Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 16, 2012
Studies help clarify the role of lapatinib and trastuzumab in treating HER2 positive breast cancer
Two new studies are published today on lapatinib and herceptin for HER2-positive breast cancer.

Reverse inclusion and the question of disability
Elite level wheelchair basketball players with disabilities see value in inclusion of able-bodied athletes on the team, University of Alberta study shows.

Major cancer societies to support new Wiley Open Access Journal
Wiley-Blackwell today announced the launch of Cancer Medicine, a new Wiley Open Access journal.

Reports from trial registries are indispensable for systematic reviews
Different formats are available for reporting the results of clinical trials.

Planned actions improve the way we process information
Preparing to act in a particular way can improve the way we process information, and this has potential implications for those with learning disabilities.

Improved ergonomics for wheelchair users
Empa engineers, together with the firm 'r going', have succeeded in developing an ergonomic seat for electric wheelchairs which encourages the user to move around frequently.

Does the La NiƱa weather pattern lead to flu pandemics?
Worldwide pandemics of influenza caused widespread death and illness in 1918, 1957, 1968 and 2009.

YEDA collaborates with Adobe for new data visualization technique
The commercial arm of the Weizmann Institute of Science has entered into a license agreement with Adobe Systems Incorporated; The method produces a smaller or shorter version of the original but retains the most relevant information.

Plugged into learning: Computers help students advance
Technology has grown by leaps and bounds, yet are computers helping students progress in their learning?

Are you certain, Mr. Heisenberg?
Heisenberg's uncertainty principle is one of the foundations of quantum physics.

Enormous growth in use of WHO Fracture Risk Assessment Tool
The widely used WHO Fracture Risk Assessment Tool has now been released as version 3.5.

Comparing alcohol use and other disorders between the United States and South Korea
A new study compares rates of alcohol use disorders (AUDs), nicotine dependence, and mood and anxiety disorders in the United States and South Korea.

Cell 'battery' found to play central role in neurodegenerative disease
A devastating neurodegenerative disease that first appears in toddlers just as they are beginning to walk has been traced to defects in mitochondria, the 'batteries' or energy-producing power plants of cells.

1 in 10 Canadians cannot afford prescription drugs: UBC study
One in ten Canadians cannot afford to take their prescription drugs as directed, according to an analysis by researchers from the University of British Columbia and the University of Toronto.

Cancer studies warn over NHS cost-cutting
Researchers highlight high levels of doctor-patient confidence and trust.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet, Jan. 17, 2012
Below is information about articles being published in the Jan.

Fewer children require hospitalization following drowning-related incidents
Fewer children required hospitalization following a drowning incident over the last two decades, according to a new study from the Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy.

Researchers quantify the damage of alcohol by timing and exposure during pregnancy
Prenatal exposure to alcohol is associated with a spectrum of abnormalities in the offspring.

Powerful drug's surprising, simple method could lead to better treatments
With one simple experiment, University of Illinois chemists have debunked a widely held misconception about an often-prescribed drug.

Declines in melanoma deaths limited to the most educated
A new study from the American Cancer Society finds recent declines in melanoma mortality rates in non-Hispanic Whites in the US mainly reflect declines in those with the highest level of education, and reveals a widening disparity in melanoma mortality rates by education.

Female feticide in Canada requires action
Canada should prohibit disclosure of the sex of a fetus until after 30 weeks of pregnancy to combat female feticide which is practiced by some ethnic groups in Canada and the United States, states an editorial in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Vitamin D could help combat the effects of aging in eyes
Researchers funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council have found that vitamin D reduces the effects of aging in mouse eyes and improves the vision of older mice significantly.

Hospitalized patients are very accepting of nurse-delivered brief alcohol interventions
Alcohol screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) refers to clinical strategies that identify and manage unhealthy alcohol use.

How immune cells destroy cancer cells - MDC researchers elucidate mechanism
In the treatment of large tumors, how effective is adoptive T cell therapy in comparison to drug-based cancer treatment?

New gene discovery unlocks mystery to epilepsy in infants
A team of Australian researchers has come a step closer to unlocking a mystery that causes epileptic seizures in babies.

Combining 2 anti-HER2 drugs may provide better preoperative breast cancer treatment
Using two drugs that inhibit the growth factor HER2 for preoperative treatment of early-stage HER2-positive breast cancer appears to have better results than treatment with a single agent.

No walk in the park: Factors that predict walking difficulty in elderly
Yale School of Medicine researchers have found that the likelihood of becoming disabled with age increases with the following factors: having a chronic condition or cognitive impairment; low physical activity; slower gross motor coordination; having poor lower-extremity function; and being hospitalized.

