Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 03, 2012
Agent shows ability to suppress brain metastasis and related damage
Brain metastasis remains an unconquered challenge in cancer treatment. Pigment epithelium-derived factor suppressed brain damage.

Sexual satisfaction in women increases with age
A new study of sexually active older women has found that sexual satisfaction in women increases with age and those not engaging in sex are satisfied with their sex lives.

'BINGO!' game helps researchers study perception deficits
Bingo, a popular activity in nursing homes, senior centers and assisted-living facilities, has benefits that extend well beyond socializing.

Critical quality considerations for probiotics offered in new draft FCC standards
With strong consumer interest in probiotics -- and new manufacturer innovations for incorporating these ingredients into a broader array of food products -- new standards to help ensure the quality of probiotic food ingredients are being proposed.

Kessler Foundation reports advance in early diagnosis of spatial neglect after stroke
Stroke specialist Anna Barrett, M.D., of Kessler Foundation reports a collaborative study showing that bedside clinical evaluation can be optimized to diagnose spatial neglect, a disabling disorder that impedes recovery after stroke.

Females may be more susceptible to infection during ovulation
Research in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology suggests a woman's ovarian cycle plays a role in susceptibility to infection.

DMP for diabetes type 2: Current guidelines indicate some need for revision
As a literature search for recommendations from current clinical practice guidelines of high methodological quality has shown, there is no compelling need for revision of any part of the disease management program for diabetes type 2.

New clues to human deafness found in mice
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a gene that is required for proper development of the mouse inner ear.

N.E. Chemcat Corp. licenses Brookhaven Lab's electrocatalyst technology for fuel cells
N.E. Chemcat Corporation, Japan's leading catalyst and precious metal compound manufacturer, has licensed electrocatalysts developed by scientists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory that can reduce the use of costly platinum and increase the effectiveness of fuel cells for use in electric vehicles.

Eucalyptus Symposium 2012
Eucalyptus species are among the most widely planted tree species in the world and of increasing interest in the US for bioenergy.

NHM entomologist co-authors new research on parasitic phorid fly, a new threat to honey bees
A paper to be published on Jan. 3, 2012 in the authoritative magazine PLoS ONE, co-authored by NHM entomologist Dr.

'Lost world' discovered around Antarctic vents
Communities of species previously unknown to science have been discovered on the seafloor near Antarctica, clustered in the hot, dark environment surrounding hydrothermal vents.

Pirfenidone: Extent of added benefit assessed
Pirfenidone inhibits the development of inflammation and scarring in lung tissue and has been approved for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis since the beginning of 2011.

Grant will help area students with disabilities
A $1.2 million grant will allow a University of California, Riverside professor in the Graduate School of Education to fund doctoral students to conduct research and prepare teachers for students with disabilities at Riverside and San Bernardino schools.

Simple blood test in the first trimester predicts fetal gender
New research published in the the FASEB Journal describes findings that could lead to a non-invasive test allowing expecting mothers to learn the sex of their baby as early as the first trimester.

Heart-attack patients in the US more likely to be readmitted to the hospital than other countries
In an analysis of data from more than 15 countries that included the US, Canada, Australia, and many European nations, patients in the US who experienced a ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI; a certain pattern on an electrocardiogram following a heart attack) were more likely to be readmitted to the hospital at 30 days after the heart attack than patients in other countries, according to a study in the Jan.

Identifying sloth species at a genetic level
Identifying species, separating out closely related species and managing each type on its own, is an important part of any animal management system.

Pitt: A shot of young stem cells made rapidly aging mice live longer and healthier
Mice bred to age too quickly seemed to have sipped from the fountain of youth after scientists at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine injected them with stem cell-like progenitor cells derived from the muscle of young, healthy animals.

Maternal liver grafts more tolerable for children with rare disease
Children with a rare, life-threatening disease that is the most common cause of neonatal liver failure -- biliary atresia -- better tolerate liver transplants from their mothers than from their fathers, according to a UCSF-led study.

NJIT receives patent today for new shunt to aid brain-injured patients
NJIT professor Gordon Thomas and NJIT research professor Reginald Farrow, both in the department of physics, and NJIT alumnus Sheng Liu, formerly a doctoral student of both researchers and now an engineer at a biotech company, were awarded a patent today for the NJIT SmartShunt, a unique device to help patients with brain injuries.

