Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 06, 2012
Spectator rage: The dark side of professional sports
The deadly soccer riot in Egypt offered a shocking view of spectator rage.

Metabolic 'breathalyzer' reveals early signs of disease
The future of disease diagnosis may lie in a

Teen school drop-outs 3 times as likely to be on benefits in later life
Teen school drop-outs are almost three times as likely to be on benefits in later life as their peers who complete their schooling, indicates research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Big jolt to state economy with new tax on cigarettes
A new UCSF analysis has found that a state ballot initiative to increase the cigarette tax would create about 12,000 jobs and nearly $2 billion in new economic activity in California.

Sharp images from the living mouse brain
Max Planck scientists in Goettingen have for the first time made finest details of nerve cells in the brain of a living mouse visible.

Nanorod-assembled order affects diffusion rate and direction
Georgia Tech professor Rigoberto Hernandez studied the movements of a spherical probe amongst static nanorods.

Smoking associated with more rapid cognitive decline in men
Smoking in men appears to be associated with more rapid cognitive decline, according to a report published online first by Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Combined oral contraceptive pill helps painful periods
A large Scandinavian study, that has been running for 30 years, has finally provided convincing evidence that the combined oral contraceptive pill does, indeed, alleviate the symptoms of painful menstrual periods reports scientists from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Cognitive problems common among non-demented elderly
Both subjective and objective cognitive impairment are highly common among non-demented elderly Swedes, with an overall prevalence of 39 percent and 25 percent respectively, according to a nationwide twin study by researchers at the Aging Research Center of Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.

First-trimester induced abortion not associated with increased risk of psychiatric readmission
First-time first-trimester induced abortion is not associated with an increased risk of readmission to psychiatric facilities among women with a history of a treated mental disorder, according to a report in the February issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

UNH ocean scientists shed new light on Mariana Trench
An ocean mapping expedition has shed new light on deepest place on Earth, the 2,500-kilometer long Mariana Trench in the western Pacific Ocean near Guam.

New Centre for Consumer Science report on Christmas gifts
The stereotypical Christmas gift shopper is a stressed-to-the-max individual with a filled-to-the-rim shopping cart in a busy shopping mall.

Gene mutation discovery sparks hope for effective endometriosis screening
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have, for the first time, described the genetic basis of endometriosis, a condition affecting millions of women that is marked by chronic pelvic pain and infertility.

Skiers and snowboarders need better helmets
Skiers and snowboarders in Canada are not adequately protected by the helmets on the market, and the federal government should implement better safety standards, states an editorial in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

CIHR invests in Queen's-led study on end-of-life decision making
At a time when there is tremendous concern about the utilization of technology at the end of life and the costs of technology, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research has funded a multi-center study aimed to improve end of life decision making amongst seriously ill, elderly hospitalized patients.

New findings highlight the benefit of exercise ECGs just as they are being scrapped
In the UK, the exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) is the most common initial test for the evaluation of stable chest pain and has been used widely for almost half a century.

Cleveland Clinic, Case Western Reserve University form research consortium
Cleveland Clinic and Case Western Reserve University are joining forces to form the Cleveland Traumatic Neuromechanics Consortium, which will investigate and develop better protection and treatment strategies for head, neck and spinal injuries related to sports, military service and automobile accidents.

NASA's Aqua satellite sees small new tropical storm near Tonga
Tropical Storm 11P has formed in the South Pacific Ocean, and NASA's Aqua satellite captured an infrared image of its cloud temperatures, revealing power in the cyclone.

Medical debt keeps rising, new report shows
A comprehensive new report on health insurance from the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research shows the so-called Great Recession caused hundreds of thousands of Californians to lose coverage and acquire medical debt.

Gender wage gap shrunk faster than previously thought
The gap in wages between men and women has decreased sharply over the past 30 years, and a new University of Georgia study reveals that decline was even greater than previously recognized.

Positive parenting during early childhood may prevent obesity
Programs that support parents during their child's early years hold promise for obesity prevention, according to a new study in the online Feb.

Weaning on finger foods rather than spoon-fed purees may help children stay slim
Infants allowed to feed themselves with finger foods from the start of weaning are likely to eat more healthily and be an appropriate weight as they get older than infants spoon-fed purees, indicates a small study published in BMJ Open.

