Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 13, 2012
NASA Goddard spacecraft cleanroom goes green
When it launches in 2014, NASA's new Magnetospheric Multiscale mission will give scientists unprecedented insights into a little-understood physical process at the heart all space weather.

Software for analyzing digital pathology images proving its usefulness
As tissue slides are more routinely digitized to aid interpretation, a software program whose design was led by the University of Michigan Health System is proving its utility.

Brain glia cells increase their DNA content to preserve vital blood-brain barrier
Whitehead Institute scientists report that the growing fruit fly brain instructs the cells that form the blood-brain barrier to enlarge by creating multiple copies of their genomes in a process known as polyploidization.

CSWA and EurekAlert! announce recipients of travel awards for Canadian science journalists
The Canadian Science Writers' Association and EurekAlert!, the global-science news service for journalists, are pleased to announce the recipients of travel awards to attend the 2012 AAAS Annual Meeting.

AAAS names UAF zoophysiologist as 2011 fellow
University of Alaska Fairbanks zoophysiologist Brian Barnes has been named a 2011 Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the world's largest general scientific society and publisher of the journal Science.

AGI and AIPG team up to launch the Geoscience Online Learning Initiative
The American Geosciences Institute and the American Institute of Professional Geologists have teamed up to launch the Geoscience Online Learning Initiative.

I recognize you! But how did I do it?
Are you someone who easily recognizes everyone you've ever met?

High-speed CMOS sensors provide better images
Conventional CMOS image sensors are not suitable for low-light applications such as fluorescence, since large pixels arranged in a matrix do not support high readout speeds.

Surprising results from smoke inhalation study
A study in the Journal of Burn Care & Research includes some unexpected findings about the immune systems of smoke-inhalation patients.

Discovery of plant 'nourishing gene' brings hope for increased crop seed yield and food security
University of Warwick scientists have discovered a

Wearing contact lenses can affect glaucoma measurements
Wearing contact lenses can affect measurements to detect glaucoma, a Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine study has found.

Drilling around the globe
On Jan. 15, the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program ICDP heads into a new round.

Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter's LAMP reveals lunar surface features
New maps produced by the Lyman Alpha Mapping Project aboard NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter reveal features at the moon's northern and southern poles in regions that lie in perpetual darkness.

Emotional news framing affects public response to crises, MU study finds
Glen Cameron, the Maxine Wilson Gregory Chair in Journalism Research and professor of strategic communication at the University of Missouri School of Journalism, along with Hyo Kim of Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, found that the way in which news coverage of a crisis is framed affects the public's emotional response toward the company involved.

The concept of 'overactive bladder' serves better commercial rather than patient interests
In an article published in a prestigious journal in the field of urology, two Finnish experts question the concept of the

University of Kentucky offers stroke stem cell trial
The University of Kentucky will be the first site in the state and one of a select few in the entire country participating in the first stages of a groundbreaking study to investigate the effects of MultiStem, a human adult stem cell product, on patients with acute ischemic stroke.

Zebrafish may help speed drug discovery
Tiny zebrafish just may give scientists one solution to information overload in the search for new drugs therapies.

Keeping an eye on the Universe
Astronomers from the California Institute of Technology and the University of Arizona have released the largest data set ever collected that documents the brightening and dimming of stars and other celestial objects - 200 million in total.

NIH study shows 32 million Americans have autoantibodies that target their own tissues
More than 32 million people in the United States have autoantibodies, which are proteins made by the immune system that target the body's tissues and define a condition known as autoimmunity, a study shows.

AGU journal highlights -- Jan. 13, 2012
Featured in this release are research papers on the following topics:

Faulty proteins may prove significant in identifying new treatments for ovarian cancer
A constellation of defective proteins suspected in causing a malfunction in the body's ability to repair its own DNA could be the link scientists need to prove a new class of drugs will be effective in treating a broad range of ovarian cancer patients, an Oregon Health & Science University Knight Cancer Institute study found.

Fly named in honor of Beyonce
A previously unnamed species of horse fly whose appearance is dominated by its glamorous golden lower abdomen has been named in honor of American pop diva, Beyonce -- a member of the former group Destiny's Child, that recorded the 2001 hit single,

Energy-saving chaperon Hsp90
A special group of proteins, the so-called chaperons, helps other proteins to obtain their correct conformation.

The current crisis follows the same patterns as in 1991
A study at the University of Alcala, Spain, has compared the employment crisis of 1991-1994 with the current crisis from 2007 to 2010, as well as the labor reforms that took place in 1994 and 2010 respectively.

Superconducting current limiter guarantees electricity supply of the Boxberg power plant
For the first time, a superconducting current limiter based on YBCO strip conductors has now been installed at a power plant.

Managing private and public adaptation to climate change
New research has found that individuals and the private sector have an important role to play in the provision of public policies to help society adapt to the impacts of climate change.

Memoir gives personal look at the journey of a Buddhist scholar
A religious studies scholar and pioneer in the study of American Buddhism reflects in his newest book on a more than four-decade career that included controversies and insights that changed the field of Buddhist studies.

Sandia, UK partners publish groundbreaking work on Criegee intermediates in Science magazine
In a breakthrough paper published in this week's issue of Science magazine, researchers from Sandia's Combustion Research Facility, the University of Manchester and Bristol University report direct measurements of reactions of a gas-phase Criegee intermediate using photoionization mass spectrometry.

Researchers identify possible receptor for key breast cancer regulator
A key protein potentially involved in regulating breast cancer progression has been identified by researchers at Clarkson University in Potsdam, N.Y.

UofL researcher earns the Foundation for Polish Science Prize
The findings of Jan Potempa, Ph.D., D.Sc., professor and academic scholar, Oral Health and Systemic Disease group, University of Louisville School of Dentistry, have helped change scientific thinking about the origin of periodontal tissue inflammation.

Walk this way: Scientists and MBL physiology students describe how a motor protein 'steps out'
Scientists at Harvard Medical School and from the MBL Physiology Course have discovered the unique

2 EPA-led sessions at National Council on Science and Environment's 2012 conference
On Jan. 18, 2012, Dr. Peter Jutro of the Office of Research and Development at the US Environmental Protection Agency, will lead a session titled

Contracts in the classroom
While contracts are an indispensable tool in the modern workplace, a new study has found that they may also be very effective in contemporary classrooms.

Predicting the value of indexing symptoms for ovarian cancer
The use of symptom indices to identify patients with symptoms associated with ovarian cancer who may need further screening is increasing in both the UK and the US in an attempt to promote earlier diagnosis, but they may need to be reassessed in order to help better detect cancer, according to a study published Jan.

Scientists gear up to take a picture of a black hole
Researchers are gearing up to take the first picture ever taken of a black hole.
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