Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 05, 2012
Scientists search for source of creativity
USC researchers are working to pin down the exact source of creativity in the brain -- and have found that the left hemisphere of your brain, thought to be the logic and math portion, actually plays a critical role in creative thinking.

Reproductive health providers should discuss environmental exposure risks with patients
A team of researchers, led by Sheela Sathyanarayana, M.D., MPH, of Seattle Children's Research Institute, have created a guide outlining exposure risks and reduction tips for some of the most common environmental toxins.

New approach to stroke therapy
Strokes and other vascular diseases remain the leading cause of death in Germany.

Researchers announce new advance in body 'chemical switch' study
Scientists investigating a

Depression common among young adults with Asperger syndrome
Given that almost 70 percent of young adults with Asperger syndrome have suffered from depression, it is vital that psychiatric care staff are aware of this so that patients are given the right treatment, reveals research from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Making surveillance cameras more efficient
A University of California, Riverside professor has recently co-authored a book about his surveillance camera research that has applications in everything from homeland security, environmental monitoring and home monitoring.

Miniature pressure sensors for medical touch
A new kind of flexible, transparent pressure sensor, developed at the UC Davis for use in medical applications, relies on a drop of liquid.

UC Santa Barbara researchers discover genetic link between visual pathways of hydras and humans
What good is half an eye? Evolutionary biologists studying the origins of vision get that question a lot, and new research out of UC Santa Barbara points to a possible answer.

Countdown to the European Congress on Osteoporosis & Osteoarthritis in Bordeaux
Countdown to the European Congress on Osteoporosis & Osteoarthritis in Bordeaux (IOF-ECCEO12) and the 2nd IOF-ESCEO Pre-Clinical Symposium.

Web-based support helps women with breast cancer
Every day 18 Swedish women are diagnosed with breast cancer.

Lasting T cell memories
Experiments in mice have suggested that the development of new memory T cells causes the activation and subsequent demise of old ones, according to a study in the Journal of Experimental Medicine.

HF/E study highlights ways video games can be enhanced for older adults
Advances in technology have brought the video gaming experience closer to that of traditional physical games.

School bullies more likely to be substance users, study finds
Middle- and high-school students who bully their classmates are more likely than others to use substances such as cigarettes, alcohol and marijuana, a new study found.

Rectal formulation of tenofovir gel safe and acceptable in early phase clinical study
A gel formulation of the antiretroviral drug tenofovir designed for rectal use was found safe and acceptable, according to a study led by the Microbicide Trials Network.

1 year after Fukushima
The Fukushima disaster happened one year ago -- the impacts are not over yet, neither in Japan nor in Germany.

Tonsils make t-cells, too, Ohio State study shows
A new study provides evidence that immune cells called T lymphocytes, or T cells, can develop in human tonsils.

African auditors advocating international auditing standards
It is a common perception that the African public sector and Western-style bureaucracy are very different in nature, and that our norms cannot, and should not, be transferred to Africa.

Shortcuts costly when buying conservation from farmers
Shortcuts in the design of payment schemes to persuade farmers to undertake conservation works could be putting the potential environmental benefits at risk, a study involving researchers at the University of Nottingham has found.

App turns tablet into math aid for visually impaired students
An app created by a Vanderbilt graduate student converts a tablet into a powerful tool for teaching math to visually impaired students.

Grants awarded to help build health into decisions on energy, housing, agriculture, and other areas
The Health Impact Project, a collaboration of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and The Pew Charitable Trusts, announced the awardees of 15 new grants today.

Head for the cloud
Computer engineers in the US writing in the International Journal of Communication Networks and Distributed Systems have reviewed the research literature to get a clear picture of cloud computing, its adoption, use and the security issues it faces.

Family members of ICU patients too optimistic when faced with grim prognoses
Family members of patients in the intensive care unit tend to be overly optimistic about the possibility of recovery despite being told that the prognosis is grim, according to a study led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Bioethicist calls Jon Stewart 'our greatest public intellectual'
In an article in the American Journal of Bioethics, a bioethicist is calling political satirist Jon Stewart

Launch madness at Wallops in March - '5 in 5'
Launch madness will hit the east coast in March as NASA launches five rockets in approximately five minutes to study the high-altitude jet stream from its Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia.

New potential target for rheumatoid arthritis
Newcastle University scientists have discovered new potential target for rheumatoid arthritis which works by preventing white blood cells from entering the joints and so stopping further injury.

