Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 03, 2012
UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center offers new hope for deadly brain tumor
In the United States, each year, approximately 10,000 patients are affected by recurrant glioblastoma multiforme.

Soy isoflavone supplements did not provide breast cancer protections
Findings suggest the effects of food may be more complex.

New drug doesn't improve disability among stroke patients
A new drug that showed promise in animal studies and an early clinical trial didn't improve disability among stroke patients, according to late-breaking research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2012.

Lower levels of sunlight link to allergy and eczema
Increased exposure to sunlight may reduce the risk of both food allergies and eczema in children, according to a new scientific study published this week.

World Cancer Day points to prevention
Health care organizations from around the globe will come together on Saturday, Feb.

Dignity counts when caring for older people
Older people feel that their health problems pose a challenge to their sense of independence, dignity and identity and sometimes the health care they are given makes things worse.

Clopidogrel with aspirin doesn't prevent more small strokes, may increase risk of bleeding, death
The anti-blood clot regimen that adds the drug clopidogrel (Plavix) to aspirin treatment is unlikely to prevent recurrent strokes and may increase the risk of bleeding and death in patients with subcortical stroke according to late-breaking research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2012.

Combined approach to global health has benefits
A new analysis published this week in the open-access journal PLoS ONE demonstrates that confronting several diseases at once is a viable way to make the most of thinly stretched donor dollars and national health care budgets, and help save more lives.

Pioneering research will assess the effects of obesity on bone development
Researchers from the University of Sheffield are conducting ground-breaking research to determine how body weight and hormones affect bone health from childhood to adulthood.

Breastfeeding and lung function at school age: Does maternal asthma modify the effect?
Breastfeeding is associated with improved lung function at school age, particularly in children of asthmatic mothers, according to a new study from researchers in Switzerland and the UK.

Scientists chart high-precision map of Milky Way's magnetic fields
Scientists at the Naval Research Laboratory are part of an international team that has pooled their radio observations into a database, producing the highest precision map to date of the magnetic field within our own Milky Way galaxy.

Batchelor Foundation challenge grant to support helicopter purchase
The University of Miami's Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science announced that it has received a challenge grant for $700,000 from the Miami-based Batchelor Foundation to support its exploration research efforts.

Researchers find social robots require astute tuning to improve acceptability by the human mind
The future of social robotics requires meeting the expectations of the human brain, as well as keenly respecting the subtle complexities of both verbal and nonverbal communication.

Warfarin and aspirin are similar in heart failure treatment
In the largest and longest head-to-head comparison of two anti-clotting medications, warfarin and aspirin were similar in preventing deaths and strokes in heart failure patients with normal heart rhythm, according to late-breaking research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2012.

Surface of Mars an unlikely place for life after 600 million year drought, say scientists
Mars may have been arid for more than 600 million years, making it too hostile for any life to survive on the planet's surface, according to researchers who have been carrying out the painstaking task of analyzing individual particles of Martian soil.

New device removes stroke-causing blood clots better than standard treatment
An experimental device for removing blood clots in stroke patients dramatically outperformed the standard mechanical treatment, according to research presented by UCLA Stroke Center director Dr.

Fellowships to assist 9 UC Riverside students secure doctoral degrees
The University of California, Riverside has awarded nine first-year graduate students an annual stipend of $30,000 for two years to increase underrepresented minority students in the fields of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics at the doctoral level.

AIBS names emerging public policy leaders
The American Institute of Biological Sciences has selected two graduate students to receive the 2012 AIBS Emerging Public Policy Leadership Award.

In sub-Saharan Africa, a shorter walk to water saves lives
More than eight of every 10 homes in sub-Saharan Africa lack running water.

New study to assess 3 simple, cost-effective strategies to promote healthy aging
A new international study announced today by the University of Zurich hopes to provide definitive evidence that three effective, affordable and safe measures can be taken to significantly reduce the burden of chronic diseases in the elderly.

New technique dissolves blood clots in the brain and lowers risk of brain damage after stroke
Johns Hopkins neurologists report success with a new means of getting rid of potentially lethal blood clots in the brain safely without cutting through easily damaged brain tissue or removing large pieces of skull.

New technology to tackle treatment-resistant cancers
Free-flowing cancer cells have been mapped with unprecedented accuracy in the bloodstream of patients with prostate, breast and pancreatic cancer, using a brand new approach, in an attempt to assess and control the disease as it spreads in real time through the body, and solve the problem of predicting response and resistance to therapies.

NYU Courant researchers weigh methods to more accurately measure genome sequencing
Researchers at New York University's Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences evaluate some current methods to sequence individual genomes -- a study that serves as a

Media portrayal of race in sports reveals biases in corporate world
The US may have its first black president and the Fortune 500 its first black female chief executive, but African American CEOs account for a mere one percent of the chiefs of those 500 largest companies.

USF and Saneron researchers find additional benefits of cord blood cells in mice modeling ALS
Repeated, low-dose injections of mononuclear cells derived from human umbilical cord blood were effective in protecting motor neuron cells, delaying disease progression and increasing lifespan for mice modeling amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, also referred to as Lou Gehrig's disease.

Vitamin D deficiency in geriatric patients
The great majority of geriatric patients in a German rehabilitation hospital were found to have vitamin D deficiency.

Gene related to fat preferences in humans found
A preference for fatty foods has a genetic basis, according to researchers, who discovered that people with certain forms of the CD36 gene may like high-fat foods more than those who have other forms of this gene.

AFER announces 2011 Genentech Fellowship recipients
ARVO Foundation for Eye Research congratulates the first AFER/Genentech Age-related macular Degeneration Fellowship recipients -- Balamurali K.

