Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 09, 2011
SABCS: Loss of RB in triple negative breast cancer associated with favorable clinical outcome
Researchers at the Thomas Jefferson University Hospital and Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson have shown that loss of the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor gene in triple negative breast cancer patients is associated with better clinical outcomes.

Slow road to stability for emulsions
By studying the behavior of tiny particles at an interface between oil and water, researchers at Harvard have discovered that stabilized emulsions may take much longer to reach equilibrium than previously thought.

Depressive symptoms and impaired physical function are frequent and long-lasting after ALI
Depressive symptoms and impaired physical function were common and long-lasting during the first two years following acute lung injury, according to a new study from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

Breast cancer patients face increasing number of imaging visits before surgery
Breast cancer patients frequently undergo imaging like mammograms or ultrasounds between their first breast cancer-related doctor visit and surgery to remove the tumor.

Baby lab reveals surprisingly early gift of gab
New research from the University of Notre Dame shows that during the first year of life, when babies spend so much time listening to language, they're actually tracking word patterns that will support their process of word- learning that occurs between the ages of about 18 months and two years.

Beating superbugs with a high-tech cleanser
Dr. Udi Qimron of Tel Aviv University has developed an efficient, cost-effective liquid solution that fights antibiotic-resistant bacteria on hospital surfaces and keeps patients safe from life-threatening infections.

On the road to creating an affordable master instrument
Violins made of wood treated with fungus need not hide their lights when compared to a Stradivarius, as a blind test has already demonstrated.

Cellular processing of proteins found in Congolese child birthing tea now revealed
Many plants produce compounds that serve as a defense against predators or pathogens.

New award recognizes excellence in space weather and nonlinear waves and processes research
The American Geophysical Union announces the Space Weather and Nonlinear Waves and Processes Prize, a bi-annual award to an AGU member-scientist recognizing cutting-edge research in those fields.

The E-ELT moves closer to reality
The governing body of the European Southern Observatory, the ESO Council, has approved ESO's budget for 2012.

AAGL receives ACCME accreditation with commendation as a provider of continuing medical education
Linda Michels, Executive Director, AAGL, is pleased to announce that AAGL has received accreditation with commendation as a provider of continuing medical education by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education.

Tropical disease experts report missed opportunity to transform global HIV/AIDS fight
Global HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment efforts are missing a major opportunity to significantly improve health conditions in poor countries by simply adding low-cost care for the many other chronic and disabling diseases routinely afflicting and often killing these same patients, according to a panel of disease experts who spoke at the annual meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Boceprevir: Indication of added benefit for specific patients
The active ingredient boceprevir has been available since the middle of 2011 as a treatment for chronic hepatitis C of genotype 1.

Solar power development in US Southwest could threaten wildlife
Little is known about the likely effects of the expected large-scale development of solar power on wildlife in the desert Southwest, but the list of potential hazards is long.

2 UT-ORNL Scientists, Bredesen Center leaders elected AAAS Fellows
Lee Riedinger and Michael Simpson, joint faculty members of the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, have been elected fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Why women quit breast cancer drugs early
Why do so many postmenopausal women who are treated for estrogen-sensitive breast cancer quit using drugs that help prevent the disease from recurring?

NAVSEA Chief Engineer presents ONR's next Distinguished Lecture
The Office of Naval Research will host its next distinguished lecturer on Dec.

Pharmacists crucial in plan for terrorist chemical weapons
Terrorist attacks with chemical weapons are a real possibility, according to a study that appears in the Journal of Pharmacy Practice, published by SAGE.

Circulating tumor cells not linked to survival in newly diagnosed inflammatory breast cancer
The presence of circulating tumor cells in the blood appears to have no relationship to survival in women who have just been diagnosed with inflammatory breast cancer, according to new research from Fox Chase Cancer Center.

New leads on mechanisms that confer virulence to E.coli-type bacteria
A team headed by scientists from the IRB Barcelona reports how the protein Ler, which is found in pathogenic bacteria, interacts with certain DNA sequences, thereby activating numerous genes responsible for virulence, which bacteria then exploit to infect human cells.

People with DFNA2 hearing loss show increased touch sensitivity
People with a certain form of inherited hearing loss have increased sensitivity to low frequency vibration, according to a study by Professor Thomas Jentsch of the Leibniz-Institut für Molekulare Pharmakologie/Max Delbrück Center Berlin-Buch and Professor Gary Lewin, conducted in cooperation with clinicians from Madrid, Spain and Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

New disinfection technique could revolutionize hospital room cleaning
A Queen's University infectious disease expert has collaborated in the development of a disinfection system that may change the way hospital rooms all over the world are cleaned as well as stop bed bug outbreaks in hotels and apartments.

Gene inheritance patterns influence age of diagnosis in BRCA families
Women who inherit the cancer genes BRCA1 or BRCA2 from their paternal lineage may get a diagnosis a decade earlier than those women who carry the cancer genes from their mother and her ancestors, according to a new study by researchers at the North Shore-LIJ Health System's Monter Cancer Center in Lake Success, N.Y.

Discordance among commercially-available diagnostics for latent TB infection
In populations with a low prevalence of tuberculosis, the majority of positives with the three tests commercially available in the US for the diagnosis of TB are false positives, according to a new study.

Scripps research study underlines potential of anti-stress peptide to block alcohol dependence
New research by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute has underlined the power of an endogenous anti-stress peptide in the brain to prevent and even reverse some of the cellular effects of acute alcohol and alcohol dependence in animal models.

