Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 01, 2012
Polarization imaging: Seeing through the fog of war
Funded by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, the development of a new circular polarization filter by a collaborative team of scientists at the Colorado School of Mines and ITN Energy Systems has the potential to aid in early cancer detection, enhance vision through dust and clouds and to even improve a moviegoer's 3D experience.

Study of Alzheimer's-related protein in healthy adults may shed light on earliest signs of disease
Researchers from the Center for Vital Longevity at The University of Texas at Dallas and UT Southwestern Medical Center have completed a large-scale neuroimaging study of healthy adults from age 30 to 90 that measured beta-amyloid protein -- a substance whose toxic buildup in the brain is a diagnostic marker for Alzheimer's disease.

Potatoes lower blood pressure in people with obesity and hypertension without increasing weight
The first study to check the effects of eating potatoes on blood pressure in humans has concluded that two small helpings of purple potatoes a day decreases blood pressure by about four percent without causing weight gain.

Assessing the value of BMI screening and surveillance in schools
An expert Roundtable Discussion in the current issue of Childhood Obesity, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., debates the pros and cons of routine BMI screening in the school setting, discusses the most recent data, and explores when and for what purpose BMI screening results should be shared with parents and the potential benefits.

Vigorous exercise linked to gene activity in prostate
Scientists at the University of California, San Francisco have identified nearly 200 genes in the healthy prostate tissue of men with low-grade prostate cancer that may help explain how physical activity improves survival from the disease.

Wayne State University project aims to reduce HIV, AIDS among African-Americans
A grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, administered by the Michigan Department of Community Health, is helping a Wayne State University researcher's effort to promote HIV testing among African-Americans.

Shane Ross garners CAREER Award to advance understanding of fluid flows from blood inside the body to oil spills in bodies of water
The researcher's work is an attempt to expand the applicability of dynamical systems methods to real world data, particularly in the context of fluid flows.

Circular RNAs more common than previously thought
It may be time to revise this traditional understanding of human gene expression, as new research suggests that circular RNA molecules, rather than the classical linear molecules, are a widespread feature of the gene expression program in every human cell.

Implementation of suicide recommendations across England and Wales led to decreased suicide rates in the decade after implementation began
New research published Online First by the Lancet shows that health authorities in England and Wales that implemented a range of suicide recommendations decreased their suicide rate, while those the did not bring in the recommendations saw little change in their rate.

Infections in childhood linked to high risk of ischemic stroke
Common infections in children pose a high risk of ischemic stroke, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2012.

Nano-oils keep their cool
Rice University scientists have created a nano-infused oil that could greatly enhance the ability of devices as large as electrical transformers and as small as microelectronic components to shed excess heat.

Canadian police agencies suppressing data on race, says criminology study
While only 20 percent of Canada's police forces have an explicit policy against reporting the race of victims and accused persons, University of Toronto and Nipissing criminologists show that the majority of police departments do not report race in practice.

New evidence touch-sensing nerve cells may fuel 'ringing in the ears'
U-M study finds new evidence touch-sensing nerve cells may fuel

MIT study: Driving the green
A new MIT study shows that electric vehicles are not just environmentally friendly, but also have the potential to improve the bottom line for many kinds of businesses.

New ACS Podcast: Easing concerns about a catastrophic release of greenhouse gases
The latest episode in the American Chemical Society's award-winning

JCI online early table of contents: Feb. 1, 2012
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Feb.

Chaos in the cell's command center
Whitehead Institute researchers have determined the critical role one enzyme, lysine-specific demethylase 1, plays as mouse embryonic stem cells differentiate.

Blood test accurately distinguishes depressed patients from healthy controls
The initial assessment of a blood test to help diagnose major depressive disorder indicates it may become a useful clinical tool.

Quarter of tweets not worth reading, Twitter users tell researchers
Twitter users choose the microblogs they follow, but that doesn't mean they always like what they get.

Transgene insects: Scientists call for more open data
Available information on the free release of genetically modified insects into the wild is highly restricted.

KIT: Fast and easy programming
An increasing number of electronics products such as smartphones are equipped with fast, energy-efficient multi-core processors.

A step closer to understanding, averting drug resistance
Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is growing exponentially. One reason is that drug resistant proteins are transporting

Road runoff spurring spotted salamander evolution
Spotted salamanders exposed to contaminated roadside ponds are adapting to their toxic environments, according to a Yale paper in Scientific Reports.