How to save $800 on a new car
Want to save nearly $800 the next time you purchase a new car?

A nation of frustrated home-movers
The downturn in the housing market in the last three years has left the UK a nation of frustrated, unfulfilled house-movers, according to the latest data from Understanding Society, a study of 40,000 UK households funded by the Economic and Social Research Council.

How chemotherapy becomes more effective
Researchers from the University of Zurich have found a cellular brake that protects cancer cells from chemotherapy -- and they demonstrate which medication can be used to render it inoperative.

New study launched investigating the impacts of personal genomic testing
The Impact of Personal Genomics Study, one of the first major studies to prospectively examine the impact of consumer genomics, is launchnig its data collection phase.

Stem cells can repair a damaged cornea
A new cornea may be the only way to prevent a patient going blind -- but there is a shortage of donated corneas and the queue for transplantation is long.

Younger children in the classroom likely overdiagnosed with ADHD
The youngest children in the classroom are significantly more likely to be diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder -- and prescribed medication -- than their peers in the same grade, according to a study just published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

VCU study: Bad environment augments genetic risk for drug abuse
The risk of abusing drugs is greater -- even for adopted children -- if the family environment in which they are raised is dysfunctional, according to a new study conducted by a collaborative team from Virginia Commonwealth University and Lund University in Sweden.

Unraveling biological networks
A new approach to disentangling the complexities of biological networks, such as the way in which proteins interact in our body's cells has been developed by researchers in China.

Tiny fractal trees for solar power

Study jointly led by UCSB researcher supports theory of extraterrestrial impact
A 16-member international team of researchers that includes James Kennett, professor of earth science at UC Santa Barbara, has identified a nearly 13,000-year-old layer of thin, dark sediment buried in the floor of Lake Cuitzeo in central Mexico.

Next-generation DNA sequencing to improve diagnosis for muscular dystrophy
Scientists at the University of Nottingham have used a revolutionary new DNA-reading technology for a research project that could lead to correct genetic diagnosis for muscle-wasting diseases.

More effective method of imaging proteins
Using a unique facility in the US, researchers at the University of Gothenburg have found a more effective way of imaging proteins.

BYU study: Using a gun in bear encounters doesn't make you safer
Carrying a gun in bear country doesn't mean you're more protected in the event of a bear encounter, according to new research out of Brigham Young University.

Rock, pop, white power: How music influences support for ethnic groups
Just a few minutes of listening to mainstream rock music was enough to influence white college students to favor a student group catering mostly to whites over groups serving other ethnic and racial groups, a new study found.

Maternal use of SSRIs associated with fewer depressive symptoms, delayed fetal head growth
Treating pregnant women with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors appears to be associated with fewer depressive symptoms, reduced fetal head growth and a higher risk for preterm birth, but not with a delay in fetal body growth, according to a report published Online First by Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Children with mild traumatic brain injury appear more likely to have postconcussion symptoms
Children with mild traumatic brain injuries appear more likely to have persistent postconcussion symptoms, including cognitive complaints such as inattention and forgetfulness, which can affect quality of life, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Evidence for the long-term safety and effectiveness of millions of knee replacement implants lacking
Knee replacement is amongst the most common surgical procedures in developed countries, with over 650,000 total knee replacements performed in the USA in 2008 alone, at a cost of more than $10 billion.

Stinging came before seeing
New research from the University of California shows how the ability to detect light could have evolved before anything like an eye.

TGen research scientists detail the potential of 'Personalized Medicine'
Two research scientists from the Translational Genomics Research Institute will discuss the potential of 'Personalize Medicine' at a forum organized as part of the Arizona SciTech Festival.

Pond hockey heats up
Would Wayne Gretzky have blossomed into the Great One had he not honed his skills on a backyard rink as a kid?

New methods for better purification of wastewater
Before wastewater reaches recipient waters, nutrients must be removed in order to avoid eutrophication and large algal blooms, which may result in serious damage to animal and plant life.

Organic strawberries better pollinated
Organic cultivation methods not only benefit biodiversity; they also appear to have a positive effect on the ecosystem service pollination.

Wiley-Blackwell extends publishing partnership with the Society of Actuaries
Wiley-Blackwell, the scientific, technical, medical and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons Inc., today announced a partnership with the Society of Actuaries to publish six prestigious publications in the field of actuarial science beginning in 2012.

New insights into cloud formation
Clouds have a profound effect on the climate, but we know surprisingly little about how they form.