National pride brings happiness -- but what you're proud of matters
Research shows that feeling good about your country also makes you feel good about your own life -- and many people take that as good news.

Model shows how façade pollutants make it into the environment
Anti-fungal and anti-bacterial additives in house paint are present in dangerous quantities in the Vauchère river basin in the city of Lausanne, says a study to be presented the Dec.

Oxytocin helps people feel more extroverted
New research, from the Concordia Department of Psychology and Center for Research in Human Development, has found an intranasal form of oxytocin can improve self-perception and make introverted individuals feel like socialites.

Swarms of bees could unlock secrets to human brains
Scientists at the University of Sheffield believe decision making mechanisms in the human brain could mirror how swarms of bees choose new nest sites.

Butterflies: 'Twice-punished' by habitat fragmentation and climate change
New findings by Virginie Stevens, Jean Clobert, Michel Baguette and colleagues show that butterflies dispersal is strongly related to demography and ecological specialization.

Survival of the fittest: Linguistic evolution in practice
A new study of how compound word formation is influenced by subtle forms of linguistic pressure demonstrates that words which

Pig-induced pluripotent stem cells may be safer than previously thought
Pig stem cell research conducted by two animal scientists at the University of Georgia reveals a better way to determine the safety of future stem cell therapies than rodent-based models.

Ready-to-bake cookie dough not ready-to-eat, study of E. coli outbreak finds
The investigation of a 2009 multistate outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, an important cause of bacterial gastrointestinal illness, led to a new culprit: ready-to-bake commercial prepackaged cookie dough.

Scientists assess radioactivity in the ocean from Japan nuclear power facility
With current news of additional radioactive leaks from the Fukushima nuclear power plants, the impact on the ocean of releases of radioactivity from the plants remains unclear.

Step forward in foot-and-mouth disease understanding
Scientists have discovered a mechanism they believe may play a key role in the spread of foot-and-mouth disease in animals.

Clemson University opens bioengineering research lab at Greenville hospital campus
From their fourth-floor laboratory in the heart of Greenville Hospital's Patewood campus, Clemson University bioengineering scientists and students help keep the feet of joint replacement patients on the ground.

Cancer risk in Northern Ireland lower than the Republic of Ireland
People in Northern Ireland have a lower risk of developing some cancers than those living in the Republic of Ireland, according to the All-Ireland Cancer Atlas - a collaborative publication by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry at Queen's University Belfast and the National Cancer Registry in Cork.

Biker's warning! EPO hits blood vessels to raise blood pressure in the brain
Erythropoietin might be considered a

Expanding dead zones shrinking tropical blue marlin habitat
Scientists sound an alarm that expanding ocean dead zones are shrinking the habitat for high value fish such as marlins, other billfish and tunas in the tropical northeast Atlantic Ocean.

Literature review on solar energy and wildlife impacts research
More peer-reviewed scientific studies of the effects on wildlife of large-scale solar energy developments and operations are needed to adequately assess their impact, especially in the desert Southwest.

New study provides comprehensive view of the status of Atlantic bluefin tuna
Bluefin populations on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean have declined precipitously since 1950, according to the study published today in the peer-reviewed online journal PLoS ONE.

LRO observes final lunar eclipse of the year
Orbiting 31 miles above the lunar surface, NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft will get a

Researchers design Alzheimer's antibodies
Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have developed a new method to design antibodies aimed at combating disease.

Recognizing blood poisoning quickly
Speed can save lives - especially in the case of blood poisoning.

Dr. Vivian W. Pinn to receive inaugural Bernadine Healy Award
Vivian W. Pinn, MD will be awarded the inaugural Bernadine Healy Award, to be presented at the 20th Annual Congress on Women's Health, March 16-18, 2012 in Washington, DC.

Deepwater Horizon Committee issues final report
After the Deepwater Horizon explosion and oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, the US Department of the Interior asked the National Academy of Engineering and National Research Council to convene a committee of experts to analyze the probable causes of the disaster and identify measures for preventing similar harm in the future.

AAAS and University of South Florida announce 2011 Fellows
Four faculty members from the University of South Florida, Tampa Bay, have been named Fellows of the AAAS.

The cortex plays an essential part in emotional learning
Research directed by Andreas Lüthi at that institute has shown, for the first time, that the cortex, which is the largest zone of the brain and which is generally associated with high cognitive functions, is also a key zone for emotional learning.

New registered nurses' lack of geographic mobility has negative implications for rural health
A study on the geographic mobility of registered nurses recently published in the December Health Affairs magazine suggests that the profession's relative lack of mobility has serious implications for access to health care for people in rural areas.

Diagnosis of tuberculosis is increased in postpartum women
The incidence of tuberculosis diagnosis is significantly increased in mothers postpartum, suggesting a potential new population to target for screening, according to a new UK-wide cohort study.

2010 spike in Greenland ice loss lifted bedrock, GPS reveals
An unusually hot melting season in 2010 accelerated ice loss in southern Greenland by 100 billion tons - and large portions of the island's bedrock rose an additional quarter of an inch in response.

CRD announces new partnership with PubMed Health
A new partnership between the Center for Reviews and Dissemination at the University of York and PubMed Health, the new online service provided by the National Center for Biotechnology Information at the US National Library of Medicine, is launched today.

Researchers identify a novel therapeutic approach for liver cancer
Cancer of the liver - rare in the United States but the third-leading cause of cancer death worldwide - can result from environmental exposures or infections like chronic hepatitis, but the link is poorly understood.
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