FDA approves new skin cancer drug first tested in Arizona by Scottsdale Healthcare and TGen
A new skin cancer drug tested for the first time in the world five years ago at the Virginia G.

A thought-provoking new therapeutic target for brain cancer?
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common of all malignant brain tumors that originate in the brain.

ERC advanced grant: 2.5 million Euro for evolution research at the Vetmeduni Vienna
Christian Schlötterer, Head of the Institute of Population Genetics at the Vetmeduni Vienna, has received one of the EU's prestigious ERC Advanced Investigator Grants.

Surgical breast biopsy not overused, study suggests
Contrary to earlier findings, surgical breast biopsies may not be as overused as previously thought, according to a study in the February issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

Decaffeinated coffee preserves memory function by improving brain energy metabolism
Researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine have discovered that decaffeinated coffee may improve brain energy metabolism associated with Type 2 diabetes.

Scientists help define structure of exoplanets
Using models similar to those used in weapons research, scientists may soon know more about exoplanets, those objects beyond the realm of our solar system.

For stroke prevention, large medical centers may have the edge
Despite advances in the diagnosis and treatment of unruptured brain aneurysms, outcomes have remained stagnant over the last 10 years.

Rutgers scientists pinpoint genetic connection to traumatic experience
Rutgers scientists have uncovered genetic clues as to why some mice no longer in danger are still fearful while other mice are resilient to traumatic experiences -- knowledge that could help those suffering with crippling anxiety and PTSD.

Handheld device for doing blood tests moves closer to medical use
Scientists are reporting a key advance in efforts to develop a handheld device that could revolutionize the complete blood cell count, one of the most frequently performed blood tests used to diagnose and treat disease.

Forensic research extends detection of cyanide poisoning
Researchers have found a new biomarker for cyanide poisoning, which may extend its detection window in death investigations by weeks if not months.

Global experts question claims about jellyfish populations
Blooms, or proliferation, of jellyfish have shown a substantial, visible impact on coastal populations -- clogged nets for fishermen, stinging waters for tourists, even choked intake lines for power plants -- and recent media reports have created a perception that the world's oceans are experiencing increases in jellyfish due to human activities such as global warming and overharvesting of fish.

'Life and activity monitor' provides portable, constant recording of vital signs
Researchers have developed a type of wearable, non-invasive electronic device that can monitor vital signs such as heart rate and respiration at the same time it records a person's activity level, opening new opportunities for biomedical research, diagnostics and patient care.

Study reveals new wrinkle in growing US health gap
Most studies that have examined growing levels of health disparity in the United States have focused on the gap between the

TGen-NAU professor leads national panel in precedent-setting policy published in Science and Nature
The US National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity today published a precedent-setting policy statement warning about the

Wireless power could revolutionize highway transportation, Stanford researchers say
A Stanford University research team has designed a high-efficiency charging system that uses magnetic fields to wirelessly transmit large electric currents between metal coils placed several feet apart.

Just another pretty face: Dartmouth professor investigates neural basis of prosopagnosia
Bradley Duchaine has uncovered new insight into a condition in which people are unable to recognize faces.

First plants caused ice ages
New research reveals how the arrival of the first plants 470 million years ago triggered a series of ice ages.

Biofuel cell generates electricity when implanted in False Death's Head Cockroach
Scientists have developed and implanted into a living insect -- the False Death's Head Cockroach -- a miniature fuel cell that converts naturally occurring sugar in the insect and oxygen from the air into electricity.

Penn State scientists elected to American Geophysical Union
Michael Mann and David Pollard, both scientists in Penn State's College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, have been elected as Fellows of the American Geophysical Union for exceptional contributions in original research in climate change.

Survey tracks '55+' attitudes about the environment
An international survey led by Simon Fraser University and the Stockholm Environment Institute is tracking attitudes about the environment among those over 55.

New study shows correlation between summer Arctic sea ice cover and winter weather in Central Europe
Even if the current weather situation may seem to speak against it, the probability of cold winters with much snow in Central Europe rises when the Arctic is covered by less sea ice in summer.

