Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 02, 2012
NIH asthma outcome measures aim to maximize research investments, reduce disparities
Newly proposed asthma outcome measures will help standardize and improve results from the hundreds of millions of dollars the NIH spends annually to study asthma, according to the Merck Childhood Asthma Network Inc.

Novo Nordisk and BGI establish global collaboration framework
Novo Nordisk, one of the world's leading companies in diabetes care and BGI, the world's largest genomics organization jointly announced that they have reached an agreement to establish a global collaboration framework, which provides an unprecedented collaborative opportunity for Novo Nordisk and BGI to accelerate their growth, execute their global partnering strategy and support disease research and development efforts.

Drugs: 'New' does not always mean 'better'
Cases in which a newly approved drug is more effective than the cheaper alternatives already available are the exceptions rather than the rule.

Diabetes risk from sitting around
A new study has found that women who stay seated for long periods of time every day are more prone to developing Type 2 diabetes, but that a similar link wasn't found in men.

World's best measurement of W boson mass points to Higgs mass and tests Standard Model
The latest measurement of the mass of the W boson from the Tevatron experiments.

Childhood cancer patients: Increased risk of infertility
Survivors of cancer in childhood have a higher risk of infertility in later life.

Violent relationships likely detrimental to good parenting
Couples who are married or living together will probably have more trouble parenting as a team if they have been violent toward one another during pregnancy, according to a team of psychologists.

Video publication goes viral
A scientific method paper and video by Loyola researchers has gone viral.

Ozone treated water v. lethal microbial material
A University of Alberta research team has discovered that technology commonly used to decontaminate food industry equipment can also rid meat processing plants of lethal microbial material responsible for the human version of the ailment Mad Cow disease.

New 3-D stem cell culture method published in JoVE
Stem cells are the body's mechanics, repairing damaged tissues and organs.

Holding a mirror to brain changes in autism
Impaired social function is a cardinal symptom of autism spectrum disorders.

When my eyes serve my stomach
Our senses aren't just delivering a strict view of what's going on in the world; they're affected by what's going on in our heads.

UK scientists develop optimum piezoelectric energy harvesters
Scientists working as part of the Metrology for Energy Harvesting Project have developed a new model to deliver the maximum power output for piezoelectric energy harvesters.

Artificial 'womb' unlocks secrets of early embryo development
Pioneering work by a leading University of Nottingham scientist has helped reveal for the first time a vital process in the development of the early mammalian embryo.

Unexpected crustacean diversity discovered in northern freshwater ecosystems
Freshwater ecosystems in northern regions are home to significantly more species of water fleas than traditionally thought, adding to evidence that regions with vanishing waters contain unique animal life.

Studies show exposure to diesel exhaust may increase lung cancer mortality
Heavy diesel exhaust exposure in humans may increase the risk of dying from lung cancer, according to two papers released March 2 by the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

New study will help protect vulnerable birds from impacts of climate change
Scientists from PRBO Conservation Science and the CA Department of Fish and Game have completed an innovative study of the effects of climate change on bird species of greatest concern.

Studies reveal structure of EV71, a virus causing childhood illnesses
Researchers have discovered critical new details about the structure of a virus (enterovirus 71) that causes potentially fatal brain swelling and paralysis in children, pointing toward designs for antiviral drugs to treat the disease.

Standardized outcome measures proposed for asthma clinical research
A consortium of federal agencies and nongovernmental organizations has published a report proposing a set of common measures and data-collection methods for use in asthma clinical research.

A healthy teenager is a happy teenager
Teenagers who turn their backs on a healthy lifestyle and turn to drink, cigarettes and junk food are significantly unhappier than their healthier peers.

UT Engineering faculty receive almost $1.4 million in NSF CAREER awards
Four faculty members from the Cockrell School of Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin have been selected to receive Faculty Early Career Development awards totaling nearly $1.4 million from the National Science Foundation.

Stress making your blood pressure rise? Blame your immune system
If stress is giving you high blood pressure, blame the immune system.

Heart-powered pacemaker could one day eliminate battery-replacement surgery
A new power scheme for cardiac pacemakers turns to an unlikely source: Vibrations from heartbeats themselves.

American College of Rheumatology releases first classification criteria for polymyalagia rheumatica
The American College of Rheumatology has released the first classification criteria for polymyalgia rheumatica -- aimed at helping physicians identify patients with this condition, which occurs in persons aged 50 years or older who have recent onset of pain in the shoulders, neck and hips along with other inflammatory symptoms not explained by an alternate diagnosis.

Oceans acidifying faster today than in past 300 million years
Anthropogenic CO2 emissions, in addition to causing global warming, alter the chemistry of seas and oceans, causing them to turn progressively acidic.

New computers respond to students' emotions, boredom
Emotion-sensing computer software that models and responds to students' cognitive and emotional states -- including frustration and boredom -- has been developed by University of Notre Dame assistant professor of psychology Sidney D'Mello and colleagues from the University of Memphis and Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Unwinding nature's clocks, with $14 million from DARPA
Scientists know our biological clocks are coordinated -- from our daily rhythms to our metabolism, and the growth, development and death of cells -- but they aren't sure how.

Prenatal remediation strategy significantly reduces lead poisoning in children
An initiative in St. Louis targeted the homes of pregnant women to receive inspection and remediation of lead hazards before the birth of a child.

'REST' is crucial for the timing of brain development
Researchers have just shown that the molecule REST acts as an adapter in stem cells, and hope that future studies of REST will contribute to the development of new types of treatments for diseases such as cancer.

New screening technique could provide more reliable breast cancer detection
Scientists have successfully completed an initial trial of a new, potentially more reliable, technique for screening breast cancer using ultrasound.

