Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 08, 2012
NIH study links high levels of cadmium, lead in blood to pregnancy delay
Higher blood levels of cadmium in females, and higher blood levels of lead in males, delayed pregnancy in couples trying to become pregnant, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and other academic research institutions.

In Northern Ireland, political violence harms youths through families
A new longitudinal study of neighborhoods in Belfast, Northern Ireland, has found that political violence affects children by upsetting the ways their families function, resulting in behavior problems and mental health symptoms among the youths over extended periods of time.

Chief of naval research to speak at robotics conference
The chief of naval research will speak about autonomy and other robotics challenges and opportunities during a presentation at the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International's Unmanned Systems Program Review 2012 on Feb.

Study to determine whether fish oil can help prevent psychiatric disorders
This new study is a National Institute of Mental Health-funded randomized double-blind trial that was designed to test whether Omega-3 fatty acids improve clinical symptoms, and help adolescents and young adults (ages 12 to 25) who are at elevated risk for severe psychiatric disorders function better in school, work and other social environments.

Brooks Life Science Systems and the Scripps Research Institute initiate partnership
Brooks Life Science Systems, a division of Brooks Automation, Inc.

VLT takes most detailed infrared image of the Carina Nebula
ESO's Very Large Telescope has delivered the most detailed infrared image of the Carina Nebula stellar nursery taken so far.

Utilizing risk-adjustment strategies to navigate an equitable road toward health-care reform
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health examine why health reform could lead to favorable or adverse risk selection across health plans.

Management of TB cases falls short of international standards
The management of tuberculosis cases in the European Union is not meeting international standards, according to new research.

Why bad immunity genes survive
Biologists have found new evidence of why mice, people and other vertebrate animals carry thousands of varieties of genes to make immune-system proteins named MHCs -- even though some of those genes make vertebrate animals susceptible to infections and to autoimmune diseases.

Breastfeeding can reduce risk of childhood obesity
Children of diabetic pregnancies have a greater risk of childhood obesity but new research from the Colorado School of Public Health shows breastfeeding can reduce this threat.

VCU study suggests use of managed care plan for uninsured may reduce costs, ER visits
The cost of caring for the uninsured population who will gain coverage through the Affordable Care Act of 2014 can be reduced by almost half once the act is implemented, according to a new study from Virginia Commonwealth University researchers.

Unusual 'collapsing' iron superconductor sets record for its class
A team from NIST and the University of Maryland has found an iron-based superconductor that operates at the highest known temperature for a material in its class.

'Do your best' not a good enough goal to improve diabetes diet
A specific goal to eat a set number of daily servings of low-glycemic-index foods can improve dietary habits of people with Type 2 diabetes, according to new research.

Good timing: NIST/CU collaboration adds timing capability to living cell sensors
Individual cells modified to act as sensors using fluorescence are already useful tools in biochemistry, but now they can add good timing to their resume, thanks in part to NIST expertise.

Scientists sound alarm over threat of untreatable gonorrhea in United States
The threat of multi-drug resistant gonorrhea is rising. Cephalosporins, the last line of defense, are rapidly losing effectiveness.

Tiny primate is ultrasonic communicator, Dartmouth professor finds
Tarsiers' ultrasonic calls -- among the most extreme in the animal kingdom -- give them a

Older drivers can be trained to avoid car crashes
Why are older drivers, especially those over 70, involved in crashes primarily at intersections?

Optical Society of America names Tufts biomedical engineer Fiorenzo Omenetto as Fellow
Omenetto's laboratory has pioneered the use of silk as a material platform for photonics, optoelectronics and high-technology applications and is actively investigating novel applications that rely on this new technology platform.

'Fen-phen' derived drug responsible for thousands of hospitalizations and deaths in France
A new study published in the journal Pharmacoepidemiology & Drug Safety reveals that benfluorex, a fenfluramine derivative drug used in France under the name Mediator®, is likely responsible for thousands of hospitalizations and deaths over a 30 year period.

Presdisposition to common heart disease 'passed on from father to son'
A common heart disease which kills thousands each year may be passed genetically from father to son, according to a study led by the University of Leicester.

A common variant on the Y chromosome increases the risk of coronary artery disease by 50 percent in men
study published online first by the Lancet analyzes whether the human Y chromosome may contribute to coronary artery disease in men and it concludes that that men with a particular variant on their Y-chromosome are at a 50 percent increased risk of CAD compared with men without it.

