Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 14, 2012
Study shows cognitive behavioral therapy is a safe and effective treatment for women having hot flushes and night sweats following breast cancer treatment
Hot flushes and night sweats affect 65-85 percent of women after breast cancer treatment; they are distressing, causing sleep problems and decreased quality of life.

World's greenest supercomputer heads to Melbourne to boost health research
Victoria will be home to one of Australia's fastest supercomputers and the world's greenest supercomputer, the IBM Blue Gene/Q, which will be housed at the Victorian Life Sciences Computation Initiative hosted by the University of Melbourne, and is aimed at advancing the study of human disease.

Study finds injectable treatment for blood clots in advanced cancer patients increases
The use of an injectable, clot-preventing drug known as Low Molecular Weight Heparin to treat patients with advanced cancer complicated by blood clots increased steadily between 2000 and 2007, according to a new study published in The Oncologist, funded by the National Cancer Institute and led by Kaiser Permanente Colorado.

Critical element that improves vascular function in postmenopausal women found
Researchers studying why arteries stiffen in postmenopausal women have found a specific chemical cofactor that dramatically improves vascular function.

Vitamin D therapy does not improve certain cardiac measures for patients with chronic kidney disease
Patients with chronic kidney disease who received the vitamin D compound paricalcitol for up to 48 weeks did not show improvement on measures of cardiac structure, function, or left ventricular mass, compared to patients who received placebo, according to a study in the Feb.

NASA Landsat's thermal infrared sensor arrives at Orbital
A new NASA satellite instrument that makes a quantum leap forward in detector technology has arrived at Orbital Sciences Corp. in Gilbert, Ariz.

Email language tips off work hierarchy
Members of the modern workforce might be surprised to learn that if they use the word

The consumer mindset: When is a year different than 365 days?
Consumers react differently to units of measurement -- depending on whether they are thinking concretely or abstractly, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Calls for policy changes as lives put at risk by bureaucracy
Vital trials for childhood cancer are being hampered by bureaucracy: The European Society of Paediatric Oncology highlights problems with the European Clinical Trials Directive and suggests solutions to be implemented in the next revision.

When are consumers loyal to brands? New model helps explain
What makes consumers choose certain products over others? A new study in the Journal of Consumer Research helps explain why consumers change their minds or switch their loyalties.

Lust makes you smarter and evidence that 7 deadly sins are good for you
Good news for lovers on Valentine's Day - the seven deadly sins, including Lust, are good for you.

Coral survival's past is key to its future
To predict the extinction risk of reef-building corals, researchers, led by Robert van Woesik, professor of biological sciences, are examining past events to gain insight into how these corals today may fare through climate change.

SAGE partners with CSWE to reward innovative teaching in social work education
SAGE and the Council on Social Work Education have come together to announce a new award to honor and recognize innovative teaching in social work education.

Sustainability, college athletics don't always connect
Large college athletics departments talk the talk when it comes to concern for the environment and environmental sustainability, but only a small percentage of these departments actually walk the walk in making their operations

The indiscretions of a champagne bubble paparazzi
The innermost secrets of champagne bubbles are about to be unveiled in the Springer journal EPJ ST.

Following a trail of blood: A new diagnostic tool comes of age
Rolf Halden's team performs detailed analyses of umbilical cord blood (UCB), identifying a total of 1,210 proteins using mass spectroscopy.

Study quantifies impact of unsafe water and poor sanitation on child and maternal mortality
The impact of unsafe water and sanitation on the death rates of children under five and of mothers in the year after childbirth has been quantified for the first time by Canadian-based researchers with the United Nations University and McMaster University.

AGU: Journal Highlights Feb. 14 2012
Featured in this release are research papers on the following topics:

Chromosome analyses of prickly pear cacti reveal southern glacial refugia
Analysis of chromosome number variation among species of a North American group of prickly pear cacti showed that the most widespread species encountered are of hybrid origin.

ABC Best Paper Award 2011 goes to Andreas Römpp and Sabine Guenther
The Springer journal Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry has chosen Andreas Römpp and Sabine Guenther as the recipients of its Best Paper Award 2011.

