Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 28, 2011
Depression can lead to heart disease
Depression may have more far-reaching consequences than previously believed. Recent data suggests that individuals who suffer from a mood disorder could be twice as likely to have a heart attack compared to individuals who are not depressed.

Study debunks stereotype that men think about sex all day long
Men may think about sex more often than women do, but a new study suggests that men also think about other biological needs, such as eating and sleep, more frequently than women do, as well.

Growth through innovations and open access: The journal ZooKeys on point for digital taxonomy
The open-access taxonomic journal ZooKeys reported a substantial growth in 2011, resulting in the publication of more than 10,000 pages, in 420 articles by the end of November 2011 (to compare with 4,962 pages and 180 articles published in 2010).

First database-derived 'data paper' published in journal
A paper published in ZooKeys journal on a literature-based dataset of Indian birds is first to employ a new workflow enabling extended metadata documents published by Global Biodiversity Information Facility's Integrated Publishing Toolkit to be converted directly into article for review and submission to scholarly journal.

The art of stabilizing entangled spaghetti-like materials
Gene therapy can only be effective if delivered by a stable complex molecule.

Daily wheezing treatment no different from intermittent in toddlers
Pediatricians often treat young children who have frequent bouts of wheezing with a daily dose of an inhaled steroid to keep asthma symptoms at bay.

Roche NimbleGen and BGI develop advanced MHC region capture technology for biomedical research
Roche NimbleGen Inc. and BGI, the world's largest genomics organization, announced that they have developed a Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) region capture technology based on NimbleGen SeqCap EZ Choice Library, a revolutionary process for the enrichment of the MHC region.

School-in-a-bag reduces drop-out rates
A more flexible approach to teaching methods and better community support could reduce school drop-out in high HIV-prevalence areas in sub-Saharan Africa.

Hospital parking fees are health care user fees
Hospital parking fees are essentially health care user fees and should be abolished, states an editorial in CMAJ.

Functional brain pathways disrupted in children with ADHD
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, researchers have identified abnormalities in the brains of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder that may serve as a biomarker for the disorder, according to a new study.

Rochester's Palliative Care Program achieves top national certification
In the latest development in its decades-long leadership in the area of palliative care, the University of Rochester Medical Center's Palliative Care Program is one of the first nationwide to earn advanced certification from the Joint Commission, the nation's predominant standards-setting and accrediting body in health care.

Fungi: Another tool in bacteria's belt?
Fungal spores can attach themselves to bacteria and

Ancient environment led to Earth's current marine biodiversity
Much of our knowledge about past life has come from the fossil record, but how accurately does that record reflect the true history and drivers of biodiversity on Earth?

40 percent of youths attempting suicide make first attempt before high school
Suicidal behavior begins sooner than previously thought and is linked to higher scores of depression at the time of the attempts.

Cell molecule identified as central player in the formation of new blood vessels
Scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine have identified a cellular protein that plays a central role in the formation of new blood vessels.

Urinary retention due to benign enlarged prostate treated differently in 15 countries
Men who experience a sudden inability to pass urine because of a non-cancerous enlarged prostate are hospitalized and treated differently depending on where they live.

Patients with balance disorders benefit from integrative therapy
Over the last 25 years, intensive efforts by physicians, physical therapists, and occupational therapists have developed integrative rehabilitation regimens that can alleviate balance disorders associated with neurological disease, trauma or weightlessness.

New insight into climate change in the Pacific
A new report presents the most comprehensive scientific analysis to date of climate change in the Pacific region.

Engelder named one of top 100 global thinkers
Terry Engelder, professor of geosciences, Penn State, has been named one of Foreign Policy Magazine's

Marine biodiversity loss due to warming and predation: UBC researcher
The biodiversity loss caused by climate change will result from a combination of rising temperatures and predation -- and may be more severe than currently predicted, according to a study by University of British Columbia zoologist Christopher Harley.

