Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 16, 2011
Protecting confidential data with math
With the computerization of databases in healthcare, forensics, telecommunications, and other fields, ensuring security for such databases has become increasingly important.

More female managers do not reduce wage gap
Are wage differences between men and women decreasing as more women attain managerial positions?

Long-term inhaled dry powder mannitol improves lung function in CF
Adding inhaled dry powder mannitol to standard therapy for cystic fibrosis produced sustained improvement in lung function for up to 52 weeks, according to a new study.

First comprehensive DNA study of mast cell leukemia uncovers clues that could improve therapy
Cancer researchers at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory have carried out the first comprehensive study of the changes seen in the DNA of a patient with mast cell leukemia, an extremely aggressive subtype of acute myeloid leukemia with a very poor prognosis.

Group sex among adolescents a public health concern, new study says
One in 13 teenage girls, aged 14 to 20, reported having a group-sex experience, with those young women more likely to have been exposed to pornography and childhood sexual abuse than their peers, according to a new study led by a Boston University School of Public Health researcher.

Genomic sequences of 2 iconic falconry birds - Peregrine and Saker Falcons- successfully decoded
Genomic sequences of two iconic falconry birds - Peregrine and Saker Falcons- have been successfully decoded.

Novel device removes heavy metals from water
Engineers at Brown University have developed a system that cleanly and efficiently removes trace heavy metals from water.

Tool detects patterns hidden in vast data sets
Researchers from Harvard University and the Broad Institute have developed a tool that can tackle large data sets in a way that no other software program can.

Notre Dame researchers demonstrate new DNA detection technique
A team of researchers from the University of Notre Dame have demonstrated a novel DNA detection method that could prove suitable for many real-world applications.

UCSF-led team discovers cause of rare disease
A large, international team of researchers led by scientists at the University of California, San Francisco has identified the gene that causes a rare childhood neurological disorder called PKD/IC, or

Spread of nasopharyngeal carcinoma is reduced by bevacizumab, according to phase 2 trial results
The trial conducted by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) shows the feasibility to deliver bevacizumab to the current chemoradiation standard without any apparent increased adverse side effects.

New Geology science posted online Dec. 8-16 2011
GEOLOGY topics include an explanation for missing mid-Cenezoic sediments discovered in Lomonosov Ridge drilling; Understanding position shifts of the Intertropical Convergence Zone; An analysis decoupling taxonomic and ecological severities of major mass extinctions; A Pleistocene reversal of British Columbia's Fraser River; Quality comparison of land and sea fossil records; Evidence of a large drop in the Gulf of Mexico's sea surface temperatures before major growth of the Antarctic ice sheet, and more.

Scientists may be able to double efficacy of radiation therapy
Scientists may have a way to double the efficacy and reduce the side effects of radiation therapy.

Barracuda babies: Novel study sheds light on early life of prolific predator
In the journal Marine Biology, lead author Dr. Evan D'Alessandro and University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science colleagues Drs.

Midwives use rituals to send message that women's bodies know best
In reaction to what midwives view as the overly medicalized way hospitals deliver babies, they have created birthing rituals to send the message that women's bodies know best.

Gladstone scientist Deepak Srivastava named fellow of the AAAS
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) has named Gladstone Senior Investigator Deepak Srivastava, M.D., a fellow for his efforts to advance science and its applications.

UCLA physicists report nanotechnology feat with proteins
UCLA physicists have made nano-mechanical measurements of unprecedented resolution on protein molecules.

BGI-BOX terminal server debut operation in China Agricultural University
BGI-BOX terminal server began its debut operation in China Agricultural University.

Inhaled glucocorticoids during pregnancy and offspring pediatric diseases
Inhaled glucocorticoids for the treatment of asthma during pregnancy are not associated with an increased risk of most diseases in offspring, but may be a risk factor for endocrine and metabolic disturbances, according to a new study.

Remote wilderness polluted by humans
Nitrogen from human activity has been polluting lakes in the northern hemisphere since the late 19th century.

No brakes on breast cancer cells
Scientists of the German Cancer Research Center have discovered a tiny RNA molecule, called miR-520, which at once blocks two important pathways in the development of cancer in cells.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Washi's rainfall intensify over larger area
NASA's TRMM satellite noticed that as Tropical Storm Washi approached the Philippines' island of Mindanao heavy rainfall had become more widespread than the previous day.

New system may one day steer microrobots through blood vessels for disease treatment
Researchers use a magnetic field to generate both side-to-side and corkscrew-like motions of tiny robots.

Tool enables scientists to uncover patterns in vast data sets
With support from the National Science Foundation, researchers from the Broad Institute and Harvard University recently developed a tool that can uncover patterns in large data sets in a way that no other software program can.

Close family ties keep microbial cheaters in check, study finds
Any multicellular animal, from a blue whale to a human being, poses a special challenge for evolution.