Hyperactivity: Increased prevalence of children with ADHD and the use of stimulants
A new study from the University of Montreal shows an increase in prevalence of Canadian children diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and in the use of medications associated with ADHD in school-age children.

Vitamin D intake may be associated with lower stress fracture risk in girls
Vitamin D may be associated with a lower risk of developing stress fractures in preadolescent and adolescent girls, especially among those very active in high-impact activities, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Butler clinicians begin offering consults at Kent, Women & Infants
In a move that highlights collaboration across a health care system, three Care New England hospitals recently came together to pilot a service that is now being expanded to fill a need for mental health services in the entire region.

2 crystals linked by quantum physics
Physicists take a perverse pleasure in playing with the strangeness of the quantum world.

Physicians order costly, redundant neuroimaging for stroke patients, study says
Neuroimaging for stroke patients may be unnecessarily costly and redundant, contributing to rising costs nationwide for stroke care, according to University of Michigan research.

UN scientists warn of increased groundwater demands due to climate change
New research finds climate change will put increased strain on groundwater, an important yet volatile worldwide source of agricultural, industrial and drinking water.

Radiation still used despite evidence of little benefit to some older breast cancer patients
Even though a large clinical study demonstrated that radiation has limited benefit in treating breast cancer in some older women, there was little change in the use of radiation among older women in the Medicare program, Yale School of Medicine researchers report in the March Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Making memories: How 1 protein does it
Studying tiny bits of genetic material that control protein formation in the brain, Johns Hopkins scientists say they have new clues to how memories are made and how drugs might someday be used to stop disruptions in the process that lead to mental illness and brain wasting diseases.

The Blue Planet's new water budget
New research into the Earth's primordial oceans conducted by researchers at the Natural History Museum of Denmark at the University of Copenhagen and Stanford University revisits Earth's historical water budget.

EuroPRevent2012, the premier international forum for preventive cardiology
International prevention experts converge on Dublin to focus on heart disease May 3-5, 2012, at the Convention Centre, Dublin, Ireland.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for March 6, 2012, issue
This release provides information about articles being published in the March 6 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

Government studies inconclusive on health impact of chemical contaminants at Fort Detrick, Md.
Two government-issued studies are unable to demonstrate whether people were harmed by groundwater contaminated with toxic pollutants from Area B of Fort Detrick, Md., says a new report by the National Research Council.

Scientists revolutionize electron microscope
Researchers at the University of Sheffield have revolutionized the electron microscope by developing a new method which could create the highest resolution images ever seen.

Perception and preference may have genetic link to obesity
New discoveries suggest that fats are perceived on the tongue as a

Discovery of primary exhalative hydrothermal dolostone in the Santanghu area, Xinjiang
Chinese researchers discovered primary dolostone formed by mantle-originated exhalative hydrothermal activities in an intracontinental rift basin in the Permian, analogous to

First guidelines issued for getting people newly diagnosed with HIV disease into care
Leading AIDS experts at Johns Hopkins and other institutions around the world have issued new guidelines to promote entry into and retention in HIV care, as well as adherence to HIV treatment, drawn from the results of 325 studies conducted with tens of thousands of people infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

Teaching about hearing can save young people's ears
Many adolescents frequently expose their ears to loud sounds, for example from portable music players.

Risk for drug abuse in adopted children appears influenced by family, genetics
In a national Swedish adoption study, the risk for drug abuse appears to be increased among adopted children whose biological parents had a history of drug abuse, according to a report published Online First by Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

SRS publishes global change research strategy
In March 2012, the Southern Research Station published the Southern Research Station Global Change Research Strategy, 2011-2019, a Science Update that outlines SRS research priorities over the next decade in relation to climate change.

Tips from the journal mBio
These news tips come from the current issue, Vol. 3, No.

U of Alberta researcher steps closer to understand autoimmune diseases
Understanding why immune cells, called T-cells, attack the body is vital in the war against autoimmune diseases like diabetes.

New universal platform for cancer immunotherapy developed by Penn-led team
Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania report this month in Cancer Research a universal approach to personalized cancer therapy based on T cells.

Drexel's Gogotsi and team advance understanding of energy storage mechanisms in Nature Materials
An international team of materials researchers including Drexel University's Dr.

Ethnic diversity in public organizations important for democracy
Politicians are supposed to represent the citizens. Yet public officials also represent groups they belong to and identify with, according to a new doctoral thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

7th World Congress for Rett Syndrome to convene in New Orleans, La., June 22-26
The 7th World Congress for Rett Syndrome will consist of four interconnected meetings targeting researchers, clinicians, medical professionals and families impacted by Rett syndrome.

