Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 10, 2012
Arthritic knees, but not hips, have robust repair response
Researchers at Duke University Medical Center used new tools they developed to analyze knees and hips and discovered that osteoarthritic knee joints are in a constant state of repair, while hip joints are not.

Curry spice component may help slow prostate tumor growth
Curcumin, an active component of the Indian curry spice turmeric, may help slow down tumor growth in castration-resistant prostate cancer patients on androgen deprivation therapy, a study from researchers at Jefferson's Kimmel Cancer Center suggests.

SFU health scientist joins governor general's roundtable at AAAS
Kate Tairyan, an SFU health scientist and director of public health at Next Generation University, will use a meeting with Canada's governor general at the AAAS conference to promote the world's first free university.

St. Michael's and King Saud University receive first joint patent
St. Michael's Hospital and King Saud University have received their first joint US patent to use the BRCA1 gene as a therapy for cardiovascular disease.

Nutritional Medicine for Adults Workshop Series at Rush University Medical Center
Rush University Medical Center is sponsoring a Nutritional Medicine workshop March 15 to 16, 2012, that features internationally-renowned faculty who are leaders in research in nutritional medicine.

University of Pittsburgh receives $22 million from the Richard King Mellon Foundation
The Center for Energy in the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering has received a $22 million grant from the Richard King Mellon Foundation -- one of the largest private foundation grants in Pitt's history.

Study weighs risks and benefits of birthing facilities
In a study to be presented today at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, in Dallas, Texas, researchers will report findings that indicate that the risk of obstetric intervention is lower for women who deliver or intend to deliver outside of hospitals, but there are some higher risks for newborns intended for home births compared to hospital births.

Drug halts organ damage in inflammatory genetic disorder
A new study shows that Kineret (anakinra), a medication approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, is effective in stopping the progression of organ damage in people with neonatal-onset multisystem inflammatory disease.

BGI opens genome research center in Europe
BGI, the world's largest genomics organization, today opens its first European Genome Research Center located in Copenhagen Bio Science Park.

3-D laser map shows earthquake zone before and after
Geologists have a new tool to study how earthquakes change the landscape -- down to a few inches.

To avoid early labor and delivery, weight and diet changes not the answer
One of the strongest known risk factors for spontaneous preterm birth -- any birth that occurs before the 37th week of pregnancy, often without a known cause -- is already having had one.

Grass to gas: UGA researchers' genome map speeds biofuel development
Researchers at the University of Georgia have taken a major step in the ongoing effort to find sources of cleaner, renewable energy by mapping the genomes of two originator cells of Miscanthus x giganteus, a large perennial grass with promise as a source of ethanol and bioenergy.

Phosphate additives pose a risk to health
Excessive consumption of phosphate is damaging to health. Therefore, food that contains phosphate additives should be labeled, as recommended by Eberhard Ritz and coauthors in their article in the current issue of Deutsches Aerzteblatt International.

Tenofovir, leading HIV medication, linked with risk of kidney damage
Tenofovir, one of the most effective and commonly prescribed antiretroviral medications for HIV/AIDS, is associated with a significant risk of kidney damage and chronic kidney disease that increases over time, according to a study of more than 10,000 patients led by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center and the University of California, San Francisco.

UTHealth research: Both maternal and paternal age linked to autism
Older maternal and paternal age are jointly associated with having a child with autism, according to a recently published study led by researchers at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.

New understanding of DNA repair could eventually lead to cancer therapy
A research group in the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry at the University of Alberta is hoping its latest discovery could one day be used to develop new therapies that target certain types of cancers.

$5.5 million gift aids search for alternative energy
Scientists at the University of Missouri are the recipients of a five-year, $5.5 million gift from the Sidney Kimmel Foundation that will help focus efforts in fundamental, physical sciences in the search for new alternative energy sources.

Domestic consumption main contributor to Africa's growing E-waste
West Africa faces a rising tide of E-waste generated by domestic consumption of new and used electrical and electronic equipment, according to a new United Nations report.

Survival of the beautiful: scientists and artists face off on aesthetics of evolution
Why did the peacock's tail vex Charles Darwin? Since natural selection could not explain it, he had to formulate a new theory of sexual selection positing that certain astonishingly beautiful traits became preferred even when not exactly useful, simply because they appealed to the opposite sex.