Scientists crack medieval bone code
Michigan State University researchers are the first to confirm the existence of brucellosis, an infectious disease still prevalent today, in ancient skeletal remains.

Death rate measure used to judge hospital quality may be misleading
Hospitals, health insurers and patients often rely on patient death rates in hospitals to compare hospital quality.

Manipulating way bacteria 'talk' could have practical applications, Texas A&M profs say
By manipulating the way bacteria

Bat brains parse sounds for multitasking
Imagine listening to music while carrying on a conversation with friends.

BUSM researchers identify novel compound to halt virus replication
BUSM researchers identify novel compound to halt virus replication.

Summit seeks to inform electrophysiologists on Riata ICD recall
Cardiovascular leaders will gather in Minneapolis for a one-day summit on Jan.

Pitt researchers discover one of the most porous materials to date
The delivery of pharmaceuticals into the human body or the storage of voluminous quantities of gas molecules could now be better controlled, thanks to a study by University of Pittsburgh researchers.

Alzheimer's damage occurs early
The first changes in the brain of a person with Alzheimer's disease can be observed as much as ten years in advance - ten years before the person in question has become so ill that he or she can be diagnosed with the disease.

Oregon's program to improve care for those with advanced illness highlighted in JAMA
Oregon's groundbreaking Physician Orders for Life Sustaining Treatment program is featured in the latest edition of the Journal of The American Medical Association.

EAE/ASE 3D echocardiography image acquisition recommendations
For the first time, a joint committee of the European Association for Echocardiography and the American Society of Echocardiography have issued recommendations on image acquisition using three-dimensional echocardiography.

Not equal: Quality of care, cost for PAD sufferers
Although minimally invasive treatments for patients with peripheral arterial disease result in shorter hospital stays and the potential to save Medicare millions of dollars each year, a new study reveals that the quality of care and cost depend on who's providing the treatment.

News tips from the journal mBio
These news tips come from the current issue, Vol. 2, No.

Aging-related degeneration caused by defects of energy metabolism in tissue stem cells?
The findings of the researchers at the University of Helsinki, Finland, increase the understanding of mechanisms of aging-related degeneration.

Jeanne Baret, botanist and first female circumnavigator, finally commemorated in name of new species
In 1766, Frenchwoman Jeanne Baret disguised herself as a man to work as assistant botanist on the first French circumnavigation of the globe.

Research identifies how time heals all wounds
Wound healing requires interactions between cells resident at the damaged site and infiltrating immune cells.

Missing trial data threatens the integrity of medicine
Missing clinical trial data can harm patients and lead to futile costs to health systems, warn experts on today as part of an in-depth BMJ review of the matter.

New stage in fighting pancreatic cancer
In 2011 a Cardiff University team revealed that a protein call calmodulin could protect the pancreas against the effects of alcohol.

How work tells muscles to grow
We take it for granted, but the fact that our muscles grow when we work them makes them rather unique.

Mayo Clinic studies identify risk factors in rising trend of liver cancer
Doctors have known for years that the incidence of deadly liver cancer is on the rise, but what is causing that trend has remained a mystery.

Bariatric surgery associated with reduction in cardiovascular events and death
Among obese individuals, having bariatric surgery was associated with a reduced long-term incidence of cardiovascular deaths and events such as heart attack and stroke, according to a study in the Jan.

Novel technique could help boost IVF success and reduce multiple pregnancies
A new technique has already been successfully used in mice to identify embryos likely to result in a successful pregnancy.

Facing complexity in the left brain/right brain paradigm
Dartmouth Professor Ming Meng combines functional magnetic resonance imaging, computer vision, and psychophysics to elucidate left brain/right brain functional differences in image perception.

UofL physicians, Jewish Hospital first in Kentucky to offer new aortic valve replacement
Some individuals with severe aortic stenosis -- also known as narrowing of the aortic valve in the heart -- who are not well enough to undergo open heart surgery have a new treatment option thanks to a new procedure now available in Kentucky from University of Louisville physicians at Jewish Hospital.

Sky light sky bright -- in the office
Working under the open sky -- it sounds enticing, but it's seldom really a practical option.

Songbird brain synapses and glial cells capable of synthesizing estrogen
American University biology professor Colin Saldanha's two recent studies detail previously undiscovered ways songbirds can produce estrogen in their brains.