Stents and surgery for blocked neck arteries are neck-and-neck as lasting stroke prevention
A new comparison of the procedures to help prevent strokes by removing or relieving blockages in the arteries of the neck concludes they are equally effective at halting repeat blockage.

Open access: Comprehensive occupational health and safety resource now available online
DFG provides no-cost access to MAK collection which is a milestone in establishment of free access to research data/transparent policy consultancy.

Creating the perfect partial salt replacement
In the quest to lower sodium consumption in the North American diet, a team of University of Alberta researchers recently received $340,000 to conduct sensory and taste trials of the salt flavor enhancement product it created with a new, cleaner and more efficient technology.

Dyslexia-linked genetic variant decreases midline crossing of auditory pathways
Finnish scientists have found that a rare dyslexia-linked genetic variant of the ROBO1 gene decreases normal crossing of auditory pathways in the human brain.

NIAID scientists consider 200 years of infectious diseases
Unpredictable, ever-changing and with potentially far-reaching effects on the fates of nations, infectious diseases are compelling actors in the drama of human history, note scientists from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health.

Warning of unrest, new study shows millions risk losing lands in Africa
New studies released in London today suggest that the frenzied sell-off of forests and other prime lands to buyers hungry for the developing world's natural resources risk sparking widespread civil unrest -- unless national leaders and investors recognize the customary rights of millions of poor people who have lived on and worked these lands for centuries.

When the isolated lung runs out of air
A lung transplant is the only treatment option for patients faced with imminent pulmonary failure.

Apps for day-to-day work
Games, e-mails and around-the-clock Internet access - smartphones are making the information culture an even more prominent part of everyday life.

Survivors of violence benefit from mentoring
Can mentoring relationships help female students who survive childhood abuse or domestic violence?

Eating behavior influenced by dining partners
Share a meal with someone and you are both likely to mimic each other's behavior and take bites at the same time rather than eating at your own pace.

JILA scientists confirm first 'frequency comb' to probe ultraviolet wavelengths
Physicists at JILA have created the first

Large hospital successfully implements CPOE system with clinical decision support for radiology
In an effort to reduce the inappropriate use of medical imaging and improve quality of care, a large, tertiary-care hospital has successfully implemented a computerized physician order entry (CPOE) system with clinical decision support for radiology, according to a study in the February issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

Seasonal changes may influence the efficacy of vaccination against diabetes
The development of a medicine for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, based on autoantigen GAD65, received a setback following crucial clinical phase three trials that failed to show significant effects.

Prostate cancer risk halved for subfertile men
Involuntary childlessness owing to reduced fertility is a concern for many men.

A new system of stereo cameras detects pedestrians from within the car
A team of German researchers, with the help of a lecturer at the University of Alcalá, has developed a system that locates pedestrians in front of the vehicle using artificial vision.

Bacterial plasmids -- the freeloading and the heavy-lifters -- balance the high price of disease
Studying self-replicating genetic units, called plasmids, found in one of the world's widest-ranging pathogenic soil bacteria -- the crown-gall-disease-causing microorganism Agrobacterium tumefaciens -- Indiana University biologists are showing how freeloading, mutant derivatives of these plasmids benefit while the virulent, disease-causing plasmids do the heavy-lifting of initiating infection in plant hosts.

Research into possible Woodchester wild cat finds no cat DNA on deer
Extensive DNA tests by experts at the University of Warwick on two deer carcasses found in Gloucestershire have not found any indication of a big cat presence.

Need an excuse to get a massage? Study shows it reduces inflammation following strenuous exercise
There's general agreement that massage feels good - now there's a scientific basis for the experience.

Saint Louis University doctors aim to dispel myths about vaccines
Two Saint Louis University pediatricians are leading a Missouri State Medical Association statewide effort to change the way doctors respond to parents' fears of vaccines, and to raise awareness about the importance of getting children vaccinated.

Are nuisance jellyfish really taking over the world's oceans?
Evidence is lacking that populations of jellyfish and similar gelatinous plankton are surging in numbers globally and will likely dominate the seas in coming decades.

Extended synaptic development may explain our cognitive edge over other primates
Over the first few years of life, human cognition continues to develop, soaking up information and experiences from the environment and far surpassing the abilities of even our nearest primate relatives.