Polarized filter may reduce unnecessary cervical biopsies and surgeries
The same filtered light that enables sunglasses to reduce glare may improve a physician's ability to detect early signs of cervical cancer, reducing unnecessary biopsies and surgery.

BWH researchers develop a vaccine prototype stronger than traditional vaccines
Researchers have created a vaccine that is more potent than traditional vaccines available today.

The shadows in a city reveal its energy flow
Researchers at the Technical University of Madrid have created

Increased risk of blood clots on the lung for patients with autoimmune diseases
In a nationwide study based on data from the in-patient register, researchers have studied the risk of a blood clot on the lung for patients with autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease and Type 1 diabetes.

Registration for the XIX International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2012) opens Dec. 1
Registration, abstract and program activity submissions for the XIX International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2012), to be held from 22 to 27 July 2012 in Washington, D.C., open Dec.

Your abusive boss may not be good for your marriage, according to Baylor University study
Having an abusive boss not only causes problems at work but can lead to strained relationships at home, according to a Baylor University study published online in journal, Personnel Psychology.

Reality in the eye of the beholder
Dartmouth computer scientists devise an objective and accurate measure of assessing digitally retouched images.

International initiative to address safety issues in stem cell therapy
An international study, published today in the prestigious journal Nature Biotechnology, reveals more about human pluripotent stem cells and their genetic stability and has important implications for the development of therapies using these cells.

Saving millions of lives and protecting our climate through clean cooking options
For many people in the developing world getting enough food to eat is a persistent challenge.

Tenofovir gel dropped from HIV prevention trial in women because it was not effective
VOICE, a large-scale HIV prevention trial designed to test two antiretroviral (ARV)-based approaches for preventing HIV in women -- daily use of one of two different ARV tablets or of a vaginal gel -- has stopped testing the gel.

No plain sailing for marine life as climate warms
Direct effects of climate warming on biodiversity pose a serious conservation challenge for marine life, according to new research published in Science.

Report: Herbicide atrazine spurs reproductive problems in many creatures
An international team of researchers has reviewed the evidence linking exposure to atrazine -- an herbicide widely used in the US and more than 60 other nations -- to reproductive problems in animals.

Addex scientists discover GLP-1 induced interaction between GLP-1 and GIP receptors
Addex scientists have demonstrated that, in the presence of GLP-1, glucagon-like-peptide-1 receptor can form a heterodimer receptor complex with gastric-inhibitory-peptide-receptor.

Researchers awarded $3.2 million from NIH to pioneer advanced biomolecule discovery technology
A team of researchers is designing a way to generate nucleic acid molecules that will revolutionize medical diagnostics and drug delivery.

A study looks at the nature of change in our aging, changing brains
As we get older, our cognitive abilities change, improving when we're younger and declining as we age.

Socioeconomic status may explain racial disparities in diet, exercise, and weight
Large disparities exist in obesity and other chronic diseases across racial/ethnic groups in the United States.

Restricted calorie diet improves heart function in obese patients with diabetes
A low-calorie diet eliminates insulin dependence and leads to improved heart function in obese patients with type 2 diabetes, according to a new study.

Mobile clinics, home visits of little benefit to children with asthma who need care the most
A new Johns Hopkins Children's Center study of Baltimore City children with asthma shows that two programs designed to improve disease outcomes among those who may be affected the worst fall short of expectations.

Global showcase of green innovations accelerate Africa's growth potential
On Friday, Dec. 2, media are invited to attend an official UNFCCC side-event to showcase successful green-growth interventions in forestry and agriculture -- from bamboo charcoal as an alternative source of energy to business opportunities for sustainable construction materials -- created by emerging and developing economies, particularly in Africa and Asia.

Electronic infrastructures accelerate biodiversity discoveries
Electronic infrastructures and data publishing are the key to accelerate the process of describing and inventorying the life on Earth, says a special issue of the open-access journal ZooKeys presenting the results of the EU-funded project ViBRANT.