5 NJIT architects and designers will share panel at free upcoming talk
Five members of the faculty at NJIT's College of Architecture and Design will share their ideas at

'Invisibility' cloak could protect buildings from earthquakes
University of Manchester mathematicians have developed the theory for a Harry Potter style 'cloaking' device which could protect buildings from earthquakes.

JAMA review praises Georgetown professor's online anatomy dissector
A Georgetown University School of Medicine professor's online anatomy dissector designed to assist medical students in learning gross anatomy is described as a

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Jasmine near Tonga
Tropical Cyclone Jasmine is still lingering near the island nation of Tonga in the South Pacific and was captured in an infrared image from NASA's Aqua satellite.

Cardiac MRI shown to improve diagnosis in patients with life-threatening arrhythmias
New research from Western University, Canada, has demonstrated the benefits of performing cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in cases where patients have been resuscitated after sudden cardiac death or enter hospital suffering from ventricular arrhythmias.

Trojan horse bacteria use nanobodies to conquer sleeping sickness
Sleeping sickness, caused by the trypanosome Trypanosoma brucei, is transmitted to humans (and animals) via the bite of the tsetse fly.

Brain rehearsal time ensures lasting memory performance
University of Alberta researchers have established that the ability of the brain to rehearse or repeat electrical impulses may be absolutely critical in order to make a newly acquired memory more permanent.

Motherhood 'detrimental' to women's scientific careers, study concludes
Women with advanced degrees in math-intensive academic fields drop out of fast-track research careers primarily because they want children - not because their performance is devalued or they are shortchanged during interviewing and hiring, according to a new study at Cornell University.

Fukushima at increased earthquake risk
Seismic risk at the Fukushima nuclear plant increased after the magnitude 9 earthquake that hit Japan last March, scientists report.

Finding it difficult to make a purchase? Try creating some distance from the problem
Consumers who are having trouble making decisions can benefit from creating some psychological -- or physical -- distance, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Shear stiffness and friction mechanics of single-layer graphene measured for the first time
Researchers from the University of Bristol have measured and identified for the first time the stress and strain shear modulus and internal friction of graphene sheets.

Role of known cancer gene in ovarian cancer investigated
The role of a known cancer-causing gene in the development of the most lethal type of ovarian cancer is being investigated by researchers from the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute after they were awarded a Cure Cancer Australia Foundation grant.

U-M human embryonic stem cell line placed on national registry
The University of Michigan's first human embryonic stem cell line will be placed on the US National Institutes of Health's registry, making the cells available for federally-funded research.

People forage for memories in the same way birds forage for berries
Humans move between 'patches' in their memory using the same strategy as bees flitting between flowers for pollen or birds searching among bushes for berries.

DNA barcoding of parasitic worms: Is it kosher?
When rabbis from the Orthodox Union started finding worms in cans of sardines and capelin eggs, they turned to scientists at the American Museum of Natural History to answer a culturally significant dietary question: could these foods still be considered kosher?

MDC researchers reveal molecular mechanism underlying severe anomalies of the forebrain
Researchers of the Max Delbrück Center Berlin-Buch have identified a molecular mechanism underlying the most common malformation of the brain in humans.

Wayne State University researcher's model will target causes of everyday MS symptoms
A Wayne State University researcher recently received a one-year, $114,000 grant form the US Department of Defense to develop a new model system that focuses on memory loss and inability to focus in MS patients.

Violent radicalisation better tackled with public health measures, say researchers
Researchers at Queen Mary, University of London propose a drastic re-think to tackling terrorism, moving away from the criminal justice system and putting public health into the spotlight.

ORNL story tips, February 2012
Alejandro Lopez-Bezanilla used the computing power of Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Jaguar supercomputer, America's fastest, to study the effects of adding oxygen, sulfur and hydrogen to nanoribbons made of boron nitride.

APS applauds President Obama's proposed Fiscal Year 2013 Budget
APS applauds President Obama's Fiscal Year 2013 Budget. Under fiscal restraint, the President's budget ensures that scientists can continue transformational research, leading to innovation and jobs for Americans.