Boston University research suggests new pathways for cancer progression
The relative softness and flexibility of cancer cells appears to accelerate their growth and extend their lifetimes -- a one-two punch that may trigger the rapid growth of malignant tumors, according to research led by Boston University biomedical engineers.

How DNA finds its match
It's been more than 50 years since James Watson and Francis Crick showed that DNA is a double helix of two strands that complement each other.

Piranha vs. Arapaima: Engineers find inspiration for new materials in piranha-proof armor
It's a matchup worthy of a late-night cable movie: put a school of starving piranha and a 300-pound fish together, and who comes out the winner?

What kind of chocolate is best? The last you taste, says a new study
Like to save the best for last? Here's good news: If it's the last, you'll like it the best.

Stress pathway identified as potential therapeutic target to prevent vision loss
A new study identifies specific cell-stress signaling pathways that link injury of the optic nerve with irreversible vision loss.

DNA sequencing helps identify cancer cells for immune system attack
DNA sequences from tumor cells can be used to direct the immune system to attack cancer, according to scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Bio-disinfection with semi-composted manure to control a pepper crop disease
Researchers at the Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development, Neiker-Tecnalia, have confirmed that the use of semi-composted manure in combination with the plastic sealing of the soil is an effective control for Phytophthora capsici, a fungus responsible for a disease that seriously affects greenhouse-grown peppers.

Exercise can reverse negative effects of maternal obesity
Exercise is the key to overcoming the adverse metabolic effects passed on to offspring by their overweight mothers, with research showing for the first time these effects can be almost completely reversed through physical activity.

Video-based home exercise can minimize osteoarthritis pain, improve mobility
Video-based home exercise programs can enhance adherence to a prescribed exercise program, reduce pain, improve physical function, and improve life quality in patients living with knee osteoarthritis.

Physical activity yields feelings of excitement, enthusiasm
People who are more physically active report greater levels of excitement and enthusiasm than people who are less physically active, according to Penn State researchers.

Study: Some formerly cohabiting couples with children keep romantic relationship
When low-income cohabiting couples with children decide to no longer live together, that doesn't necessarily mean the end of their romantic relationship.

Halting bone-building osteoporosis drug use cuts risk for additional atypical femur fracture in half
There is growing evidence that supports an association between atypical fractures of the femur- a rare break of the thigh bone, typically without trauma - and the use of bisphosphonates, drugs proven to enhance bone density and reduce fracture incidence caused by osteoporosis.

Arsenic criticality poses concern for modern technology
Risks related to the critical nature of arsenic -- used to make high-speed computer chips that contain gallium arsenide -- outstrip those of other substances in a group of critical materials needed to sustain modern technology, a new study has found.

Research team delves into the roots of hunger and eating
Synaptic plasticity - the ability of the synaptic connections between the brain's neurons to change and modify over time -- has been shown to be a key to memory formation and the acquisition of new learning behaviors.

New study: Adolescents suffering from depression more likely to be bullied
A new study provides evidence that adolescents who suffer from depression are more likely to develop difficulty in peer relationships including being bullied at school.

The governance of synthetic biology
The Synthetic Biology Project at the Woodrow Wilson Center is launching a new online scorecard to track efforts to better govern synthetic biology research and development.

Rare subset of diseases involving the lymphatic system
A clinically challenging and under-studied subset of diseases affecting the lymphatic system and grouped under the disease spectrum lymphangiomatosis and Gorham's disease is the focus of a special issue of Lymphatic Research and Biology, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert Inc..

New crime-fighting tools aim to deter and nab terrorists
Fingerprints, ballistics, DNA analysis and other mainstays of the forensic science toolkit may get a powerful new crime-solving companion as scientists strive to develop technology for

Barriers to the use of fingerprint evidence in court is unlocked by statistical model
Fingerprints that are potential key pieces of evidence in court currently are not being considered due to shortcomings in the way this evidence is reported.

Hatchery fish mask the decline of wild salmon populations
Scientists have found that only about ten percent of the fall-run Chinook salmon spawning in California's Mokelumne River are naturally produced wild salmon.

ASTRO develops brain metastases guideline
The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has developed a guideline on the radiotherapeutic and surgical management for newly diagnosed brain metastases.

Oregon Research Institute Tai Chi program helps Parkinson's disease patients
An Oregon Research Institute exercise study conducted in four Oregon cities has shown significant benefits for patients with mild-to-moderate Parkinson's disease.

Can indigenous insects be used against the light brown apple moth?
A new study in Environmental Entomology suggests that insects native to California may be suitable biocontrol agents against the light brown apple moth.