1 promising puzzle piece for confirming dark matter now seems unlikely fit
In 2008, the Italian satellite PAMELA detected a curious excess of antimatter positrons -- a startling discovery that could have been a sign of the existence of dark matter.

Neurology residency program at Cedars-Sinai wins accreditation
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education has approved a neurology residency training program at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.

LSUHSC research shows Rx with hyperbaric oxygen improved TBI and PTSD in vets
Research led by Dr. Paul Harch, associate clinical professor of medicine at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans, has found that treatment with hyperbaric oxygen nearly three years after injury significantly improved function and quality of life for veterans with traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder.

What wakes dormant tumor cells
Prostate tumor cells can be lulled to sleep by a factor released by bone cells, according to a study published online this week in the Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Graphene foam detects explosives, emissions better than today's gas sensors
A new study from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute demonstrates how graphene foam can outperform leading commercial gas sensors in detecting potentially dangerous and explosive chemicals.

New study to test unusual hypothesis on beta brainwaves
Beta oscillations are tightly linked to Parkinson's disease and the ability to process sensory information, such as touch.

UC Riverside toxicologist honored by international academy
Toxicologist David Eastmond at the University of California, Riverside has been elected a fellow of the Collegium Ramazzini, an organization of international scholars who work towards solutions of occupational and environmental health problems around the world.

Kessler Foundation receives grants to study health disparities in people with disabilities
Kessler Foundation received two governments grants to study the impact of culture, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status on the rehabilitation and reintegration of people with spinal cord injury.

Integrated 3-D imaging facilitates human face transplantation
By combining conventional medical imaging with some of the same 3-D modeling techniques used in Hollywood blockbusters, researchers are offering new hope to victims of serious facial injuries who may be candidates for human facial transplants.

New study shows biopsy of recurrent breast cancer can alter treatment
A second, larger clinical research study led by breast cancer specialists at Princess Margaret Hospital has again proven that comparing a new biopsy of progressing or recurring cancer with that of the original cancer can dictate a change in treatment.

Geochemist Tom Guilderson wins E.O. Lawrence Award for radiocarbon work
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory geochemist Tom Guilderson has been named a winner of the Department of Energy's prestigious Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award, Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced today.

Submarine springs offer preview of ocean acidification effects on coral reefs
Observations at submarine springs found along the coast of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula are giving scientists a preview of the possible fate of coral reef ecosystems in response to ocean acidification.

When inflexibility is counterproductive: Mechanism of UV-induced DNA Dewar lesion revealed
An intact backbone is not always helpful in DNA -- for example, when photolesion by ultraviolet light has already occurred.

Pollen research not be sniffed at
Pollen may annoy allergy sufferers in springtime but, viewed under the microscope, a pollen grain is a thing of beauty.

Aging stem cells may explain higher prevalence of leukemia, infections among elderly
Human stem cells aren't immune to the aging process, according to scientists at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

New potential therapeutic target identified for Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma
Researchers from the NYU Cancer Institute, an NCI-designated cancer center at NYU Langone Medical Center, have discovered a new potential therapeutic target for Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, the most aggressive and common type of lymphoma in adults.

NC State designs new handle to make lifting infant car seats safer, easier
Engineers at North Carolina State University have developed a new handle for infant car seats that makes it easier for parents to lift the seat out of a car -- while retaining a firmer grip on the handle -- making it less likely that the seat will be dropped.

Princeton technique puts chemistry breakthroughs on the fast track
Scientists can now take that

Australian science joins global effort to transform food system
A major transformation in the food system is needed to address future threats to food security according to experts from some of the world's leading science organizations.

Lightning-made waves in Earth's atmosphere leak into space
NASA's Vector Electric Field Instrument aboard the US Air Force's Communications/Navigation Outage Forecast System satellite has detected Schumann resonance from space.

IVC filters: Society of Interventional Radiology leads in patient care, safety, research
Researchers have published the largest single patient population study to date on a method for following patients with retrievable inferior vena cava filters -- devices used to keep blood clots from traveling to the lungs.

