Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 06, 2012
Dinosaur fossil: Even specialized predators didn't turn down free meals
Scientists have discovered a bone from a Pterosaur in the guts of the skeletal remains of a Velociraptor that lived in the Gobi Desert about 75 million years ago.

UCLA scientists uncover mechanism for melanoma drug resistance
Researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center have uncovered how an advanced form of melanoma gets around an inhibitor, Zelboraf, which targets the mutated BRAF gene.

HJF Center announces Heroes of Military Medicine award recipients
The Center for Public-Private Partnerships at The Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine Inc. is pleased to announce the recipients of the 2012 Heroes of Military Medicine awards.

Northeastern geology: Careers, hazards, human impacts, and (of course) fossils
Geoscientists from across the northeastern U.S. and beyond will convene in Hartford, Connecticut, on March 18-20 to discuss new science, expand on existing science, and explore the geologic, historic, and scenic wonders of the region.

Semi-automated 'pathwalking' to build a protein model
A new semi-automated tool called pathwalking makes it possible to generate a

2 heads are not always better than 1
From the corporate boardroom to the kitchen table, important decisions are often made in collaboration.

Texas A&M astronomers help find distant galaxy cluster to shed light on early universe
A decade ago, Houston businessman and philanthropist George P. Mitchell was so certain there were big discoveries to be made in physics and astronomy and that they should come out of Texas A&M University, he put money on it, endowing the George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy to bring the world's most eminent minds in physics and astronomy to Aggieland.

Study examines the relative roles of testosterone and its metabolite, dihydrotestosterone in men
Men receiving testosterone supplementation who also received a drug (dutasteride) commonly used to treat an enlarged prostate gland and which blocks the conversion of testosterone to its potent metabolite DHT did not experience a significant difference in changes in certain outcomes such as muscle mass, muscle strength, or sexual function compared to men who did not receive dutasteride, according to a study in the March 7 issue of JAMA.

Bed bugs, stink bugs headline Entomology Meeting in Hartford, Conn.
Bed bugs and stink bugs will two of the topics discussed as hundreds of insect scientists meet in Hartford, March 16-19, to present research on agriculture, insect pests, human health issues and more.

New method for estimating parameters may boost biological models
Modeling biological systems can provide key insights for scientists and medical researchers, but periodic cycles that repeat themselves -- so-called oscillatory systems -- pose some key challenges.

Dung beetle diversity affects Florida livestock producers
A new study published in the Annals of the Entomological Society of America offers a profile of dung beetle activity in Florida, and suggests that livestock producers' herd management practices greatly influence the effectiveness of these beetles.

Microneedle vaccine patch boosts flu protection through robust skin cell immune response
Recent research found that microneedle vaccine patches are more effective at delivering protection against influenza virus in mice than subcutaneous or intramuscular inoculation.

Innovative efforts to reduce colorectal cancer disparities in Alaska Native population
A study in GIE: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy's March issue describes innovative efforts to increase colorectal cancer screening rates in the Alaska Native population, who experience twice the incidence and death rates from colorectal cancer as does the US white population.

Exercise changes your DNA
Researchers reporting in the March issue of Cell Metabolism, a Cell Press publication, have found that when healthy but inactive men and women exercise for a matter of minutes, it produces a rather immediate change to their DNA.

Study reveals how protein machinery binds and wraps DNA to start replication
Scientists have deciphered molecular-level details of the complex choreography by which intricate cellular proteins recognize and bind to DNA to start the DNA replication process.

New H5N1 viruses: How to balance risk of escape with benefits of research?
In the controversy surrounding the newly developed strains of avian H5N1 flu viruses, scientists and policy makers are struggling with one question in particular: what level of biosafety is best for studying these potentially lethal strains of influenza?

Marriage: A powerful heart drug in short supply
Married adults who undergo heart surgery are more than three times as likely as single people who have the same surgery to survive the next three months, a new study finds.

Surgery recommended as early intervention for some with epilepsy
Due to overwhelming clinical results, neurologists should advocate for early surgical evaluation of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, according to physicians and co-authors Roger J.

Cebit 2012: 3-D animations for everyone
Three-dimensional movies like

Mayo Clinic and partners to explore new ways to predict and control seizures
Mayo Clinic and partners from the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, the University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine and College of Pharmacy, the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, and NeuroVista Corporation have been awarded a $7.5 million grant from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, a division of the National Institutes of Health.

