Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 24, 2012
In the genes, but which ones?
A team of researchers, led by David I. Laibson '88, the Robert I.

Psychiatry program garners national education award
An approach to treatment that focuses on recovery from mental illness, not the treatment of it, is gaining national acclaim for the Medical College of Georgia Department of Psychiatry and Health Behavior at Georgia Health Sciences University.

Astrophysicists from Clemson University and Europe unmask a black hole
A study of X-rays emitted a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away has unmasked a stellar mass black hole in Andromeda, a spiral galaxy about 2.6 million light-years from Earth.

Exploring the truth behind organic production and food quality
As consumers we are increasingly disconnected from how our food is produced and supplied.

A new radiotherapy technique significantly reduces irradiation of healthy tissue
Researchers at the University of Granada and the university hospital Virgen de las Nieves in Granada, Spain, have developed a pioneer radiotherapy technique that only targets cancerous tissue.

Emerge attracts futurists to collaborate with scientists, designers artists is redesign of future
Singular questions about what it means to be human in the face of emerging technologies will be explored March 1-3 when Arizona State University hosts Emerge.

A biodiversity discovery that was waiting in the wings -- wasp wings, that is
From spaghetti-like sea anemones to blobby jellyfish to filigreed oak trees, each species in nature is characterized by a unique size and shape.

A million chances to save a life
Would you be able to find an automated external defibrillator if someone's life depended on it?

Correct protein folding
Using the exceptionally bright and powerful X-ray beams of the Advanced Light Source, Berkeley Lab researchers have discovered a critical control element within chaperonin, the protein complex responsible for the correct folding of other proteins.

The emotional oracle effect
Eight studies in this paper found that people with higher trust in their feelings were more likely to correctly predict the final outcome than those with lower trust in their feelings.

Novel method to make nanomaterials discovered
Researchers at the NanoScience Center of the University of Jyvaskyla, Finland, and at Harvard University, US, have discovered a novel way to make nanomaterials.

Genetic risk for elevated arsenic toxicity discovered
One of the first large-scale genomic studies conducted in a developing country has discovered genetic variants that elevate the risk for skin lesions in people chronically exposed to arsenic.

Natural method for clearing cellular debris provides new targets for lupus treatment
Cells that die naturally generate a lot of internal debris that can trigger the immune system to attack the body, leading to diseases such as lupus.

Combined inhibition of VEGF and c-MET can decrease metastasis
Dual inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor and c-MET signaling inhibited tumor invasion and metastasis in a laboratory model of pancreatic neuroendocrine cancer, according to a paper published in Cancer Discovery.

Doctors find new way to predict recurrent stroke
New research shows that using a CT (computerised tomography) scan, doctors can predict if patients who have had a transient ischemic attack or minor stroke, with neurological symptoms such as weakness or speech issues, are at risk for another more severe stroke.

How heavy and light isotopes separate in magma
In the crash-car derby between heavy and light isotopes vying for the coolest spots as magma turns to solid rock, weightier isotopes have an edge: momentum.

Training parents is good medicine for children with autism behavior problems
Children with autism spectrum disorders who also have serious behavioral problems responded better to medication combined with training for their parents than to treatment with medication alone, Yale researchers and their colleagues report in the February issue of Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

Study proposes new measure of world equity market segmentation
A recent study in the Review of Financial Studies proposes a new, valuation-based measure of equity market segmentation.

Rethinking the social structure of ancient Eurasian nomads: Current Anthropology research
Prehistoric Eurasian nomads are commonly perceived as horse riding bandits who utilized their mobility and military skill to antagonize ancient civilizations such as the Chinese, Persians, and Greeks.

Experts in pediatric heart disease present research at Cardiology 2012 conference
Pediatric cardiology researchers and clinicians from almost 50 centers from across the US and around the world are gathering at the Cardiology 2012 Conference sponsored by The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia on Feb.

Car tracks beyond the asphalt
The contamination caused by road traffic not only affects the air, it also seeps under the asphalt and harms the adjacent soil and plants.

New research points to erosional origin of linear dunes
Linear dunes, widespread on Earth and Saturn's moon, Titan, are generally considered to have been formed by deposits of windblown sand.

Evolution of earliest horses driven by climate change
When Sifrhippus sandae, the earliest known horse, first appeared in the forests of North America more than 50 million years ago, it would not have been mistaken for a Clydesdale.

Light-emitting nanocrystal diodes go ultraviolet
A multinational team of scientists has developed a process for creating glass-based, inorganic light-emitting diodes that produce light in the ultraviolet range.

Wiley-Blackwell launches 2 interdisciplinary review titles in developmental and membrane biology
Wiley-Blackwell, the scientific, technical, medical and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons Inc., has launched two new interdisciplinary review publications: WIREs Developmental Biology and WIREs Membrane Transport and Signaling.

Protecting the climate by reducing fluorinated greenhouse gas emissions
The Montreal Protocol led to a global phase-out of most substances that deplete the ozone layer, such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).

Study shows significant state-by-state differences in black, white life expectancy
A group of researchers tracing disparities in life expectancy between blacks and whites in the US has found that white males live about 7 years longer on average than African American men and that white women live more than 5 years longer than their black counterparts.