Researchers study parenting behaviors of stressed-out birds
Virginia Tech and Queens University researchers are studying stress hormones in tree swallows, what happens when stress is ongoing, and the impact on parenting.

Soil resource inventory in US national parks
An important program coordinates data of soil surveys at national parks, preserves, seashores, monuments and other designations.

New NIST 'Cell assay on a chip': Solid results from simple means
A NIST research engineer combined a glass slide, plastic sheets and double-sided tape to build a

Smartphone training helps people with memory impairment regain independence
The treatment for moderate-to-severe memory impairment could one day include a prescription for a smartphone.

Media alert: Society of Interventional Radiology's 37th Annual Scientific Meeting
Nearly 5,300 physicians, scientists and allied health professionals will be at the SIR 37th Annual Scientific Meeting March 24-29.

Financial burden of prescription drugs is dropping
The financial challenge Americans face paying out-of-pocket costs for prescription drugs has declined, but the costs remain a burden to many families, according to a new study.

Unusual alliances enable movement
Some unusual alliances are necessary for you to wiggle your fingers, researchers report.

Night owls and star gazers to gather at Night of the Open Door Festival
ASU's Night of the Open Door shines a spotlight on more than 165 activities to celebrate the sciences, arts, humanities and engineering on March 3 in Tempe, as part of the Arizona SciTech Festival.

Scientists make iron transparent
At the high-brilliance synchrotron light source PETRA III, a team of DESY scientists headed by Dr.

New procedure bests standard of care for fixing damaged cartilage
A new study has demonstrated that a procedure wherein healthy cartilage is transplanted to fix an area of damaged cartilage (osteoarticular cartilage transplantation or OATS procedure) is superior to the standard of care for repairing cartilage defects, helping to prevent the onset of osteoarthritis.

5 University of Houston assistant professors receive NSF CAREER awards
Five junior faculty members at the University of Houston have been awarded NSF CAREER awards for their outstanding work as researchers and educators.

Satellite telephony is unsafe
Satellite telephony was thought to be secure against eavesdropping. Researchers at the Horst Goertz Institute for IT-Security at the Ruhr University Bochum have cracked the encryption algorithms of the European Telecommunications Standards Institute, which is used globally for satellite telephones, and revealed significant weaknesses.

Transformational fruit fly genome catalog completed
Scientists searching for the genomics version of the holy grail -- more insight into predicting how an animal's genes affect physical or behavioral traits -- now have a reference manual that should speed gene discoveries in everything from pest control to personalized medicine.

Continental mosquito with 'vector' potential found breeding in UK after 60 year absence
A species of mosquito has been discovered breeding in the UK that has not been seen in the country since 1945.

NIST report on Texas fire urges firefighters to consider wind effects
Wind conditions at a fire scene can make a critical difference on the behavior of the blaze and the safety of firefighters, even indoors, according to a new NIST report.

CSIC inquiry tests visual intelligence through Facebook
Researchers from Cajal Institute have developed an application on the social network to test different cognitive skills.

A mobile device for preventing and treating drug use
Imagine a device combining sensors to measure physiological changes. Then imagine a smartphone with software applications designed to respond to your bodily changes in an attempt to change your behavior.

Fasting weakens cancer in mice
The centuries-old practice of fasting treats several cancers in animals as well as toxic pharmaceuticals.

Few small employers likely to opt out of health reform rules
Few small employers are likely to take advantage of rules that allow them to escape regulation under the federal Affordable Care Act, according to a new study.

UT Southwestern molecular biologist wins prestigious NAS award
Dr. Zhijian

Study examines role of bilingualism in children's development
A Canadian study looked at monolingual and bilingual six year-olds on three verbal tasks and one nonverbal task of executive control.

'Explorers,' who embrace the uncertainty of choices, use specific part of cortex
As they try to find the best reward among options, some people explore based on how uncertain they are about the outcome of the options.

Heart disease may be a risk factor for prostate cancer
In a large analysis of men participating in a prostate drug trial, researchers at the Duke Cancer Institute found a significant correlation between coronary artery disease and prostate cancer, suggesting the two conditions may have shared causes.

Screening Africa's renewable energies potential
The European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) has published today a study mapping the potential of renewable energy sources in Africa.

Moffitt Cancer Center teams with Ponce School of Medicine in Puerto Rico
A description of the projects and studies resulting from a research partnership initiated in 2005 between Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, Fla., and the Ponce School of Medicine in Ponce, Puerto Rico, has been published in a recent issue of Health Promotion Practice.