Survey of elementary school student access to food in vending machines, snack bars, other venues
About half of all public and private elementary school students could buy food in one or more competitive venues on campus (vending machines, school stores, snack bars or a la carte lines) by the 2009-2010 school year and sugary foods were available to almost all students with access to these options, according to a report published in the February issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Geometry, not gender
Much orthopaedic research has been devoted to determining why women are far more susceptible to knee ligament injuries than men.

Do patients pay when they leave against medical advice?
There are ways in which patients who leave the hospital against medical advice wind up paying for that decision.

PET techniques provide more accurate diagnosis, prognosis in challenging breast cancer cases
In two new studies featured in the February issue of the Journal of Nuclear Medicine, researchers are revealing how molecular imaging can be used to solve mysteries about difficult cases of breast cancer.

Antidepressant-suicide link in youths absent in new analysis
In 2004, concerns about antidepressant drugs increasing suicidal thoughts and behaviors in young patients prompted the FDA to issue a rare

Copper + love chemical = big sulfur stink
When Hiroaki Matsunami, Ph.D., at Duke set out to study a chemical in male mouse urine called MTMT that attracts female mice, he didn't think he would stumble into a new field of study.

Women born to older mothers have a higher risk of developing breast cancer
A new study analyses the influence that certain birth and infancy characteristics have on mammographic density -- an important indicator of breast cancer risk.

Why bad immunity genes survive
University of Utah biologists found new evidence why mice, people and other vertebrate animals carry thousands of varieties of genes to make immune-system proteins named MHCs - even though some of those genes make us susceptible to infections and to autoimmune diseases.

Injectable progesterone contraceptives may be associated with poor periodontal health
Injectable progesterone contraceptives may be associated with poor periodontal health, according to research in the Journal of Periodontology.

Donation opens new opportunities for more effective diabetes treatment
The Swedish medical university, Karolinska Institutet, has received a grant of 1.6 million euros from the Stichting af Jochnick Foundation for research into the fundamental causes of diabetes.

Investigating human corporeity in Merleau-Ponty's philosophy
French philosopher Maurice Merleau-Ponty wrote several noted works during the period 1940-1960, discussing human corporeity and what it means for a human to have a body.

The best medicine for productivity
A worker experiencing the stress of intense workdays might develop somatic symptoms, such as stomachache or headache, which will eventually lead to taking leave of absence.

Independent record companies are committed to innovation
A study carried out by researchers at Universidad Carlos III of Madrid analyzes, for the first time, the independent label sector in Spain.

Satellite tracking reveals sea turtle feeding hotspots
Satellite tracking of threatened loggerhead sea turtles has revealed two previously unknown feeding

A bug's (sex) life: Diving beetles offer unexpected clues about sexual selection
Studies of diving beetles suggest sperm evolution may be driven by changes in female reproductive organs, challenging the paradigm of post-mating sexual selection being driven mostly by competition among sperm.

Behavioral prevention model appears to reduce bullying, peer rejection
A widely used universal behavioral prevention model in schools appears to be associated with lower rates of teacher-reported bullying and peer rejection, according to a report in the February issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Global extinction: Gradual doom as bad as abrupt
Thomas Algeo, a geologist at the University of Cincinnati, and 13 colleagues have produced a high-resolution look at the geology of a Permian-Triassic boundary section on Ellesmere Island in the Canadian Arctic.

Who will benefit from stroke drug? New score can help decide
A new scoring method can help doctors quickly decide which stroke patients will respond well to the clot-busting drug alteplase, according to a study published in the Feb.

Easy-to-use blood thinners likely to replace Coumadin
Within a few years, a new generation of easy-to-use blood-thinning drugs will likely replace Coumadin for patients with irregular heartbeats who are at risk for stroke, according to a journal article by Loyola University Medical Center physicians.

LSUHSC research identifies new prostate cancer drug target
Research led by Wanguo Liu, Ph.D., associate professor of genetics at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans, has identified a new protein critical to the development and growth of prostate cancer.

The heart can make 'bad' fat burn calories
Brown fat burns calories to generate body heat in rodents and newborn humans.

Navy to begin tests on electromagnetic railgun prototype launcher
The Office of Naval Research's Electromagnetic Railgun program will take an important step forward in the coming weeks when the first industry railgun prototype launcher is tested at a facility in Dahlgren, Va., officials said Feb.