NASA sees deadly Cyclone Giovanna over the center of Madagascar
Cyclone Giovanna made landfall in eastern Madagascar very early on Feb.

Antibiotics ineffective for most sinus infections
Antibiotics that doctors typically prescribe for sinus infections do not reduce symptoms any better than an inactive placebo, according to investigators at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Spending more time physically active associated with better cardiometabolic measures among children
In a study that included data for more than 20,000 children and adolescents, higher amounts of time with moderate to vigorous physical activity were associated with better cardiometabolic risk factors (such as measures of cholesterol, blood pressure and waist size), regardless of the amount of time spent sedentary, according to a study in the Feb.

Important Emerging Technologies for the 21st Century
The World Economic Forum's Global Agenda Council on Emerging Technologies has just released its list of

Research!America Annual Advocacy Awards Dinner
Research!America Annual Advocacy Awards reception and dinner will honor leading advocates for medical, health and scientific research including Senator Barbara Mikulski, D-(MD), winner of the Edwin C.

Turmeric-based drug effective on Alzheimer flies
Curcumin, a substance extracted from turmeric, prolongs life and enhances activity of fruit flies with a nervous disorder similar to Alzheimers.

New subtype of ovarian cancer may be vulnerable to anti-angiogenic drugs
Scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have identified a subtype of ovarian cancer able to build its own blood vessels, suggesting that such tumors might be especially susceptible to anti-angiogenic drugs that block blood vessel formation.

Internet a boost for answers to mental health
University of Melbourne researchers have found Wikipedia is the most highly rated website for accessing information on mental-health related topics.

Bumblebees get by with a little help from their honeybee rivals
Bumblebees can use cues from their rivals the honeybees to learn where the best food resources are, according to new research from Queen Mary, University of London.

Fragmented sleep, fragmented mind: A new theory of sleep disruption and dissociation
Scientific research has shed new light on dissociative symptoms and dissociative identity disorder, formerly known as multiple personality disorder.

Taking depression to heart
Heart attack patients who suffer from depression are far more likely to be readmitted to hospitals for cardiac events in the future, and they spend more time in the hospital than those with sunnier dispositions.

Malaria parasite goes bananas before sex: New study
New research from the University of Melbourne shows how the malaria parasite changes into a banana shape before sexual reproduction, a finding that could provide targets for vaccine or drug development and may explain how the parasite evades the human immune system.

UK is a nation of supportive partners
Partners provide a vital source of positive emotional support for the vast majority of people in the UK.

ORNL explores proteins in Yellowstone bacteria for biofuel inspiration
Studies of bacteria first found in Yellowstone's hot springs are furthering efforts at the Department of Energy's BioEnergy Science Center toward commercially viable ethanol production from crops such as switchgrass.

Noncoding RNAs alter yeast phenotypes in a site-specific manner
A team of scientists from Whitehead Institute and other institutions has shown for the first time how two long intergenic noncoding RNAs in brewer's yeast contribute to a location-dependent switch for the yeast FLO11 gene to toggle between active and inactive states.

Short-term exposure to most major air pollutants associated with increased risk of heart attack
Short-term exposure (for up to 7 days) to all major air pollutants, with the exception of ozone, is significantly associated with an increased risk of heart attack, according to a review and meta-analysis of previous studies appearing in the Feb.

Critical stage of embryonic development now observable
A novel approach in the study of the development of mammalian embryos was today reported in the journal Nature Communications.

Get rid of the Bill, former vice chair of Local Commissioning Group tells Lansley
With news of the Health and Social Care Bill facing further challenge in the House of Lords, Cambridgeshire GP Dr Peter Bailey asks the Health Secretary Andrew Lansley to

Cold water baths reduce muscle soreness but evidence lacking on safety
Plunging into cold water after exercise may be an effective way to reduce muscle soreness, but it is unclear whether there are harmful side effects.