UBC researchers use Google Earth to verify Mediterranean fish farming data
The Great Wall of China is not the only thing you can see from space.

Venter to give keynote speech at 2012 ARVO Annual Meeting
The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology is pleased to welcome J.

Heavy lifting for cancer research
Many patients with advanced cancer suffer from cachexia, a condition also called body-wasting or wasting syndrome, which causes significant weight loss, extreme fatigue and reduces quality of life.

Archive of failed joint replacements provides tips to building a better hip replacement
A study by Hospital for Special Surgery researchers has provided the first comprehensive look at just how metal-on-metal total hip replacements are failing in patients around the country.

Obese children more likely to suffer growth plate fractures
Obese and overweight children are more likely to suffer growth plate fractures, and their injuries were more often from a

Rothman at Jefferson research suggests abandon convention in diagnosing periprosthetic joint infection
In their search for new, better ways to diagnose periprosthetic joint infection, Rothman Institute at Jefferson researchers have shown that the accepted method of diagnosis, measuring a patients' serum white blood cell count and the percentage of neutrophils in the synovial fluid, has a minimal role in the determination of PJI.

York and Brighton researchers 'dig for data'
Historians, archivists and experts in computer science from the UK, the US, Canada and the Netherlands are teaming up to develop new ways of exploring digital historical records.

Antidepressant use linked with less patient satisfaction after hip replacement
Patients taking antidepressants up to three years prior to undergoing a total hip replacement (THR) were more likely to report greater pain before and after surgery and less satisfaction with their procedure, according to new research presented today at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS).

Depression forecasts difficulties with peers in middle childhood
A longitudinal study of children in the middle years of childhood has found that depression forecasts problems in peer relationships, including being victimized by peers and problems being accepted by peers.

Female fertility affects men's linguistic choices
The likelihood that a man will match his language to that of a female conversation partner depends on how fertile she is.

Right hand or left? How the brain solves a perceptual puzzle
When you see a picture of a hand, how do you know whether it's a right or left hand?

New study sheds light on genetics of rice metabolism
A large-scale study analyzing metabolic compounds in rice grains conducted by researchers at the RIKEN Plant Science Center and their collaborators has identified 131 rice metabolites and clarified the genetic and environmental factors that influence their production.

Some physicians do not agree with, uphold standards on communication with patients
A significant minority of physicians responding to a national survey disagreed with or admitted not upholding accepted standards of professionalism for open and honest communication with patients.

Terminally ill cancer patients discuss end-of-life care with physician but often late
A Dana-Farber Cancer Institute study suggests that many terminally ill cancer patients do talk with a doctor about their preferences for end-of-life care, but those conversations often occur late in the course of their illness.

People with easy-to-pronounce names are favored at work and in personal life
Having a simple, easy-to-pronounce name is more likely to win you friends and favor in the workplace, a study by Dr.

Ocean fish farms identified by Google Earth images
Ocean fish farming is a growing industry that may need increased monitoring and regulation, and Google Earth can be a powerful tool to that end.

Statistical model unlocks barriers to use of fingerprint evidence in court
Potentially key fingerprint evidence is currently not being considered due to shortcomings in the way it is reported, according to a report published today in Significance, the magazine of the Royal Statistical Society and the American Statistical Association.

Pitt study: Drug costs, not volume, cause regional differences in Medicare drug spending
The cost of medications through Medicare's subsidized prescription drug program varies from region to region across the United States largely due to the use of more expensive brand-name drugs and not because of the amount of drugs prescribed, according to a study led by researchers from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health (GSPH).

Here comes the sun...
New solar cells could increase the maximum efficiency of solar panels by over 25 percent, according to scientists from the University of Cambridge.

Gap between Scottish and English suicide rates widens
A new study has revealed the widening gap in suicide rates between Scotland and England & Wales due to a large extent to the number of young Scottish men taking their lives.

Gene therapy for inherited blindness succeeds in patients' other eye
Gene therapy for congenital blindness has taken another step forward, as researchers further improved vision in three adult patients previously treated in one eye.

Lull in ship noise after Sept. 11 attacks eased stress on right whales
Exposure to low-frequency ship noise may be associated with chronic stress in whales, according to a study published today in the peer-reviewed Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

BioResearch Open Access launching in March 2012 from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers
BioResearch Open Access, a new bimonthly peer-reviewed open access journal, will launch in March 2012 by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.

Hatchery fish mask the decline of wild salmon populations
Scientists have found that only about ten percent of the fall-run Chinook salmon spawning in California's Mokelumne River are naturally produced wild salmon.