Children hospitalized at alarming rate due to abuse
In one year alone, over 4,500 children in the United States were hospitalized due to child abuse, and 300 of them died of their injuries, Yale School of Medicine researchers report in a new study.

New database aims to improve emergency general surgery care and outcomes
Researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem, N.C., have successfully created and implemented an emergency general surgery registry that will advance the science of acute surgical care by allowing surgeons to track and improve surgical patient outcomes, create performance metrics, conduct valid research and ensure quality care for all emergency general surgery patients.

Potential breast cancer prevention drug found to cause significant bone loss
A drug that has been shown to prevent breast cancer in postmenopausal women at high risk of developing the disease, and is poised for widespread use, appears to significantly worsen age-related bone loss, according to an article published online first in the Lancet Oncology.

High language competence among young people
The language that adolescents use is often described as sloppy.

New virtual tool may provide more accurate diagnosis of genetic mutations
DNA sequencing to detect genetic mutations can aid in the diagnosis and selection of treatment for cancer.

Traumatic to be on a ventilator treatment while conscious
More and more people being cared for on ventilators are conscious during the treatment, but what is it like to be fully conscious without being able to communicate with the world around you?

Physical punishment of children potentially harmful to their long-term development
An analysis of research on physical punishment of children over the past 20 years indicates that such punishment is potentially harmful to their long-term development, states an article in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Tasting fructose with the pancreas
In a study published online the week of Feb. 6 by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, researchers at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute discovered that beta cells in the pancreas use taste receptors to sense fructose, a type of sugar.

East views the world differently to West
Cultural differences between the West and East are well documented, but a study shows that concrete differences also exist in how British and Chinese people recognize people and the world around them.

Research: Neanderthal demise due to many influences, including cultural changes
Although many anthropologists believe that modern humans ancestors

Fossil cricket reveals Jurassic love song
The love song of an extinct cricket that lived 165 million years ago has been brought back to life by scientists at the University of Bristol.

New methodology assesses risk of scarce metals
Yale researchers have developed a methodology for governments and corporations to determine the availability of critical metals, according to a paper in Environmental Science & Technology.

The butterfly effect in nanotech medical diagnostics
Tiny metallic nanoparticles that shimmer in the light like the scales on a butterfly's wing are set to become the color-change components of a revolutionary new approach to point-of-care medical diagnostics, according to a study published in International Journal of Design Engineering.

A new species of bamboo-feeding plant lice found in Costa Rica
Several periods of field work during 2008 have led to the discovery of a new species of bamboo-feeding plant lice in Costa Rica's high-altitude region Cerro de la Muerte.

Spinning sessions trigger the same biochemical indications as heart attacks
A short spinning session can trigger the same biochemical indications as a heart attack -- a reaction that is probably both natural and harmless, but should be borne in mind when people seek emergency treatment for chest pain, reveals a study from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Does online dating really work?
Whether enlisting the help of a grandmother or a friend or the magic of Cupid, singles long have understood that assistance may be required to meet someone special.

It's not solitaire: Brain activity differs when one plays against others
Researchers have found a way to study how our brains assess the behavior -- and likely future actions -- of others during competitive social interactions.

Established journal Evolutionary Applications to publish under open-access model
Wiley-Blackwell, the scientific, technical, medical and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons Inc., today announced that Evolutionary Applications has joined the Wiley Open Access publishing program.

Optimism and humour can help to combat dental fear
Scientists at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have investigated the strategies used by people who suffer from dental fear to cope with dental treatment.

HIV-infected youth, psychiatric symptoms and functional outcomes
A study of children and adolescents who had been infected perinatally (around the time of their birth) with human immunodeficiency virus suggests little evidence of an association between specific antiretroviral therapy and the severity of psychiatric disorders, according to a report published online first by Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Political leaders play key role in how worried Americans are by climate change
More than extreme weather events and the work of scientists, it is national political leaders who influence how much Americans worry about the threat of climate change, new research finds.

Researchers examine consequences of non-intervention for infectious disease in African great apes
Infectious disease has joined poaching and habitat loss as a major threat to the survival of African great apes as they have become restricted to ever-smaller populations.

Fair to bring future scientists and engineers to UC Riverside
What are you really eating when you're eating chicken? Do different types of wood produce the same heat when burned?

Increased clumsiness in former welders
Welders who are exposed to manganese from welding fumes, risk developing increased clumsiness - and the result may remain decades after exposure has ceased.