Scientists discover primitive gut's role in left-right patterning
Scientists have found that the gut endoderm has a significant role in propagating the information that determines whether organs develop in the stereotypical left-right pattern.

A bird's song may teach us about human speech disorders
The song of a small bird is providing valuable insights into human speech and speech disorders.

Ancient 'graffiti' unlock the life of the common man
An international project led by a Tel Aviv University professor of classics is translating and analyzing ancient inscriptions from columns, stones, tombs, floors, and mosaics of ancient Israel to uncover the life of the common men -- and women -- of antiquity.

Finding your friends and following them to where you are
Computer scientists at the University of Rochester have shown that a great deal can be learned about individuals from their interactions in online social media, even when those individuals hide their Twitter messages and other posts.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Irina still looping at sea
NASA's Aqua satellite saw Tropical Cyclone Irina making a slow loop in the southern Mozambique Channel for the third day on March 6, 2012.

Mayo Clinic, Penn and partners to explore new ways to predict and control seizures
Mayo Clinic and partners from the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, the University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine and College of Pharmacy, the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, and NeuroVista Corporation have been awarded $7.5 million grant (U01) from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, a division of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Stanford scientists develop gene therapy approach to grow blood vessels in ischemic limbs
A research discovery by a team of Stanford and European scientists offers hope that people with atherosclerotic disease may one day be able to avoid limb amputation related to ischemia.

New edition of FCC offers standards to help ensure quality of innovative ingredients
The latest specifications for the identity, quality and purity of more than 1,100 food ingredients, test methods to verify specifications, key guidance on critical issues such as impurities testing for metals, and full content from an upcoming Food Fraud Database are all included in the new Food Chemicals Codex, eighth edition.

Study: With the right photo, your Facebook text profile hardly matters
In most cases, your profile photo on Facebook tells viewers what they need to know to form an impression of you -- no words are necessary, new research suggests.

Carp dominate crayfish in invasive species battleground
Common carp and Louisiana red swamp crayfish are some of the most invasive species on the planet yet how they interact has been poorly understood until now.

ORNL-led team advances science of carbon accounting
Determining with precision the carbon balance of North America is complicated, but researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have devised a method that considerably advances the science.

Fish exposed to SSRIs exhibit abnormal behavior, Baylor study finds
Fish exhibit abnormal behavior and lower levels of anxiety when exposed to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), which are common drugs used to treat depression, among other disorders.

Mayo Clinic review: Blood pressure drug effective for treating PTSD-related nightmares
Mayo Clinic researchers this week will announce the use of the blood pressure drug prazosin as an effective treatment to curb post- traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-related nightmares.

Costs for changing pollution criteria in Florida waters likely to exceed EPA estimates
The costs to switch to numeric criteria for limiting nutrient pollutants in Florida waters are expected to exceed US Environmental Protection Agency estimates.

Hypothermia protects the brain against damage during stroke
Thromboembolic stroke, caused by a blood clot in the brain, results in damage to the parts of the brain starved of oxygen.

High blood glucose levels may increase kidney disease in elderly populations
Elderly people with the metabolic syndrome -- defined as having multiple risk factors associated with developing diabetes and heart disease -- had an increased risk of chronic kidney disease, according to a recent study accepted for publication in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

World's leading coral experts to gather in Australia
The brightest minds in coral reef science and management will descend upon Australia for the 12th International Coral Reef Symposium in Cairns, gateway to the Great Barrier Reef, on July 9-13.

New research characterizes glaucoma as neurologic disorder rather than eye disease
A new paradigm to explain glaucoma is generating brain-based treatment advances.

Adolescent AIDS expert co-authors new guidelines for therapy entry and adherence
The International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care today announced the publication of a new set of evidence-based guidelines meant to optimize entry into and retention in HIV care and adherence to HIV treatment.

With extra gene, mice are footloose and cancer free
In a perfect world, we could eat to our heart's content without sacrificing our health and good looks, and now it appears that maybe we can.

NIH-funded studies show benefits of immediate antiretroviral treatment for HIV-infected infants
Results from two studies presented today at the 19th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in Seattle demonstrate the importance of identifying and treating HIV-infected infants within the first year of life both to prevent harm to the immune system and to enable normal neurological development.

