Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 04, 2012
Impaired quality of life: A warning signal after oesophageal cancer surgery
A new study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology shows that most patients who survive for at least five years after oesophageal cancer surgery recover an average quality of life.

Antiestrogen therapy may decrease risk for melanoma
Melanoma risk was 60 percent higher among those not taking antiestrogen therapy.

Prehistoric predators with supersized teeth had beefier arm bones
The toothiest prehistoric predators also had beefier arm bones, according to results of a study published today in the journal Paleobiology.

Experts urge BMI method for calculating weight in kids with eating disorders
In a study to be published online Jan. 4, 2012, in the journal Pediatrics, researchers from the University of Chicago, the Harvard School of Public Health and the University of Rochester Medical Center compared three common methods for calculating expected body weight of adolescents with eating disorders and found that the body mass index percentile method is recommended for clinical and research purposes.

Hypothermia underutilized in cardiac arrest cases treated in US hospitals
Therapeutic hypothermia has been proven to reduce mortality and improve neurologic outcomes after a heart attack, yet it was rarely used in a sample of more than 26,000 patients, according to a study published in Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management.

Harp seals on thin ice after 32 years of warming
Warming in the North Atlantic over the last 32 years has significantly reduced winter sea ice cover in harp seal breeding grounds, resulting in sharply higher death rates among seal pups in recent years, according to a new Duke University-led study.

Coping with abuse in the work place
A new study from the University of Haifa assessed the tools employees are using to cope with the stress of abusive treatment from a supervisor and how effective those tools are in terms of employee well-being.

Simple online tool to aid GPs in early ovarian cancer diagnosis
The lives of hundreds of women could be saved every year, thanks to a simple online calculator that could help GPs identify women most at risk of having ovarian cancer at a much earlier stage.

Use of acupuncture in the US military highlighted in special issue of Medical Acupuncture
The current issue of Medical Acupuncture, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., explores how the US military is incorporating medical acupuncture to assist in the medical care of military personnel serving in the war zones and the efforts underway to explore military applications of acupuncture.

URI pharmacy researcher discovers new gene that regulates body weight
While studying a brain protein related to the involuntary body movements that are side effects of drugs used to treat Parkinson's disease and schizophrenia, a URI pharmacy professor discovered that the protein also plays a role in regulating body weight.

Fish oil during pregnancy does not protect against excessive adipose tissue development
Is obesity in infants

Migration at a young age is associated with increased risk of psychotic disorders
Recent research has found striking links between psychotic disorders and certain types of international immigration.

QUT research to help safer emergency aircraft landings
Queensland University of Technology aviation researchers are developing an information system to help Unmanned Aerial Vehicles make safer emergency landings and better enable their wider commercial use.

New materials remove CO2 from smokestacks, tailpipes and even the air
Scientists are reporting discovery of an improved way to remove carbon dioxide -- the major greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming -- from smokestacks and other sources, including the atmosphere.

Smart way of saving lives in natural disasters
Smartphones could help save hundreds of thousands of lives in the aftermath of a disaster or humanitarian crisis, research from University of Manchester academics has found.

Todd Hoagland honored by Anatomy Society for excellence in teaching, research & scholarship
The American Association of Anatomists' 2012 Basmajian Award will be presented on April 24 to Todd Hoagland, associate professor in the department of cell biology, neurobiology and anatomy at the Medical College of Wisconsin.

2011 Digging Into Data Challenge winners announced
Eight international research funders from four countries today jointly announced the 14 winners of the second Digging Into Data Challenge, a competition to promote innovative humanities and social science research using large-scale data analysis.

The Bechstein's bat, more Mediterranean than thought
The Bechstein's bat or Myotis bechsteinii lives in deciduous forests.

In ancient Pompeii, trash and tombs went hand in hand
Trash and tombs went hand in hand in ancient Pompeii.

Star Trek Tricorder revisited: Toward a genre of medical scanners
A hand-held scanner, reminiscent of the fictional Star Trek Tricorder, images blood vessels through the skin.

Exercise is good for your waistline - But it's a writing exercise
Is losing weight as simple as doing a 15-minute writing exercise?

Carnegie's Richard Meserve elected to Russian Academy of Sciences
Carnegie Institution for Science president Richard A. Meserve was elected a Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Kaiser Permanente study finds continuous health coverage essential for patients managing diabetes
When patients with diabetes experience interruptions in health insurance coverage, they are less likely to receive the screening tests and vaccines they need to protect their health.

Blogging may help teens dealing with social distress
Blogging may have psychological benefits for teens suffering from social anxiety, improving their self-esteem and helping them relate better to their friends, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Dried licorice root fights the bacteria that cause tooth decay and gum disease
Scientists are reporting identification of two substances in licorice -- used extensively in Chinese traditional medicine -- that kill the major bacteria responsible for tooth decay and gum disease, the leading causes of tooth loss in children and adults.