Charter service: Encasing the Magna Carta
You often hear about the Framers of the Constitution, but not so much the framers of the Magna Carta.

Spotlight on a stellar nursery
A European team of researchers, led by LMU astronomer Thomas Preibisch, has used the power of ESO's Very Large Telescope to obtain the most detailed - and dramatic - infrared image of the Carina Nebula stellar nursery taken so far.

Most stretchable spider silk reported
The egg sac silk of the cocoon stalk of the cave spider Meta menardi is the most stretchable egg sac silk yet tested, according to a study published Feb.

NASA's Chandra finds Milky Way's black hole grazing on asteroids
The giant black hole at the center of the Milky Way may be vaporizing and devouring asteroids, which could explain the frequent flares observed, according to astronomers using data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory.

NIST provides octagonal window of opportunity for carbon capture
A collaborative research team from NIST and the University of Delaware has gathered new insight into the performance of a material called a zeolite that may filter carbon dioxide far more efficiently than current industrial

New target for Alzheimer's drugs
UC Riverside biomedical scientists have identified a new link between a protein (beta-arrestin) and short-term memory that could open new doors for the therapeutic treatment of neurological disorders, particularly Alzheimer's disease.

Research partnership to improve treatments for cancer patients
The Australian Cancer Research Foundation has committed $2 million towards the fit-out of two new cancer research laboratories at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute.

Risks of traumatic neuromechanical injury associated with boxing and mixed martial arts
Researchers simulated head and neck injuries from hook punches sustained during boxing and mixed martial arts and tested whether injury risks are mitigated by available head and hand padding.

Electrical engineers build 'no-waste' laser
A team of University of California, San Diego researchers has built the smallest room-temperature nanolaser to date, as well as an even more startling device: a highly efficient,

Feast or famine? How appetite cells in the brain respond to fasting
Previous work has shown that the AgRP neurons promote feeding and weight gain, while the POMC cells have been linked with appetite suppression and weight loss.

New treatment for chronic pain after spinal cord injury
Chronic neuropathic pain following a spinal cord injury is common and very difficult to treat, but a new therapeutic strategy requiring a one-time injection into the spinal column has potential to improve patient outcomes.

Video surveillance camera revolution revisited in 2-part special issue of Information Polity
A two-part special issue of the journal Information Polity (ISSN: 1570-1255) aims to revisit the 'surveillance camera revolution'.

Growing up on a farm directly affects regulation of the immune system
A new study has shown, for the first time, that growing up on a farm directly affects the regulation of the immune system and causes a reduction in the immunological responses to food proteins.

Europe goes for computing technologies as driver for competitiveness
The HiPEAC 2012 Conference, supported by the European Commission, brings together 500 computing systems stakeholders from all over the world.

Dignity, sense of control keys to quality of life for disabled elderly, study finds
Quality of life for disabled elderly people is most closely tied to two factors: a sense of dignity and a sense of control, according to a study by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center and the University of California, San Francisco.

Caltech researchers develop gene therapy to boost brain repair for demyelinating diseases
Our bodies are full of tiny superheroes -- antibodies that fight foreign invaders, cells that regenerate, and structures that ensure our systems run smoothly.

'Shish kebab' structure provides improved form of 'buckypaper'
Scientists are reporting development of a new form of buckypaper, which eliminates a major drawback of these sheets of carbon nanotubes -- 50,000 times thinner than a human hair, 10 times lighter than steel, but up to 250 times stronger -- with potential uses ranging from body armor to next-generation batteries.

Obstacles no barrier to higher speeds for worms, NYU researchers find
Obstacles in an organism's path can help it to move faster, not slower, researchers from New York University's Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences have found through a series of experiments and computer simulations.

Playing school sports affects youths' smoking
A new study of middle schoolers and their social networks has found that teammates' smoking plays a big role in youths' decisions about smoking, but adolescents who take part in a lot of sports smoke less.

Online support following joint replacement surgery is cost and time effective for patients
Web-based follow-up for total knee replacement (TKR) may provide significant time and cost savings to patients, according to new research presented at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).

VIB and BGI organize joint genomics meeting, Feb. 15, 2012, Belgium
BGI, the world's premier genomics sequencing company and VIB, a life sciences research institute in Flanders, Belgium, announce a joint genomics meeting, taking place on Feb.

Stimulant treatment for ADHD not associated with increased risk of cardiac events in youth
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects 5-9% of youth and is frequently treated with stimulant medications, such as methylphenidate and amphetamine products.