What does 'happiness' mean to consumers? Does age matter?
Happiness means different things to different consumers, depending on whether they're focused on the future or the present, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Notre Dame biologists tackling big question in evolution
Researchers from the University of Notre Dame, the University of Iowa and Cornell University have been awarded collaborative grants totaling $1.1. million from the National Science Foundation to answer a fundamental question: As a new species evolves, how, and to what extent, do other species that depend on it evolve as well?

Protein may play role in obesity, diabetes, aging
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a potent regulator of sensitivity to insulin, the hormone that controls blood sugar levels.

Weight loss can be contagious, study suggests
Researchers from the Miriam Hospital and Brown University found that teammates in a team-based weight loss competition significantly influenced each other's weight loss, suggesting that weight loss can be contagious.

Super high-resolution carbon estimates for endangered Madagascar
By combining airborne laser technology, satellite mapping, and ground-based plot surveys, a team of researchers has produced the first large-scale, high-resolution estimates of carbon stocks in remote and fragile Madagascar.

Trouble sleeping? It may affect your memory later on
The amount and quality of sleep you get at night may affect your memory later in life, according to research that was released today and will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 64th Annual Meeting in New Orleans April 21-28, 2012.

Cleveland Clinic joins 23andMe in the search for genetic clues to Parkinson's disease
In an effort to study the interactions between genomics and Parkinson's disease, Cleveland Clinic has joined the ongoing efforts of 23andMe, a leading personal genetics company, to recruit Parkinson's patients to participate in research by contributing their DNA to a research database and completing online surveys about their health.

Geriatrician from Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University honored
Regenstrief Institute investigator Malaz Boustani, M.D., MPH, associate professor of medicine at the Indiana University School of Medicine, will receive the 2012 American Geriatrics Society Outstanding Scientific Achievement for Clinical Investigation Award.

Best time for a coffee break? There's an app for that
Caffeinated drinks such as coffee and soda are the pick-me-ups of choice for many people, but too much caffeine can cause nervousness and sleep problems.

Study looks at possible link to hyper-excitability factors in epilepsy, autism and more
A UT Dallas study is revealing new information about a key protein's role in the development of epilepsy, autism and other neurological disorders.

High population density is greatest risk factor for water-linked diseases
Water-associated infectious disease outbreaks are more likely to occur in areas where a region's population density is growing, according to a new global analysis of economic and environmental conditions that influence the risk for these outbreaks.

How do children learn to read silently?
When a beginning reader reads aloud, her progress is apparent: Hunched over a book, little index finger blazing the way, she moves intently from sound to sound, word to word.

Conventional thought on ACL injury mechanism challenged
Landing from a jump can cause a non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury.

Mixed progress made by US government and schools to improve food marketing influencing children's diets
New research has found that the US government and schools have made mixed progress to comprehensively address food and beverage marketing practices that put young people's health at risk.

Immunization for MRSA on the horizon
Methicillin resistant staph aureus (MRSA) infections are resistant to antibiotics and can cause a myriad of problems -- bone erosion, or osteomyelitis, which shorten the effective life of an implant and greatly hinder replacement of that implant.

Reigniting consumer emotions: Why are some experiences better the second time?
Why do people reread books, watch movies multiple times, or visit places again?

Cognitive stimulation beneficial in dementia
Cognitive stimulation therapies have beneficial effects on memory and thinking in people with dementia, according to a systematic review by Cochrane researchers.

Cost-effectiveness of HAART underestimated
Bohdan Nosyk and Julio Montaner of the British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS in Vancouver, Canada argue in an Essay published in this week's PLoS Medicine that the cost-effectiveness of HAART roll out has been significantly underestimated, because economic analyses have not yet taken into account the beneficial impact of HAART on prevention of HIV transmission.

New Moffitt Cancer Center patent promises to accelerate cancer trials
A new patent has been issued to Moffitt Cancer Center for a computerized system that efficiently selects the right patient for the right clinical trial.

End-of-life care is complex but aims to provide care and comfort
Providing for fundamental human needs to people who are close to death is complex and sophisticated, but ultimately involves the integration of physical, psychological, social and spiritual elements, according to a study published in this week's PLoS Medicine by a group of international researchers.