Blocking natural, marijuana-like chemical in the brain boosts fat burning
Stop exercising, eat as much as you want ... and still lose weight?

Report highlights understudied, unwelcome side of cancer treatment
The number of cancer survivors in the United States has tripled since 1971 and yet gains in survival have come at the price of second malignancies and cardiovascular disease, according to a long-awaited report by a national scientific committee chaired by Lois B.

Surgery less than 24 hours after traumatic cervical spinal cord injury leads to improved outcomes
Researchers at the Rothman Institute at Jefferson have shown that patients who receive surgery less than 24 hours after a traumatic cervical spine injury suffer less neural tissue destruction and improved clinical outcomes.

Study: Most weight loss supplements are not effective
An Oregon State University researcher has reviewed the body of evidence around weight loss supplements and has bad news for those trying to find a magic pill to lose weight and keep it off -- it doesn't exist.

Researchers discover possible approach to the treatment of aggressive breast cancer
Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research in Bad Nauheim have now discovered that they can prevent the formation of metastases by blocking the receptor protein Plexin B1.

Surgery soon after failure of drug treatment for epilepsy may lower risk of seizures
Patients with epilepsy who underwent brain surgery soon after failing to respond to drug treatment, but who also continued to receive drug therapy, had a lower risk of seizures during the 2nd year of follow-up compared to patients who received drug treatment alone, according to a study in the March 7 issue of JAMA.

Smoking ban in Scotland linked to dramatic fall in preterm deliveries
The introduction of national, comprehensive smoke-free legislation in Scotland is linked with significant falls in preterm delivery and small for dates (gestational age) infants according to a study led by Jill Pell from the University of Glasgow and published in this week's PLoS Medicine.

Increase in death rate among managers due to 'economic collapse' says study
Death rates of Japanese men in managerial or professional positions have risen dramatically in 30 years compared to other professions, claims a study published today on bmj.com.

Influencing stem cell fate
Northwestern University scientists have developed a powerful analytical method that they have used to direct stem cell differentiation.

Canadian farmers trust regulated dairy industry
Canada's response to the

Pilot program demonstrates measureable benefits for people with schizophrenia
People with schizophrenia report improved functioning after participating in a new, evidence-based clinical program, according to results announced today from a six-month pilot.

Study finds estrogen-only HRT continues to protect women against breast cancer long after they have stopped taking the treatment
Women who use the estrogen-only form of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) appear less likely to develop breast cancer in the longer term, according to new research published online first in the Lancet Oncology.

Developing health systems guidance: New series
In the first paper in a three-part series on health systems guidance, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch of the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland and colleagues examine in this week's PLoS Medicine how guidance is currently formulated in low- and middle-income countries, and the challenges to developing such guidance, such as the translation of research.

K. Alitalo wins Lymphatic Research Leadership Award for VEGF-C lymph node transplant research
About 20 percent of breast cancer patients develop lymphedema, an accumulation of lymphatic fluid that causes swelling, often in the limbs.

Low levels of care-seeking for newborn illness in low- and middle-income countries
In this week's PLoS Medicine, Abdullah Baqui from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA and colleagues systematically review studies describing newborn care-seeking behaviors by caregivers in low- and middle-income countries.

Scripps Florida scientists share $3.85 million NIH grant to develop new class of cancer therapies
A pair of Scripps Research Institute scientists, one a cancer biologist and the other a chemist, has been awarded $3.85 million from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to develop a new generation of broad spectrum anti-cancer therapeutics, including breast cancer and lymphoma.

Vitamin D deficiency linked to higher mortality in female nursing home residents
The majority of institutionalized elderly female patients are vitamin D deficient and there is an inverse association of vitamin D deficiency and mortality, according to a recent study accepted for publication in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

CNIO scientists discover in studies with mice that an anti-cancer gene also fights obesity
Researchers from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre working with mice have revealed that one of the main genes protecting against cancer brings two additional health benefits by boosting longevity and combating obesity.

New depression treatment 'safe and effective'
Stimulating the brain with a weak electrical current is a safe and effective treatment for depression and could have other surprise benefits for the body and mind, a major Australian study of transcranial Direct Current Stimulation has found.