CareFirst BCBS and ACP offer new tool to advance development of patient-centered medical homes
CareFirst BlueCross BlueShield today announced that it has joined with the American College of Physicians to make available the ACP's Medical Home Builder® 2.0 tool to participating CareFirst Patient-Centered Medical Home practices.

Seriously, we're poisonous: Coloration is an honest signal of toxicity in poison frogs
The following articles appear in the January 2012 issue of the American Naturalist:

Eureka Park: Technology at the edge
At the world's largest consumer electronics tradeshow in Las Vegas, Nev., this year, 2012 CES, a new TechZone -- an assemblage of technology markets grouped together -- will be unveiled.

A quarter of a century of sweet corn observations
For more than a quarter of a century, Jerald

Major variation in bladder cancer subtype trends highlights need for focused research
A major Yale University study of 128,000 patients has found significant differences between the most common cancer tumors growing inside and on the surface of the bladder.

New computer model explains lakes and storms on Titan
Saturn's largest moon, Titan, is an alien world covered in a thick atmosphere with abundant methane.

Older, cheaper vacuum cleaners release more bacteria and dust
Some vacuum cleaners -- those basic tools for maintaining a clean indoor environment in homes and offices -- actually contribute to indoor air pollution by releasing into the air bacteria and dust that can spread infections and trigger allergies, researchers report in a new study.

Researchers discover protein that may represent new target for treating type 1 diabetes
Researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center's Institute for Regenerative Medicine and colleagues have discovered a new protein that may play a critical role in how the human body regulates blood sugar levels.

If you plan, then you'll do... but it helps to have a friend
Many people look forward to the New Year for a new start on old habits.

New research shows how male spiders use eavesdropping to one-up their rivals
Just published this month, new research shows how spiders eavesdrop on other males and copy their courtship signals as a likely means of stealing their mate.

LA BioMed investigators lead first survey to determine hospital EDs' pediatric readiness
LA BioMed investigators lead first statewide survey to determine pediatric readiness of hospital EDs.

UC San Diego's William C. Mobley recognized for contributions to Down syndrome
William C. Mobley, M.D., Ph.D., chair of the Department of Neurosciences at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Chairman of the US Scientific Advisory Committee of the Jérôme Lejeune Foundation, was recognized by US Congressman Pete Sessions from the floor of the House of Representatives in December.

Mid-lane driving helps older adults stay safe
It's official: Older adults are naturally inclined to drive in the middle of the road, leaving the younger generation to cut corners.

NPL research helps drive forward the creation of a Digital Britain
With government plans for a Digital Britain firmly underway, the amount of data that will be sent on the internet is set to increase dramatically.

Cancer-killing compound spares healthy cells
Lithocholic acid (LCA), naturally produced in the liver during digestion, has been seriously underestimated.

Ecologists call for screening imported plants to prevent a new wave of invasive species
A recent analysis led by ecologist Bethany Bradley at the University of Massachusetts Amherst suggests that climate change predicted for the United States will boost demand for imported drought- and heat-tolerant landscaping plants from Africa and the Middle East.

'Nanowiggles:' Scientists discover graphene nanomaterials with tunable functionality in electronics
Scientists have used supercomputers to uncover the properties of a promising form of graphene, known as graphene nanowiggles.

The smoky pink core of the Omega Nebula
A new image of the Omega Nebula, captured by ESO's Very Large Telescope, is one of the sharpest of this object ever taken from the ground.

Salt water alone unlikely to halt Burmese python invasion
Invasive Burmese python hatchlings from the Florida Everglades can withstand exposure to salt water long enough to potentially expand their range through ocean and estuarine environments.

New guideline: Caution needed when choosing seizure drugs for people with HIV/AIDS
A new guideline issued by the American Academy of Neurology recommends doctors use caution when choosing seizure drugs for people with HIV/AIDS to avoid potential drug interactions.

Early land plants: Early adopters!
A newly described species of a liverwort (very simple, small plants, and probably common ancestors of all land plants) from New Zealand marks a pioneering effort by international plant scientists to enter a

Guidelines stress caution when combining anti-epileptic, HIV drugs
New guidelines from the American Academy of Neurology will help physicians better choose seizure drugs for people on HIV/AIDS medication, avoiding deadly drug interactions and preventing critical anti-HIV drugs from becoming less effective, possibly leading to a more virulent strain of the disease.

Promising results of novel combination HIV vaccine
Results from a recent study show that novel vaccine combinations can provide partial protection against infection by simian immunodeficiency virus in rhesus monkeys.

Men and women have major personality differences
Men and women have large differences in personality, according to a new study published Jan.

American Cancer Society report finds continued progress in reducing cancer mortality
The American Cancer Society's annual cancer statistics report shows that between 2004 and 2008, overall cancer incidence rates declined by 0.6 percent per year in men and were stable in women, while cancer death rates decreased by 1.8 percent per year in men and by 1.6 percent per year in women.