Why the brain is more reluctant to function as we age
New findings, led by neuroscientists at the University of Bristol and published this week in the journal Neurobiology of Aging, reveal a novel mechanism through which the brain may become more reluctant to function as we grow older.

Yellow-cedar are dying in Alaska: Scientists now know why
Yellow-cedar, a culturally and economically valuable tree in southeastern Alaska and adjacent parts of British Columbia, has been dying off across large expanses of these areas for the past 100 years.

A spider web's strength lies in more than its silk
A study that combines experimental observations of spider webs with complex computer simulations has shown that web durability depends not only on silk strength, but on how overall web design compensates for damage and the response of individual strands to continuously varying stresses.

Better NHS services reduce suicide rates
Researchers at the University of Manchester have for the first time shown a positive link between improvements in mental health services and a reduction in suicide rates.

PNNL's Mike Kluse named Laboratory Director of the Year
PNNL Director Mike Kluse has been named 2012 Laboratory Director of the Year by the Federal Laboratory Consortium for his support of technology transfer and commercialization.

Experimental drug reduces 'second stroke' after aneurysm rupture
An experimental drug, clazosentan, reduced the risk of blood vessel spasm in patients with a brain aneurysm, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2012.

Mumbai hospital review highlights challenges posed by a major terrorist attack
Meticulous forward planning, effective casualty assessment by a senior surgeon and efficient teamwork by medical and administrative staff are essential when handling injuries sustained in major terrorist incidents.

Study compares the accuracy of valuation methods of insurance companies
Unlike most prior studies, this research, forthcoming in the Review of Accounting Studies, examines the impact of industry-specific adjustments on the precision of estimated value relative to stock price.

Brain capacity limits exponential online data growth
Scientists have found that the capacity of the human brain to process and record information - and not economic constraints - may constitute the dominant limiting factor for the overall growth of globally stored information.

New U of M video game teaches consequences of distracted driving
Distraction Dodger is an Internet-based video game developed by the Intelligent Transportation System Institute at the University of Minnesota.

Tropical cyclones to cause greater damage
Tropical cyclones will cause $109 billion in damages by 2100, according to Yale and MIT researchers in a paper published in Nature Climate Change.

Facebook is not such a good thing for those with low self-esteem
In theory, the social networking website Facebook could be great for people with low self-esteem.

University of South Florida awarded $1.57 million to study battlefield-related traumatic brain injury
The University of South Florida has received a $1.57 million US Department of Defense grant to conduct translational research on traumatic brain injury and other battlefield related injuries and diseases.

NBC News, NBC Sports and National Science Foundation launch 'Science of NHL Hockey'
NBC News' educational arm, NBC Learn, and the NBC Sports Group recently teamed up with the National Hockey League and National Science Foundation to release

IPM decreased pesticide use in University of Florida housing
A new study recently published in the Journal of Integrated Pest Management shows that from 2003 to 2008, the use of insecticide active ingredients was reduced by about 90 percent in University of Florida housing buildings after an integrated pest management program was implemented.

Oxford University Press to publish open access title Journal of Radiation Research
Oxford University Press is pleased to announce that it will be publishing Japan's pre-eminent title in radiation science from next year.

Study finds southern Indian Ocean humpbacks singing different tunes
A recently published study by the Wildlife Conservation Society and others reveals that humpback whales on both sides of the southern Indian Ocean are singing different tunes, unusual since humpbacks in the same ocean basin usually all sing very similar songs.

Insulin resistance linked to brain health in elderly
New research from Uppsala University shows that reduced insulin sensitivity is linked to smaller brain size and deteriorated language skills in seniors.

MIT: Stem cells could drive hepatitis research forward
Researchers produce liver-like cells from induced pluripotent stem cells. By creating liver-like cells, scientists can study why people respond differently to Hepatitis C.

Study shows Alzheimer's disease may spread by 'jumping' from 1 brain region to another
For decades, researchers have debated whether Alzheimer's disease starts independently in vulnerable brain regions at different times, or if it begins in one region and then spreads to neuroanatomically connected areas.

First-of-its-kind head patch monitors brain blood flow and oxygen
A research team led by investigators at Mayo Clinic in Florida has found that a small device worn on a patient's brow can be useful in monitoring stroke patients in the hospital.

Marker for Alzheimer's disease may affect mental function even in healthy adults
High levels of the protein beta-amyloid in the brain that is associated with Alzheimer's disease may affect brain performance even in healthy adults, according to a study published in the Feb.

