Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 11, 2011
Using air pollution thresholds to protect and restore ecosystem health
Air pollution is changing our environment and undermining many benefits we rely on from wild lands, threatening water purity, food production, and climate stability, according scientists writing in Issues in Ecology No.

Catching camels in the Gobi
In Oct. 2011 Professor Chris Walzer and Dr. Gabrielle Stalder, veterinary scientists at the Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology at the Veterinary Science University, Vienna, successfully attached GPS satellite collars to endangered wild Bactrian camels in the Mongolian desert.

Elderly emergency patients less likely to receive pain medication than middle-aged patients
A study by UNC researchers finds that people 75 years old or older are less likely to receive any pain medication in hospital emergency departments than people between 35 and 54 years old.

Results of the ROTAXUS trial reported at TCT 2011
A clinical trial testing the efficacy of rotational atherectomy (or rotablation, a process of drilling through plaque deposits) prior to implantation of a drug-eluting stent found that the process was not superior to standard balloon angioplasty and decreased the efficacy of the stent in reducing new tissue growth within the blood vessel.

Plasma in bags
Using plasmas, sealed plastic bags can be modified at atmospheric pressure so that human cells can adhere to and reproduce on their walls.

Energy and ports are infrastructure cash cows in Finland
Municipal infrastructure units, such as energy utilities and ports provide good returns to their owners but risk their investments for the future Infrastructure seems to be a sure bet for their owners.

Ecological light scattering film for brand protection, packages and consumer products
VTT Technical Research Center of Finland has developed printable holographic-like film technology for plastic-based and fibre-based packages, enabling cost-effective and environmentally friendly dynamic printing.

Researchers gain insight into 100-year-old Haber-Bosch process
New research has resulted in a greater understanding of how the Haber-Bosch process converts nitrogen to ammonia.

IVI announces the prequalification of innovative cholera vaccine by the World Health Organization
Shanchol, a new oral cholera vaccine developed through the International Vaccine Institute, an international organization established by the United Nations and based in Seoul, recently received prequalification from the World Health Organization.

NYU Langone experts present at Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting
Experts from the Neuroscience Institute at NYU Langone Medical Center will present new research and participate in panel discussions at the Society for Neuroscience 41st Annual Meeting in Washington, DC, Nov.

High blood pressure and pregnancy: Short- and long-term consequences
A test done mid-pregnancy accurately predicts which women will later develop preeclampsia, a late-pregnancy disorder characterized by high blood pressure and excess protein in the urine.

Cleveland Clinic nephrologist earns Federal grant for study of kidney disease management
Cleveland Clinic nephrologist Joseph Nally Jr., M.D., has been awarded a three-year, $720,000 grant from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases to study and develop approaches for disease management for patients with chronic kidney disease.

Journal receives its first paper from space
Europhysics Letters has today gone beyond Earthly limits by publishing its first ever paper submitted from space: A landmark for both European and physics-based research.

Gene switch for odorant receptors
Tiny regulatory elements in the genome regulate the probability that olfactory sensory neurons choose a particular odorant receptor gene for expression.

Horst Sievert, M.D., Ph.D. presented with Master Clinical Operator Award at TCT 2011
Horst Sievert, M.D., Ph.D., a renowned interventional cardiologist, was presented the TCT 2011 Geoffrey O.

Woodsmoke from cooking fires linked to pneumonia
Researchers at the University of Liverpool and the universities of California, Berkley and del Valle, Guatemala, have found that cases of severe pneumonia among young children are reduced by one-third in homes with smoke-reducing chimneys on cooking stoves.

Results of the ADVISE trial reported at TCT 2011
Researchers conducting the ADVISE clinical trial have concluded that a new measure of stenosis severity, instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR), yielded similar results to traditional fractional flow reserve (FFR) without the use of adenosine to induce maximum hyperemia.

Results of the COBRA trial reported at TCT 2011
A clinical trial of patients with diabetes has demonstrated that cryoplasty post-dilitation compared to conventional balloon angioplasty in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) decreased the risk of in-stent restenosis (ISR).

Iowa State engineers establish national panel to advance a carbon negative economy
Iowa State University researchers have established a national panel to research and develop technologies that take carbon out of the atmosphere and make money while doing it.

Diseased hearts to heal themselves in future
Oncostatin M regulates the reversion of heart muscle cells into precursor cells and is vitally important for the self-healing powers of the heart.

Results of the REMEDEE trial reported at TCT 2011
A randomized comparison of a dual therapy stent -- which combines low-dose sirolimus delivery from an abluminal biodegradable polymer matrix with a covalently bound anti-CD34 antibody layer -- with a paclitaxel-eluting stent showed that the dual therapy stent effectively controls neointimal proliferation and was shown to be safe and effective.