MSU researchers identify path to treat Parkinson's disease at its inception
Imagine if doctors could spot Parkinson's disease at its inception and treat the protein that triggers it before the disease can sicken the patient.

A family history of alcoholism may make adolescent brains respond differently
Adolescents with a family history of alcoholism (FHP) are at risk for developing alcohol use disorders.

'Spooky action at distance' in particle physics?!
Researchers have devised a proposal for the first conclusive experimental test of a phenomenon known as 'Bell's nonlocality.' This test is designed to reveal correlations that are stronger than any classical correlations, and do so between high-energy particles that do not consist of ordinary matter and light.

Cell death researchers identify new Achilles heel in acute myeloid leukemia
Melbourne researchers have discovered that acute myeloid leukemia, an aggressive blood cancer with poor prognosis, may be susceptible to medications that target a protein called Mcl-1.

University of Granada researchers identify changes in tumor cells that lead to metastasis
The characterization of these cells will allow individualized follow-up of cancer patients, and the development of more efficient therapies.

Biologists a step nearer to solving the Parkinson's conundrum
Scientists at the University of York have made a significant step forward in isolating the cause of Parkinson's disease in younger adults.

U of A researcher says good wingmen will fib for a friend
It could be called the wingman theory or the Barney Stinson principle (after the character played by Neil Patrick Harris on hit TV show

Revolutionary surgical technique for perforations of the eardrum
A revolutionary surgical technique for treating perforations of the tympanic membrane (eardrum) in children and adults has been developed at the Sainte-Justine University Hospital Centre, an affiliate of the University of Montreal, by Dr.

Wood-burning stoves - harmful or safe?
Wood-burning stoves are a popular source of heating in many countries.

'Fat, Fate and Disease'
'Why are we losing the war against obesity and chronic disease?' This is the simple question Peter Gluckman and Mark Hanson ask, exploring the dominant myth that the exploding epidemic of obesity, heart disease, and diabetes can be tackled by focusing on adult life styles.

UBC researchers identify potential new therapy approach for hepatitis C
Researchers at the University of British Columbia have found a new way to block infection from the hepatitis C virus in the liver that could lead to new therapies for those affected by this and other infectious diseases.

10-second dance of electrons is step toward exotic new computers
An international team of researchers including scientists at Princeton University have achieved a 100-fold increase in the ability to maintain control the spins of electrons in a solid material, a key step in the development of ultrafast quantum computers.

Study provides new insights into antibiotics and pig feeds
Antibiotics in pig feed increased the number of antibiotic resistant genes in gastrointestinal microbes in pigs, according to a study conducted by Michigan State University and the US Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service.

Drug affordability affects 1 in 10 Canadians
One in 10 Canadians have problems affording medications they have been prescribed, and one in four people without drug insurance cannot afford to have their prescriptions filled, according to a study in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Climate adaptation difficult for Europe's birds
For the past 20 years, the climate in Europe has been getting warmer.

Some breast cancer spread may be triggered by a protein, study shows
Cancers rarely are deadly unless they evolve the ability to grow beyond the tissues in which they first arise.

UH Case Medical Center publishes study on novel treatment for skin lymphoma
Promising findings on a novel combination treatment approach for a chronic type of skin lymphoma are being published today in JAMA's Archives of Dermatology by clinical researchers from Seidman Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine.

Traditional physical autopsies -- not high-tech 'virtopsies' -- still 'gold standard'
TV crime shows like

New indicator may help identify patients with increased risk from throat cancer
Researchers at the University of Michigan Health System have found a new indicator that may predict which patients with a common type of throat cancer are most likely have the cancer spread to other parts of their bodies.

Broken arm? Brain shifts quickly when using a sling or cast
Using a sling or cast after injuring an arm may cause your brain to shift quickly to adjust, according to a study published in the Jan.

Masao Matsuoka awarded 2011 Ming K. Jeang Foundation Retrovirology Prize
Professor Masao Matsuoka, from the Institute for Virus Research, Kyoto University, Japan has been announced as the recipient of the 2011 M Jeang Retrovirology Prize.

Rapid diagnosis of severe kidney damage
How does a doctor determine whether or not an emergency-room patient has acute kidney injury?

Springer in book partnership with American Society of Gene & Cell Therapy
Springer has signed a co-development partnership with the American Society of Gene & Cell Therapy for the publication of books to be included in the Springer series Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology.
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