3 'targeted' cancer drugs raise risk of fatal side effects
Treatment with three

ECNP expresses concern at AstraZeneca neuroscience pull-out
The European College of Neuropsychopharmacology expresses its deep concern at the recently announced withdrawal by AstraZeneca from neuroscience drug research.

How autoreactive T cells slip through the cracks
Immune cells capable of attacking healthy organs

Redder ladybirds more deadly, say scientists
A ladybird's color indicates how well-fed and how toxic it is, according to an international team of scientists.

The right recipe: Engineering research improves laser detectors, batteries
A Kansas State University researcher is developing new ways to create and work with carbon nanotubes -- ultrasmall tubes that look like pieces of spaghetti or string.

Highlights of the Biophysical Society 56th Annual Meeting
The latest news and discoveries in medicine, physics, environmental science, and interdisciplinary fields will be featured at the 56th Annual Meeting of the Biophysical Society.

Drugs targeting chromosomal instability may fight a particular breast cancer subtype
A team of researchers at Jefferson's Kimmel Cancer Center led by Richard G.

Whole-genome sequencing of 2011 E. coli outbreaks in Europe provides new insight
Using whole-genome sequencing, a team led by researchers from Harvard School of Public Health and the Broad Institute has traced the path of the E. coli outbreak that sickened thousands and killed over 50 people in Germany in summer 2011 and also caused a smaller outbreak in France.

Grading the online dating industry
The report card is in, and the online dating industry won't be putting this one on the fridge.

Working memory and the brain
Visual working memory is not as specialized in the brain as visual encoding, study finds.

ACP recommends metformin to treat type 2 diabetes based on CE analysis of oral medications
In a new clinical practice guideline for drug treatment of type 2 diabetes, the American College of Physicians recommends metformin to treat type 2 diabetes based on a comparative effectiveness analysis of oral medications.

NASA watches a Gulf Weather system for unusual subtropical development
Hurricane season in the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico doesn't begin until June 1, 2012, but a low pressure area in the Gulf called System 90L, is being watched on Feb.

Domestic cats, and wild bobcats and pumas, living in same area have same diseases
The joint National Science Foundation and National Institutes of Health Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Program funded the study.

Zinc control could be path to breast cancer treatment
Zinc has long been known to play a vital part in human health.

Individual differences in anthrax susceptibility discovered by Stanford scientists
Susceptibility to anthrax toxin is a heritable genetic trait that may vary tremendously among individuals, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Combined asthma medication therapy shown to reduce attacks
A Henry Ford Hospital study has found that using two types of common asthma medications in combination reduces severe asthma attacks.

Invasive alien predator causes rapid declines of European ladybirds
A new study provides compelling evidence that the arrival of the invasive non-native harlequin ladybird to mainland Europe and subsequent spread has led to a rapid decline in historically-widespread species of ladybird in Britain, Belgium and Switzerland.

Heart hormone helps shape fat metabolism
In a study published Feb. 6 in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute detail how hormones released by the heart stimulate fat cell metabolism.

'ROCK' off: Study establishes molecular link between genetic defect and heart malformation
UNC researchers have discovered how the genetic defect underlying one of the most common congenital heart diseases keeps the critical organ from developing properly.

Playing RFID tag with sheets of paper
Researchers in France have developed a way to deposit a thin aluminum RFID tag onto paper that not only reduces the amount of metal needed for the tag, and so the cost, but could open up RFID tagging to many more systems, even allowing a single printed sheet or flyer to be tagged.

JCI online early table of contents: Feb. 6, 2012
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Feb.

Study: Rapid bone loss as possible side effect of anti-obesity drug now in clinical trials
An endocrine hormone used in clinical trials as an anti-obesity and anti-diabetes drug causes significant and rapid bone loss in mice, raising concerns about its safe use, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have shown.

Penn researchers uncover a mechanism to explain dune field patterns
In a study of the harsh but beautiful White Sands National Monument in New Mexico, University of Pennsylvania researchers have uncovered a unifying mechanism to explain dune patterns.

Frequent house moves during childhood ups risk of subsequent poor health
Frequent house moves during childhood seem to increase the risk of poor health in later life, suggests research published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

NYU Langone orthopaedic experts present research, clinical advances at AAOS meeting
Experts from the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at NYU Langone Medical Center will present their latest research and clinical findings on diseases of the muscle, tendon, bone and joint at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Feb.

