Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 17, 2012
Nano-enabled nasal spray for osteoporosis
This article is about a new collaboration to develop a nano-enabled nasal spray for the treatment of osteoporosis.

Switching antiepileptic drugs could increase risk of seizures
Brand and generic epilepsy drugs are equally safe and effective; but switching from a brand-name antiepileptic drug to a generic one could increase some individuals' chances of having a seizure, according to a comprehensive research review conducted by pharmacists and doctors at the University of Connecticut and Hartford Hospital.

Climate change leads to pollution of indigenous people's water supplies
Indigenous people around the world are among the most vulnerable to climate change and are increasingly susceptible to the pathogen loads found in potable water after heavy rainfall or rapid snow melt.

Dash to help -- new app to improve stroke treatment
The Newcastle team who helped develop the FAST system to identify a stroke are now piloting an app to ensure the best treatment for stroke patients.

AAAS-SFU research: Linking human evolution and climate change
It's not a take on climate change we often hear about.

University Hospitals receives $5 million gift for Eye Institute
The Elisabeth Severance Prentiss Foundation has made a $5 million gift to University Hospitals for the Eye Institute.

Deepwater Horizon disaster could have billion dollar impact
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in April 2010 will have a large economic impact on the US Gulf fisheries.

BGI and ACRG announce collaboration to accelerate cancer research in Asia
BGI and ACRG announce collaboration to accelerate cancer research in Asia.

A robot sketches portraits
An industrial robot as artist? From March 6-10, 2012, researchers will be presenting what may at first seem to be a contradiction at CeBIT in Hanover, Germany (Hall 9, Stand E08).

Pregnancy-related complications predict CVD in middle age
Women who developed pregnancy-related hypertension (preeclampsia) or diabetes were at increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) later in life.

Rensselaer web scientists to help lead conference on computation in healthcare and life sciences
Web scientist and Research Associate Professor Joanne Luciano in the Tetherless World Constellation at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute is co-chairing the 2012 Semantics in Healthcare and Life Sciences conference Feb.

A new, beautifully colored lizard discovered in the Peruvian Andes
Researchers from the Centro de Ornitología y Biodiversidad in Peru have discovered a new species of a beautifully-colored lizard, living in the mountainous regions of the country.

Revealed in accurate detail, the underground world of plants
Plant and computer scientists can now study the underground world of plants with more accuracy and clarity.

Improving logistics of biofuel raw materials
If the increased use of biomass to produce alternative fuels is to become a reality, more attention needs to be paid to logistics - how, for example, biomass raw materials are shipped from farm to refinery, as well as the development of better ways of preparing the products for shipping.

Collaboration: Expanding the very model of a modern major scientist
Arizona State University scientist James Collins examines how the transformation in scientific practice affects the business of how science is done in his opening talk for the AAAS Symposium

Food security, climate change and climate variability focus of Stanford-led symposium at AAAS
The demand for food, feed and fuel will continue to rise as the world population grows and becomes more affluent.

New autism research reveals brain differences at 6 months in infants who develop autism
A new study from the Infant Brain Imaging Network, which includes researchers at the Center for Autism Research at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, found significant differences in brain development starting at age six months in high-risk infants who later develop autism, compared to high-risk infants who did not develop autism.

Hidden in plain sight, concrete holds a strange history
Concrete: we walk on it, drive on it, and many of us work within its walls.

Researchers develop better control for DNA-based computations
A North Carolina State University chemist has found a way to give DNA-based computing better control over logic operations.

No kids in public school? You still benefit
Quality public schools benefit everyone - including those without school-aged children - and therefore everyone should play a role in maintaining them, according to a study by two Michigan State University scholars.

Taking biofuel from forest to highway
The world is moving from a hydrocarbon economy to a carbohydrate economy, according to University of British Columbia biofuel expert Jack Saddler.

Comments by the International Scientific Forum on Alcohol Research
In 2008, the NHMRC commissioned the Dieticians Association of Australia to undertake systematic literature reviews to support the revision of the Dietary Guidelines for Australians.