New molecule can tangle up DNA for more than 2 weeks
Chemists at the University of Texas at Austin have created a molecule that's so good at tangling itself inside the double helix of a DNA sequence that it can stay there for up to 16 days before the DNA liberates itself, much longer than any other molecule reported.

Cellphone use linked to selfish behavior in UMD study
Though cellphones are usually considered devices that connect people, they may make users less socially minded, finds a recent study from the University of Maryland's Robert H.

Crippleware: How do consumers react when companies disable product features?
Consumers dislike it when manufacturers remove or degrade features in existing models -- even though it's a common practice, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

New analysis provides clearer picture of cancer risks associated with Lynch syndrome
An international study led by the University of Melbourne has provided a clearer understanding of the cancer risks associated with the genetic mutation Lynch syndrome, a finding that could lead to earlier detection of a wide range of cancers in sufferers.

New class of potential drugs inhibits inflammation in brain
Scientists at Emory University School of Medicine have identified a new group of compounds that may protect brain cells from inflammation linked to seizures and neurodegenerative diseases.

Diagnostics for viruses a step closer to reality
Scientists have developed a technique which could form the basis of a non-invasive diagnostic for Adenovirus - the virus responsible for a large number of common illnesses.

LSUHSC's Gee honored for improving health of women, children and families
Rebekah E. Gee MD MPH FACOG, Assistant Professor, LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans' Schools of Public Health and Medicine, has been chosen to receive a Recognition of Distinction for Excellence in State Maternal Child Health Leadership Award from the Association of Maternal & Child Health Programs.

Latest advance in precise radiation treatment a powerful addition -- first in the nation
UT Southwestern Medical Center has installed a new system to deliver extremely precise and individualized radiation treatment, assuring that cancer patients in the region have access to the latest advances in radiation oncology.

Menopausal women use non-medical approaches to treat their symptoms and want more support
Menopausal women prefer non-medical treatment for their symptoms and want more support from their GP and partner, finds a new study published today in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

When nerve meets muscle, biglycan seals the deal
In the absence of the protein biglycan, synapses at neuromuscular junctions in mice began to break up about five weeks after birth, according to a new study led by Brown University researchers.

First fish app from the Smithsonian is free on iTunes
The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute has released the first completely portable bilingual species identification guide for the shore fishes of the tropical Eastern Pacific as a free iPhone application.

Financially empowering school-age girls in resource-poor nations can prevent HIV and herpes infections
Findings of research published Online First by the Lancet suggest that financially empowering school-age girls and their families can have substantial effects on their sexual and reproductive health, reducing both HIV and HSV-2 infections.

Vitamin D treatment not found to reduce cardiovascular abnormalities in kidney disease patients
Almost a year's treatment with a vitamin D compound did not alleviate key structural and functional cardiovascular abnormalities in patients with kidney disease and cardiac enlargement.

Research paves way for non drug-based dementia treatments for 'behaviors that challenge' carers
Alternative therapies for dementia patients need to be researched and applied more consistently if they are to help care organizations improve the well-being of patients and reduce the number of antipsychotic drugs prescribed.

AFER announces 2011 Vistakon Fellowship recipients
ARVO Foundation for Eye Research congratulates the first AFER/Vistakon Dry Eye Fellowship recipients -- Andrea Petznick, Ph.D., and Juan Ding, Ph.D.

From prediction to reality -- a new class of bulk insulator but surface conductor material
As a result of a joint intensive work of several groups from five different countries, including Basque Country, a new wide class of topological insulators materials that are insulators in the bulk but conductors at the surface with technologically very promising properties has been discovered.

Do cold consumers like to warm up to romance movies?
Do romance movies warm people up? A new study in the Journal of Consumer Research finds that yes, consumers choose romance movies over other genres when they feel cold.

New nano-material combinations produce leap in infrared technology
Researchers in ASU's Center for Photonics Innovation are using new combinations of nano-materials to produce advances in infrared photodetection technology.