UCLA scientists strengthen memory by stimulating key site in brain
Ever gone to the movies and forgotten where you parked the car?

Champagne gases different out of a flute versus coupe
Champagne just isn't champagne without its bubbles, and a study highlights the effects that champagne glass shape and temperature can have on carbonation upon serving and the drinking experience.

Moffitt, Sanford-Burnham and Florida Hospital create Personalized Medicine Partnership of Florida
Moffitt Cancer Center, Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute and Florida Hospital have announced they will collaborate on the creation of a Personalized Medicine Partnership of Florida.

Anti-obesity drugs with a modified lifestyle helps weight loss -- new study
A study led by the University of Leicester has found that anti-obesity drugs coupled with lifestyle advice are effective in reducing weight and BMI.

New images capture 'stealth merger' of dwarf galaxies
New images of a nearby dwarf galaxy have revealed a dense stream of stars in its outer regions, the remains of an even smaller companion galaxy in the process of merging with its host.

Dogs succeed while chimps fail at following finger pointing
Dogs are better than chimps at interpreting pointing gestures, according to a study published in the online journal PLoS ONE.

Will bubble-powered microrockets zoom through the human stomach?
Scientists have developed a new kind of tiny motor -- which they term a

Astronomy team that includes UCLA finance professor discovers nearby dwarf galaxy
A team of astronomers led by UCLA research astronomer Michael Rich has used a novel telescope to discover a previously unknown companion to a nearby galaxy, known as NGC 4449, some 12.5 million light years from Earth.

After-school program can reduce alcohol use among middle school students, study finds
A voluntary substance prevention program held after school and presented by trained facilitators can help reduce alcohol use among young adolescents, according to a new study.

Tackling financial exploitation of elderly people
Professionals who are in close contact with elderly people could soon be in a better position to spot if they are being financially exploited, for example through a lottery scam or by a deceitful relative draining the bank account, thanks to a pioneering new study funded by the UK Research Councils' New Dynamics of Aging program.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Jasmine over Vanuatu and New Caledonia
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Tropical Cyclone Jasmine on Feb.

Genetic Rosetta Stone unveiled in Nature
Scientists have developed a new community resource that may act as a Rosetta stone for revealing the genetic basis of traits and disease.

EPA and DoD sign memorandum of understanding to make military bases more sustainable
Today, US Environmental Protection Agency Assistant Administrator, Paul Anastas, and Department of Defense Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Installations and Environment, Dorothy Robyn signed an agreement that formalizes the partnership between EPA and DoD to develop and implement technologies that will help create sustainable American military bases all over the world.

Anxiety trait linked to post-operative pain in men following total knee replacement
In new research, men with anxiety traits were more likely to report post-operative pain ratings following total knee replacement (TKR) resulting in longer hospital stays, and women generally reported higher post-operative pain levels than men and were less satisfied with pain control.

CU-Boulder study shows global glaciers, ice caps, shedding billions of tons of mass annually
Earth's glaciers and ice caps outside of the regions of Greenland and Antarctica are shedding roughly 150 billion tons of ice annually, according to a new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder.

High-quality child care found good for children -- and their mothers
A longitudinal study of more than 1,300 children and their families found that mothers whose children spent their early years in high-quality nonparental care, starting from birth and in either center-based or home-based settings, were more likely than other moms to be involved in their children's schools later, regardless of the moms' socioeconomic status.

Excessive sporting activity may impair long-term success of hip resurfacing
High impact sporting activities -- such as daily running or tennis -- can be detrimental to the long-term success of hip resurfacing arthroplasty, according to research presented today at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).

Elsevier launches new journal: Energy Strategy Reviews
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the launch of Energy Strategy Reviews, a new quarterly, peer-reviewed journal focusing on energy strategy, planning and decision making.

New community health approach aims to combats chronic disease, empower patients, reduces costs
A new community-wide collaboration to reduce the impact of chronic disease and empower patients is generating impressive early results, leaders of the Accountable Care Community initiative said.

Antenatal thyroid screening fails to improve IQ in 3-year-olds
Children of mothers screened and treated for reduced thyroid function during pregnancy show no signs of improved IQ compared to women who receive no treatment, new research has uncovered.

Flipping a light switch in the cell: Quantum dots used for targeted neural activation
By harnessing quantum dots researchers at the University of Washington have developed a new and vastly more targeted way to stimulate neurons in the brain.

Low dopamine levels during withdrawal promote relapse to smoking
Mark Twain said,
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