The challenges of cancer vaccines
The first therapeutic cancer vaccine has now been approved by the FDA, and a diverse range of therapeutic cancer vaccines directed against a spectrum of tumor-associated antigens are currently being evaluated in clinical trials, according to a review published March 6 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Listening to the 9.0-magnitude Japanese earthquake
Zhigang Peng, associate professor in Georgia Tech's School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, has converted the seismic waves from last year's historic Japanese earthquake into audio files.

CU Cancer Center investigator earns prestigious SPECS grant to target squamous cell lung cancer
NCI SPECS grant, coordinated by Fred R. Hirsch at the University of Colorado Cancer Center, will bring nine institutions together to search for biomarkers and targeted treatments for squamous cell lung cancer.

When dying, bacteria share some characteristics with higher organisms
Do bacteria, like higher organisms, have a built-in program that tells them when to die?

Sanford-Burnham research advances to patient studies at TRI
Discoveries made in the laboratories of Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute at Lake Nona will, for the first time, advance to the clinical research stage involving human studies at the Florida Hospital -- Sanford-Burnham Translational Research Institute for Metabolism and Diabetes.

Vegetarian cutlet
It looks like a cutlet, it's juicy and fibrous like a cutlet, and it even chews with the consistency of a real cutlet -- but the ingredients are 100 percent vegetable.

Fasudil bypasses genetic cause of spinal birth defect
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an incurable, and progressive, disease caused by an inheritable defect in the gene SMN1.

Surgical treatment for epilepsy should not be viewed as a last resort, study shows
The majority of people suffering with drug-resistant epilepsy see surgery as a last resort.

Researchers find possible genetic keys to surviving epithelial ovarian cancer
Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center and colleagues from 11 other institutions in the United States and the United Kingdom have used two genome-wide association studies -- one from the US and one from the UK -- to detect a novel set of genes found to be associated with epithelial ovarian cancer patient survival.

2012 recipient of the Edward C. Roy, Jr. Award announced
Meg Town, a teacher at Redmond Junior High School in Redmond, Washington, has been named the 2012 recipient of the Edward C.

Researchers find yoga helps ease stress related medical and psychological conditions
An article by researchers from Boston University School of Medicine, New York Medical College, and the Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons reviews evidence that yoga may be effective in treating patients with stress-related psychological and medical conditions such as depression, anxiety, high blood pressure and cardiac disease.

1 in 4 US HIV patients don't stay in care, Penn study shows
Only about 75 percent of HIV/AIDS patients in the United States remain in care consistently, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania published online this week in AIDS.

Studies show that CYP2D6 genotype does not predict tamoxifen benefit
Two studies published March 6 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute provide insights about the CYP2D6 genotype in postmenopausal breast cancer patients and represent a major step forward in understanding the usefulness of CYP2D6 testing for deciding whether or not a patient should receive adjuvant tamoxifen for treatment of early-stage breast cancer.

Computer software monitoring detects ICD malfunctions sooner
A computer software monitoring program provides early warning signs that an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) might malfunction.

Survey paints a portrait of the UK
A complex and fascinating portrait of a society suffering the effects of the deepest recession since the early 1990s and in which young people appear to have been hardest hit is revealed by new findings from the UK's largest longitudinal household survey Understanding Society.

Is aggressive treatment of severe traumatic brain injury cost effective?
Researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have demonstrated that aggressive treatment of severe traumatic brain injury, which includes invasive monitoring of intracranial pressure and decompressive craniectomy, produces better patient outcomes than less aggressive measures and is cost-effective in patients no matter their age -- even in patients 80 years of age.

Basque roots revealed through DNA analysis
The Genographic Project announced today the most comprehensive analysis to date of Basque genetic patterns, showing that Basque genetic uniqueness predates the arrival of agriculture in the Iberian Peninsula some 7,000 years ago.

Scripps Research discoveries lead to newly approved drug for infant respiratory distress syndrome
Scientific advances at the Scripps Research Institute have led to a new drug Surfaxin (lucinactant), approved today by the US Food and Drug Administration to treat infant respiratory distress syndrome.

New Notre Dame study examines density stratification on microorganisms in aquatic ecosystems
A team of researchers led by Arezoo M. Ardekani, the Rev.

The cutting edge
Using a combination of guillotine-based experiments and cutting-edge computer modeling, researchers at the University of Bristol have explored the most efficient ways for teeth to slice food.

