Lund Municipality, award an annual Innovation Prize of SEK 250,000 ($39,000). is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to