'Talking dictionaries' document vanishing languages
Digital technology is coming to the rescue of some of the world's most endangered languages.

Vitamin B and omega-3 supplementation and cancer: New data
Researchers from the Nutritional Epidemiology Joint Research Unit have just published a study showing that, in men with a previous history of cardiovascular pathologies, supplementation with B vitamins and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids did not significantly increase the occurrence of cancer.

Professor from Karolinska Institutet now international educator
Hans Rosling, professor of international health at the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet and founder of the Gapminder Foundation, is equally popular as a lecturer at international science conferences and as a guest on television shows around the world.

Queen's University computing professor sparks gamers' creativity at world renowned conference
Gamers don't just play Nicholas Graham's new video game, Liberi Live - they design it.

Countdown to the introduction of a norovirus vaccine
On Friday, Feb. 17, 2012 at 10 a.m., Charles Arntzen, ASU Regents' professor, and professor in the Center for Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology at the Biodesign Institutute will deliver a lecture entitled

Extreme imaging wins science praise
A Griffith University Ph.D. candidate has been highly awarded for his innovative image of the shadow of a single atom.

Thinking outside sustainability's box at the intersection of art and science
Science is about facts, but the science of sustainability also involves questions underpinned by values.

As ice melts in Far North, opportunities abound to advance Canada's oceanic laws
Thinning ice resulting from climate change in the Arctic is happening far faster than experts previously imagined.

Climate change takes back seat to decision-making in water security says ASU researcher
Phoenix, the sixth largest U.S. city, is vulnerable to water shortages even without climate change because of heavy outdoor water use and fragmented governance, according to research conducted at the Decision Center for a Desert City, at Arizona State University.

Arctic micro-organisms may hold key to dealing with oil spills in the North
Arctic micro-organisms may soon allow researchers to have the information they need to accurately predict the environmental impacts of events from oil spills to climate change

AAAS-SFU research: Chilling climate-change related news
A presentation at the world's largest science fair by a Simon Fraser University earth sciences professor promises to make the skin crawl of even the most ardent disbelievers of the predicted impacts of climate change.

Expert panel deliberates hydraulic fracturing in shale gas development
The use of hydraulic fracturing in shale gas development took center stage Friday as a panel of US and Canadian experts discussed the contentious practice in a three-hour symposium hosted by the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Sandia National Laboratories researchers find energy storage 'solutions' in MetILs
Sandia researchers have developed a new family of liquid salt electrolytes, known as MetILs, that could lead to batteries able to cost-effectively store three times more energy than today's batteries.

3 NYU faculty win Sloan Foundation research fellowships
Three NYU faculty have been awarded fellowships from the Alfred P.

Stanford scientist to discuss the challenges and opportunities of carbon sequestration at AAAS
Two major challenges stand in the way of carbon sequestration reaching its full potential, says Stanford University scientist Sally Benson.

Maternal depression and bilingual households can impact infant language development
While babies are born ready to learn any of the world's languages, the crucial developmental period when they attune to their native languages can change due to environmental influences such as maternal depression or a bilingual upbringing, according to new University of British Columbia research.

New research relationships developing due to dwindling dollars
Agronomic science gets a boost by building public and private partnerships, already resulting in an infusion of needed money for research and extension programs, but also supporting the legitimacy of work being done by both companies and universities.

Reducing salt in crisps without affecting the taste
Food scientists have found a way of measuring how we register the saltiness of crisps which could lead to new ways of producing healthier crisps -- without losing any of the taste.

Cranky today? Even mild dehydration can alter our moods
Recent studies out of the University of Connecticut's Human Performance Laboratory show that even mild dehydration can cause headaches, concentration problems, and fatigue.

Study finds Caribbean-American women at higher risk for elevated mercury levels
A new study published by researchers at SUNY Downstate Medical Center's School of Public Health assesses mercury levels in pregnant women and examines dietary and environmental sources of exposure to mercury.