African-Americans 7 times more likely to have keloid scarring of the head, neck
African-Americans are seven times more likely than Caucasians to develop an excessive growth of thick, irregularly shaped and raised scarring on their skin -- known as a keloid -- following head and neck surgery, according to a new study from Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

UCLA scientists pinpoint how vitamin D may help clear amyloid plaques found in Alzheimer's
A team of academic researchers has identified the intracellular mechanisms regulated by vitamin D3 that may help the body clear the brain of amyloid beta, the main component of plaques associated with Alzheimer's disease.

Experts warn of 'unintended' consequences of personal health budgets in England
England must learn from other countries if it is to avoid the same mistakes with personal health care budgets, say experts on bmj.com today.

NIH-funded study defines treatment window for HIV+ children infected at birth
HIV-positive children older than 1 year who were treated after showing moderate HIV-related symptoms did not experience greater cognitive or behavior problems compared to peers treated when signs of their infection were still mild, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health.

NPL's Jane Burston named Young Global Leader by World Economic Forum
The National Physical Laboratory's Jane Burston has been selected as a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum, an honor she will use to fight climate change by bringing international attention to the capabilities of the UK's planned Centre for Carbon Measurement.

Irreversible catastrophic brain hemorrhage after minor injury in a patient on dabigatran
Clinicians from the University of Utah report the death of a patient who received a mild brain injury from a ground-level fall while taking the new anticoagulant dabigatran etexilate for non-valve-related atrial fibrillation.

New approach for treating genetic muscle wasting disease shows promise in mice
Scientists from the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute and the University of Ottawa have discovered that a drug called fasudil can extend the average lifespan of mice with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) from 30.5 days to more than 300 days, and increase the size of muscle fibres.

Give your snack a national nutrition month makeover with pistachios
March is National Nutrition Month and as the spotlight shines on all things healthy, celebrate with a mindful snack that loves you back -- California pistachios.

Address barriers to housing ex-offenders, says research
Ex-offenders face significant barriers to securing accommodation, says research by University of Southampton academics from the Third Sector Research Centre.

Scientists discover that specific antibodies halt Alzheimer's disease in mice
Antibodies that block the process of synapse disintegration in Alzheimer's disease have been identified, raising hopes for a treatment to combat early cognitive decline in the disease.

New brain imaging and computer modeling predicts autistic brain activity and behavior
New research from CMU's Marcel Just provides an explanation for some of autism's mysteries and gives scientists clear targets for developing intervention and treatment therapies.

Unnecessary induction of labor increases risk of cesarean section and other complications
A new study published in the journal Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica reveals that induction of labor at term in the absence of maternal or fetal indications increases the risk of cesarean section and other postpartum complications for the woman, as well as neonatal complications.

Study examines use of bevacizumab among patients with hereditary blood vessel disorder
In a small study that included 25 patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (a genetic disorder that leads to abnormalities of blood vessels) and severe liver involvement with this disease, patients who received the drug bevacizumab had improved cardiac output and a reduction in the duration and number of episodes of nose bleeds, a potentially life-threatening complication for patients with this disorder, according to a study in the March 7 issue of JAMA.

Home measurement of eye pressure in children may improve management of glaucoma
Measurement of pressure within the eye, or intraocular pressure (IOP), is known to fluctuate throughout the day, and wide swings in patients with glaucoma are believed to be related to the progression of the disease.

Spectroscopic imaging reveals early changes leading to breast tumors
Purdue University researchers have created a new imaging technology that reveals subtle changes in breast tissue, representing a potential tool to determine a woman's risk of developing breast cancer and to study ways of preventing the disease.

Looking at the man in the moon
Many of us see a man in the moon -- a human face smiling down at us from the lunar surface.

Wiley-VCH's Dr. Vera Koester honored by the German Chemical Society
Dr. Vera Koester, Website and Managing Editor, Wiley-VCH, is the recipient of this year's prize of the Society of German Chemists for journalists and writers.

The loss of a protein makes 'jump' the tumor to the lymph node
A study, led by the researcher at the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute, Manel Esteller, published in the Journal of Pathology, had identified a mechanism that explains how cancer cells escape from its original site to the lymph nodes.

Removing molecule speeds relief from depression
Getting rid of a protein increases the birth of new nerve cells and shortens the time it takes for antidepressants to take effect, according to an animal study in the March 7 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience.