Freeze-dried heart valve scaffolds hold promise for heart valve replacement
The biological scaffold that gives structure to a heart valve after its cellular material has been removed can be freeze-dried and stored for later use as a tissue-engineered replacement valve to treat a failing heart, as described in an article in Tissue Engineering, Part C: Methods, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Analyzing the causes of obesity in the Romani ethnic group
Esther Rebato is a well-known figure in the field of Physical Anthropology.

GW researchers reveal digital transcriptome of breast cancer
GW Cancer Research Team in the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, in the School of Medicine and Health Sciences, published a study that is the first of its kind to use mRNA sequencing to look at the expression of genome, at a unprecedented resolution at the current time, in three types of breast cancer.

Treating acute sinusitis with antibiotic does not appear helpful
Treatment with the antibiotic amoxicillin for patients with acute uncomplicated rhinosinusitis (inflammation of the nasal cavity and sinuses) did not result in a significant difference in symptoms compared to patients who received placebo, according to a study in the Feb.

What causes language switching in bilinguals?
The proficiency that a bilingual person has of both languages, the context in which he speaks them or unconscious changes in their use are the factors that make people who speak Spanish and Catalan switch from one language to another.

Chemists mimic nature to design better medical tests
Over their 3.8 billion years of evolution, living organisms have developed countless strategies for monitoring their surroundings.

New guidelines developed for improved DVT diagnosis
A researcher at Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City is part of a select panel of international experts to help develop new evidence-based clinical guidelines used by physicians worldwide for the diagnosis and treatment of blood-clotting disorders, one of the most common cardiovascular diseases in the United States.

Report seeks to integrate microbes into climate models
The models used to understand how Earth's climate works include thousands of different variables from many scientific including atmospherics, oceanography, seismology, geology, physics and chemistry, but few take into consideration the vast effect that microbes have on climate.

Different bodies, different minds
We like to think of ourselves as rational creatures, absorbing information, weighing it carefully, and making thoughtful decisions.

Online role-playing games hurt marital satisfaction, says BYU study
The first study to document a link between online role-playing games and marital satisfaction says it's not just about how much time is spent playing - the ensuing arguments and disruption of routines are the real sore spots.

SIV infection may lead to increase in immune-suppressive Treg cells
Tissue in monkeys infected with a close relative of HIV can ramp up production of a type of T cell that actually weakens the body's attack against the invading virus.

Building bone from cartilage
A person has a tumor removed from her femur. A soldier is struck by an improvised explosive device and loses a portion of his tibia.

Diabetes risk factors in young Sri Lankans much higher than previously thought
Scientists at King's College London and the National Diabetes Center have found evidence of a high number of risk factors for type II diabetes among the young urban population in Sri Lanka.

Orthopaedic smart device provides personalized medicine
Imagine a smart sensor customized to provide vital, real-time information about a patient's recent orthopaedic surgery.

A look back suggests a sobering future of wildfire dangers in US west
The American West has seen a recent increase in large wildfires due to droughts, the build-up of combustible fuel, or biomass, in forests, a spread of fire-prone species and increased tree mortality from insects and heat.

New web tool to improve accuracy of global land cover maps
An interactive web tool has been developed to improve the accuracy and extent of global land use and forest cover information.

Scott & White 'VAD program' awarded certification from Joint Commission
The Scott & White Heart & Vascular Institute in Temple has earned the Joint Commission's Gold Seal of Approval as a hospital performing ventricular assist device as a destination therapy.

South Asians living with coronary disease experience lower quality of life: Study
In a first-of-its-kind study in Canada, Kevin Bainey of the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry has discovered that South Asians who live in Alberta with coronary disease experience a lower quality of life.

Let's stretch...
The proteins actin, myosin and titin are big players in the business of muscle contraction.

Stem cell treatments improve heart function after heart attack
Stem cell therapy moderately improves heart function after a heart attack, according to a systematic review published in the Cochrane Library.

What shields gay youth from suicide
What protects gay youths from considering suicide and what makes them most vulnerable to it?
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