What drives public opinion on climate change?
The researchers reveal that the driving factor that most influences public opinion on climate change is the mobilizing efforts of advocacy groups and elites.

Study shows electron-beam irradiation reduces virus-related health risk in lettuce, spinach
The recent study by scientists from the National Center for Electron Beam Research (Texas A&M University) and other entities has quantified the theoretical health-risk reduction from virus-related food-borne illness through the use of electron-beam irradiation.

Discovery predicts patient sensitivity to important drug target in deadly brain cancer
A recent discovery by Van Andel Research Institute scientists enables the prediction of patient sensitivity to proposed drug therapies for glioblastoma - the most common and most aggressive malignant brain tumor in humans.

Scientists make strides toward fixing infant hearts
Researchers at Rice University and Texas Children's Hospital have turned stem cells from amniotic fluid into cells that form blood vessels.

Smallest tools could give biggest results in bone repair
When William Murphy works with some of the most powerful tools in biology, he thinks about making tools that can fit together.

Consumers willing to buy sustainable US cotton, MU researchers find
Researchers from the University of Missouri have found that United States consumers are more willing to buy clothing made from sustainably grown US cotton than apparel produced using conventional practices in an unknown location.

MassGeneral, Jackson researchers find clues to common birth defect in gene expression data
Researchers at MassGeneral Hospital for Children, the Jackson Laboratory and other institutes have uncovered 27 new candidate genes for congenital diaphragmatic hernia, a common and often deadly birth defect.

NASA satellite sees cyclone Jasmine heading for Vanuatu, New Caledonia
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over strengthening Tropical Storm Jasmine and noticed bands of thunderstorms wrapping into its center as it heads toward Vanuatu and New Caledonia.

Exercise triggers stem cells in muscle
University of Illinois researchers determined that an adult stem cell present in muscle is responsive to exercise, a discovery that may provide a link between exercise and muscle health.

Fogarty Institute for Innovation launches advanced endovascular training fellowship
The Fogarty Institute for Innovation announced today that it has launched its Advanced Endovascular Training Fellowship.

'Test and Treat' model offers new strategy for eliminating malaria
Researchers found that actively identifying undiagnosed malaria and then treating those with the disease resulted in significantly lower prevalence of malaria cases compared to a control group.

Wayne State study finds strategy shift with age can lead to navigational difficulties
A Wayne State University researcher believes studying people's ability to find their way around may help explain why loss of mental capacity occurs with age.

Chinese scientists Zhen-Yi Wang and Zhu Chen awarded 7th annual Szent-Gyorgyi Prize
The National Foundation for Cancer Research announced today that Dr.

Low levels of lipid antibodies increase complications following heart attack
Coronary patients with low levels of an immune system antibody called anti-PC, which neutralizes parts of the

A team of CRCHUM researchers paves the way for improving treatment for Type 2 diabetes
In a study published last week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a team led by Dr.

Online dating research shows cupid's arrow is turning digital
Online dating has not only shed its stigma, it has surpassed all forms of matchmaking in the United States other than meeting through friends, according to a new analysis of research on the burgeoning relationship industry.

School closures slow spread of pH1N1
Using high-quality data about the incidence of influenza infections in Alberta during the 2009 H1N1 flu pandemic, the researchers show that when schools closed for the summer, the transmission of infection from person to person was sharply reduced.

Revised criteria could reclassify many with mild Alzheimer dementia
Many patients currently diagnosed with very mild or mild Alzheimer disease dementia could potentially be reclassified as having mild cognitive impairment under revised criteria for that condition, according to a report published online first by Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Embargoed news for Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about articles being published in the Feb.

Odds of living a very long life lower than formerly predicted
The chances to reach extreme old age are much lower than previously thought, new research shows.

More environmental rules needed for shale gas, says Stanford geophysicist
In his State of the Union address, President Barack Obama praised the potential of the country's tremendous supply of natural gas buried in shale.

Group schema therapy for borderline personality disorder
Therapists, patients and families dealing with borderline personality disorder now have an unprecedented guide to a way out of the misery and chaos in the form of the soon to be release book

Hormel Institute study makes key finding in stem cell self-renewal
A University of Minnesota-led research team has proposed a mechanism for the control of whether embryonic stem cells continue to proliferate and stay stem cells, or differentiate into adult cells like brain, liver or skin. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to