From mouse to man: Circadian nitrogen balance impacts survival and susceptibility to common diseases
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine demonstrated that nitrogen balance, the process of utilizing amino acids and disposing of their toxic byproducts, occurs with a precise 24-hour rhythm -- also known as circadian rhythm -- in mammals.

Aggressive traumatic brain injury care improves outcomes, reduces long-term costs
Aggressive treatment for severe traumatic brain injuries costs more than routine care, yet yields significantly better outcomes, improved quality of life, and lower long term care costs, according to a new study by researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

How injectable and oral contraceptives can influence cancer risk
In this week's PLoS Medicine, a case-control study conducted by Margaret Urban and colleagues at the National Health Laboratory Services in Johannesburg, South Africa, provides new estimates of the risk of specific cancers of the female reproductive system associated with use of injectable and oral contraceptives.

EARTH: Undressing Vesta
Since last July, NASA's Dawn spacecraft has been orbiting the asteroid Vesta, and capturing images and other data that are providing surprising results to the delight and amazement of researchers.

Industry leaders join together for historic Accelerating Cancer Cures Research Symposium
Today, the Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation held its first Accelerating Cancer Cures Research Symposium, focused on rebuilding the ranks of physician-scientists specially trained to translate laboratory discoveries into new cancer therapies.

Running hot and cold in the deep sea: Scientists explore rare environment
It's extremely rare to find hot hydrothermal vents and cold methane seeps intersecting in one place, but that's what researchers found and explored during an expedition in 2010.

Life-saving radio campaign launches in Burkina Faso
Development Media International and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine are running a cluster randomized controlled trial of an innovative child survival intervention.

Olson, noted UT Southwestern molecular biologist, wins 2012 Passano Award
Dr. Eric Olson, founding chairman of the molecular biology department at UT Southwestern Medical Center, has won the 2012 Passano Award for identifying major genetic pathways that control the development of the heart and other muscles.

Responding to the radiation threat
Berkeley Lab Researchers are developing a promising treatment for safely decontaminating humans exposed to radioactive actinides from a major radiation exposure event, such as a nuclear reactor accident or a

Seismic zones, river deltas, landslides, fossil reptiles, and more new Geology science
Geology posted ahead of print Feb. 14-March 2 is a dynamic collection of papers covering modeling studies of the US New Madrid Seismic Zone; landslide prediction through examination of the Slumgullion landslide, Colorado; investigation of a potential nuclear waste repository site in Finland; understanding river delta formation and long-term evolution with insights from the Mekong River, Vietnam; and an explanation of how drought drove forest decline and dune building in eastern upper Michigan, USA.

Galaxy cluster hidden in plain view
A team of astronomers has discovered the most distant cluster of red galaxies ever observed using FourStar, a new and powerful near-infrared camera on the 6.5m Magellan Baade Telescope.

UH, Methodist team up to prepare surgeons for the operating room
To prepare surgeons for the operating room, University of Houston computer scientists are working with doctors at the Methodist Institute for Technology, Innovation and Education to improve training processes.

Next stop, Mount Everest
UC Riverside graduate student Young Hoon Oh will attempt to summit Mount Everest in May as part of the fieldwork for his anthropology dissertation on the types of communities mountaineers create -- both philosophically and experientially -- and the transformation of Sherpa society after nearly a century of aiding hundreds of international climbers.

Faculty of 1000 announces the winners of the Associate Faculty Member Travel Grants 2011
In 2011, Faculty of 1000 established a Travel Grant Fund to recognize the contribution of its Associate Faculty Members to the service.

War veterans with mental health diagnoses more likely to receive prescription opioids for pain
Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans with mental health diagnoses, particularly post-traumatic stress disorder, are more likely to receive prescription opioid medications for pain-related conditions, have higher-risk opioid use patterns and increased adverse clinical outcomes associated with opioid use than veterans with no mental health diagnoses, according to a study in the March 7 issue of JAMA.

A project to research biological and chemical aspects of microalgae to fuel approach
The Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development, Neiker-Tecnalia, is coordinating research focused on determining the feasibility of employing microalgae as a cost-effective feedstock for fuel production, in an environmentally sustainable way.

Research on flavanols and procyanidins provides new insights into how these phytonutrients may positively impact human health
Collaborative research by Mars, Incorporated and the University of California, Davis, has provided important new insights into the distinct roles of flavanols and procyanidins in the human body.
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