Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 02, 2011
The American Society of Hematology announces 2012 Scholar Award winners
The American Society of Hematology announces the recipients of its 2012 Scholar Awards.

Instant nanodots grow on silicon to form sensing array
Scientists have shown that it is now possible to simultaneously create highly reproductive three-dimensional silicon oxide nanodots on micrometric scale silicon films in only a few seconds.

Cheap beads offer alternative solar-heating storage
A cheap material that can store heat energy collected from the sun during the day that can be released slowly over night has been developed by researchers in the India.

Simultaneous ice melt in Antarctic and Arctic
A publication appearing in the journal Science on Dec. 1 now furnishes indications that the two hemispheres attained their maximum ice sheet size at nearly the same time and started melting 19,000 years ago.

Plant seeds protect their genetic material against dehydration
When seeds from the thale cress, Arabidopsis thaliana, mature, their cell nuclei reduce in size and the chromatin condenses.

Biophysical Society announces winners of 2012 Minority Affairs Committee travel awards
The Biophysical Society has announced the winners of its Minority Affairs Committee travel awards to attend the Biophysical Society's 56th Annual Meeting at the San Diego Convention Center in San Diego, California, Feb.

Are doing harm and allowing harm equivalent? Ask fMRI
Individuals and courts deal more harshly with people who actively commit harm than with people who willfully allow the same harm to occur.

New bamboo charcoal tech to jumpstart African bioenergy sector, slow deforestation and climate change
Bamboo, a plant not often associated with Africa, may be the key to combating soil degradation and massive deforestation on the continent as an alternative source of energy.

Green: The new color of rice
Rice consumers worldwide can now look forward to eating

Acquired traits can be inherited via small RNAs
Columbia University Medical Center researchers have found the first direct evidence that an acquired trait can be inherited without any DNA involvement.

Climate-smart agriculture should be livelihood-smart too
Climate-smart agriculture must target the short-term needs of the smallholder farmer to be effective in combating climate change.

JSA awards $450,000 for FY12 Initiatives Fund
Jefferson Sciences Associates announced the award of projects totaling $450,000 that will be supported by the FY12 JSA Initiatives Fund.

Asthma rates double for WTC first responders
The American Journal of Industrial Medicine recently published a study showing that World Trade Center responders suffer from asthma at more than twice the rate of the general U.S. population as a result of their exposure to the toxic dust from the collapse of the WTC towers in 2001.

Novocure establishes initial Clinical Centers of Excellence for Treatment of Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme with Tumor Treating Fields Therapy
Novocure, a commercial stage private oncology company, has announced that prominent neuro-oncologists at four clinical centers in the US will be the first to provide access to its Tumor Treating Fields device, NovoTTF-100A System, for the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM).

Scalable amounts of liver and pancreas precursor cells created using new stem cell production method
Scientists in Canada have overcome a key research hurdle to developing regenerative treatments for diabetes and liver disease with a technique to produce medically useful amounts of endoderm cells from human pluripotent stem cells.

Biophysical Society announces winners of 2012 Education Committee travel awards
The Biophysical Society has announced the winners of its Education Committee travel awards to attend the Biophysical Society's 56th Annual Meeting at the San Diego Convention Center in San Diego, California, Feb.

Impatient people have lower credit scores
Is there a psychological reason why people default on their mortgages?

Scientists to release landmark report: Climate change, snow melt, glaciers in Himalayas
Scientists from the Kathmandu-based International Center for Integrated Mountain Development and eight Asian countries that make up the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region will present the most comprehensive assessment to date on climate change and the first authoritative accounting of snow cover and glacier extent in Asia's mountainous HKH region on Sunday, Dec.

Engineering cartilage replacements
Self-assembling sheets of mesenchymal stem cells permeated with tiny beads filled with growth factor formed thicker, stiffer cartilage than previous tissue engineering methods, researchers at Case Western Reserve University have found.

Inflammatory cues modulate goblet cell products important for intestinal barrier function
The paper by Croix and coauthors demonstrates that both microbial and host inflammatory factors modulate sulfomucin production in the human goblet cell line.

Caltech-led team of astronomers finds 18 new planets
Discoveries of new planets just keep coming and coming. A team of astronomers led by scientists at Caltech have found 18 Jupiter-like planets in orbit around massive stars.

Thinner thermal insulation
Insulation panels that are both thin and effective are expensive.

Even unconsciously, sound helps us see
Imagine you are playing ping-pong with a friend. Your friend makes a serve.

Rutgers receives $10 million in support of national efforts to track genetic causes of alcoholism
Rutgers University Cell and DNA Repository received a $10 million grant from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism to support national research efforts to determine the genetic and environmental factors that lead to alcoholism.

Costly intervention program has no measurable effect on early retirement
Most of us would agree that prevention is better than cure.

Where Antarctic predatory seabirds overwinter
When it comes to choosing their wintering destinations, Antarctic skuas are flexible.

New life-saving diagnostic test for HIV patients featured in 'Better World Report'
New life-saving diagnostic test for HIV patients featured in

Study shows many older Floridians have no backup plan after hanging up their keys
Florida is home to one of the highest percentages of residents ages 65 and older in the United States, but very few of them have thought ahead to a time when they will no longer be able to drive a vehicle safely or considered how they will get around without a car, according to a new survey developed by Florida State University and the Florida Department of Transportation.

Biophysical Society announces winners of 2012 CPOW travel awards
The Biophysical Society has announced the winners of its second annual CPOW travel awards to attend the Biophysical Society's 56th Annual Meeting at the San Diego Convention Center in San Diego, California, Feb.

Joslin study identifies the cause of diabetes misdiagnosis among Asian Americans
Researchers at Joslin Diabetes Center have determined key differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes in the Asian American population.

New child-adapted Chagas disease treatment approved for registration
A new pediatric dosage form of benznidazole for the treatment of Chagas disease, a potentially fatal neglected tropical disease, has been approved for registration, bringing a safer, easier-to-administer treatment for young children.

NJIT professor to give keynote talk at IEEE's Globecom 2011 Workshop
Ansari will discuss roadblocks to achieving rapid content delivery, the state of the art on accelerating content delivery and further challenges as the Internet continues evolving.

ONR helps undersea robots get the big picture
Scientists have successfully transitioned fundamental research in autonomy to undersea gliders, demonstrating in recent sea tests how the new software, sponsored by the Office of Naval Research, can help robots become smarter at surveying large swaths of ocean.

Disabled children do matter
Many disabled children fail to reach their full potential because they continue to be marginalized in schools, health and social care, according to new research funded by the Economic and Social Research Council.

Powerful mathematical model greatly improves predictions for species facing climate change
UCLA life scientists and colleagues have produced the most comprehensive mathematical model ever devised to track the health of populations exposed to environmental change.

Biophysical Society Announces winners of 2012 International Relations Committee travel awards
The Biophysical Society has announced the winners of its International Relations Committee travel awards to attend the Biophysical Society's 56th Annual Meeting at the San Diego Convention Center in San Diego, California, Feb.

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers find MK1775 active against sarcomas
MK1775, a small, selective inhibitor molecule, has been found to be active against many sarcomas when tested by researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, Fla.

A natural dye obtained from lichens may combat Alzheimer's disease
A red dye from lichens that has been used for centuries to color fabrics and food and a related substance appear to reduce the abundance of small toxic protein aggregates in Alzheimer's disease.
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