Sprawling and powerful 'community models' shaping future of regional and global science
Where the earliest ideas might have been conveyed in something as simple as a cave painting, modern-day scientists are wrestling with phenomena as big and complicated as intercontinental air pollution, desertification and global warming.

Cebit 2012: Intelligent software assigns appropriate background music for pictures
Previously, setting a picture or whole series of pictures to suitable music required expert knowledge and a great deal of time.

Nasty 'superbug' is being studied by UB researchers
University at Buffalo researchers are expressing concern about a new, under-recognized, much more potent variant of a common bacterium that has surfaced in the US.

Social workers should reclaim role in juvenile corrections system, MU researcher says
A University of Missouri expert on juvenile justice and child welfare says social workers should return to the juvenile corrections system and reclaim their role as rehabilitators.

A single protein helps the body keep watch over the Epstein-Barr virus
Some 90 percent of people are exposed to the Epstein Barr virus at some point in their life.

Public health experts to hold international conference on black health in the Western Hemisphere
Registration is open for the International Conference on Health in the African Diaspora.

Griffith's 3-D microscopy a research breakthrough
The understanding of diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's is set to take a step forward following groundbreaking technology at Griffith University which will enable cell analysis using automated 3D microscopy.

Star cluster surrounds wayward black hole in cannibal galaxy
Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope may have found evidence for a cluster of young, blue stars encircling one of the first intermediate-mass black holes ever discovered.

Live from the thymus: T-cells on the move
For the first time, scientists follow the development of individual immune cells in a living zebrafish embryo.

When your left hand mimics what your right hand does: It's in the genes
Research scientists from Inserm, CNRS, UPMC and AP-HP working for the Centre de Recherche de l'Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle of la Pitié-Salpêtrière, have just discovered mutations that could be the cause of congenital mirror movement disorders.

Phytoplankton key to a healthy planet
Each year, phytoplankton are responsible for converting about 45 gigatons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to organic carbon.

Launch of new system for observing the Southern Ocean
An international committee of experts will meet this month to begin the implementation of a new observing system for the study of the Southern Ocean.

Georgia Tech develops braille-like texting app
Georgia Tech researchers have designed a texting solution that could become a modern substitute for passing notes under the table.

THEMIS celebrates 5 years of watching aurora and space weather
Energy and radiation from the sun impacts and changes Earth's magnetic environment, the magnetosphere, and such impacts cause

Hazardous medications
More than one in four elderly patients was given potentially hazardous medication during 2007.

Fever control using external cooling reduces early mortality in septic shock patients
Fever control using external cooling in sedated patients with septic shock is safe and decreases vasopressor requirements and early mortality, according to a new study from researchers in France.

AAAS-SFU research: Fracking risks, fact or fiction?
A Simon Fraser University researcher known for his expertise on naturally occurring hazards will participate Friday in a shake down of the truth about a new form of human-induced earthquakes.

The balancing act between protection and inflammation in MS
Scientists discover a molecular mechanism that could help explain how multiple sclerosis and other autoimmune diseases can be exacerbated by infection.

Mapping proteins key to human health and immune system: UBC research
Proteins, the building block for all living organisms, are the ultimate transformers -- able to splice and switch roles and functions within the human body.

OSU opens Brazilian Nature Exhibition on Feb. 27
São Paulo Research Foundation, Fapesp, and Ohio State University will inaugurate on Feb.

Perception, work-life balance key factors in workplace safety, says UGA study
Six thousand workers die on the job in the US each year, and millions more are injured.

The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education honors new officers, fellow, awardees
The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education -- the educational branch of The Gerontological Society of America -- is proud to announce its newest elected officers, fellow, and the recipients of its 2012 awards.

UCLA discovery that migrating cells 'turn right' has implications for engineering tissues, organs
What if we could engineer a liver or kidney from a patient's own stem cells?

Gaming to improve eyesight and 'hearing' colors
McMaster University psychologist Daphne Maurer will report on how vision develops in individuals born with cataracts in both eyes.