Southampton enters research agreement with the Crown Estate
The University of Southampton has entered into a research agreement with the Crown Estate to provide specialist expertise to projects involving the seabed and near surface geology of UK waters.

Parasites or not? Transposable elements in fruit flies
The problem of parasitism occurs at all levels right down to the DNA scale.

Rare mutations may help explain aneurysm in high-risk families
An innovative approach to genome screening has provided clues about rare mutations that may make people susceptible to brain aneurysms, predisposing them to brain bleeds, according to preliminary late-breaking research presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2012.

University of Miami student Bignami among 5 Guy Harvey Scholarship recipients
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science graduate student Sean Bignami received a Guy Harvey Ocean Foundation scholarship for his studies of how the changing chemistry of marine waters as a result of ocean acidification might affect the early development of large marine fish.

Discovery of extremely long-lived proteins may provide insight into cell aging
One of the big mysteries in biology is why cells age.

A new study shows how to boost the power of pain relief, without drugs
Placebos reduce pain by creating an expectation of relief. Distraction -- say, doing a puzzle -- relieves it by keeping the brain busy.

New device performs better than old for removing blood clots
An experimental blood clot-removing device outperformed the FDA-approved MERCI; retriever device, according to late-breaking science presented at the American Stroke Association's 2012 International Stroke Conference.

Study published in Neuro-Oncology shows brain tumor eradication and prolonged survival
Tocagen Inc. today announced the publication of data showing the company's investigational treatment for high grade glioma eradicates brain tumors and provides a dramatic survival benefit in mouse models of glioblastoma.

Regular use of vitamin and mineral supplements could reduce the risk of colon cancer
Could the use of vitamin and mineral supplements in a regular diet help to reduce the risk of colon cancer and protect against carcinogens?

Castaway lizards offer new look at evolutionary processes
Biologists who released lizards on tiny uninhabited islands in the Bahamas have uncovered a seldom-observed interaction between evolutionary processes.

Dieting with the denomination, determination
According to a new study, those starting new weight loss programs may be surprised to find out that both location and level of experience may influence their success.

Hearing metaphors activates brain regions involved in sensory experience
New brain imaging research reveals that a region of the brain important for sensing texture through touch, the parietal operculum, is also activated when someone listens to a sentence with a textural metaphor.

The complex relationship between memory and silence
People who suffer a traumatic experience often don't talk about it, and many forget it over time.

Coughing and other respiratory symptoms improve within weeks of smoking cessation
A new study shows that 18- to 24-year olds who stop smoking for at least two weeks report substantially fewer respiratory symptoms, especially coughing.

Why 2 new studies represent important breakthrough in Alzheimer's disease research
Two separate research findings have the potential to give us a much more sophisticated understanding of what goes wrong in Alzheimer's disease and what can be done to prevent or repair damage in the brain.

Geneticist receives EU funding to build DNA data matrix of ancient domestic animals
The project will use state-of-the-art genetic tools to build up a DNA data matrix of domestic animals over the last 10,000 years.

Mugaritz and Azti promote the first international journal to combine science and gastronomy
The 10th International Gastronomy Summit 'Madrid Fusion 2012' has been the scenario chosen by Mugaritz and Azti-Tecnalia, the expert R+D Center in Marine and Foodstuff Research, for the official presentation of the International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science, the first scientific journal on an international level to combine gastronomy and foodstuff research in the publishing sector.

Classic portrait of a barred spiral galaxy
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has taken a picture of the barred spiral galaxy NGC 1073, which is found in the constellation of Cetus (The Sea Monster).

Collective action
Genetic switches called enhancers and the molecules that activate them can be used to draw a cell's family tree, EMBL scientists have found.

Whole exome sequencing identifies cause of metabolic disease
Sequencing a patient's entire genome to discover the source of his or her disease is not routine, but geneticists are getting close.

Gamers on 3-D mission to save world, just don't tell them they are learning cell biology
Eve Syrkin Wurtele decided the best way to get the attention of the science-deprived, gamer generation is to take the information out of a text book and put it in a medium that kids crave - video games.

Schooling protects fleeing children from disease
Refugee children have scant access to medical care and are particularly vulnerable to disease.

Global extinction: Gradual doom is just as bad as abrupt
Around 250 million years ago, most life on Earth was wiped out in an extinction known as the

Jointly utilizing LTE networks
Data-intensive Internet applications on smartphones, tablets and laptops are more popular than ever before.

Judder-free videos on the smartphone
Overloaded cellular networks can get annoying - especially when you want to watch a video on your smartphone.

New procedure repairs severed nerves in minutes, restoring limb use in days or weeks
American scientists believe a new procedure to repair severed nerves could result in patients recovering in days or weeks, rather than months or years.

Study: Stroke victims recover much better after temporary stent procedure
A new way of opening blocked arteries in the brain using a removable stent system in people suffering strokes brought remarkably positive results in how those patients recovered from the strokes, according to a study presented Feb.

Sediments from the Enol lake reveal more than 13,500 years of environmental history
A team of Spanish researchers have used different geological samples, extracted from the Enol lake in Asturias, to show that the Holocene, a period that started 11,600 years ago, did not have a climate as stable as was believed.

SFU scientists seek teaching excitement at AAAS
Thousands of scientists, including many from SFU, will descend upon Vancouver, Feb.

Making sense of addiction terminology
A new editorial released this week offers clarity and structure on confusing drug and alcohol addiction terminology for prescribers, users and regulators.

Conference focuses on vaccines for chronic diseases
At a symposium sponsored by the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston and scheduled for Feb.
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