Kids' abnormal breathing during sleep linked to increased risk for behavioral difficulties
A new study from researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine found that young children with sleep-disordered breathing are prone to developing behavioral difficulties such as hyperactivity and aggressiveness, as well as emotional symptoms and difficulty with peer relationships.

Chinese Minister of Health to hold US meeting to improve cancer research collaboration
Chinese Minister of Health, Dr. Zhu Chen, will hold talks tomorrow, March 6, with leading cancer researchers from across the US and China with the goal of developing a stronger platform for broader Sino-US research collaboration and creating deeper ties to fast-track cancer research.

Space weather: Explosions on Venus
A recent study, appearing online in the Journal of Geophysical Research on Feb.

Report suggests ways to improve health-care provider 'report cards'
As health-care reform expands the use of

Sand layer plays a key role in protecting the underlying permafrost in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau
The effect of sand layer on the ground temperature of permafrost is one of the unsolved scientific problems in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the sand layers were found to play a key role in the protection of the underlying permafrost by the measured data, and this research work was published in Chinese Science Bulletin.

Women happier in relationships when men feel their pain
Men like to know when their wife or girlfriend is happy while women really want the man in their life to know when they are upset, according to a new study published by the American Psychological Association.

Study shows advance in using patients' own tumor-fighting cells to knock back advanced melanoma
A small, early-phase clinical trial to test the effectiveness of treating patients with advanced melanoma using billions of clones of their own tumor-fighting cells combined with a specific type of chemotherapy has shown that the approach has promise.

In forests, past disturbances obscure warming impacts
Past disturbances, such as logging, can obscure the effects of climate change on forest ecosystems.

Disease-carrying colonizers on the move: Predicting the spread of ticks across Canada
Researchers are watching as ticks that carry Lyme disease colonize Canada, but their research aims to predict the communities most likely to be hit by this sickness.

Whole-body CT scans in trauma can prove but not exclude injuries
For assessing severe trauma, single-pass whole-body computed tomography can prove but not definitively exclude the presence of injuries and should be performed later than 30 minutes after admission to an emergency department for optimal results, according to a study in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Is seaweed the future of biofuel?
The problem with environmentally friendly biofuels is the ever-increasing amount of farmland necessary to produce these crops diverts it from food production.

CWRU study finds quality-of-life discussions are important for ICU patients
A new study from Case Western Reserve University's Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing emphasizes the importance of having discussions related to quality of life before becoming critically ill.

Marketing strategy as a game
Researchers at Carlos III University of Madrid have developed an international marketing simulation game called QUANTUM, in which the students compete as marketing directors for a large company.

New nanoglue is thin and supersticky
Engineers at UC Davis have invented a superthin

Will a genetic mutation cause trouble? Ask Spliceman
New, free Web-based software described in the journal Bioinformatics analyzes DNA sequences to determine if mutations are likely to cause errors in splicing of messenger RNA.

Go-getters fall short in health, mortality new study shows
People who are considered ambitious attend the best colleges and universities, have prestigious careers and earn high salaries, but they don't necessarily lead more successful lives, according to new research by Timothy Judge, professor of management at the University of Notre Dame's Mendoza College of Business.

Persistent depression linked with cognitive decline in older patients with coronary artery disease
Persistent depression symptoms may be associated with significantly greater declines in cognitive performance in older patients with coronary artery disease who underwent cardiac catheterization, according to a study published in the March issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Discovery of a molecule that initiates maturation of mammalian eggs can lead to more IVF pregnancies
Women who have eggs that cannot mature will not become pregnant, and they cannot be helped by in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Scientists gain new insight into prefrontal cortex activity
The brain has a remarkable ability to learn new cognitive tasks while maintaining previously acquired knowledge about various functions necessary for everyday life.

Sawfishes sure can wield a saw
Sawfishes wouldn't be sawfishes if they didn't come equipped with long toothy snouts -- their saws.

First study to measure value of marine spatial planning
A new study shows that incorporating multiple stakeholder interests in a comprehensive approach to ocean planning, reduces conflict and enhances economic benefits.

Smart, self-healing hydrogels open far-reaching possibilities in medicine, engineering
University of California, San Diego bioengineers have developed a self-healing hydrogel that binds in seconds, as easily as Velcro, and forms a bond strong enough to withstand repeated stretching.