Massage is promising for muscle recovery
While massage is well accepted as a therapy for relieving muscle tension and pain, the researchers delved deeper to find it also triggers biochemical sensors that can send inflammation-reducing signals to muscle cells.

2012 adult immunization schedule broadens recommendations for HPV and hepatitis B vaccinations
The CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices now recommends routine HPV vaccination for males aged 11-12 years and catch-up vaccination for males aged 13-21.

Global experts question claims about jellyfish populations
A global study has questioned claims that jellyfish are increasing worldwide.

Precision space maneuvers
Spacecraft must operate with utmost precision when conducting landing maneuvers on other planets, or docking to a space station.

A pocket of star formation
This new view shows a stellar nursery called NGC 3324.

Self-assembling nanorods: Berkeley Lab researchers obtain 1-, 2- and 3-D nanorod arrays and networks
Berkeley Lab researchers have developed a relatively fast, easy and inexpensive technique for inducing nanorods to self-assemble into aligned and ordered macroscopic structures.

Report identifies 16 highest priorities to guide NASA's Technology Development efforts for next 5 years
During the next five years, NASA technology development efforts should focus on 16 high-priority technologies and their associated top technical challenges, says a new report from the National Research Council.

The NIH urges women to protect their heart health
As part of American Heart Month, on Wednesday, Feb. 8, 2012, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's The Heart Truth campaign, with the support of the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health, will showcase its signature event, the Red Dress Collection 2012 at Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week in New York City.

Clot-busting drugs appear safe for treating 'wake-up' stroke patients
Clot-busting drugs may be safe for patients who wake up experiencing stroke symptoms, according to preliminary research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2012.

Protein structures give disease clues
Discoveries about the shape and structure of biological molecules could potentially lead to new ways to treat or prevent diseases such as breast cancer and Alzheimer's disease.

Lungs clothed in fresh cells offer new hope for transplant patients
Now Daniel Weiss at the Vermont Lung Center in collaboration with Cheryl Nickerson and her colleagues at the Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University are exploring a radically new approach for developing viable lung tissue suitable for transplantation.

Severe, rapid memory loss linked to future, fatal strokes
Severe, rapid memory loss may be linked to -- and could predict -- a future deadly stroke, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2012.

NASA's GCPEx mission: What we don't know about snow
NASA's GCPEx science team is collecting as much data as they can to improve understanding of snow dynamics inside clouds, because they relate to how snow moves through Earth's water and climate cycles.

Societal control of sugar essential to ease public health burden
Sugar should be controlled like alcohol and tobacco to protect public health, according to a team of UCSF researchers, who maintain in a new report that sugar is fueling a global obesity pandemic, contributing to 35 million deaths annually worldwide from non-communicable diseases like diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

Developing power-over-fiber communications cable: When total isolation is a good thing
Sometimes total electrical isolation is a good thing -- and that's the idea behind a power-over-fiber communications cable being developed by engineers at Sandia National Laboratories.

Powering pacemakers with heartbeat vibrations
Sick hearts may help to keep themselves beating longer with a device that could harvest energy from heartbeat-induced chest cavity vibrations.

In times of scandal, corporations are likely to use others' misconduct to justify their behavior
Among corporations involved in the 2006 stock-option backdating scandal, those implicated earlier were more likely to dismiss their top executives than those that surfaced later on, according to new research from Rice University and the University of California at Irvine.

The AGROLCA manager project is designed to improve sustainability in the agro-industrial sector
Agrolca project involves developing a piece of specialized software that will contribute towards improving the sustainability of the agro-industrial sector and cutting the environmental impact of its products to a minimum.

Prolific plant hunters provide insight in strategy for collecting undiscovered plant species
Today's alarmingly high rate of plant extinction necessitates an increased understanding of the world's biodiversity.

Impoverished schools, parent education key factors in student weight
Attending a financially poor school may have more of an effect on unhealthy adolescent weight than family poverty, according to Penn State sociologists.

Many children with liver transplants from parents can safely stop using anti-rejection drugs
Physicians at three transplant centers have found in a pilot study that a majority of children who receive liver tissue from a parent can eventually stop using immunosuppression (anti-rejection) medications safely.

