Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 20, 2012
UH Case Medical Center offers new therapy for gynecologic cancer patients
Patients with gynecologic cancer have new hope in a novel technology now offered at the Seidman Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center.

Salk professor Joanne Chory awarded 2012 Genetics Society of America Medal
The Genetics Society of America has honored Joanne Chory, Salk Institute professor and director of the Plant Molecular and Cellular Biology Laboratory and Howard H. and Maryam R.

NJIT professor publishes seventh poetry collection
Burt Kimmelman, Ph.D., professor in the Department of Humanities at NJIT, has published his seventh poetry collection.

In solar cells, tweaking the tiniest of parts yields big jump in efficiency
By tweaking the smallest of parts, a trio of University at Buffalo engineers is hoping to dramatically increase the amount of sunlight that solar cells convert into electricity.

Multiple partners not the only way for corals to stay cool
For the first time scientists have shown that corals hosting a single type of zooxanthellae can have different levels of thermal tolerance- a feature that was only known previously for corals with a mix of zooxanthellae.

Rock stability research could make mining and construction safer
A University of Arizona College of Engineering research program looking at new methods of determining rock strength could reduce hazardous working conditions that currently cause thousands of deaths every year in mining and construction.

Why bats, rats and cats store different amounts of fat
Why different animals carry different amounts of fat depends on how they have solved the problem of avoiding both starving to death and being killed by predators, new research from the University of Bristol suggests.

High levels of MRSA bacteria in retail meat products
Retail pork products in the US have a higher prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria (MRSA) than previously identified, according to new research by the University of Iowa College of Public Health and the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy.

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a bridge to lung transplantation
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support in awake, non-intubated patients may be an effective strategy for bridging patients to lung transplantation, according to a new study from Germany.

'Extinct' monkey rediscovered in Borneo by new expedition
An international team of scientists has found one of the rarest and least known primates in Borneo, Miller's Grizzled Langur, a species which was believed to be extinct or on the verge of extinction.

Tiny amounts of alcohol dramatically extend a worm's life, but why?
Minuscule amounts of ethanol can at least double the life span of a tiny worm used as a model for aging studies, UCLA biochemists report.

Younger breast cancer patients have more adverse quality-of-life issues
Younger women with breast cancer experience a decrease in their health-related quality of life, associated with increased psychological distress, weight gain, a decline in their physical activity, infertility and early onset menopause, according to a study published Jan.

Notre Dame physicists use ion beams to detect art forgery
University of Notre Dame nuclear physicists Philippe Collon and Michael Wiescher are using accelerated ion beams to pinpoint the age and origin of material used in pottery, painting, metalwork and other art.

Penn researchers help solve questions about Ethiopians' high-altitude adaptations
Over many generations, people living in the high-altitude regions of the Andes or on the Tibetan Plateau have adapted to life in low-oxygen conditions, but exactly how their genes convey a survival advantage remains an open question.

Prospects for EU agricultural markets and income 2010-2020
The outlook presented in this publication consists of a set of market and sector income prospects elaborated on the basis of specific assumptions regarding macroeconomic conditions, the agricultural and trade policy environment, weather conditions and international market developments.

Study showed oxaliplatin improved colon cancer patient survival
Stage III colon cancer patients in the general population who receive adjuvant treatment for the disease have an improved rate of survival when oxaliplatin is added to 5-fluorouracil, according to a study published Jan.

3 is the magic number: A chain reaction required to prevent tumor formation
Protein p53 is known for controlling the life and death of a cell and has a key role in cancer research.

Accelerated infant growth increases risk of future asthma symptoms in children
Accelerated growth in the first three months of life, but not fetal growth, is associated with an increased risk of asthma symptoms in young children, according to a new study from The Generation R Study Group at Erasmus Medical Center in the Netherlands.

Mysterious monkey re-discovered in Borneo
Simon Fraser University researcher Brent Loken was stunned to rediscover one of the rarest primates in Borneo, the Miller's grizzled langur, thought by many to be extinct.

Satellite observes spatiotemporal variations in mid-upper tropospheric methane over China
As a principal greenhouse gas, atmospheric methane is important to atmospheric chemical processes and climate change.

Health benefits of exercise may depend on cellular degradation, UT Southwestern researchers report
The health benefits of exercise on blood sugar metabolism may come from the body's ability to devour itself, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers report in the journal Nature.

A new way to stimulate the immune system and fight infection
A study carried out by Eric Vivier and Sophie Ugolini at the Marseille-Luminy Centre for Immunology has just reveal a gene in mice which, when mutated, can stimulate the immune system to help fight against tumors and viral infections.

Exposure to chemical found in personal care products may contribute to childhood obesity
Researchers from the Children's Environmental Health Center at The Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York have found an association between exposure to the chemical group known as phthalates and obesity in young children -- including increased body mass index and waist circumference.

Scientific paper shows California condor still threatened by human activities
A recently released scientific paper authored by San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research scientists shows the leading causes of death of the endangered California condor in the wild are human influenced, with lead poisoning being the primary factor in juvenile and adult birds.

Carbon dioxide is 'driving fish crazy'
Rising human carbon dioxide emissions may be affecting the brains and central nervous system of sea fishes with serious consequences for their survival, an international scientific team has found.

Bioethics commission to meet in February in San Francisco
The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues will hold a public meeting Feb.

How well does protective headgear work for small children engaged in Winter activities?
Researchers at the University of Ottawa and Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario investigated helmets used to protect the heads of children younger than seven years of age during winter play and sports activities.

Ecologists gain insight into the likely consequences of global warming
A new insight into the impact that warmer temperatures could have across the world has been uncovered by scientists at Queen Mary, University of London.

Many strategies to increase physical activity for kids lack injury prevention measures
A new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention documents a need for increased injury prevention efforts in many of the most popular activities for kids (walking, bicycling, swimming, sports and playground use) in the United States.

Anti-infective drug shortages pose threat to public health and patient care
Shortages of key drugs used to fight infections represent a public health emergency and can put patients at risk, according to a review published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and available online.

Duration of RBC storage does not affect short-term pulmonary, immunologic, or coagulation status
There is no difference in early measures of pulmonary function, immunologic status or coagulation status after fresh versus standard issue single-unit red blood cell transfusion, according to a new study from the Mayo Clinic.

Notre Dame researchers report fundamental malaria discovery
A team of researchers led by Kasturi Haldar and Souvik Bhattacharjee of the University of Notre Dame's Center for Rare and Neglected Diseases has made a fundamental discovery in understanding how malaria parasites cause deadly disease.

Autism redefined: Yale researchers study impact of proposed diagnostic criteria
Getting an autism diagnosis could be more difficult in 2013 when a revised diagnostic definition goes into effect.

Professor is made Fellow of the Computer History Museum
A University academic has been given a Fellow Award from the Computer History Museum for his outstanding work in computer processing.

A big leap toward lowering the power consumption of microprocessors
The first systematic power profiles of microprocessors could help lower the energy consumption of both small cell phones and giant data centers.

Wayne State University research to shed light on bone metastasis in prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is the most frequent and second deadliest cancer men face.

What type of helmet is best for winter play?
The arrival of winter is followed by an increase in visits to hospital emergency departments by young people presenting with head injuries resulting from winter activities, including tobogganing.

T-rays technology could help develop Star Trek-style hand-held medical scanners
Scientists have developed a new way to create Terahertz waves (T-rays) that may one day lead to biomedical detective devices similar to the 'tricorder' scanner used in Star Trek is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to