University of Tennessee study: Shortcuts costly when buying conservation from farmers
Farmers in the US and the European Union receive billions of dollars in government subsidies each year to make changes in their operations that will improve the environment.

Comprehensive guidelines needed for young adult preventive care
With no specific clinical preventive care guidelines targeting young adults, health care providers are missing key opportunities to improve the health of this population through preventive screening and intervention.

New Alzheimer's marker strongly predicts mental decline
A new marker of Alzheimer's disease can predict how rapidly a patient's memory and other mental abilities will decline after the disorder is diagnosed, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Sustainability principles need to be integrated into business education
The principles of sustainability need not be at odds with a classic education in business, since environmental and poverty issues will likely be among the biggest challenges for tomorrow's leaders of industry, according to published research from Madhu Viswanathan, a professor of business administration at Illinois.

Study finds intrauterine exposure to drugs does not affect academic achievement test scores
Researchers from Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health along with Boston Medical Center have found children's academic achievement test scores not affected by intrauterine exposure to cocaine, tobacco or marijuana.

Researchers ID gene behind primary cervical dystonia, a neck-twisting disorder
Researchers have identified a gene that causes adult-onset primary cervical dystonia, an often-painful condition in which patients' necks twist involuntarily.

NASA satellites see Tropical Storm Irina getting loopy
Two NASA satellites have been measuring rainfall and cloud top temperatures in Tropical Storm as it has been

Trauma study is first to show how cyclists are injured and killed on city streets
A study by researchers at Queen Mary, University of London and Barts and the London NHS Trust proves that HGVs pose the greatest risk of death and serious injury to cyclists.

Personality change key to improving well-being
People's personalities can change considerably over time, say scientists, suggesting that leopards really can change their spots.

Iowa State engineer discovers spider silk conducts heat as well as metals
Xinwei Wang, an Iowa State associate professor of mechanical engineering, is leading a study that found spider silk is very good at transferring heat.

American College of Physicians releases new colorectal cancer screening guidance statement
ACP recommends that physicians perform an individualized assessment of risk for colorectal cancer in all adults.

Final FACE harvest reveals increased soil carbon storage under elevated carbon dioxide
Elevated carbon dioxide concentrations can increase carbon storage in the soil, according to results from a 12-year carbon dioxide-enrichment experiment at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

DOE Joint Genome Institute media tipsheet: 7th Genomics of Energy and Environment Meeting
Advance summaries of selected talks and poster presentations from the DOE Joint Genome Institute 7th Genomics of Energy and Environment Meeting to be held March 20-22, 2012.

Characterization of winter organic aerosols in Beijing, China
Organic aerosol (OA) is a crucial component of atmospheric fine particles.

Difficult discussions now can ease difficult decisions later for patients with heart failure
Shared decision making extends beyond informed consent, requiring that health-care providers and patients consider information together and work toward consensus.

A culprit behind brain tumor resistance to therapy
Persistent protein expression may explain why tumors return after therapy in glioblastoma patients, according to a study in the Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Music can evoke positive emotions
Music can evoke positive emotions, which in turn can lower the listener's stress levels.

Working models for the gravitational field of Phobos
The Martian moon Phobos, with its asteroid-like appearance and extreme closeness to Mars, is one of the most mysterious bodies in our solar system.

Demise of large animals caused by both man and climate change
Past waves of extinctions which removed some of the world's largest animals were caused by both people and climate change, according to new research from the University of Cambridge.

New report questions hard-edged 'living shorelines' in estuaries
The increasing use of large breakwaters and other hard structures to reduce erosion in

Mayo Clinic study to examine use of snake-venom peptide for heart attack treatment
The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI), a division of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has awarded a $2.5 million grant to Mayo Clinic's Cardiorenal Research Laboratory to conduct a highly innovative research project,

Simplified approach to preventing post-birth bleeding appears safe and effective and could save thousands of lives
Post-partum hemorrhage immediately after giving birth is a major killer of women in developing countries, responsible for a third of maternal deaths in Africa and Asia.

Plant neighbors 's(c)ent' to protect
People and animals are not the only ones who can smell.

Americans more concerned with viability rather than electability in primary races
A recent study by ICA members and University of Missouri professors Mitchell S.

Embryonic development protein active in cancer growth
A team of scientists at the University of California, San Diego Moores Cancer Center has identified a novel protein expressed by breast cancer cells -- but not normal adult tissues -- that could provide a new target for future anti-cancer drugs and treatments. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to