Study extends the 'ecology of fear' to fear of parasites
Work at Washington University in St. Louis, just published in EcoHealth, shows that the ecology of fear, like other concepts from predator-prey theory, also extends to parasites.

Florida State chemist to receive prestigious award for rising faculty stars
Michael Shatruk, an assistant professor in Florida State University's Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry who is working to develop new magnetic materials, has been awarded the prestigious ExxonMobil Solid State Chemistry Faculty Fellowship for 2012 by the American Chemical Society's Division of Inorganic Chemistry.

GSA Bulletin: Alaska, Russia, Tibet, the Mississippi River, and the Great Green River Basin
New GSA BULLETIN science published online 24 Feb. includes work on the Chugach Metamorphic Complex of southern Alaska; news and data from the first non-Russian science team to make a helicopter over-flight of Shiveluch volcano in Kamchatka, Russia, after its large 2005 eruption; and a study by a team from the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory that proposes a new calibration model for the Eocene segment of the Geomagnetic Polarity Time Scale (GPTS).

Kessler Foundation scientist addresses opening of science complex of William Paterson University
John DeLuca, Ph.D, vice president for research at Kessler Foundation, is the featured speaker at the grand opening of the new Science Complex at William Paterson University's College of Science and Health.

Statins linked with lower depression risk in heart patients
Patients with heart disease who took cholesterol-lowering statins were significantly less likely to develop depression than those who did not, in a study by Mary Whooley, M.D., a physician at the San Francisco VA Medical Center and a professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco.

The Clay Mathematics Institute 2012 Clay Research awardees: Jeremy Kahn and Vladimir Markovic
Jeremy Kahn and Vladimir Markovic received the 2012 Clay Research Award.

Using its own technology for electric microgrids
The Public University of Navarre and CENER (National Centre for Renewable Energy) are taking part in a joint research project on renewable energy and based on electricity microgrids which enable enhancing energy efficiency, reducing contaminant emissions, increasing safety in supply and minimizing electricity losses.

March of Dimes provides $3 million in new funding for preterm birth research
The March of Dimes announced $3 million in new grants for prematurity prevention research so more babies will get a healthy start in life.

Scripps Florida team awarded nearly $1.5 million to develop potent new HIV inhibitors
A Scripps Research Institute team has been awarded nearly $1.5 million by the National Institutes of Health to identify and develop novel potent inhibitors of the human immunodeficiency virus, the cause of AIDS.

2012 Clay Research Award Conference
Clay Mathematics Institute will hold the 2012 Clay Research Conference at Oxford University in the Martin Wood Lecture Theater, June 18-19.

Berkeley Lab mathematicians win Cozzarelli Prize
Berkeley Lab mathematicians James Sethian and Robert Saye have won the 2011 Cozzarelli Prize for the best scientific paper in the category of Engineering and Applied Sciences.

Green fuel versus black gold
A life cycle assessment of growing crops for fuel as opposed to refining and using fossil fuels has revealed that substitution of gasoline by bioethanol converted from energy crops has considerable potential for rendering our society more sustainable, according to a Japanese study published in the International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy.

92 percent of families with adopted children are satisfied with their decision
Two separate surveys six years apart have been used to analyze the level of satisfaction with adoptions in Andalucia.

A study describes liquid water diffusion at molecular level
Liquid water exhibits a range of unusual properties that other chemical compounds do not have: up to 65 abnormalities.

Cancer therapy more potent when it hits 2 targets
Simultaneous targeting of two different molecules in cancer is an effective way to shrink tumors, block invasion, and stop metastasis, scientists at the University of California, San Francisco have found -- work that may improve the effectiveness of combination treatments that include drugs like Avastin.

Core facilities: Promoting outstanding research infrastructure
While most of the programs funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft focus on scientific projects, the DFG's

Study IDs new marine protected areas in Madagascar
A new study by the University of California, Berkeley, Wildlife Conservation Society, and others uses a new scientific methodology for establishing marine protected areas in Madagascar that offers a

Characteristics of fathers with depressive symptoms
Voluminous research literature attests to the multiple negative consequences of maternal depression and depressive symptoms for the health and development of children.

CeBIT: Robot obeys commands and gestures
At the CeBIT in Hanover, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and the FZI Research Center for Information Technology will present innovations for our everyday life in the future.

Cebit 2012: The wireless bicycle brake, a prototype on an exciting mission
A German computer scientist has developed a reliable wireless bicycle brake.

New knowledge on the pharmacology of dopamine stabilizers
Researchers have found that at very low concentrations, ACR16 binds to the sigma-1 receptor, a protein in the brain important to neuronal function and survival.

Could rosemary scent boost brain performance?
Hailed since ancient times for its medicinal properties, we still have a lot to learn about the effects of rosemary.

Accelerated search for active agents to treat Alzheimer's and Parkinson's
Professor Erich Wanker of the Max Delbrueck Center Berlin-Buch and of the Excellence Cluster Neurocure is to receive €675,000 in funding from the Helmholtz Association over the next two years.
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