UNH scientists: Sun delivered curveball of powerful radiation at Earth
A potent follow-up solar flare, which occurred Jan. 17, 2012) just days after the Sun launched the biggest coronal mass ejection seen in nearly a decade, delivered a powerful radiation punch to Earth's magnetic field despite the fact that it was aimed away from our planet.

Re-blockage rates low in both stented and surgically-opened arteries
In a large, head-to-head comparison of two procedures that clear blocked neck arteries, outcomes were similar.

Goals for blood pressure in kidney disease patients may be unrealistic, suggests study
An upward revision of the blood pressure numbers used to identify risk of end-stage renal disease might actually help doctors provide better care for their patients, said the authors of a study in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Building a better light bulb
Scientists study the movement of charge carriers to design an organic LED that is energy efficient and still casts a warm, natural glow.

MSK ultrasound volume increase higher among non-radiologists, study suggests
Between 2000 and 2009, the musculoskeletal ultrasound volume increase among non-radiologists was much higher than that among radiologists, according to a study in the February issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

Here is what real commitment to your marriage means
What does being committed to your marriage really mean? UCLA psychology professors answer this question in a new study based on their analysis of 172 married couples over the first 11 years of marriage.

Do menu 'sweet spots' really exist?
When you read a restaurant menu, do you read it like a book or do your eyes flit from place to place?

New zeolite material may solve diesel shortage
World fuel consumption is shifting more and more to diesel at the expense of gasoline.

Genome Research publishes special issue: Cancer Genomics
Genome Research publishes online and in print today a special issue entitled,

Sleep apnea linked to silent strokes, small lesions in brain
People with severe sleep apnea may have an increased risk of silent strokes and small lesions in the brain, according to a small study presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2012.

Singapore scientists lead in 3D mapping of human genome to help understand human diseases
Genome Institute of Singapore's Associate Director of Genomic Technologies, Dr Yijun RUAN, led a continuing study on the human genome spatial/structural configuration, revealing how genes interact/communicate and influence each other, even when they are located far away from each other.

Same genes linked to early- and late-onset Alzheimer's
The same gene mutations linked to inherited, early-onset Alzheimer's disease have been found in people with the more common late-onset form of the illness.

Paper calls for more to be done to help young people with depression
Depression is one of the most common mental health problems in young people worldwide, but it often goes unrecognized and untreated.

New map pinpoints areas of highest human risk for lyme disease in eastern United States
A new map pinpoints well-defined areas of the Eastern United States where humans have the highest risk of contracting Lyme disease, one of the most rapidly emerging infectious diseases in North America, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

New technology allows scientists to watch cancer cells in action at unprecedented resolution
Researchers have developed a way to isolate biological specimens in a flowing, liquid environment while enclosing those specimens in the high-vacuum system of a transmission electron microscope.

New high-tech wound care products speed healing of ulcers, burns, injuries and surgical wounds
A variety of innovative products and technologies that promote healing of difficult, painful, and potentially life-threatening acute and chronic wounds are described in the premier issue of Advances in Wound Care, a bimonthly online publication from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. and an Official Journal of the Wound Healing Society.

Hold the extra burgers and fries when people pleasers arrive
Watch out for that Super Bowl pass -- that is the chips, chili or other party food.

Sleep deprivation tied to increased nighttime urination in preadolescence
Study sheds light on why some children may need to urinate more often during the rest cycle.

Seagrass meadow found to be composed of extremely old, large organisms
Mediterranean seagrass meadows contain genetically identical clones up to 15 kilometers apart, suggesting that these organisms must be thousands to tens of thousands of years old.

How antipsychotic medications cause metabolic side effects such as obesity and diabetes
In 2008, roughly 14.3 million Americans were taking antipsychotics for behavioral disorders, making them among the most prescribed drugs in the US.

Getting pious with a little help from our friends
Friendships forged at church seem to play a major role in people's religious activities and beliefs -- even when it comes to their views about how exclusive heaven is, according to a national study by a Baylor University sociology researcher.

New web-based tool details greenhouse gas emissions for 6,700 facilities nationwide
How many tons of greenhouse gases are coming out of that smokestack?

Precision time: A matter of atoms, clocks, and statistics
Time is of the essence, especially in communications, navigation, and electric power distribution, which all demand nanosecond precision or better.
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