Protein libraries in a snap
A Rice University undergraduate will depart with not only a degree but also a possible patent for his invention of an efficient way to create protein libraries, an important component of biomolecular research.

Study finds massively parallel sequencing can detect fetal aneuploidies, including Down syndrome
In a study to be presented today at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, in Dallas, Texas, researchers will report findings that indicate that massively parallel sequencing can be used to diagnose fetal aneuploidies, including Down syndrome, Edwards syndrome, Patau syndrome and Turner syndrome.

Orthopaedic surgery report provides transparency on patient safety, quality initiatives
Patients and health care professionals can learn about this commitment to world-class care and operational transparency in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery's recently published

Sonic Cradle lands spot in TED exhibition
A Simon Fraser University graduate student project that melds music, meditation and modern technology has landed a rare spot as an exhibit at TEDActive 2012 in Palm Springs, Calif., this month.

From virginity to Viagra
Americans will spend more than $17 billion on Valentine's Day, but far less on programs like sex education for adolescents.

SFU cell biologist Lynne Quarmby will address top-flight American high school science students at AAAS conference in Vancouver
Lynne Quarmby, a Simon Fraser University cell biologist with a passion for promoting science, will deliver a talk to 30-top flight American high school science students and their teachers about the importance of basic science.

Night, weekend delivery OK for babies with birth defects
Weekday delivery is no better than night/weekend delivery for infants with birth defects, according to a new study.

Numeracy: The educational gift that keeps on giving?
Cancer risks. Investment alternatives. Calories. Numbers are everywhere in daily life, and they figure into all sorts of decisions.

Putting the squeeze on planets outside our solar system
Using high-powered lasers, scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and collaborators discovered that molten magnesium silicate undergoes a phase change in the liquid state, abruptly transforming to a more dense liquid with increasing pressure.

Researchers develop new method for creating tissue engineering scaffolds
Researchers at Northwestern University have developed a new method for creating scaffolds for tissue engineering applications, providing an alternative that is more flexible and less time-intensive than current technology.

'It's not nutritious until it's eaten'
The Chefs Move to School program is one more example of how people are realizing that

Georgetown hosts forum to discuss government request of journals to redact scientific data
Georgetown University hosts

Study finds preterm labor diagnostic markers not universal, diagnosis and interventions should not be generalized
In a study to be presented today at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, in Dallas, Texas, researchers will report findings that indicate that preterm birth interventions should be tailored for underlying risk factors and pathways.

High school students test best with 7 hours' rest
New research finds that 16- to 18-year-olds perform better academically when they shave about two hours off what current guidelines prescribe.

Study finds that red blood cell transfusion decreases fatigue in women with acute postpartum anemia
In a study to be presented today at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, in Dallas, Texas, researchers will report findings that show that in women with acute postpartum anemia, due to excessive blood loss during delivery, red blood cell transfusion led to a statistically significant decrease in physical fatigue.

Sleep breathing machine shows clear benefits in children with sleep apnea
Children and adolescents with obstructive sleep apnea had substantial improvements in attention, anxiety and quality of life after treatment with positive airway pressure -- a nighttime therapy in which a machine delivers a stream of air through a mask into the nose.

NASA sees Giovanna reach cyclone strength, threaten Madagascar
Tropical Storm 12S built up steam and became a cyclone on Feb.

No entry without protein recycling: RUB researchers discover new coherence in enzyme transport
The group of professor Dr. Ralf Erdmann at the Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum discovered a connection of peroxisomal protein import and receptor export.

A mineral way to catalysis?
Catalytic materials, which lower the energy barriers for chemical reactions, are used in everything from the commercial production of chemicals to catalytic converters in car engines.

Illinois professor elected to National Academy of Engineering
Photonics pioneer James J. Coleman has been elected to membership in the National Academy of Engineering.

Employers feel no love for unscrupulous practice of 'service sweethearting'
A new study led by two Florida State University marketing professors finds that some frontline service employees who are rewarded for hikes in customer loyalty and satisfaction also may engage in

New drugs schedule makes horse racing a sure thing
QUT professor of biosciences, Martin Sillence, said the new research pinpointed the length of time it took for 18 of the most commonly used therapeutic drugs to work their way out of a horse's system, providing greater certainty for horse owners, trainers and vets.