Quantum cats are hard to see
Researchers from the universities of Calgary and Waterloo in Canada and the University of Geneva in Switzerland have published a paper this week in Physical Review Letters explaining why we don't usually see the physical effects of quantum mechanics.

Can science predict a hit song?
New research by academics in the University of Bristol's Intelligent Systems Laboratory has looked at whether a song can be predicted to be a

4 UC Riverside researchers receive national recognition
Four faculty members at the University of California, Riverside have been named fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Plasma treatment zaps viruses before they can attack cells
Researchers test a pre-emptive anti-viral treatment on a common virus known to cause respiratory infections.

GDP up, happiness down
Happiness has dropped over the last two years, University of Vermont research shows.

Study suggests early ART in recently HIV-infected patients preferable to delayed treatment
Among people recently infected with HIV, immediate antiretroviral therapy appears preferable to deferring treatment, according to a new study published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases and now available online.

Childhood cancer drugs cure now, may cause problems later, UB research shows
Will a drug used to treat childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia and other pediatric cancers cause heart problems later in life?

2 research facilities awarded technology seeding grants
The Ontario Genomics Institute (OGI) has awarded two research facilities with $10,000 each to test or develop leading-edge technologies to better aid the work of Ontario researchers.

Does team training save lives? A new science gives it a rigorous evaluation
Whether the task is flying a plane, fighting a battle, or caring for a patient, good teamwork is crucial to getting it done right.

Wyss Institute founding director, Donald Ingber, M.D., Ph.D., receives 2011 Holst Medal
Donald Ingber, M.D., Ph.D., founding director of Harvard's Wyss Institute, is awarded the 2011 Holst Medal in recognition of his pioneering work in mechanobiology and his groundbreaking development of bioinspired technologies, such as Organ-on-Chip microsystems that recapitulate human organ functions

Cholesterol-lowering drugs may reduce mortality for influenza patients
Statins, traditionally known as cholesterol-lowering drugs, may reduce mortality among patients hospitalized with influenza, according to a new study released online by the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

New device creates lipid spheres that mimic cell membranes
A new way of manipulating fluids on microscopic levels brings us one step closer to

Rapid rise in wildfires in large parts of Canada?
Large forest regions in Canada are apparently about to experience rapid change.

A norm to improve train safety and circulation in Europe
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid has attended the latest meeting of a panel of experts to prepare norm EN 45545, which regulates fire safety in railway rolling stock, and during which the last revision of the final text was carried out.

Advantages and motivations uncertain behind use of brachytherapy for breast cancer radiotherapy
Accelerated partial breast irradiation using brachytherapy for the treatment of breast cancer has been rapidly increasing over the last several years in the US as an alternative to standard whole-breast irradiation, according to a study published Dec.

Winter diets? The secret is to chill the extremities
It is well known that large mammals living in temperate climates lower their metabolism in winter.

Fear no supernova
Given the incredible amounts of energy in a supernova explosion -- as much as the sun creates during its entire lifetime -- another erroneous doomsday theory is that such an explosion could happen in 2012 and harm life on Earth.

Following the crowd supports democracy
The majority can benefit when individuals are uninformed.

NSF director and Russian science minister sign historic agreement for bilateral collaboration
Today, National Science Foundation (NSF) Director Subra Suresh signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Russian Education and Science Minister Andrei Fursenko to foster the continued growth of US-Russian science and technology cooperation.

Caterpillars mimic one another for survival
In the world of insects, high risk of attack has led to the development of camouflage as a means for survival.

Historic 'Grand Challenge' launched: Create low-cost devices for rapid disease diagnosis
Grand Challenges Canada and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation have teamed up on an unprecedented global effort to discover and develop affordable, easy-to-use tools to help developing country health workers rapidly diagnose diseases in rural communities.

Emory and US CDC partner to continue building global public health network with $6 million grant
Emory University's Global Health Institute has received a three-year, $6 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to further develop a model for strengthening national public health institutes (NPHIs) globally.

Endophenotype strategies for the study of neuropsychiatric disorders
The study of endophenotype is of particular useful for us to understand the underlying mechanism of the illness process of neuropsychiatric disorders, aiding the clinicians to make accurate diagnosis and for early detection purposes.

Traumatic experiences may make you tough
Your parents were right: Hard experiences may indeed make you tough.

UC Irvine researchers urge caution when buying noisy toys
While Road Rippers Lightning Rods, Let's Rock Elmo and the I Am T-Pain musical microphone might be sought-after gifts this holiday season, parents should ensure that their children don't risk permanent hearing damage by misusing them.

Northwestern scientist gets mentoring award at White House
A Northwestern program that mentors urban minority high-school girls for college and careers in science and health received a mentoring award from President Obama.
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