Custom glass bending
The possible applications for curved glass panels are many and varied - ranging from facades to designer furniture.

Results of the TWENTE trial reported at TCT 2011
The TWENTE clinical trial, which compared two second generation drug-eluting stents -- zotarolimus and everolimus-eluting stents -- established non-inferiority between the two stents as measured by the primary endpoint: target vessel failure (TVF) at one year.

Human genome sequencing, older workers top press briefing agenda at GSA's Boston meeting
Several sessions designed to better inform reporters about issues affecting America's aging population have been scheduled for The Gerontological Society of America's upcoming 64th Annual Scientific Meeting.

Open source technology bittorrent to be focus of Nov. 16 talk at NJIT
The NJIT student chapter of the Association of Computing Machinery has invited NJIT College of Computing Sciences Associate Dean Barry Cohen to speak on Nov.

Depression in young people increases risk of heart disease mortality
The negative effects of depression in young people on the health of their hearts may be stronger than previously recognized.

CREATOR aims to lift European ICT innovation to a next level
Through the new partnership CREATOR, Institut Telecom, Sirris and VTT team up to boost the ICT innovation efforts of European companies.

FIFA, ICRS team up to keep soccer players on their feet
More than 300 million play soccer across the globe and while the game is one of fast footwork, two organizations are trying to make sure these athletes stay on their feet.

Use of GBIF helps clarify environment-species links
Analysis of a massive set of mammal data accessed through the Global Biodiversity Information Facility Data Portal has helped quantify the influence of various environmental factors on which species are present in a particular area.

Gated STED -- developing the next generation of super-resolution microscopes
Leica Microsystems, the Max Planck Society and the German Cancer Research Center sign a license agreement.

Eating fish can reduce the risk of diabetes
A study analyzes the dietary patterns of the adult Spanish population with high cardiovascular risk.

Philadelphia scientist is named 'Best Scientist in Nature and Environment'
A Philadelphia scientist who is leading a multinational effort to improve water quality monitoring and standards in Mongolia has received an award for his work from the central Asian nation.

CO2 bonds in sea ice: Small living creatures with major impact
Due to the presence of salts, the freezing point of sea water is below zero.

Diet and supplements: What's good and bad for kidney disease patients
Pomegranate juice lowers kidney disease patients' cholesterol, blood pressure, and the need for blood pressure medications.

Neiker-Tecnalia finds genetic material to counter 'pitch canker' and 'pine wilt'
Diseases known as 'pine wilt' and 'pitch canker' are those which affect conifer plantations in the Basque Country the most, especially pinus radiata, the most common tree species in this Autonomous Community.

Study helps eliminate causes for joint pain linked to commonly used breast cancer drugs
Researchers exploring why some women who take a common breast cancer drug develop serious joint pain have eliminated two possible causes: Inflammatory arthritis and autoimmune disease.

Results of the EVOLVE trial reported at TCT 2011
A clinical trial has established the non-inferiority of a drug-eluting stent with a bioabsorbable polymer compared to a drug-eluting stent with a durable polymer.

Results of the PEPCAD-DES trial reported at TCT 2011
A clinical trial of patients with restenosis in drug-eluting stents (DES) in native coronary arteries found that treatment with paclitaxel-coated balloon angioplasty demonstrated superior results over plain old uncoated-balloon angioplasty (POBA).

Research shows new therapy helps nonverbal children with autism to say first words
A new treatment can help nonverbal children with autism to develop speech, according to a proof-of-concept study led by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC).

Results of the PROFI study reported at TCT 2011
Results from the PROFI study indicate that the use of a proximal balloon occlusion in carotid artery stenting lead to fewer cerebral ischemic lesions -- a predictor of stroke -- than with the use of a filter.

Results of the NEXT clinical trial Reported at TCT 2011
Researchers have found that polymer-free amphilimus-eluting stents in de novo coronary artery lesions showed a significantly lower in-stent late loss at six months compared to paclitaxel-eluting stents with permanent polymers.

Study finds shifting disease burden following universal Hib vaccination
Vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae type b, or Hib, once the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in children, has dramatically reduced the incidence of Hib disease in young children over the past 20 years, according to a study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

New system of intelligent management of street lighting enables 80 percent savings in energy
Until recently there did not exist any kind of system of illumination that had more than 30 percent energy saving.

Take care with pain meds
Patients who are dependent on opioids for pain management before knee replacement surgery have much more difficulty recovering, a study recently published in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery has found.

Lutetia: A rare survivor from the birth of the Earth
New observations indicate that the asteroid Lutetia is a leftover of the same material that formed the Earth, Venus and Mercury.

Tales from the crypt
The cells that help to absorb food and liquid that humans consume are constantly being produced.

When blood pressure refuses to go down
Five to 15 percent of all patients with hypertension fail to respond to drug treatment.
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