Development of social technology to improve the quality of life of intellectually disabled people
The Uliazpi Foundation and the Tecnalia Centre for Applied Research have signed an agreement to collaborate on the development of technologies for assisting intellectually disabled people.

EEG pattern reflects brain's shift into low-energy, protective mode
A distinctive pattern of brain activity associated with conditions including deep anesthesia, coma and congenital brain disorders appears to represent the brain's shift into a protective, low-activity state in response to reduced metabolic energy.

Human cognitive performance suffers following natural disasters, HF/E researchers find
Not surprisingly, victims of a natural disaster can experience stress and anxiety, but a new study indicates that it might also cause them to make more errors - some serious - in their daily lives.

Neurologic improvement detected in rats receiving stem cell transplant
In a study to be presented today at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, in Dallas, Texas, researchers will report that early transplantation of human placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells into the lateral ventricles of neonatal rats with birth-related brain damage is possible, and that the donor cells can survive and migrate in the recipient's brain.

Hovering not hard if you're top-heavy, NYU researchers find
Top-heavy structures are more likely to maintain their balance while hovering in the air than are those that bear a lower center of gravity, researchers at NYU's Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences and Department of Physics have found.

Molecular profiling reveals differences between primary and recurrent ovarian cancers
There is a need to analyze tumor specimens at the time of ovarian cancer recurrence, according to a new study published in Molecular Cancer Therapeutics.

Women & Infants named Center of Excellence for Neonatal Care for sixth year
For the sixth consecutive year, Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island has been named a Center of Excellence for Neonatal Care by the Clinical Sciences Institute of OptumHealth, an independent audit company.

PAP therapy improves neurobehavioral outcomes in children with OSA
Treatment of childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome with positive airway pressure therapy improves a number of important neurobehavioral outcomes, according to a new study from the the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

Tailor-made search tools for the Web
For companies, customer feedback is a matter of strategic importance.

New book about fuzzy hierarchical decision modeling from NJIT professor
'Fuzzy Hierarchical Decision Modeling' by NJIT Associate Professor Michael Khader has been re-issued by Lambert Publishing Company in a soft-bound text.

Rothman at Jefferson researchers show benefits of local anesthesia after knee replacement surgery
Researchers at the Rothman Institute at Jefferson have shown that local anesthesia delivered through a catheter in the joint, intraarticularly, may be more beneficial than traditional opioids such as morphine and Oxycontin for pain management following total knee replacement surgery.

NASA sees wide-eyed cyclone Jasmine
Cyclone Jasmine's eye has opened wider on NASA satellite imagery, as it moves through the Southern Pacific Ocean.

Authors with financial conflicts reporting negative outcomes in major orthopaedic journals
Papers published in orthopaedic journals by authors with a conflict of interest were equally likely to report negative results as those authored by researchers without conflicts, according to new research presented today at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Study finds in women with prior cesarean, optimal gestational age for elective delivery is week 39
In a study to be presented today at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, in Dallas, Texas, researchers will report findings that indicate that for women with prior delivery via cesarean section the optimal timing of elective delivery for mother and baby is 39 weeks even after consideration of the risk with continuing pregnancy.

AAOS focuses on disaster responders, both yesterday's and tomorrow's
When mass-casualty events occur, orthopaedic surgeons travel throughout the world to treat wounded patients in countries devastated by war, natural disaster and poverty.

University of Illinois announces plans to build the Center for Wounded Veterans in Higher Education
The University of Illinois announced plans to build a Center that will provide educationally integrated services to student veterans of recent conflicts who have sustained severe and multiple injuries.

Complex wiring of the nervous system may rely on a just a handful of genes and proteins
Researchers at the Salk Institute have discovered a startling feature of early brain development that helps to explain how complex neuron wiring patterns are programmed using just a handful of critical genes.

Cochlear implants may be safe, effective for organ transplant patients
Cochlear implants may be a safe, effective option for some organ transplant patients who've lost their hearing as an unfortunate consequence of their transplant-related drug regime, researchers report.

4.5 million Americans living with total knee replacement
New research presented at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons found that more than 4.5 million Americans are living with a total knee replacement.

C-sections linked to breathing problems in preterm infants
Research conducted at Yale School of Medicine shows that a cesarean delivery, which was thought to be harmless, is associated with breathing problems in preterm babies who are small for gestational age.
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