Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 19, 2012
An update on projections of alcohol-related deaths in England and Wales
A comment published Online First by the Lancet provides the latest projections on alcohol-related deaths in England and Wales over the next 2 decades, based on data up to 2010.

X-rays illuminate the interior of the Moon
Contrary to Earth, the Moon has no active volcanoes. This is surprising as liquid magma is believed to exist deep inside the Moon.

Indiana Clinical and Translational Science Institute HUB: A model for collaboration
At a time when medical research increasingly requires collaboration by large numbers of busy people, the Indiana Clinical and Translational Science Institute HUB offers a model for using advanced information technology to link scientists, health providers, community partners and others for the purpose of accelerating clinical and translational research.

AAAS 2012 talks from the Earth Institute
Scientists at Columbia University's Earth Institute will present important new work on global climate, air pollution, agriculture and other issues at the Feb.

Study: New treatment for traumatic brain injury shows promise in animals
A new drug is showing promise in shielding against the harmful effects of traumatic brain injury in rats, according to a study that was released today and will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 64th Annual Meeting in New Orleans April 21 to April 28, 2012.

Cutting-edge science creating solutions for African agriculture
A reinvigorated effort to boost African science know-how to solve Africa's challenges has begun.

Scripps research scientists identify protein that sends 'painful touch' signals
In two landmark papers in the journal Nature this week, scientists at the Scripps Research Institute report that they have identified a class of proteins that detect

Southwest pueblo-dwellers key to modern climate policy?
How can we plan sustainably for an unknowable future outcome?

Director discusses cancer evolution at prestigious conference
Professor Mike Stratton, Director of the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, will speak about 'the evolution of the cancer genome' at the prestigious 2012 American Association for the Advancement of Science annual meeting.

Single-atom transistor is 'perfect'
In a remarkable feat of micro-engineering, Australian physicists have created a working transistor consisting of a single atom placed precisely in a silicon crystal.

Serious infectious diseases still on the increase in New Zealand because of rising social and ethnic inequalities
Infectious diseases are still the most common cause of hospital admission in New Zealand with hospitalizations due to serious infectious diseases increasing by more than 50 percent over the past 20 years, according to new research published Online First in the Lancet.

Studying the evolution of life's building blocks
Studying the origin of life at its building blocks offers a unique perspective on evolution, says a researcher at Michigan State University.

Smart grids could outsmart criminals
Hassan Farhangi leads the Intelligent Microgrid project at the British Columbia Institute of Technology (BCIT).

New brain connections form in clusters during learning
New connections between brain cells emerge in clusters in the brain as animals learn to perform a new task, according to a new study.

A surprising molecular switch
In a standard biology textbook, cells tend to look more or less the same from all sides.

A step toward better electronics
Many experts think graphene could change the face of electronics -- especially if the scientific community can overcome a major challenge intrinsic to the material.

Preparing for the flood: Visualizations help communities plan for sea-level rise
Researchers at the University of British Columbia have produced computer visualizations of rising sea levels in a low-lying coastal municipality, illustrating ways to adapt to climate change impacts such as flooding and storms surges.

Reformulated imatinib eliminates morphine tolerance in lab studies
By reformulating the common cancer drug imatinib (Gleevec), researchers have eliminated morphine tolerance in rats -- an important step toward improving the effectiveness of chronic pain management in patients, according to researchers at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Livestock science will benefit sub-Saharan Africa
Africa will benefit greatly from advances in livestock science that will benefit the animals and the people they provide with high quality protein, said scientists here Sunday.

Taking tips from Vikings can help us adapt to global change
Climate change, economic turmoil and cultural upheaval may be pressing concerns today -- but history can teach us how best to respond, research suggests.

ASU sustainability scientist to give anthropologist view of globalization at the local scale
The modernization of isolated villages brings about a change in human information flow patterns that not only destroys the social fabric of the community, but also the economy and the landscape, according to Sander van der Leeuw, a Senior Sustainability Scientist at Arizona State University's Global Institute of Sustainability.

Deadly carbon monoxide prevents miscarriage
Both miscarriage and pre-eclampsia are associated with low levels of Heme oxygenase -1 (HO-1) in the placenta, however research suggests that carbon monoxide can mimic the effects of HO-1.

Glaciers: A window into human impact on the global carbon cycle
New clues as to how the Earth's remote ecosystems have been influenced by the industrial revolution are locked, frozen in the ice of glaciers.

Policies implementing GMOs need to take biodiversity complexities into account, says Pitt researcher
Policies regarding genetically modified organisms need to take biodiversity and regional attributes into account, according to Sandra Mitchell, Pitt professor and chair in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science.

Yosemite's alpine chipmunks take genetic hit from climate change
Global warming has driven Yosemite's alpine chipmunks to higher ground, prompting a startling decline in the species' genetic diversity, according to a new UC Berkeley study.

Faulty fat sensor implicated in obesity and liver disease
Defects in a protein that functions as a dietary fat sensor may be a cause of obesity and liver disease, according to a study published in the journal Nature.

The USP15 biological thermostat: A promising novel therapeutic target in cancer
After years studying the molecular bases of glioblastoma - the most common brain tumor and one of the most aggressive of all cancers, the group led by Dr.

Better models needed to track atmospheric pollution's impact on health, climate
The past decade has witnessed a significant growth in Asian air pollution, causing a great concern for air quality and climate.

A classic model for ecological stability revised, 40 years later
A famous mathematical formula which shook the world of ecology 40 years ago has been revisited and refined by two University of Chicago researchers in the current issue of Nature.

Pulsars: The Universe's gift to physics
Pulsars, which already have produced two Nobel Prizes, are providing scientists with unique insights on topics from particle physics to General Relativity.

Scientists prove Turing's tiger stripe theory
Researchers from King's College London have provided the first experimental evidence confirming a great British mathematician's theory of how biological patterns such as tiger stripes or leopard spots are formed.
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