ISGS-led consortium begins injection of CO2 for storage at Illinois Basin -- Decatur Project
The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium has begun injecting carbon dioxide (CO2) for the first million-tonne demonstration of carbon sequestration in the US.

Men's honest overconfidence may lead to male domination in the C-suite
The study discovers how the differences in the way men and women think of themselves and react to incentives may be creating gender differences that lead to leadership gaps, rather than the gap being caused solely by discrimination in the selection process.

2 NASA Goddard engineers receive prestigious award
Two leading space and engineering organizations recently honored two NASA engineers with achievement awards.

Creative excuses: Original thinkers more likely to cheat
Creative people are more likely to cheat than less creative people, possibly because this talent increases their ability to rationalize their actions, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Researchers use CT to recreate Stradivarius violin
Using computed tomography imaging and advanced manufacturing techniques, a team of experts has created a reproduction of a 1704 Stradivarius violin.

Paying physicians more to get more -- or to get less
Labor economics can provide a valuable perspective in addressing the supply of doctors and access to care, states an analysis in CMAJ.

Caregivers at risk for health problems
The more a caregiver's day is disrupted by the unsettled behaviors of their loved one who has mild cognitive impairment, the more they find themselves unable to meet or balance their own home and family work loads.

Mid-morning snacking may sabotage weight-loss efforts
Women dieters who grab a snack between breakfast and lunch lose less weight compared to those who abstain from a mid-morning snack, according to a study led by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.

Good intentions may hamper progress in pursuit of global reproductive health and rights
Serious global discussions have begun in the lead-up to the Millennium Development Goal deadline of 2015.

NIH answers call to streamline technology transfer process
The National Institutes of Health is launching the electronic Research Materials catalogue (eRMa) to streamline the federal government's technology transfer process.

Tackling malnutrition in older patients on the wards
hospitalfoodie is a food and nutrition management system which aims to improve the nutrition of older people by providing a bedside touch screen for entering nutritional requirements, selecting food, helping nursing staff monitor how much was eaten and to alert staff if a patient is missing out on vital nutrients.

An unexpected player in a cancer defense system
Researchers of Sweden's Karolinska Institutet and the University of Cologne, Germany, have identified a new protein involved in a defense mechanism against cancer.

New database for vital model organism launched
A new database promises to be an invaluable resource to scientists who use a unique single-celled fungus to study human diseases.

UCLA researchers engineer blood stem cells to fight melanoma
Researchers from UCLA's cancer and stem cell centers have demonstrated for the first time that blood stem cells can be engineered to create cancer-killing T-cells that seek out and attack a human melanoma.

Babies embrace punishment earlier than previously thought, study suggests
Babies as young as eight months want people who commit or condone antisocial acts to be punished, according to a new study led by a University of British Columbia researcher.

Boys with regressive autism, but not early onset autism, have larger brains
In the largest study of brain development in preschoolers with autism to date, a study by UC Davis MIND Institute researchers has found that three-year-old boys with regressive autism, but not early onset autism, have larger brains than their healthy counterparts.

UK study shows that surveillance is sufficient for women following molar pregnancy, and could prevent unnecessary exposure to chemotherapy
Six months following molar pregnancies, women who have high (although decreasing) human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) concentrations can be treated with chemotherapy.

Cleft lip corrected genetically in mouse model
Scientists at Weill Cornell Medical College used genetic methods to successfully repair cleft lips in mice embryos specially engineered for the study of cleft lip and cleft palate.

When errors improve performance: Model describes how experiences influence our perception
Scientists from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich and Bernstein Center Munich asked test subjects to estimate distances in a virtual reality environment.

In the heart of Cygnus, NASA's Fermi reveals a cosmic-ray cocoon
The constellation Cygnus, now visible in the western sky as twilight deepens after sunset, hosts one of our galaxy's richest-known stellar construction zones.