Hydrogen sulfide reduces glucose-induced injury in kidney cells
Hydrogen sulfide, a noxious gas that smells like rotten eggs, may have beneficial effects in the kidney.

Anti-sense might make sense for treating liver cancer
A new study shows that it is possible to selectively target and block a particular microRNA that is important in liver cancer.

Navy researchers investigate small-scale autonomous planetary explorers
NRL scientists are investigating the usability of a microbial fuel cell to power small microrovers.

Genetic predisposition to disease common in 2 supercentenarians: New study
The first-ever published whole-genome sequences of not just one, but two supercentenarians, aged more than 114 years, reveal that both unusual and common genetic phenomena contribute to the genetic background of extreme human longevity.

New forms of torture leave 'invisible scars,' say researchers
Use of torture around the world has not diminished but the techniques used have grown more complex and sophisticated, according to new research from Queen Mary, University of London.

Explaining heart failure as a cause of diabetes
Either heart failure or diabetes alone is bad enough, but oftentimes the two conditions seem to go together.

When overeating, calories, not protein, contribute to increase in body fat
In a study conducted among 25 healthy individuals living in a controlled setting who were randomized to overconsumption of different levels of protein diets, those consuming the low-protein diet had less weight gain compared to those consuming normal and high protein diets, and calories alone, and not protein appeared to contribute to an increase in body fat, according to a study in the Jan.

Home monitoring may help manage and reduce costs for heart failure
UCLA authors discuss the importance of heart failure disease-management and early identification, as well as the treatment of body-fluid congestion, using a number of home-monitoring strategies.

Short hospitalizations for heart attacks may increase readmissions in US
Patients treated for acute heart attacks in the United States are readmitted within 30 days more often than in other countries, a finding explained in part by significantly shorter initial hospitalizations, according to an international study led by researchers at Duke University Medical Center.

8 international research funders announce the winners of the 2011 Digging into Data challenge
Analyzing 600 years of music, drilling down into population databases, understanding social unrest through digitized newspapers - these are just some of the new lines of research that the winners of the second Digging into Data Challenge.

Preview of articles to be published Jan. 3, 2012
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for papers to be published Jan.

Nap-deprived tots may be missing out on more than sleep, says University of Colorado-led study
A new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder indicates missed naps by toddlers leads to more anxiety, less joy and interest and a poorer understanding on how to solve problems.

Smaller sibling protein calls the shots in cell division
Scientists have found at least one instance when the smaller sibling gets to call the shots and cancer patients may one day benefit.

Deer antlers inspire a new theory on osteoporosis
The loss of manganese could mean that calcium does not stick to bones and could cause osteoporosis.

New clues to human deafness found in mice
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a gene that is required for proper development of the mouse inner ear, which may help us understand the genetic causes of deafness.

Climate change models may underestimate extinctions
Predictions of the loss of animal and plant diversity around the world are common under models of future climate change.

LSUHSC research finds trigger for breast cancer spread
Research led by Shyamal Desai, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans, has discovered a key change in the body's defense system that increases the potential for breast cancer to spread to other parts of the body.

GABA signaling prunes back copious 'provisional' synapses during neural circuit assembly
In emerging networks being established by inhibitory GABA neurons CSHL neuroscientists find strong evidence that the

Autism may be linked to abnormal immune system characteristics and novel protein fragment
Immune system abnormalities that mimic those seen with autism spectrum disorders have been linked to the amyloid precursor protein (APP), reports a research team from the University of South Florida's Department of Psychiatry and the Silver Child Development Center.

Many NIH-funded clinical trials go unpublished over 2 years after completion
In a study that investigates the challenges of disseminating clinical research findings in peer-reviewed biomedical journals, Yale School of Medicine researchers have found that fewer than half of a sample of trials primarily or partially funded by the National Institutes of Health were published within 30 months of completing the clinical trial.

ATS issues joint statement on key issues and recommendations for critical care research
To reduce mortality and improve patient care in the nation's ICUs, a task force formed by the Critical Care Societies Collaborative, in conjunction with the US Critical Illness and Injury Trials Group has recommended that research in the field become less fragmented and better account for patient heterogeneity and the complexity of critical illness.

Performing a balancing act on the innovation tightrope
The formula for success in innovation is about finding the middle ground.

Deadly fly parasite spotted for first time in honey bees
Honey bees can become the unwitting hosts of a fly parasite that causes them to abandon their hives and die after a bout of disoriented, is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to