New tech removes air pollutants, may reduce energy use in animal ag facilities
Researchers from North Carolina State University and West Virginia University have developed a new technology that can reduce air pollutant emissions from some chicken and swine barns, and also reduce their energy use by recovering and possibly generating heat.

Study shows antibiotic prophylaxis a vital weapon in preventing streptococcus b infection in newborns
A study investigating epidemiology of streptococcus B infection worldwide has shown that the highest levels of infection are found in Africa, followed by the Americas and Europe.

Proposed standard offers best practices to help ensure pharmaceutical supply chain integrity
As the pharmaceutical industry continues to globalize, the challenges of securing complex supply chains and protecting patients from counterfeit medicines, as well as the consequences of lapses in security or proper handling, have mounted.

Leaping lizards and dinosaurs inspire robot design
A UC Berkeley study of how lizards use their tails when leaping through the trees shows that they swing the tail upward to avoid pitching forward after a stumble.

A gene for depression localized
Psychiatric disorders can be described on many levels, the most traditional of which are subjective descriptions of the experience of being depressed and the use of rating scales that quantify depressive symptoms.

The Encyclopedia of Life expanding at a record pace
The Encyclopedia of Life continues to expand at a record pace with the addition of new content and partners.

Fish mimics octopus that mimics fish
Nature's game of intimidation and imitation comes full circle in the waters of Indonesia, where scientists have recorded for the first time an association between the black-marble jawfish and the mimic octopus.

Scientists reassess weight loss surgery for type 2 diabetes
Weight loss surgery is not a cure for type 2 diabetes, but it can improve blood sugar control, according to a new study published in the British Journal of Surgery.

The cost of disabilities could reach 77.2 percent of household income
A team of researchers have for the first time estimated the cost and impact of disabilities on the finances of disabled people.

Downloadable tool helps cancer survivors plan and monitor exercise
A new program and brochure from the University of Colorado Cancer Canter, approved by the American College of Sports Medicine, makes designing and monitoring post-cancer exercise easy.

How can Lyme disease be prevented and controlled?
A new article appearing in the Journal of Medical Entomology assesses the potential reasons for the continued lack of success in prevention and control of Lyme disease and identifies areas where additional knowledge could be used to improve Lyme disease prevention and control strategies.

Russian river water unexpected culprit behind Arctic freshening near US, Canada
A hemisphere-wide phenomenon -- and not just regional forces -- has caused record-breaking amounts of freshwater to accumulate in the Arctic's Beaufort Sea.

U-M study shows updated rotavirus vaccine not linked to increase in bowel obstruction
The rotovirus vaccine was pulled from the marketplace in 1999 after being associated with painful gastrointestinal complications, however, the updated rotavirus vaccines do not appear to increase the occurrence of these potentially fatal side effects, according to a new study by child health experts at C.S.

Magnetically-levitated flies offer clues to future of life in space
Using powerful magnets to levitate fruit flies can provide vital clues to how biological organisms are affected by weightless conditions in space, researchers at the University of Nottingham say.

Prehistoric predators with supersized teeth had beefier arm bones
The toothiest prehistoric predators also had beefier arm bones, finds a new fossil study.

Experimental vaccine partially protects monkeys from HIV-like infection
New vaccine research in monkeys suggests that scientists are homing in on the critical ingredients of a protective HIV vaccine and identifies new HIV vaccine candidates to test in human clinical trials.

Benefits of statin therapy may extend beyond lowering lipids
A study led by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, has identified a molecular pathway that leads to abnormal cardiovascular blood clotting and turned it off using a popular class of cholesterol-lowering drugs, statins.

Research shows progress toward a genital herpes vaccine
New NIH-funded research points investigators toward finding a genital herpes vaccine that works on both viruses that cause disease.

No more free rides for 'piggy-backing' viruses
Scientists have determined the structure of the enzyme endomannosidase, significantly advancing our understanding of how a group of devastating human viruses including HIV and Hepatitis C hijack human enzymes to reproduce and cause disease

Townsend named winner of Jean-Jacques Laffont Prize in economics
Robert M. Townsend, the Elizabeth & James Killian Professor of Economics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, has been named the 2011 recipient of the Jean-Jacques Laffont Prize in economics.

IBD emerges as a global disease
The incidence and prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease are increasing with time and in different regions around the world.

New fermented soy ingredient containing S-equol significantly reduced hot flash frequency
Daily doses of a soy germ-based nutritional supplement containing S-equol significantly improved menopausal symptoms, including significantly reducing hot flash frequency after 12 weeks according to a placebo-controlled study in postmenopausal Japanese women published in the peer-reviewed Journal of Women's Health.

Study shows genital herpes can reactivate even during high dose antiviral therapy, thus new treatments needed to prevent onward transmission
A study combining three trials of antiviral therapy to treat genital herpes has shown that the virus can reactivate in 'breakthrough episodes' even when doses of antiviral therapy are high. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to