How the brain strings words into sentences
Distinct neural pathways are important for different aspects of language processing, University of Arizona researchers have discovered, studying patients with language impairments caused by neurodegenerative diseases.

NYU Langone experts present at annual meeting of Radiological Society of North America
Experts from the Department of Radiology at NYU Langone Medical Center will present new research and advanced imaging techniques at the 97th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiology Society of North America in Chicago, Nov.

Most hospitals miss critical window for heart attack transfer patients
Most heart attack patients transferred between hospitals for the emergency artery-opening procedure called angioplasty are not transported as quickly as they should be, Yale School of medicine researchers report in the first national study of

New compound defeats drug-resistant bacteria
Chemists at Brown University have synthesized a new compound that makes drug-resistant bacteria susceptible again to antibiotics.

Antibiotics in swine feed encourage gene exchange
A study to be published in the online journal mBio on Nov.

Washington pediatricians receive regular requests for alternative child immunization schedules
77 percent of Washington state pediatricians report that they are sometimes or frequently asked to provide alternative childhood vaccine schedules for their patients, according to a new study from Seattle Children's Research Institute.

States could see substantial savings with tobacco control programs
States that have shifted funds away from tobacco control programs may be missing out on millions of dollars of savings in the form of medical costs, Medicaid payments and lost productivity by workers.

Energy Secretary Chu announces 2011 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award winners
Secretary of Energy Steven Chu announced today the winners of the 2011 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award for their outstanding contributions in research and development supporting the Department of Energy and its missions.

Workshop on Complex Networks
The field has seen an exponential increase in the number of publications and brings together researchers from biology, mathematics, physics, sociology and epidemiology.

For refugees from Burma, hope of better life in US turns into extreme poverty, isolation
Thousands of refugees from war-torn Burma have been resettled in the US since 2007, but for some of them, extreme poverty, unemployment and linguistic barriers makes them wonder if life wasn't better in the refugee camps they fled.

Scientists identify key area that could sever communication between brain and heart in disease
A team of neuroscientists and anesthetists, who have been using pioneering techniques to study how the brain regulates the heart, has identified a crucial part of the nervous system whose malfunction may account for an increased risk of death from heart failure.

Swedish people are quick to adopt JoVE, a video journal for biomedical sciences
Academic institutions in Sweden are among the quickest to adopt a novel biomedical science publication, the Journal of Visualized Experiments, with over 35 percent of institutions subscribing and contributing content to the journal.

High blood pressure, anemia put children with sickle cell disease at risk for silent strokes
A team of researchers from the Johns Hopkins Children's Center, Vanderbilt University and elsewhere have demonstrated that high blood pressure and anemia together put children with sickle cell disease at serious danger for symptomless or so-called

1 Semester Startup class at UT Austin to host 'demo day' to showcase 20 undergraduate startups
Twenty undergraduate student startups from The University of Texas at Austin will present five-minute investor pitches to the Austin entrepreneurial community Thursday, Dec.

UT MD Anderson creates institute to accelerate cancer drug development
Academic and government leaders announced today the establishment of a major new research institute at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center that will blend the best attributes of academic and industrial research to identify and validate new cancer targets, convert such scientific knowledge into new cancer drugs, and advance these novel agents into innovative clinical trials.

'Fool's gold' aids discovery of new options for cheap, benign solar energy
Pyrite, better known as

Drug may slow spread of deadly eye cancer
A drug commonly used to treat seizures appears to make eye tumors less likely to grow if they spread to other parts of the body, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Risk of second cancer in cancer survivors mainly confined to the same cancer type as the first
Cancer survivors have more than double the risk of a second primary cancer of the same type, according to a study published in CMAJ, whereas the risk of a second primary cancer of another type was only slightly elevated.

Dr. Albert Rizzo gives Estabrook Lecture on Dec. 2
Kessler Foundation announces that the 2011 Estabrook Lecture will be given on Friday, Dec.
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