Man-made photosynthesis to revolutionize food and energy production
Improving natural photosynthesis to make new fuels and boost crop production is the focus of Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council funded research presented at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting today.

The mathematics of a heart beat could save lives
First mathematical model of a rather special beating heart cell.

UI researcher notes importance of particulate matter on climate, health
When it comes to predicting climate change, researchers need to take into account the effects of particles in the air.

Brain differences seen at 6 months in infants who develop autism
Researchers have found significant differences in brain development in infants as young as six months old who later develop autism, compared with babies who don't develop the disorder.

How mitochondrial DNA defects cause inherited deafness
Yale scientists have discovered the molecular pathway by which maternally inherited deafness appears to occur: Mitochondrial DNA mutations trigger a signaling cascade, resulting in programmed cell death.

Beyond climate models: Rethinking how to envision the future with climate change
Professor Stephen Sheppard will present at the symposium Beyond Climate Models: Rethinking How to Envision the Future with Climate Change Friday, February 17, 1:30-4:30 p.m. at the American Association for the Advancement of Science conference in Vancouver.

Is clot-busting drug safe for kids with strokes?
New research looks at whether clot-busting drugs can safely be given to children who have strokes.

New MDC Research Report published
The Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine Berlin-Buch, which celebrates its 20th anniversary this year, has published its latest research report.

From Earth's water to cosmic dawn: New tools unveiling astronomical mysteries
Two powerful new research facilities are helping astronomers address the exciting challenges of cutting-edge science, from our own Galaxy to the far-flung reaches of the Universe.

Meeting to outline effective education about aging as America's senior population grows
The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education -- the educational branch of the Gerontological Society of America -- will hold its 38th Annual Meeting and Educational Leadership Conference from Feb.

Rain-soaked Madagascar again threatened by Cyclone Giovanna
Rainfall data from NASA's TRMM satellite revealed that parts of Madagascar's east coast received over a foot of rainfall from Cyclone Giovanna's passage, and new satellite data shows Cyclone Giovanna re-strengthening and turning back toward southeastern Madagascar.

University of Miami graduate student Bellomo takes 1st prize in AMS Poster Competition
The American Meteorological Society announced that University of Miami Meteorology and Physical Oceanography graduate student Katinka Bellomo was awarded first prize for the 24th Conference on Climate Change and Variability student poster competition at the organization's 92nd Annual Meeting in New Orleans.

No more virtual pickpocketing of credit cards, thanks to new tap and pay technology
With technology has come ease. Such ease, however, also has brought with it theft and fraud.

Brain-imaging differences evident at 6 months in infants who develop autism
A study led by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill suggests that autism does not appear suddenly in young children, but instead develops over time during infancy.

Who goes there?
We are all used to logging into networks where we have a unique identity, verified by the network server and associated with our account for other members of the network to see.

'Wild west' approach to claiming the oceans' genetic resources must end: UBC media release
New international agreements are required to ensure nations benefit equally from medicines, foods and biofuels derived from the ocean's untapped genetic riches.

Models underestimate future temperature variability; Food security at risk
Climate warming caused by greenhouse gases is very likely to increase the variability of summertime temperatures around the world by the end of this century, new research shows.

Building blocks of early Earth survived collision that created moon
Unexpected new findings by a University of Maryland team of geochemists show that some portions of the Earth's mantle (the rocky layer between Earth's metallic core and crust) formed when the planet was much smaller than it is now, and that some of this early-formed mantle survived Earth's turbulent formation, including a collision with another planet-sized body that many scientists believe led to the creation of the moon.

AAAS-SFU research: Controlling forest fires
Simon Fraser University statistician Rick Routledge will share his knowledge of what layers of charcoal in lake-bottom sediment can tell us about an area's forest fire history, at the world's largest science fair in Vancouver.

Researchers see differences in Autism brain development as early as 6 months
Autism Speaks-funded research finds changes in brain development underlying autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may be detectable as early as six months.
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