Dark matter core defies explanation in NASA Hubble image
Astronomers using data from NASA's Hubble Telescope have observed what appears to be a clump of dark matter left behind from a wreck between massive clusters of galaxies.

Notre Dame's Bengal Bouts participants aid in concussion research
Participants in this year's University of Notre Dame Bengal Bouts charity boxing tournament are undergoing post-bout testing to help advance concussion research.

Mystery deepens around dark core in cosmic collision
Five years ago, San Francisco State researcher Andisheh Mahdavi and his colleagues observed an unexpected dark core at the center of Abell 520, a cosmic

R-loops break down gene silencing
UC Davis researchers have figured out how the human body keeps essential genes switched

Power hungry
When extra-high voltage transformers fail, causing blackouts and more, replacing them quickly is not easy.

Another severe weather system seen on satellite movie from NASA
Another powerful weather system is moving through the central and eastern US, generating more severe weather.

Cell highlights BGI studies on single-cell sequencing, leading to a new era of cancer research
Cell highlights BGI studies on single-cell sequencing, leading to a new era of cancer research.

Flying jewels spell death for baby spiders
Spider flies are large, often metallic green or blue insects that are recognized as important pollinators of flowering plants.

Cocoa may enhance skeletal muscle function
A small clinical trial led by researchers at UC San Diego School of Medicine and VA San Diego Healthcare System found that patients with advanced heart failure and Type 2 diabetes showed improved mitochondrial structure after three months of treatment with epicatechin-enriched cocoa.

Nearby chimpanzee populations show much greater genetic diversity than distant human populations
Chimpanzee populations living in relatively close proximity are substantially more different genetically than humans living on different continents, according to a study published today in PLoS Genetics.

Heart healthy choices now pay off later
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle from young adulthood into your 40s is strongly associated with low cardiovascular disease risk in middle age, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study.

Protecting living fossil trees
Scientists are working to protect living fossil trees in Fiji from the impact of climate change with cutting-edge DNA sequencing technology.

Law that regulates shark fishery is too liberal: UBC study
Shark fins are worth more than other parts of the shark and are often removed from the body, which gets thrown back into the sea.

Important clue uncovered for the origins of a type of supernovae explosion
The origin of an important type of exploding stars -- Type Ia supernovae -- have been discovered, thanks to a research team at the University of Pittsburgh.Studying supernovae of this type helps researchers measure galaxy distances and can lead to important astronomical discoveries.

Energy squeeze
Northwestern University scientists turned to squeezed polymers and free radicals in a search for new energy sources.

How does cannabis affect working memory?
A deterioration of working memory is observed in people who consume drugs containing cannabinoid compounds found in cannabis leaves and buds.

Oxygen detected in atmosphere of Saturn's moon Dione
Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists and an international research team have announced discovery of molecular oxygen ions in the upper-most atmosphere of Dione, one of the 62 known moons orbiting the ringed planet.

GIS siting of emergency vehicles improves response time
In an emergency, minutes matter. With this knowledge, University of Georgia researchers developed a new method for determining where emergency vehicle stations should be located.

University academics are honored by the Queen
The Queen presented the University of Manchester with an award in recognition of the quality of its work in the nuclear field at a ceremony at Buckingham Palace last week.

Brown to establish Center for Evidence-Based Medicine
A prominent team of researchers is coming to Brown where they will advance methods for turning volumes of medical studies into knowledge that doctors can use to best treat patients.

RUB researcher analyzes Ghetto Pension trials
In 2002 the German Bundestag passed the so-called

UC Davis research shows how the body senses a range of hot temperatures
The winter sun feels welcome, but not so a summer sunburn.

AGU: Gasoline worse than diesel when it comes to some types of air pollution
The exhaust fumes from gasoline vehicles contribute more to the production of a specific type of air pollution-secondary organic aerosols -than those from diesel vehicles, according to a new study by scientists from the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, NOAA's Earth System Research Laboratory and other colleagues.

'Labor der Zukunft' -- Tomorrow's laboratory technology
Biomedical laboratories have to be safe, ergonomic and flexible. At the same time, labs need to be able to deal with a high throughput of samples while reliably documenting each step in the testing process.

When your ship comes in
Every day, thousands of cargo containers from around the world arrive at our nation's sea ports carrying items we need, but possibly some other items that are not so welcome.

New high definition fiber tracking reveals damage caused by traumatic brain injury, Pitt team finds
A powerful new imaging technique called High Definition Fiber Tracking will allow doctors to clearly see for the first time neural connections broken by traumatic brain injury and other disorders, much like X-rays show a fractured bone, according to researchers from the University of Pittsburgh in a report published online today in the Journal of Neurosurgery.

The future of plant science - a technology perspective
Plant science is key to addressing the major challenges facing humanity in the 21st Century, according to Carnegie's David Ehrhardt and Wolf Frommer.

NASA sees tropical storm Irina hit by wind shear, headed for Mozambique
The AIRS instrument on NASA's Aqua satellite provided forecasters with an infrared look at what was happening

Family preferences strongly influence decision making in very premature deliveries
When making decisions and counseling about risk and management options for deliveries between 22 and 26 weeks (periviable deliveries), obstetricians are heavily influenced by family preferences, particularly by the impression that parents consistently prefer to have everything possible done to prolong a pregnancy or

Acknowledging Katalina Eleizegi
In 1915, San Sebastian City Council set up the Euskal Iztundea group.

Kessler Foundation scientist honored with Women of Excellence award
Helen Genova, Ph.D, research scientist at Kessler Foundation, received a 2012 Women of Excellence Award in Health Sciences from the Union County Commission on the Status of Women.

NASA's TRMM satellite sees remnants of Tropical Cyclone 15S's 'difficult childhood'
Tropical Cyclone 15S has had a difficult
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